Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
19019 News 2006Piranha-like fish caught in Utah Lake was a pacu.
19010 News 2006Non-native pacu fish caught in Sampit River.
31004 News 2018Invasive fish with human-like teeth caught in Arizona lake
18967 Web PageAnimal Rights Foundation of Florida.2010Exotic "Pet" Indicents in Florida.
497 NewsAnonymous1987Piranha found in San Joaquin River.
931 NewsAnonymous1988Mighty Mississippi is full of secrets.
822 Journal ArticleAnonymous1994Water body records
26522 NewsAnonymous2001Piranha caught at Lake Herman
26523 NewsAnonymous2001Lake Herman fish may not be piranha
13988 Web PageAnonymous2004Pacu fishing records
14003 NewsAnonymous2004Beware of unwanted exotic fish.
26524 NewsAnonymous2005Piranha caught in Missouri River
15745 NewsAnonymous2006A piranha in the UP?
15749 NewsAnonymous2006Fishy scare at Utah Lake was only piranha look-alike.
19014 NewsAnonymous2006Man catches pacu fish in Mississippi.
18231 NewsAnonymous2008Mixed Bag: Unusual catch.
18887 NewsAnonymous2009South American fish found in Otter Creek.
26536 NewsAnonymous2009Toddler reels in piranha cousin from Northwest lake
26537 NewsAnonymous2009Unique catch
19413 NewsAnonymous2010South American fish captured in northern Maine.
26494 NewsAnonymous2011Man catches piranha-like fish at Mountain Island Lake
26513 NewsAnonymous2011Fish similar to piranha found in Buckeye Lake
26531 NewsAnonymous2013Piranha-like fish found in White River in Indianapolis
26611 NewsAnonymous2013Piranha-like fish found at Chicago area lake.
28779 NewsAnonymous2016Ferocious-looking fish caught in Petaluma pond
28886 NewsAnonymous2016Local angler hooks piranha cousin in Lake St. Clair
14859 NewsAP.2005Manchester man catches piranha-like fish.
26367 NewsArnold, H.2005Just call him 'Pacu-Man'.
19007 Web PageAssociated Press2001Experts say fish resembling piranha is a pacu.
26530 NewsAssociated Press2006Piranha-like fish caught in Utah Lake aas a pacu
26533 NewsAssociated Press2009South American fish found in Otter Creek in Proctor
15744 NewsAssociated Press.2006Woman catches piranha relative in Yuma area.
15746 NewsAssociated Press.2006News from around Minnesota.
26945 NewsAverette, J.2014Piranha cousin, called pacu, caught at Yacht Basin
19780 NewsBarajas, E.2011Pacu fish found in Lake Woodlands.
29521 DatabaseBarnett, J.2016Arkansas ANS Database (unpublished data).
26449 NewsBarr, S.2013Hedingham family finds toothy fish in neighborhood lake
14853 NewsBass Times Staff Report.2005Exotic Species: Piranhas still popping up.
29722 NewsBergeron, L.2015News short: unusual fish hooked at the Boilers
26529 NewsBerghom, J.2007Piranha-like fish becoming more common in Valley
26510 NewsBeym, J.2011Woodbury Heights 'fish tale' ends with mother-son pair pulling piranha from lake
26500 NewsBlack, K.2009Piranha cousin caught in Marshalltown pond
18374 NewsBly, D.2008Hafen Pond yields strange intruder.
500 NewsBohn, J.1988A toothy fish puts the bite on a Burke Lake angler.
19018 NewsBonisteel, S.2006Ferocious-Looking Catch Exposes Perils of Dumping Aquatic Pets Into Wild.
14867 NewsBonner, K.2005More than just a fish tale.
23836 NewsBostian, K.2011Piranha-like fish found at Keystone Lake.
26445 NewsBowman, D.2009Lake Michigan pacu: a historical perspective
26446 NewsBowman, D.2009Pacus: by three around Chicago
26448 NewsBowman, D.2009Want a Washington Park pacu?
26447 NewsBowman, D.2011This week's field notes: another pacu.
14860 NewsBrooks, D.2005From the Amazon to Tate Pond.
26519 NewsBrown, S.2007Local angler reels in what appears to be pacu
1358 Journal ArticleBurr, B.M., D.J. Eisenhour, K.M. Cook, C.A. Taylor, G.L. Seegert, R.W. Sauer, and E.R. Atwood1996Nonnative fishes in Illinois waters: what do the records reveal?
