Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Pomacea maculata listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
31095 News Advocate staff report. 2018. Invasive snail found in Acadiana crawfish pond; pest also poses threat to rice plants. The Acadiana Advocate. Baton Rouge, LA. Created on 02/12/2018. Accessed on 02/13/2018.
24735 Journal Article Barnes, M.A., R.K. Fordham, R.L. Burks, and J.J. Hand. 2008. Fecundity of the exotic applesnail, Pomacea insularum. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 27(3):738-745.
29271 Journal Article Bernatis, J.L., I.J. Mcgaw, and C.L. Cross. 2016. Abiotic Tolerances in Different Life Stages of Apple Snails Pomacea canaliculata and Pomacea maculata and the Implications for Distribution. Journal of Shellfish Research 35(4):1013-1025.
29907 Report Bureau of Natural and Cultural Resources. 2015. Florida Park Service Resource Management Annual Report. Florida Park Service.
17897 Journal Article Burlakova, L.E., A.Y. Karatayev, D.K. Padilla, L.D. Cartwright, and D.N. Hollas. 2008. Wetland restoration and invasive species: applesnail (Pomacea insularum) feeding on native and invasive aquatic plants. Restoration Ecology 17(3):433-440.
26758 Journal Article Byers, J.E., W.G. McDowell, S.R. Dodd, R.S. Haynie, L.M. Pintor, S.B. Wilde. 2013. Climate and pH predict the potential range of the invasive apple snail (Pomacea insularum) in the southeastern United States. PLoS ONE 8(2):e56812. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0056812.
32346 Journal Article Carter, J., D. Johnson, and S. Merino. 2018. Exotic invasive Pomacea maculata (Giant Apple Snail) will depredate eggs of frog and toad species of the southeastern US. Southeastern Naturalist 17(3):470-475.
30615 Journal Article Carter, J., S. Merino, D. Prejean, and G. LaFleur, Jr. 2017. Observations of raccoon (Procyon lotor) predation on the invasive Maculata apple snail (Pomacea maculata) in southern Louisiana. Southeastern Naturalist 16(3):N14-N18.
30812 Journal Article Cattau, C.E., R.J. Fletcher, Jr., R.T. Kimball, C.W. Miller, and W.M. Kitchens. 2017. Rapid morphological change of a top predator with invasion of a novel prey. Ecology and Evolution(doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0378-1):10 pp.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
24784 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
31948 Book Chapter Cowie, R.H., K.A. Hayes, E.E. Strong, and S.C. Thiengo. 2017. Non-native apple snails: systematics, distribution, invasion history and reasons for introduction. Pages 3-32 in Joshi, R.C., Cowie, R.H., and Sebastian, L.S, eds. Biology and management of invasive apple snails. Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice), Maligaya. Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija 3119, 406 pp.
31614 News Dafnis, J. 2018. Arizona officials target species of invasive snail in the lower Salt River. Cronkite News. Arizona. Created on 07/17/2018. Accessed on 07/20/2018.
30025 Journal Article Davidson, A.T., and N.J. Dorn. 2017. Life history traits determine the differential vulnerability of native and invasive apple snails (Pomacea spp.) to a shared juvenile-stage predator. Aquatic Ecology 51(3):331-341.
31116 Journal Article Deaton, L. E., Schmidt, W., Leblanc, B., Carter, J., Mueck, K., and S. Merino. 2016. Physiology of the invasive apple snail Pomacea maculata: tolerance to low temperatures. Journal of Shellfish Research 35(1):207-210.
33326 Journal Article Dobbs, R.C. 2019. Limpkin, Aramus guarauna (L., 1766) (Gruiformes, Aramidae), extralimital breeding in Louisiana is associated with availability of the invasive Giant Apple Snail, Pomacea maculata Perry, 1810 (Caenogastropoda, Ampullariidae). Check List 15(3):497-507.
32125 News Dudley, P. 2018. Apple Snails and their eggs spotted in Luling neighborhood. 4WWL. New Orleans, LA. Created on 10/02/2018. Accessed on 10/04/2018.
25816 Database Florida Department of Environmental Protection. 2005. FL DEP P_canaliculatus dataset.
28234 Database Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 2015. Applesnail occurrences in Florida (Pomacea sp.), 1962-2015. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Created on 12/08/2015.
