Disclaimer:

The Nonindigenous Occurrences section of the NAS species profiles has a new structure. The section is now dynamically updated from the NAS database to ensure that it contains the most current and accurate information. Occurrences are summarized in Table 1, alphabetically by state, with years of earliest and most recent observations, and the tally and names of drainages where the species was observed. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables.




Luxilus cornutus
Luxilus cornutus
(Common Shiner)
Fishes
Native Transplant
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Luxilus cornutus (Mitchill, 1817)

Common name: Common Shiner

Taxonomy: available through www.itis.govITIS logo

Identification: Gilbert (1964); Scott and Crossman 1973; Becker (1983); Page and Burr (1991); Jenkins and Burkhead (1994); Pflieger (1997); another commonly used name is Notropis cornutus.

Size: 18 cm.

Native Range: Atlantic, Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basins, from Nova Scotia to southeastern Saskatchewan, and south to James River drainage, Virginia, northern Ohio, central Missouri, and Wyoming (Page and Burr 1991).
US auto-generated map Legend USGS Logo
Alaska auto-generated map
Alaska
Hawaii auto-generated map
Hawaii
Caribbean auto-generated map
Puerto Rico &
Virgin Islands
Guam auto-generated map
Guam Saipan
Native range data for this species provided in part by NatureServe NS logo
Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUCs) Explained
Interactive maps: Point Distribution Maps

Nonindigenous Occurrences:

Table 1. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Luxilus cornutus are found here.

StateYear of earliest observationYear of last observationTotal HUCs with observations†HUCs with observations†
Maine199820091Maine Coastal
North Dakota200020001Painted Woods-Square Butte
Utah198719871Lower Weber
West Virginia199319934Big Sandy; Guyandotte; Little Muskingum-Middle Island; Upper Kanawha

Table last updated 10/4/2018

† Populations may not be currently present.


Means of Introduction: Probable stocking for forage in Utah. Unknown in West Virginia; probable bait bucket release.

Status: Extirpated in Utah (Sigler and Sigler 1996). Established in West Virginia.

Impact of Introduction: The impacts of this species are currently unknown, as no studies have been done to determine how it has affected ecosystems in the invaded range. The absence of data does not equate to lack of effects. It does, however, mean that research is required to evaluate effects before conclusions can be made.

Remarks: This species is known to hybridize with several other native minnows (Trautman 1981). Scott and Crossman (1973) noted that the Common Shiner is a very commonly used bait fish.

References: (click for full references)

Tilmant, J.T. 1999. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. National Park Service. 50 pp.

Other Resources:
FishBase Summary

Author: Fuller, P.

Revision Date: 8/5/2004

Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016

Citation Information:
Fuller, P., 2018, Luxilus cornutus (Mitchill, 1817): U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/factsheet.aspx?SpeciesID=563, Revision Date: 8/5/2004, Peer Review Date: 4/1/2016, Access Date: 12/13/2018

This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.

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URL: https://nas.er.usgs.gov
Page Contact Information: Pam Fuller - NAS Program (pfuller@usgs.gov)
Page Last Modified: Wednesday, October 24, 2018

Disclaimer:

The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [12/13/2018].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Pam Fuller. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.