20826 DatabaseCalifornia Academy of Sciences.2011California Academy of Sciences - Ichthyology Collection Database.
26512 NewsCarney, J.2010Deadliest catch? Not really. But girl gets bragging rights
14036 NewsCarter, L.A.2000Piranha kin found in creek, Casa Grande students worry about steelhead.
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
14868 NewsChinwah, L.2005Second piranha in 3 days caught in Wauconda lake.
26534 NewsClark, C.2009Piranha caught in Lake Winnebago?
14847 NewsConley, J.2005Woman's haul at lake full of teeth.
26521 Web PageCope, B.2010Pacu caught in Lexington County
26576 NewsCowen, R.2013Piranha cousin hooked in Passaic
33165 NewsCroix, V.2019Scary looking fish with human-like teeth caught in Medina River
13979 ReportCudmore-Vokey, B., and E.J. Crossman.2000Checklists of the fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes and their connecting channels. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2550.
26511 NewsDamschroder, J.2009Anglers net piranha-like fish in Don Pedro
31056 NewsDankert, J.2002Seven-pound Amazonian pacu caught in Mississippi
26439 NewsDavis, J.2013Exotic fish caught in lake near Marysville
30897 NewsDavis, S.2018A Tucson fisherman hoping to catch trout at Silverbell Lake hooked this instead
1577 BookDill, W.A., and A.J. Cordone.1997History and status of introduced fishes in California, 1871-1996. Fish Bulletin 178
26499 NewsDuggan, J.2008Former game warden catches illegally stocked Amazonian fish
26492 NewsDyches, C.2010Fish with 'human-like' teeth found in Lake Wylie
14852 NewsDyer, E.2001Piranhas are biting in the Ohio.
27761 NewsDzenitis, J.2015Piranha-like fish caught in Lake Okeechobee
26898 NewsErokwu, C.2014Angler hooks toothy pacu in Ohio reservoir.
26373 NewsFigura, D.2010Toothy, South American fish washes up dead on Oneida Lake's south shore
24714 Web PageFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.2012Nonnative Freshwater Fish.
18857 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2009Ichthyology Collection database.
25899 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2013Florida Museum of Natural History ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://www.gbif.org/dataset/eccf4b09-f0c8-462d-a48c-41a7ce36815a
16342 NewsFrazier, M.2007Fisherman's toothy catch elicits visions of carnage.
18999 NewsFundingsland, K.2006South American freshwater fish caught at Patterson Lake.
27628 NewsGallagher, D.2015You can't unsee this terrifying toothy fish found in New Jersey.
18971 NewsGarner, B.2010Amazon fish found in St. Lucie River.
26212 DatabaseGBIF2013Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database.
26525 NewsGebbia, K.2012Fisherman makes rare catch
14848 Web PageGeorgia Department of Natural Resources.2003Exotics- They threaten our native populations: Pacu (exotic fish).
28010 NewsGerber, C.2015Peru man catches exotic Amazon fish in Mississinewa Lake
498 NewsGordon, B.1987Piranhas caught in Fresno County.
26526 NewsGrubb, B.2008The fish are biting - possible piranha caught in local stream
103 Journal ArticleHartel, K.1992Non-native fishes known from Massachusetts freshwaters.
25960 DatabaseHarvard University2013Museum of Comparative Zoology specimen collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14100
