References: (click for full references)
Abdell-Fattah, S. 2011. Aquatic Invasive Species Early Detection and Rapid Response- Assessment of Chemical Response Tools. International Joint Commission, Great Lakes Regional Office.
Auer, M.T., L.M. Tomlison, S.N. Higgins, S.Y. Malkin, E.T. Howell, and H.A. Bootsma. 2010. Great Lakes Cladophora in the 21st century: same algae—different ecosystem. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36(2):248-255.
Baker, S.M., and D.J. Hornbach. 1997. Acute physiological effects of zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) infestation on two unionid mussels, Actinonaias ligmentina and Amblema plicata. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54:512-519.
Barbiero, R.P., K. Schmude, B.M. Lesht, C.M. Riseng, G.J. Warren, and M.L. Tuchman. 2011. Trends in Diporeia populations across the Laurentian Great Lakes, 1997-2009. Journal of Great Lakes Research 37:9-17.
Bastviken, D.T.E., N.F. Caraco, and J.J. Cole. 1998. Experimental measurements of zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) impacts on phytoplankton community composition. Freshwater Biology 39:375-386.
Benson, A.J. 2012. The exotic zebra mussel. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Updated 6 March 2012. http://www.fws.gov/midwest/endangered/clams/zebra.html. Accessed 6 June 2012.
Berg, D.J., S.W. Fisher, and P.F. Landrum. 1996. Clearance and processing of algal particles by zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha). Journal of Great Lakes Research 22:779-788.
Bially, A., and H.J. MacIsaac. 2000. Fouling mussels (Dreissena spp.) colonize soft sediments in Lake Erie and facilitate benthic invertebrates. Freshwater Biology 43:85-97.
Boelman, S.F., F.M. Neilson, E.A. Dardeau, and T. Cross, jr. 1996. Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) Control Handbook for Facility Operators, First Edition. Miscellaneous Paper EL-97-1, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
Botts, P., B. Silver, A. Patterson, and D.W. Schloesser. 1996. Zebra mussel effects on benthic invertebrates: physical or biotic? Journal of the North American Benthological Society 15:179-184.
Brown, E. – Colorado Invasive Species Coordinator, Colorado Parks and Wildlife, Denver, Colorado.
Bruner, K.A., S.W. Fisher, and P.F. Landrum. 1994. The role of the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, in contaminant cycling: II. Zebra mussel contaminant accumulation from algae and suspended particles, and transfer to the benthic invertebrate, Gammarus fasciatus. Journal of Great Lakes Research 20:735-750.
Bunnell, D.B., C.P. Madenjian, J.D. Holuszko, J.V. Adams, and J.R.P. French III. 2009. Expansion of Dreissena into offshore waters of Lake Michigan and potential impacts on fish populations. Journal of Great Lakes Research 35:74-80.
Bykova, O., A. Laursen, V. Bostan, J. Bautista, and L. McCarthy. 2006. Do zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) alter lake water chemistry in a way that favours Microcystis growth? Science of the Total Environment 371:362-372.
Caraco, N.F., J.J. Cole, P.A. Raymond, D.L. Strayer, M.L. Pace, S.E.G. Findlay, and D.T. Fischer. 1997. Zebra mussel invasion in a large, turbid river: phytoplankton response to increased grazing. Ecology 78:588-602.
Churchill, C.J., D.J. Hoeinghaus, and T.W. La Point. 2017. Environmental conditions increase growth rates and mortality of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) along the southern invasion front in North America. Biological Invasions 19:2355-2373 DOI 10.1007/s10530-017-1447-8.
Cotner, J.B., W.S. Gardner, J.R. Johnson, R.H. Sada, J.F. Cavaletto, and R.T. Heath. 1995. Effects of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) on bacterioplankton: evidence for both size-selective consumption and growth stimulation. Journal of Great Lakes Research 21:517-528.
Evans, M.A., G. Fahnenstiel, and D. Scavia. 2011. Incidental oligotrophication of North American Great Lakes. Environmental Science & Technology 45:3297-3303.
Fahnenstiel, G.L., T.B. Bridgeman, G.A. Lang, M.J. McCormik, and T.F. Nalepa. 1993. Phytoplankton productivity in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron: Effects of zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) colonization. Journal of Great Lakes Research 21:465-475.
Fahnenstiel, G., S. Pothoven, H. Vanderploeg, D. Klarer, T. Nalepa, and D. Scavia. 2010. Recent changes in primary production and phytoplankton in the offshore region of southeastern Lake Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:20-29.
