Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Perna viridis listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
14651 Journal Article Agard, J., and R. Kishore. 1992. Perna viridis (Linnaeus, 1758): first record of the Indo-Pacific green mussel (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in the Caribbean. Caribbean Marine Studies 3:59-60.
38460 Conference Proceedings Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. 2016. Alabama marine invasive report. Page 3pp in Gulf and South Atlantic Regional Panel on aquatic invasive species. Alabama Marine Resources Division.
33638 Journal Article Baker, P., J.S. Fajans, and S.M. Baker. 2012. Habitat dominance of a nonindigenous tropical bivalve, Perna viridis (Linnaeus, 1758), in a subtropical estuary in the Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Molluscan Studies 78:28-33.
33639 Journal Article Baker, P., J.S. Fajans, S.M. Baker, and D.C. Bergquist. 2006. Green mussels in Florida, USA: review of trends and research. World Aquaculture 37(4):43-48, 65-67.
18113 Journal Article Baker, P., J.S. Fajans, W.S. Arnold, D.A. Ingrao, D.C. Marelli, and S.M. Baker. 2007. Range dispersal of a tropical marine invader, the Asian green mussel, Perna viridis, in subtropical waters of the southeastern United States. Journal of Shellfish Research 26(2):345-355.
33637 Journal Article Barber, B.J., J.S. Fajans, S.M. Baker, and P. Baker. 2005. Gametogenesis in the non-native green mussel, Perna viridis, and the native scorched mussel, Brachidontes exustus, in Tampa Bay, Florida. Journal of Shellfish Research 24(4):1087-1095.
14655 Journal Article Becker, K. 1995. A study of the natural antifouling mechanisms of the green mussel Perna viridis L. (Mytilidae). Biofouling 8:233-242.
13636 Journal Article Benson, A.J., D.C. Marelli, M.E. Frischer, J.M. Danforth, J.D. Williams. 2001. Establishment of the green mussel, Perna viridis (Linnaeus 1758) (Mollusca: Mytilidae) on the west coast of Florida. Journal of Shellfish Research 20(1):21-29.
14526 Journal Article Bigatti, G., P. Miloslavich, and P.E. Penchaszadeh. 2005. Sexual differentiation and size at first maturity of the invasive mussel Perna viridis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Mollusca: Mytilidae) at La Restinga Lagoon (Margaita Island, Venezuela). American Malacological Bulletin 20(1/2):65-70.
9366 Journal Article de Bravo, M.I.S., Chung, K.S., and Perez, J.E. 1998. Salinity and temperature tolerances of the green and brown mussels, Perna viridis and Perna perna (Bivalvia : Mytilidae). Revista de Biologia Tropical 46:121-125.
42527 Journal Article dos Santos, H.S., J.C. Bertollo, and J.C. Creed. 2023. Range extension of the Asian green mussel Perna viridis (Linnaeus, 1758) into a Marine Extractive Reserve in Brazil. BioInvasions Records 12(1):208-222.
27743 Journal Article Firth, L.B., A.M. Knights, and S.S. Bell. 2011. Air temperature and winter mortality: Implications for the persistence of the invasive mussel, Perna viridis in the intertidal zone of the south-eastern United States. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 400:250256.
25897 Database Florida Museum of Natural History. 2013. Florida Museum of Natural History invertebrate zoology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL. Accessed on 04/09/2013.
26212 Database GBIF. 2013. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed on 05/01/2013.
27744 Journal Article Gilg, M.R., E.A. Hoffman, K.R. Schneider, J. Ryabinov, C. El-Khoury, and L.J. Walters. 2010. Recruitment preferences of non-native mussels: interaction between marine invasions and land-use changes. Journal of Molluscan Studies 76:333-339.
31163 Report Gomba, F.E., and E.H. Cebu. 2018. Reengineering mussel farming production technologies for climate change resilience and reduced marine water pollutants.
14646 Journal Article Hawkins, A.J.S., R.F.M. Smith, S.H. Tan, Z.B. Yasin. 1998. Suspension-feeding behaviour in tropical bivalve molluscs: Perna viridis, Crassostrea belcheri, Crassostrea iradelei, Saccostrea cucculata and Pinctada margarifera. Marine Ecology Progress Series 166:173-185. Accessed 8/15/2003.
9367 Journal Article Holland, B. 1997. Genetic aspects of a marine invasion. Quarterdeck Online 5(3):4 p.
14664 Journal Article Holmes, M.J., S.L.M. Teo, F.C. Lee, and H.W. Khoo. 1999. Persistent low concentration of diarrhetic shellfish toxins in green mussls Perna viridis from the Johor Strait, Singapore: forst record of diarrhetic shellfish toxins from South-East Asia. Marine Ecology Progress Series 181:257-268.
32286 Journal Article Holt, W.A., and Y.L. Garner. 2018. Tracking biological invasions: an assessment of mussel species in the St. Johns River, Jacksonville, FL. Southeastern Naturalist 17(4):583-596.
14648 Conference Proceedings Huang, Z.G., S.Y. Lee, and P.M.S. Mak. 1983. The distribution and population structure of Perna viridis (Bivalvia: Mytilacea) in Hong Kong waters. Pages 465-471 in Morton, B., and D. Dudgeon, eds. Proceedings of the second international workshop on the malacofauna of Hong Kong and southern China, Hong Kong, 1983. Hong Kong University Press. Hong Kong, China.