19415 NewsHench, D.2010Man charged with putting exotic fish to Maine pond.
33383 NewsHicks, C.2019Fisherman catches what he thinks is a piranha in the Catawba River
19414 NewsHolyoke, J.2010Limestone man charged with releasing exotic fish into Maine pond.
7 ReportHowells, R.G., R.L. Benefield, and J.M. Mambretti.1991Records of pacus (Colossoma spp.) and piranhas (Serrasalmus spp.) in Texas. Management Data Series No. 70
26751 NewsHughes, T.2014A piranha in Fort Collins' City Park? Not exactly.
18036 NewsHutchinson, J.2007Fish found in Stafford Forge could be piranha or a plant-eating relative.
18786 NewsJacobs, J.2009Not your ordinary keeper.
17301 NewsJacobson, E.2007Shetucket River angler hooks fish long way from its home.
13963 NewsJones, A.2004Pacu no threat to Coast.
26441 NewsKaplan, T.2012Fish with teeth found in Lake Lou Yaeger in Litchfield, Illinios
29723 NewsKessler, M.2017Big pacu found at city pond; ditching fish creates problems
26497 NewsKiller, E.2010Port St. Lucie pacu eclipsed world record
14865 NewsKillin, J.2005Toothy invader causes piranha scare.
26495 NewsKLTV web staff2012Piranha sub-species caught in East Texas lake
14866 NewsKnight, S.2005Unusual catch.
28847 NewsKupke, D.2016Toothy pacu caught in East Bay
1925 NewsLanders, A., Jr.1991Woman snares piranha in Lake Cumberland.
13961 OtherLane Pearson.2000Personal communication.
30705 NewsLeBlanc, L.J.2017Foreign plants and animals invading our waterways
804 NewsLee, M.C.1991Angler hooks toothy catch.
14851 Web PageLoe, K.2005Invasive relocation.
850 OtherLogan, D.J.1994A checklist of the fishes of Benton County, Oregon.
854 Journal ArticleLogan, D.J., E.L. Bibles, and D.F. Markle.1996Recent collections of continental exotic aquarium fishes in Oregon and thermal tolerance of Oriental weatherfish and pirapatinga.
26535 NewsLore, D.C.2012Piranha fished out of Staten Island's Brooks Pond
14864 Web PageMaryland Department of Natural Resources.2004Maryland weekly fishing report overview
14849 Web PageMaryland Department of Natural Resources.2005Maryland weekly fishing report overview.
19461 NewsMawson, A.2010Birthday boy reels in unusual gift, a Pacu.
26444 NewsMcCoy, J.2010Catch looks like piranha, but it's equally rare pacu
20976 NewsMcMillin, Z.2011Crikey! Jenison couple finds piranha-like fish in Grand River.
31668 NewsMedley, R.2001Biologist scales back piranha identification
696 NewsMiddleton, K.1988Man-eating fish found in river.
15764 NewsMilavsky, B.2006Something's fishy about local man's latest catch.
31669 NewsMiller, K.201811-year-old girl catches piranha relative in Oklahoma lake
18941 NewsMilligan, D.2009Fishing for bream, catching a 16-pound pacu.
14818 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2005Field Notes: Don't Let Them Go.
26451 NewsMoorhead, C.2010Funny-looking fish are no laughing matter
28072 NewsNapoleon, C.2015Lake Village woman's fish story comes with teeth
26452 NewsNearing, B.2011'Vegetarian piranha' hooked in Hudson
16450 NewsNeavling, S.2007A fish story -- with teeth.
26374 NewsNellans, J.D.2009You won't believe this PV angler's catch
14861 Web PageNew Hampshire Fish and Game Department.2005N.H. Weekly Fishing Report -- August 18, 2005.
20914 DatabaseNew York State Museum.2011New York State Museum - Fish Collection Database.
26362 DatabaseNew York State Museum.2013Museum collection records of Piaractus brachypomus from the New York State Museum ichthyology collection. Provided by Bryan Weatherwax on 19 July 2013.
26507 NewsNicholson, K.2008Angler lands toothy catch in Lakewood
15748 NewsNiskanen, C.2006Lifelong St. Croix River angler reels in a big surprise.
20908 DatabaseNorth Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences.2011North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences - Ichthyology Collection Database.
