Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Phractocephalus hemioliopterus listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
17323 News Animal Rights Foundation of Florida. 2008. Exotic "Pet" Incidents in Florida. Animal Rights Foundation of Florida. updated 2/13/08. (accessed 2/13/08).
33294 News Bridge, B. 2018. Williams an exotic area. Times-Mail News. Bedford, IN. Created on 06/04/2018. Accessed on 06/14/2019.
17324 News Bridges, T. 2007. Fish out of water: South American native found in Bay likely an improperly disposed of pet. RedOrbit. 2007 (September 28). (accessed 2/13/08).
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
10 Book Chapter Courtenay, W.R., Jr., D.A. Hensley, J.N. Taylor, and J.A. McCann. 1984. Distribution of exotic fishes in the continental United States. Pages 41-77 in Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.R. Stauffer, Jr, eds. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD.
459 Book Chapter Courtenay, W.R., Jr., D.P. Jennings, and J.D. Williams. 1991. Appendix 2: Exotic fishes. Pages 97-107 in Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott, eds. Common names and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. 5th edition. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD.
29040 Web Page Culbertson, J. 2016. Exotic fish discovered in urban bayous of Galveston Bay. Accessed on 09/20/2016.
1885 Conference Proceedings Rasmussen, J.L. 1998. Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin in 60th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Aquatic Nuisance Species Symposium, Dec 7, 1998, Cincinnati, OH.
29937 News Schlender, B. 2013. Exotic catfish found in Lake Michigan. The Michigan City News Dispatch. Michigan City, IN. Created on 06/30/2013. Accessed on 05/25/2017.
27505 News Weathers, S. 2015. Boy, 5, catches invasive fish at Lakeland park. BayNews9. 2015 (23 May). Created on 05/23/2015. Accessed on 06/03/2015.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2021]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [12/2/2021].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.