32245 Journal Article Gooding, E.L., A.E. Fowler, D. Knott, R.T Dillon, Jr., T. Brown, M.R. Kendrick, and P.R. Kingsley-Smith. 2018. Life History and Phenological Characteristics of the Invasive Island Apple Snail Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810) in Stormwater Retention Ponds in Coastal South Carolina, USA. Journal of Shellfish Research 37(1):229-238.
17852 Journal Article Hayes, K.A., R.C. Joshi, S.C. Thiengo, and R.H. Cowie. 2008. Out of South America: multiple origins of non-native apple snails in Asia. Diversity and Distributions 14(4):701-712.
25114 Journal Article Hayes, K.A., R.H. Cowie, S.C. Thiengo, and E.E. Strong. 2012. Comparing apples with apples: clarifying the identities of two highly invasive Neotropical Ampullaridae (Caenogastropoda). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 166(4):723-753.
33096 Journal Article Horgan, F.G., Stuart, A.M., and Kudavidanage, E.P. 2014. Impact of invasive apple snails on the functioning and services of natural and managed wetlands. Acta Oecologica:90-100.
24722 Journal Article Horn, K.C., S.D. Johnson, K.M. Boles, A. Moore, E. Siemann, and C.A. Gabler. 2008. Factors affecting hatching success of golden apple snail eggs: effects of water immersion and cannibalism. Wetlands 28(2):544-549.
14060 Book Howells, R.G. 2001. History and status of applesnail (Pomacea spp.) introductions in Texas. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Management Data Series No. 183. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Austin, TX.
16345 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
23814 Journal Article Karatayev, A.Y., L.E. Burlakova, V.A. Karatayev, and D.K. Padilla. 2009. Introduction, distribution, spread, and impacts of exotic freshwater gastropods in Texas. Hydrobiologia 619(1):181-194.
32244 Report Kingsley-Smith, P. 2018. SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute State Report. Gulf and South Atlantic Regional Panel on Invasive Species, San Antonio, TX.
28081 Report Kingsley-Smith, P., A. Fowler, E. Gooding, and D. Knott. 2015. SCDNR Marine Resources Research Institute Report to GSARP. South Carolina Marine Resource Research Institute.
19144 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
29089 Report Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. 2016. Louisiana - Aquatic Invasive Species report to GSARP, April 2016. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Baton Rouge, LA.
27003 Journal Article Martin, C.W., and J.F. Valentine. 2014. Tolerance of embryos and hatchlings of the invasive apple snail Pomacea maculata to estuarine conditions. Aquatic Ecology 48:321-326.
25972 Journal Article Martin, C.W., K.M. Bayha, and J.F. Valentine. 2012. Establishment of the invasive island apple snail Pomacea insularum (Gastropoda: Ampullaridae) and eradication efforts in Mobile, Alabama, USA. Gulf of Mexico Science 30(1-2):30-38.
32811 Journal Article Marzolf, N., C. Smith, and S. Golladay. 2019. Limpkin (Aramus guarauna) establishment following recent increase in nonnative prey availability in Lake Seminole, Georgia. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 131(1):179-184.
30867 Journal Article Marzolf, N., S. Golladay, P. McCormick, A. Covich, and S. Wilde. 2017. Inter- and intra-annual apple snail egg mass dynamics in a large southeastern US reservoir. Hydrobiologia 811(1):155-171.
28979 Thesis or Dissertation Marzolf, N.S. 2015. Environmental limits on the dispersal of invasive Pomacea maculata in Lake Seminole. Unpublished M.S. thesis. The University of Georgia, Athens, GA.
31125 Journal Article Matsukura, K., Hayes, K. A., and R. H. Cowie. 2016. Eleven microsatellite loci for two invasive freshwater apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata and P. maculata (Ampullariidae). Biological Invasions 18(12):3397-3400.
25842 Journal Article Matsukura, K., M. Okuda, N.J. Cazzaniga, T. Wada. 2013. Genetic exchange between two freshwater apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata and Pomacea maculata invading East and Southeast Asia. Biological Invasions:DOI 10.1007/s10530-013-0431-1.
33092 Journal Article Matsukura, K., Okuda, M., Kubota, K., and Wada, T. 2008. Genetic divergence of the genus Pomacea (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae) distributed in Japan, and a simple molecular method to distinguish P. canaliculata and P. insularum. Applied Entomology and Zoology 43(4):535-540.