26491 NewsOhnesorge, S.2013Exotic fish caught in Lake Hickory, "tip of the problem" say wildlife officials.
14854 NewsPalmer, K.2005That's no bluegill: Exotic catch puts some teeth into this fish tale.
26506 NewsPiper, B.2011Red-bellied pacu caught in Lake St. Louis dies
19525 NewsRains, C.2010Meadowlake fisherman lands exotic catch.
26905 NewsRamirez, C.E.2014This fish tale has teeth: woman snags South American pacu in Lake St. Clair
26532 NewsRaymond, A.2013Winchester man catches fish in the piranha family
26516 NewsReilly, P.J.2009South American pacu hooked in Conestoga
14850 NewsRichie, K.2004Amazonian fish caught in Caney Lake.
26517 NewsRocco, D.2013Man catches rare fish in Delaware County lake.
18215 NewsRockenstein, D.2008Fish with teeth, crazy catch.
26528 NewsRoden, H.2011Spring man, fishing Lake Woodlands, may have caught South American pacu
13640 NewsRoesler, R.2003Freed pets taking over.
26527 NewsRojas, S.2012Exotic catch no fish tale
715 ReportRoss, S.T., and W.M. Brenneman.1991Distribution of freshwater fishes in Mississippi. Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 108. D-J Project Completion Report F-69.
13552 Journal ArticleRuiz-Carus, R., and S.B. Davis2003Register of an exceptionally large redbellied pacu, Piaractus brachypomus (Teleostei, Characidae), in east-central Florida, with gonad and diet analyses.
26498 NewsSaunders, F.2013Man finds piranha relative in Maquoketa River
33937 DatabaseSchofield, P.J.2019Fish slam data in south Florida, November 2019
26454 NewsSeeley, D.2011Local angler reels in rare fish from Schuylkill River
18735 NewsSimon, A.2009Unusual catch gives Easley family an exotic fish tale.
14821 NewsSimon, J., and B. Breidert.2003All In a Day's Work: Lake Michigan Fisheries Research Station
26518 Web PageSouth Carolina Department of Natural Resources2006Non-native Pacu fish caught in Sampit River
14862 Web PageStaff writer.2001Piranha caught in the Ohio River.
14863 NewsStephens, T.2005S. American fish caught in Ohio River.
26379 NewsSuarez, D.2006Piranha relative caught in Yuma canal
26443 NewsSullivan, V.2013Something's fishy: Ridley Park man reels in exotic catch
23830 DatabaseTexas Natural Science Center, University of Texas at Austin.2011Texas Natural History Collections, Texas Natural Science Center, University of Texas at Austin - Ichthyology Collection Database.
512 OtherTexas Parks and Wildlife Department.1993State Record Listing.
657 OtherTexas Parks and Wildlife Department.1993Waterbody records listing.
13707 Web PageTexas Parks and Wildlife Department.2001Fish Records: Water Body - All Tackle.
26503 NewsThomson, C.2006A piranha in Dundalk
26504 NewsThomson, C.2006Dundalk fish tale loses its bite
14257 Web PageU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.2005National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species.
26946 NewsVan Berkel, J.2014Pacu, piranha's larger cousin, caught in Sarasota
27002 NewsVan Velzer, R.2014Fish with human-like teeth turn up in Arizona lakes
18783 Web PageVandeputte, N.2009Wild catch in Pueblo.
27495 Journal ArticleVashro, J.1995The bucket brigade.
26440 NewsVidika, R.2010Fisherman snares pacu in Lake Erie
33552 NewsVinson, J.2019Piranha-like Pacu caught in Hennepin Canal
26453 NewsVoth, S.2012Local woman hooks toothed fish, believed from South America
18842 NewsWatling, M.2009Lafayette man catches piranha in Wabash.
15763 NewsWeisberg, D.2006Local fisherman reels in a piranha.
16714 NewsWeisburg, D.2007Exotic problem for Penn Hills boy.
1506 Journal ArticleWelsch, R.L.1996Something's fish in the cornbelt: Jaws.
838 NewsWright, S.1995A fishy situation.
839 NewsWright, S.1995Piranha or pacu-it's still a whale of a fish tale.
14869 Web PageWright, S.2004Fishing Report #108405 for Lake Wilson, Hawaii on 10/13/04.


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The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2020]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [9/18/2020].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.