Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
20883 DatabaseAcademy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia.2011Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia - Ichthyology Collection.
13782 NewsAnonymous2004Snakehead found in Fairfax Creek.
14000 NewsAnonymous2004Another female snakehead caught.
29620 DatabaseArkansas Game and Fish Commission.2017Northern snakehead (Channa argus) collections in Arkansas in 2016 .
13773 NewsAssociated Press.2004Another Snakehead Found In Potomac River.
13783 NewsAssociated Press.2004Another snakehead caught in Potomac.
14049 NewsAssociated Press.2004Relief in Chicago: No more 'Frankenfish'.
29521 DatabaseBarnett, J.2016Arkansas ANS Database (unpublished data).
32005 DatabaseBarnett, J.2018Arkansas ANS Data for 2017.
13891 NewsBergman, J.2004Angler snags largest snakehead this year in a Potomac tributary.
13784 NewsBradley, P.2004Experts on the hunt for 'Frankenfish'.
33188 NewsCapt. C. Dollar2019Wild Chesapeake: Va. Man Sets New Snakehead World Record
29007 Journal ArticleCohen, M.K., and J.A. MacDonald2016Northern Snakeheads in New York City
24436 ReportCohen, M.K., J.A. MacDonald, and A.M. Brinton.2011Northern snakeheads in two New York City lakes over four years.
13490 ReportCourtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.D. Williams.2004Snakeheads (Pisces: Channidae): A biological synopsis and risk assessment. Circular 1251.
13776 NewsDixon, J.2004Press Release: Another snakehead fish caught in Potomac River.
18857 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2009Ichthyology Collection database.
25899 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2013Florida Museum of Natural History ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
26212 DatabaseGBIF2013Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database.
33763 Web PageGeorgia Department of Natural Resources.2019Invasive Snakehead Fish Caught in Gwinnett County
36815 NewsGeorgiou, A.2021Massachusetts man catches strange invasive fish that moves on land, breathes air
25960 DatabaseHarvard University2013Museum of Comparative Zoology specimen collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
14048 NewsHawthorne, M.2004Predator fish's origin a mystery.
16091 NewsHenderson, B.2007If you catch this Asian fish, keep it and call the law.
18938 ReportHolt, L., and J. Farwick.2009Northern snakehead Channa argus eradication in Piney and Little Piney creeks, Arkansas.
29522 DatabaseHorodysky, K.2017Northern Snakehead Data in Virginia
26878 DatabaseLapointe, N.2014Northern Snakehead Master Dataset from tracking study.
26408 DatabaseLoftus, A.2011Multi State Aquatic Resources Information System (MARIS) Master Database records via Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON)
31667 DatabaseLove, J.2018Northern Snakehead (Channa argus) in the Chesapeake Bay region tributaries.
29304 Journal ArticleLove, J.W., J.J. Newhard, and B. Greenfield2015A GIS approach for suitable habitat and population size of northern snakehead, an invasive fish
26873 DatabaseLyon, Luke.2014Northern Snakehead (Channa argus) data (2007-2013) from the Potomac and Anacostia rivers in the District of Columbia (unpublished).
24160 DatabaseMartel, G.2005Channa argus Records from the Potomac River Drainage.
24103 Web PageMaryland Department of Natural Resources.2008Freshwater Fishing Reports.
26389 DatabaseMaryland Department of Natural Resources.2010Maryland Department of Natural Resources Inland Fisheries Database via MARIS
31467 Web PageMaryland Department of Natural Resources.2018Mechanicsville man catches record snakehead in Charles County.
33353 Web PageMaryland Department of Natural Resources.2019Northern Snakeheads Caught in Conowingo Dam Fish Lift
38169 NewsMcMillion, D.2022Certain to 'stir stuff up': Snakeheads arrive
36816 NewsMeehan, D.2021Fangs, beady eyes and slime: Massachusetts angler hauls in rare invasive fish in Canton
16096 NewsMimoni, V.G.2007'Frankenfish' caught in park lake.
30022 Web PageMississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks2017First confirmed snakehead fish caught in Mississippi lake
41584 Web PageMorton, S.2023Northern Snakehead fish found in Concordia Parish
26387 DatabaseNew York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYDEC)2007New York State Freshwater Fisheries Database via MARIS
36823 Web PageNew York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC)2020DEC encourages Delaware River anglers to report invasive snakehead sightings
36814 Web PageNew York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC)2021DEC investigating prevalence of invasive Northern Snakehead in Bashakill Marsh after angler report
24182 DatabaseNew York State Department of Environmental Conservation.2012New York State Fish Data from Public Waters.
25761 DatabaseNewhard, J.2012Northern snakehead tagging study data in the Potomac River, 2009-2012 (unpublished data).
26870 DatabaseNewhard, J.2014Northern snakehead (Channa argus) collection data from the Potomac drainage for 2008. (Unpublished)
32843 DatabaseNewhard, J.2019Northern Snakehead capture data in Maryland
20908 DatabaseNorth Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences.2011North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences - Ichthyology Collection Database.
24163 DatabaseOdenkirk, J.2006Snakeheads from the Potomac River Drainage.
18105 Journal ArticleOwens, S.J., J.S. Odenkirk, and R. Greenlee2008Northern snakehead movement and distribution in the tidal Potomac River system.
34369 Web PagePennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission2020Anglers urged to report, dispose of invasive northern snakeheads if caught in lower Susquehanna River.
13929 Web PagePennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission.2004Another exotic species confirmed in PA waters.
26048 Journal ArticlePound, K.L., W.H. Nowlin, D.G. Huffman, and T.H. Bonner2011Trophic ecology of a nonnative population of suckermouth catfish (Hypostomus plecostomus) in a central Texas spring-fed system
41588 Web PagePritchard, J.2023MDC confirms second northern snakehead captured in Missouri
37340 Journal ArticleRoop, H.J., N.V. Whelan, A.S. Williams, and J. Page2020First record of occurrence and genetic characterization of a population of northern snakehead Channa argus (Cantor, 1842) in Georgia, USA
20958 NewsSharpe, C.2011Invasive fish species found in Del.
20915 DatabaseSmithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History.2011National Museum of Natural History Vertebrate Zoology Ichthyology Collection
13329 ReportSnakehead Scientific Advisory Panel.2002First Report to the Maryland Secretary of Natural Resources.
24001 Journal ArticleStarnes, W.C., J. Odenkirk, and M.J. Ashton2011Update and analysis of fish occurrences in the lower Potomac River drainage in the vicinity of Plummers Island, Maryland-Contribution XXXI to the natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland.
41580 DatabaseSteiger, M.2022Delaware fish survey 2019-2022
31471 DatabaseStetzar, E.2018Northern Snakehead (Channa argus) locations in Delaware, 2015-2016.
36863 NewsTaliesin, J.2021Man Catches Rare Invasive Snakehead Fish in Canton Reservoir.
33723 NewsThomas, M.T.2019Invasive northern snakehead fish confirmed caught in Monongahela River.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
31377 OtherVirginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries2018Northern snakead found in Lakeview Reservoir.
13766 NewsVirginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.2004Snakehead found in Virginia waters.
33127 NewsWDVM2019Invasive Northern Snakehead Found in Virginia Lake
28829 Journal ArticleWegleitner, B.J., A. Tucker, W.L. Chadderton, and A.R. Mahon.2016Identifying the genetic structure of introduced populations of northern snakehead (Channa argus) in Eastern USA.
34371 NewsWheeler, T.2020Snakeheads shut down late-starting shad lift at Conowingo Dam.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [2/28/2024].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.