Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Elodea canadensis listed in key words.

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REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
29283 Database Ackerman, J. (director). 2013. University of Puerto Rico Herbarium (UPRRP). University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR.
27949 Web Page Alaska Plant Materials Center, Alaska Department of Natural Resources (AK DNR), Division of Agriculture. 2010. Invasive Plants and Agricultural Pest Management - Waterweed (Elodea spp.). Accessed on 09/08/2015.
27696 Report Allied Biological. 2014. Croton River: 2014 delineation of Hydrilla and other submersed aquatic vegetation (SAV) in the Croton River System. Allied Biological, Hackettstown, NJ.
28197 Database Arctos. 2011. KNWR Herbarium Collection. Arctos. Created on 08/18/2011. Accessed on 11/20/2015.
29462 Journal Article Barnes, M.A., C.L. Jerde, D. Keller, W.L. Chadderton, J.G. Howeth, and D.M. Lodge. 2013. Viability of Aquatic Plant Fragments following Desiccation. Invasive Plant Science and Management 6(2):320-325.
36379 Journal Article Barrat-Segretain, M.H. 2005. Competition between invasive and indigenous species: impact of spatial pattern and developmental stage. Plant Ecology 180(2):153-160.
29409 Journal Article Bartodziej, W.M., S.L. Blood, and K. Pilgrim. 2017. Aquatic plant harvesting: An economical phosphorus removal tool in an urban shallow lake. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 55(1):26-34.
29710 News Boettger, B. 2015. Group declares partial victory over elodea. Peninsula Clarion. Kenai, AK. Created on 06/13/2015. Accessed on 04/03/2017.
36380 Journal Article Bowmer, K.H., S.W.L. Jacobs, and G.R. Sainty. 1995. Identification, biology and management of Elodea canadensis, Hydrocharitaceae. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 33:13-19.
30604 Database Carlson, M. (curator). 2013. University of Alaska Anchorage Herbarium (UAAH). University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK.
36301 Journal Article Chapman, V.J., J.M.A. Brown, C.F. Hill, and J.L. Carr. 1974. Biology of excessive weed growth in the hydro-electric lakes of the Waikato River, New Zealand. Hydrobiologia 44(4):349-363.
28506 Journal Article Cook, C.D.K., and K. Urmi-König. 1985. A revision of the genus Elodea (Hydrocharitaceae). Aquatic Botany 21(2):111-156.
36382 Journal Article Ersoy, S., and Y.A. Turan. 2019. First report on the occurrence of invasive macrophyte Elodea canadensis Michx. in Sapanca Lake. European Journal of Biology 78(2):103-107.
10702 Database Florida Museum of Natural History. 2021. University of Florida Herbarium (FLAS). Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL.
27947 News Friedman, S. 2015. Invasive elodea found north of Nenana; first Interior sighting beyond Fairbanks area. Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. Fairbanks, AK. Created on 09/01/2015. Accessed on 09/08/2015.
28540 Journal Article Hellquist, C.B., and C.E. Hellquist. 2006. Invasive plants of the frogbit family in North America. The Water Garden Journal 21(2):5-8.
33834 Journal Article Hofstra, D., Champion, P., and J. Clayton. 2010. Predicting invasive success of Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle in flowing water. Hydrobiologia 656:213-219.
33879 Journal Article Hough, R.A. 1979. Photosynthesis, respiration, and organic carbon release in Elodea canadensis Michx. Aquatic Botany 7:1-11.
36383 Journal Article Howard-Williams, C. 1993. Processes of aquatic weed invasions: the New Zealand example. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 31:17-23.
36312 Journal Article James, C.S., K.W. Eaton, and K. Hardwick. 1999. Competition between three submerged macrophytes, Elodea canadensis Michx, Elodea nuttallii (Planch.) St John and Lagarosiphon major (Ridl.) Moss. Hydrobiologia 415:35-40.
36384 Journal Article Josefsson, M. and B. Andersson. 2001. The environmental consequences of alien species in the Swedish lakes Mälaren, Hjälmaren, Vänern and Vättern. , 30(8), pp.514-521. Ambio: a Journal of the Human Environment 30(8):514-521.
36385 Journal Article Kolada, A., and S. Kutyła. 2016. Elodea canadensis (Michx.) in Polish lakes: a non-aggressive addition to native flora. Biological Invasions 18(11):3251-3264.
36386 Journal Article Kornijow, R., K. Vakkilainen, J. Horppila, E. Luokkanen, and T. Kairesalo. 2005. Impacts of a submerged plant (Elodea canadensis) on interactions between roach (Rutilus rutilus) and its invertebrate prey communities in a lake littoral zone. Freshwater Biology 50(2):262-276.
