Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
12137 Journal ArticleAnonymous1995Poisonous amphibians.
12117 OtherAnonymous1997output from Bishop Museum, Hawai`i database provided by Carla Kishinami, collections manager (disk with DBase IV file attached).
12169 OtherAnonymous1998Bufo marinus records from the herpetology collection of the Florida Museum of Natural History.
698 BookAshton, R.E., and P.S. Ashton.1988Handbook of Reptiles and Amphibians of Florida. Part Three: The Amphibians.
13209 BookBartlett, R.D., and P.P. Bartlett.1999A Field Guide to Florida Reptiles and Amphibians.
704 BookCardoza, J.E., G.S. Jones, T.W. French, and D.B. Halliwell.1993Exotic and translocated vertebrates of Massachusetts. Fauna of Massachusetts Series No. 6.
32196 Web PageCaribherp2000Amphibians and Reptiles of the Puerto Rican Bank
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
12062 Journal ArticleChan, J.G., and L.L. Young1985Life history notes: Bufo marinus (Marine Toad) anomaly.
25108 Journal ArticleChristy, M.T., J.A. Savidge, and G.H. Rodda2007Multiple pathways for invasion of anurans on a Pacific Island
32960 Journal ArticleClements, S.L., S.V.L. Catania, and C.A. Searcy2019Non-native species dominate herpetofaunal community patterns in both native and non-native habitat patches in urban Miami-Dade County
700 BookConant, R., and J.T. Collins.1991A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America.
13318 Journal ArticleEasteal, S.1981The History of Introductions of Bufo marinus (Amphibia:Anura); A Natural Experiment in Evolution.
1420 ReportEldredge, L.G.1994Perspectives in Aquatic Exotic Species Management in the Pacific Islands. Vol. I. Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands.
33117 Journal ArticleFlaherty, J.P., and J. Friers2013Apalone ferox (Florida Softshell). Diet.
18880 DatabaseFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (Larry Connor).2009FWC Exotic database as of 10/31/09.
18582 DatabaseFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, (Larry Connor).2009FWC Exotic database as of 3-31-2009.
15952 Web PageFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.2007Florida's Exotic Wildlife species detail: Giant Toad Bufo marinus.
18857 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2009Ichthyology Collection database.
26904 Journal ArticleGodwin, C., G.R. Johnston, P.L. Butt, G.A. Shemitz, and A. Drennen2013Rhinella marina (Cane Toad).
33963 NewsHall-Scharf, B.2019The invasive Cane Toad found in Brooksville
13316 NewsHarris, R.2002Big toad jumps in numbers.
17850 Journal ArticleHimes, J.G.2007Geographic distribution. Bufo marinus (Marine Toad). USA: Florida: Bay Co.
32912 Journal ArticleHolbrook, A.L.2015Rhinella marina (Cane Toad). Incidental translocation
659 Journal ArticleKing, W., and T. Krakauer1966The exotic herpetofauna of Southeast Florida
650 Journal ArticleKrakauer, T.1970The invasion of the toads
13949 Journal ArticleKrysko, K.L., K.M. Enge, J.H. Townsend, E.M. Langan, S.A. Johnson, and T.S. Campbell2005New County Records of Amphibians and Reptiles from Florida.
13419 ReportLayne, J.N., J.A. Stallcup, G.E. Woolfenden, M.N. McCauley, and D.J. Worley1977Fish and Wildlife Inventory of the Seven County Region Included in the Central Florida Phosphate Industry Areawide Environmental Impact Study
13317 BookLever, C.2001The Cane Toad. The History and Ecology of a Successful Colonist.
15653 BookLever, C.2003Naturalized reptiles and amphibians of the world
15291 Journal ArticleLobdell, R.N.1936Field and Laboratory Studies upon Insect Pests of South Florida with Particular Reference to Methods of Control.
15293 ReportLobdell, R.N.1937Insect Pests and their Control. State Project 87. University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Annual Report.
1652 BookMcCann, J.A., L.N. Arkin, and J.D. Williams1996Nonindigenous Aquatic and Selected Terrestrial Species of Florida. Status, Pathways, Dates of Introduction, Range Distributions, and Significant Ecological and Economic Effects
12105 BookMcKeown, S.1996A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians in the Hawaiian Islands.
24040 Journal ArticleMeshaka, W.E. Jr., B. Ferster, M.L. Meshaka, and M.L. Meshaka2008Exotic species dominance in the herpetofaunal community of a new residential development in southern Florida: implications for faunal turnover rates.
18017 Journal ArticleMeshaka, W.E., Jr.1999The Herpetofauna of the Doc Thomas House in South Miami, Florida.
24038 Journal ArticleMeshaka, W.E., Jr., and R. Powell2010Diets of the native southern toad (Anaxyrus terrestris) and the exotic cane toad (Rhinella marina) from a single site in South-Central Florida.
12168 DatabaseMoler, P.1996Nonindigenous Records from Paul Moler's Database of Amphibians and Reptiles found in Florida.
12107 Journal ArticleOliver, J.A., and C.E. Shaw1953The amphibians and reptiles of the Hawaiian Islands.
16611 Journal ArticlePunzo, F., and L. Lindstrom2001The Toxicity of Eggs of the Giant Toad, Bufo marinus to Aquatic Predators in a Florida Retention Pond.
13315 Journal ArticleRiemer, W.J.1958Giant toads in Florida.
19059 Journal ArticleRossi, J.V.1983The use of olfactory cues by Bufo marinus.
14240 Journal ArticleSmith, K.G.2005Effects of Nonindigenous Tadpoles on Native Tadpoles in Florida: Evidence of Competition.
26828 Journal ArticleSomma, L.A., and B. Merritt2014Geographic Distribution: Rhinella marina (Cane Toad)
12076 Journal ArticleStevenson, D., and D. Crowe1991Geographic distribution. Bufo marinus.
14789 Journal ArticleStevenson, D., and D. Crowe1992Geographic Distribution: Bufo marinus (Giant Toad). USA: Florida: Pasco Co.
14257 Web PageU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.2005National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
16661 Journal ArticleVargas-Salinas, F.2007Breeding Behavior of the Cane Toad Bufo marinus (Bufonidae): A Successfully Invasive Species.
19675 DatabaseWalsh, S.2010Aquatic invasive species of Guam.
12019 BookWilson, L.D., and L. Porras1983The Ecological Impact of Man on the South Florida Herpetofauna
26363 NewsWink News Now.2013Experts find invasive, poisonous, giant toads on Sanibel.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [7/19/2024].

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