13036 Journal Article Ingrao, D.A., P.M. Mikkelsen, and D.W. Hicks. 2001. Another introduced marine mollusks in the Gulf of Mexico: the Indo-Pacific green mussel, Perna viridis, in Tampa Bay, Florida. Journal of Shellfish Research 20(1):13-19.
18663 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
28816 Report Knott, D.M., E.L. Wenner, and R.A. King. 2008. A preliminary assessment of the occurrence of the invasive Asian Green Mussel, Perna viridis, in South Carolina. Grant # R11C-R110. Marine Resources Research Institute.
14650 Journal Article Lee, S.Y. 1985. The population dynamics of the green mussel, Perna viridis (L.) in Victoria Harbor, Hong Kong -- dominance in a polluted environment. Asian Marine Biology 2:107-188.
14649 Journal Article Lee, S.Y. 1986. Growth and reproduction of the green mussel Perna viridis (L.) (Bivalvia: Mytilacea) in contrasting environments in Hong Kong. Asian Marine Biology 3:111-127.
24041 Journal Article Mitchem, E.L., J.S. Fajans, and S.M. Baker. 2007. Contrasting response of two native crustaceans to non-indigenous prey, the green mussel, Perna viridis.. Florida Scientist 70(2):180-188.
14656 Journal Article Nicholson, S. 1999. Cytological and physiological biomarker responses from green mussels, Perna viridis (L.) transplanted to contaminated sites in Hong Kong coastal waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin 39:261-268.
25977 Database North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences. 2013. North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences invertebrate collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh, NC. Created on 02/10/2009. Accessed on 04/11/2013.
13033 Report Phillip, D., D. Roberts, and C. Rooks. 2001. Growth and reproduction of the green mussel Perna viridis L. in the Gulf of Paria, Trinidad, W. I. Institute of Marine Affairs, Chaguaramas, Trinidad & Tobago.
14815 Journal Article Power, A.J., R.L. Walker, K. Payne, D. Hurley. 2004. First occurrence of the nonindigenous green mussel, Perna viridis (Linnaeus, 1758) in coastal Georgia, United States. Journal of Shellfish Research 23(3):741-744.
35566 Journal Article Raabe, J.M., and M.R. Gilg. 2020. Native and nonnative bivalve settlement: potential competition for spatial resources in a northeast Florida estuary. Journal of Molluscan Studies 86:372-381.
14659 Journal Article Rajagopal, S., K.V.K. Nair, G. van der Velde, and H.A. Jenner. 1997. Seasonal settlement and succession of fouling communities in Kalpakkam, east coast of India. Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 30(4):309-325.
14661 Journal Article Rajagopal, S., K.V.K. Nair, J. Azariah, G. van der Velde, and H.A. Jenner. 1996. Chlorination and mussel control in the cooling conduits of a tropical coastal power station. Marine Environment Research 41(2):201-221.
26283 Journal Article Rajagopal, S., V.P. Venugopalan, G. van der Velde, and H.A. Jenner. 2006. Greening of the coasts: a review of the Perna viridis success story. Aquatic Ecology 49(3):273-297.
14647 Journal Article Rajagopal, S., V.P. Venugopalan, K.V.K. Nair, G. van der Velde, and H.A. Jenner. 1998. Settlement and growth of the green mussel Perna viridis (L.) in coastal waters: influence of water velocity. Aquatic Ecology 32:313-322.
14660 Journal Article Rajagopal, S., V.P. Venugopalan, K.V.K. Nair, G. van der Velde, H.A. Jenner, and C. den Hartog. 1998. Reproduction, growth rate and culture potential of the green mussel, Perna viridis (L.) in Edaiyur backwaters, east coast of India. Aquaculture 162:187-202.
14652 Journal Article Rylander, K., J. Perez, and J.A. Gomez. 1996. Status of the green mussel, Perna viridis (Linneaus, 1758) (Mollusca: Mytilidae), in north-eastern Venezuela. Caribbean Marine Studies(5):86-87.
14654 Journal Article Siddall, S.E. 1980. A clarification of the genus Perna (Mytilidae). Bulletin of Marine Science 30(4):858-870.
14658 Journal Article Sivalingam, P.M. 1977. Aquaculture of the green mussel, Mytilus viridis Linnaeus, in Malaysia. Aquaculture 11:297-312.
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2021. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 11/23/2021.
26287 Journal Article Urian, A.G., J.D. Hatle, and M.R. Gilg. 2010. Thermal constraints for range expansion of the invasive green mussel, Perna viridis, in the southeastern United States. Journal of Experimental Zoology 313A.
16455 Book Vakily, J.M. 1989. The biology and culture of mussels of the genus Perna. ICLARM Studies and Reviews 17. International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines.
14680 Book Chapter Wong, W.H., and S.G. Cheung. 1998. Feeding behavior of the green-lipped mussel, Perna viridis, during spring and neap tidal cycles in Bieler, R., and P.M. Mikkelsen, eds. Abstracts, World Congress of Malacology. World Congress of Malacology. Washington, DC.
14662 Conference Proceedings Yen, I.C., M. Guppy, and J. Agard. 1999. Perna viridis: potential as a novel food source and sentinel organism (abstract only). Page 20 in Book of abstracts, Institute of Marine Affairs 6th annual research symposium, July 20–22, 1999. Institute for Marine Affairs. Trinidad & Tobago, WI.
18820 Journal Article Zhao, H., J. Sagert, D.S. Hwang, and J.H. Waite. 2009. Glycosylated hydroxytryptophan in a mussel adhesive protein from Perna viridis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 284(35):23344-23352.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [2/20/2024].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.