36387 Journal Article Kubrak, E., Kubrak, J. and Rowiński, P.M. 2013. Application of one-dimensional model to calculate water velocity distributions over elastic elements simulating Canadian waterweed plants (Elodea canadensis). Acta Geophysica 61(1):194-210.
27839 Report Landry, J.B., R.R. Golden, L. Karrh, and M. Lewandowski. 2013. Deep Creek Lake: submerged aquatic vegetation survey - year 4. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD.
33529 Journal Article Larson, D. 2007. Growth of three submerged plants below different densities of Nymphoides peltata (S. G. Gmel.) Kuntze. Aquatic Botany 86(3):280-284.
36388 Journal Article Mjelde, M., P. Lombardo, D. Berge, and S.W. Johansen. 2012. Mass invasion of non-native Elodea canadensis Michx. in a large, clear-water, species-rich Norwegian lake–impact on macrophyte biodiversity. Annales de Limnologie-International Journal of Limnology 48(2):225-240.
24338 News Mowry, T. 2010. Invasive freshwater plant found in Chena Slough, Chena River. Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. 12 (1). Created on 12/01/2010. Accessed on 03/08/2012.
27964 News Mueller, K. 2015. Alaska fisheries & habitat news. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Anchorage, AK. Fall 2015 (3):12.
33777 Database Natural Resource Information Systems (NRIS). 2019. Current Invasive Plants. U.S. Forest Service. Accessed on 08/27/2019.
17907 Journal Article Nichols, S.A., and B.H. Shaw. 1986. Ecological life histories of the three aquatic nuisance plants, Myriophyllum spicatum, Potamogeton crispus, and Elodea canadensis. Hydrobiologia 131(1):3-21.
18815 Database Olmstead, R., D.E. Giblin, and B. Legler. 2013. Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria. University of Washington Herbarium, Seattle, WA.
10458 Journal Article Posey, M.H., C. Wigand, and J.C. Stevenson. 1993. Effects of an introduced aquatic plant, Hydrilla verticillata, on Benthic Communities in the Upper Chesapeake Bay. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 37:539-555.
36397 Journal Article Rørslett, B., D.A.G. Berge, and S.W. Johansen. 1986. Lake enrichment by submersed macrophytes: a Norwegian whole-lake experience with Elodea canadensis. Aquatic Botany 26:325-340.
29183 News Rosen, Y. 2016. Invasive plant discovered near Anchorage’s Potter Marsh. Alaska Dispatch. Anchorage, AK. Created on 11/08/2016. Accessed on 11/09/2016.
27716 Journal Article Rybicki, N., J.D. Kirshtein, and M.A. Voytek. 2013. Molecular techniques to distinguish morphologically similar Hydrilla verticillata, Egeria densa, Elodea nuttallii, and Elodea canadensis. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 51:94-102.
29284 Database Santiago-Valentín, E. (director). 2012. Botanical Garden of the University of Puerto Rico Herbarium (UPR). Botanical Garden of the University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR.
29908 Thesis or Dissertation Schwoerer, T. 2017. Invasive Elodea threatens remote ecosystem services in Alaska: a spatially-explicit bioeconomic risk analysis. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK.
36398 Journal Article Simpson, D.A. 1986. Taxonomy of Elodea Michx in the British Isles. Watsonia 16:1-14.
36399 Journal Article Spicer, K. W., and P.M. Catling. 1988. The biology of Canadian weeds. 88. Elodea canadensis Michx. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 68:1035-1051.
36400 Journal Article St. John, H. 1965. Monograph of the genus Elodea, Summary. Rhodora 67(770):155-180.
36401 Journal Article Tattersdill, K., F. Ecke, A. Frainer, and B.G. McKie. 2017. A head start for an invasive species in a strongly seasonal environment? Growth of Elodea canadensis in boreal lakes. Aquatic Invasions 12(4):487-498.
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2021. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 11/23/2021.
28194 Database University of Alaska Museum of the North. 2013. UAM Herbarium (ALA), Vascular Plant Collection (Arctos). University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK. Created on 04/30/2013. Accessed on 11/20/2015.
30720 Journal Article Weigel, D.E., and P.W. Sorensen. 2001. The influence of habitat characteristics on the longitudinal distribution of Brook, Brown, and Rainbow Trout in a small Midwestern stream. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 16(4):599-613.
36403 Journal Article Wells, R.D., M.D. de Winton, and J.S. Clayton. 1997. Successive macrophyte invasions within the submerged flora of Lake Tarawera, central North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 31(4):449-459.


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [10/5/2022].

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