29359 Journal Article Monette, D., S. Ewe, and S.H. Markwith. 2016. Effects of the consumption behavior of adult Pomacea maculata and Pomacea paludosa on Vallisneria americana. Southeastern Naturalist 15(4):689-696.
19695 Journal Article Morrison, W.E., and M.E. Hay. 2011. Feeding and growth of native, invasive and non-invasive alien apple snails (Ampullariidae) in the United States: invasives eat more and grow more. Biological Invasions 13:945-955.
31007 Thesis or Dissertation Mueck, K. 2017. Physiology of the Invasive Apple Snail, Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810), in Louisiana. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA.
17391 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
28296 Journal Article Oliver, H.M., J.A. Jenkins, M. Berhow, and J. Carter. 2015. A pilot study testing a natural and a synthetic molluscicide for controlling invasive apple snails (Pomacea maculata). Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology:DOI: 10.1007/s00128-015-1709-z.
26723 Journal Article Pain, T. 1960. Pomacea (Ampullariidae) of the Amazon River system. Journal of Conchology 24:421-432.
29992 Journal Article Perez, K.E., V.G. Gamboa, C.M. Schneider, and R.L. Burks. 2017. Resaca supports range expansion of invasive apple snails (Pomacea maculata Perry, 1810; Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae) to the Rio Grande Valley, Texas. Check List 13(3):9 pp.
31089 Journal Article Pierre, S.M., P.F. Quintana-Ascencio, E.H. Boughton, and D.G. Jenkins. 2017. Dispersal and local environment affect the spread of an invasive apple snail (Pomacea maculata) in Florida, USA. Biological Invasions 19(9):2647-2661.
33149 Journal Article Rao, S.R., T.S. Liew, Y.Y. Yow, and S. Ratnayeke. 2018. Cryptic diversity: two morphologically similar species of invasive apple snail in Peninsular Malaysia. PLoS ONE 13(5):pp. 16.
16154 Journal Article Rawlings, T.A., K.A. Hayes, R.H. Cowie, and T.M. Collins. 2007. The identity, distribution, and impacts on non-native apple snails in the continental United States. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7:97.
26874 Thesis or Dissertation Robertson, S.M. 2014. Potential threats of the exotic apple snail Pomacea insularum to aquatic ecosystems in Georgia and Florida. Unpublished M.S. thesis. University of Georgia, Athens, GA.
32610 News Sayer, H. 2019. Winter Park’s Lakes Division and Keep Winter Park Beautiful worked together to clean up Lake Knowles. Orange Observer. Created on 03/18/2019. Accessed on 03/18/2019.
34303 News Schultz, B. 2020. First instance of apple snails damaging rice crop reported. The News Star, Monroe, Louisiana. Created on 04/03/2020. Accessed on 04/30/2020.
33458 News Talarico, L. 2019. Invasive giant snails found in Katy community. KHOU-TV. Houston, TX. Accessed on 07/23/2019.
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2019. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 01/29/2019.
32800 Journal Article Underwood, E.B., T.L. Darden, D.M. Knott, and P.R. Kinsley-Smith. 2019. Determining the salinity tolerance of invasive island apple snail Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810) hatchlings to assess the invasion probability in estuarine habitats in South Carolina, USA. Journal of Shellfish Research 38(1):177-182.
32802 Journal Article Underwood, E.B., T.L. Darden, T.P. O'Donnell, and P.R. Kinsley-Smith. 2019. Population genetic structure and diversity of the invasive island apple snail Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810) in South Carolina. Journal of Shellfish Research 38(1):163-175.
24723 Report Wilde, S., R. Haynie, S. Robertson, J. Byers, B. McDowell, and L. Pintor. 2012. Spread and ecological impacts of the invasive Island apple snail (Pomacea insularum). Georgia Department of Natural Resources Research.
33077 Journal Article Yoshida, K., Matsukura, K., Cazzaniga, N.J., and Wada, T. 2013. Tolerance to low temperature and desiccation in two invasive apple snails, Pomacea canaliculata and P. maculata (caenogastropoda: ampullariidae), collected in their original distribution area (northern and central Argentina). Journal of Molluscan Studies 80:62-66. doi:10.1093/mollus/eyt042.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2020]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/28/2020].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.