Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Physa acuta listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
32349 Journal Article Anderson, R. 2003. Physella (Costatella) acuta Draparnaud in Britain and Ireland-its taxonomy, origins and relationships to other introduced Physidae. Journal of Conchology 38:7-21.
32338 Journal Article Bousset, L., J.-P. Pointier, P. David, P. Jarne. 2014. Neither variation loss, nor change in selfing rate is associated with the worldwide invasion of Physa acuta from its native North America. Biological Invasions 16:1769-1783.
31760 Journal Article Bousset, L., P-Y. Henry, P. Sourrouille, and P. Jarne. 2004. Population biology of the invasive freshwater snail Physa acuta approached through genetic markers, ecological characterization and demography. Molecular Ecology 13:2023-2036.
31727 Journal Article Brant, S.V., and E.S. Loker. 2009. Schistosomes in the southwest United Steates and their potential for causing cercarial dermatitis or "swimmer's itch". Journal of Helminthology 83(2):191-198.
32973 Journal Article Brown, K.M., and K.R. Carman. 1994. Density-dependent influences on feeding and metabolism in a freshwater snail. Oecologia 99:158-165.
32549 Journal Article Christensen, N. Ø., F. Frandsen, and M. Z. Roushdy. 1980. The influence of environmental conditions and parasite-intermediate host-related factors on the transmission of Echinostoma liei. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde 64(1):47-63.
32440 Web Page Dillon, R. T., Jr., and colleagues. 2018. Physa acuta. The freshwater gastropods of North America. Accessed on 02/04/2019.
18190 Journal Article DIllon, R.T., A.R. Wethington, J.M. Rhett, and T.P. Smith. 2002. Populations of the European freshwater pulmonate Physa acuta are not reproductively isolated from American Physa heterostropha or Physa integra. Invertebrate Biology 121(3):226-234.
31967 Journal Article Dillon, R.T., Jr., and A.R. Wethington, and C. Lydeard. 2011. The evolution of reproductive isolation in a simultaneous hermaphrodite, the freshwater snail Physa. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11(144):1-11.
31966 Journal Article Dillon, R.T., Jr., J.D. Robinson, T.P. Smith, and A.R. Wethington. 2005. No reproductive isolation between freshwater pulmonate snails Physa virgata and P. acuta. The Southwestern Naturalist 50(4):415-422.
32417 Journal Article Dillon, R.T.. Jr., and A.R. Wethington. 2004. No-choice mating experiments among six nominal taxa of the subgenus Physella (Basommatophora: Physidae). Heldia 6:69-78.
32344 Journal Article Dobson, M. 2004. Replacement of the native freshwater snail by theh exotic Physa acuta (Gastropoda : Physidae) in southern Mozambique; a possible control mehcanism for schistosomiasis. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology 98(5):543-548.
32443 Journal Article Duncan, C.J. 1959. The Life Cycle and Ecology of the Freshwater Snail Physa fontinalis (L.). Journal of Animal Ecology 28(1):97-117.
362 Journal Article Dundee, D.S. 1974. Catalog of introduced mollusks of eastern North America (north of Mexico). Sterkiana 55:1-37.
31765 Journal Article Ebbs, E.T., E.S. Loker, and S.V. Brant. 2018. Phylogeography and genetics of the globally invasive snail Physa acuta Draparnaud 1805, and its potential to serve as an intermediate host to larval digenetic trematodes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 18(103):1-17.
31344 Journal Article Evans, R.R., and S.J. Ray. 2008. Checklist of the Freshwater Snails (Mollusca:Gastropoda) of Pennsylvania, USA. Journal of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 82(2/3):92-97.
31758 Report Frest, T.J., and E.J. Johannes. 1993. Mollusc Survey of the Minidoka dam area, Upper Snake River, Idaho. Deixis Consultants, Seattle, WA.
32445 Journal Article Fruh, D., P. Haase, and S. Stoll. 2017. Temperature drives asymmetric competition between alien and indigenous freshwater snail species, Physa acuta and Physa fontinalis. Aquatic Sciences 79:187-195.
32337 Journal Article Gates, K.K., B.L. Kerans, J.L. Keebaugh, S. Kalinowski, N. Vu. 2013. Taxonomic identity of the endangered Snake River physa, Physa natricina (Pulmonata: Physidae) combining traditional and molecular techniques. Conservation Genetics 14:159-169.
32457 Journal Article Gustafson, K. D., B.J. Kensinger, M.G. Bolek, and B. Luttbeg. 2014. istinct snail (Physa) morphotypes from different habitats converge in shell shape and size under common garden conditions. Evolutionary Ecology Research 16(1):77-89.
32335 Book Jefferys, J.G. 1862. British Conchology, Or an Account of the Mollusca which Now Inhabit the British Isles and the Surrounding Seas: Land and Freshwater Shells. Volume 1. J. Van Voorst.
32287 Journal Article Lydeard, C., D. Campbell, M. Golz. 2016. Physa Acuta Draparnaud, 1805, should be treated as a native of North American, not Europe. Malacologia 59(2):347-350.
32458 Journal Article Ng, T. H., S.K. Tan, D.C. Yeo. 2015. Clarifying the identity of the long-established, globally-invasive Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805 (Gastropoda: Physidae) in Singapore. BioInvasions Record 4(3):189-194.
32452 Journal Article Oscoz, J., P. Tomds, and C. Duron. 2010. Review and new records of non-indigenous freshwater invertebrates in the Ebro River basin (Northeast Spain). Aquatic Invasions 5(3):263-284.
14933 Journal Article Paraense, W.L. 2003. Planorbidae, Lymnaeidae and Physidae of Peru (Mollusca: Basommatophora). Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz (in Rio de janeiro) 98(6):767-771.
32416 Journal Article Roger, D.C., and A. R. Wethington. 2007. Physa natricina Taylor 1988, junior synonym of Physa acuta draparnaud, 1805 (Pulmonata: Physidae). Zootaxa 1662(1):45-51.
32345 Journal Article Strayer, D.L. 2010. Alien species in fresh waters: ecological effects, interactions with other stressors, and prospects for the future. Freshwater Biology 55:152-174.
364 Thesis or Dissertation Te, G.A. 1978. The systematics of the family Physidae (Basommatophora: Pulmonata). Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
31768 Journal Article Vinarski, M.V. 2017. The history of an invasion: phases of the explosive spread of the physid snail Physella acuta through Europe, Transcaucasia and Central Asia. Biological Invasions 19:1299-1314.
31707 Journal Article Wethington, A.R., and C. Lydeard. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of Physidae (Gastropoda: Basommatophora) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of Molluscan Studies 73(3):241-257.
32447 Journal Article Wethington, A.R., and R. Guralnick. 2004. Are populations of physids from different hot springs discinctive lineages? American Malacological Bulletin 19(1/2):135-144.
32418 Journal Article Wethington, A.R., and R.T. Dillon. 1993. Reproductive development in the hermaphroditic freshwater snail Physa monitored with complementing albino lines. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 252:109-114.
31968 Journal Article Wethington, A.R., J. Wise, and R.T. Dillon, Jr. 2009. Genetic and morphological characterization of the Physidae of South Carolina (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Basommatophora), with description of a new species. The Nautilus 123(4):282-292.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2019]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [10/17/2019].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.