Fanslow, D.L., T.F. Nalepa, and G.A. Lang. 1995. Filtration rates of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) on natural seston from Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron. Journal of Great Lakes Research 21:489-500.
Fishman, D.B., S.A. Alderstein, H.A. Vanderploeg, G.L. Fahnenstiel, and D. Scavia. 2010. Phytoplankton community composition of Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron, during the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) invasion: a multivariate analysis. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36(1):9-19.
Fitzsimons, J.D., S.B. Brown, D.C. Honeyfield, and J.G. Hnath. 1999. A review of early mortality syndrome (EMS) in Great Lakes salmonids: relationship with thiamine deficiency. Ambio 28(1):9-15.
Flannery, T. – Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, Lakes and Ponds Program, Boston, Massachusetts.
Gatlin, M. R., Shoup, D. E., and J. M. Long. 2013. Invasive zebra mussels (Driessena polymorpha) and Asian clams (Corbicula fluminea) survive gut passage of migratory fish species: implications for dispersal. Biological Invasions 15:1195-1200. DOI 10.1007/s10530-012-0372-0.
Griffiths, R.W., D.W. Schloesser, J.H. Leach, and W.P. Kovalak. 1991. Distribution and dispersal of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) in the Great Lakes region. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48:1381-1388.
Hanari, N., K. Kannan, Y. Horii, S. Taniyasu, N. Yamashita, D.J. Jude, and M.B. Berg. 2004. Polychlorinated naphthalenes and polychlorinated biphenyls in benthic organisms of a Great Lakes food chain. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 47:84-93.
Hart, R.A., A.C. Miller, and M. Davis. 2001. Empirically Derived Survival Rates of a Native Mussel, Amblema plicata, in the Mississippi and Otter Tail Rivers, Minnesota. American Midland Naturalist 146: 254-263.
Hecky, R.E., R.E.H. Smith, D.R. Barton, S.J. Guilford, W.D. Taylor, M.N. Charlton, and T. Howell. 2004. The nearshore phosphorous shunt: a consequence of ecosystem engineering by dreissenids in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61:1285-1293.
Holland, R.E. 1993. Changes in planktonic diatoms and water transparency in Hatchery Bay, Bass Island Area, Western Lake Erie since the establishment of the zebra mussel. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19:617-624.
Hysmith, B. – Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas.
Idrisi, N., E.L. Mills, L.G. Rudstam, and D.J. Stewart. 2001. Impact of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) on the pelagic lower trophic levels of Oneida Lake, New York. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58:1430-1441.
Jude, D.J., R. Rediske, J. O’Keefe, S. Hensler, and J.P. Giesy. 2010. PCB concentrations in walleyes and their prey from the Saginaw River, Lake Huron: a comparison between 1990 and 2007. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:267-276.
Kaminski Leduc, J.L. 2011. OLR research report. http://www.cga.ct.gov/2011/rpt/2011-R-0013.htm. Accessed 26 July 2012.
Kennedy, V.S. 2002. Swimming and Settlement Behavior in the Quagga Mussel. Maryland Sea Grant. http://www.mdsg.umd.edu/programs/research/projects/past/R_ZM-03/index.php
Klerks, P.L., P.C. Fraleigh, and J.E. Lawniczak. 1996. Effects of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) on seston levels and sediment deposition in western Lake Erie. Canadian Journal of Aquatic Sciences 53:2284-2291.
Lavrentyev, P.J., W.S. Gardner, J.F. Cavaletto, and J.R. Beaver. 1995. Effects of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha Pallas) on protozoa and the phytoplankton from Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron. Journal of Great Lakes Research 21:545-557.
Limburg, K.E., V.A. Luzadis, M. Ramsey, K.L. Schulz, and C.M. Mayer. 2010. The good, the bad, and the algae: perceiving ecosystem services and disservices generated by zebra and quagga mussels. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:86-92.
Lovell, S.J., S.F. Stone, and L. Fernandez. 2006. The economic impacts of aquatic invasive species: a review of the literature. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 35(1):195-208.
MacIsaac, H.J., W.G. Sprules, and J.H. Leach. 1991. Ingestion of small-bodied zooplankton by zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha): can cannibalism on larvae influence population dynamics. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48:2051-2060.
MacIsaac, H.J., R. Rocha. 1995. Effects of suspended clay on zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) faeces and pseudofaeces production. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 135:53-64.
MacIsaac, H.J., W.G. Sprules, O.E. Johannsson, and J.H. Leach. 1992. Filtering impacts of larval and sessile zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) in Western Lake Erie. Oecologia 92:30-39.
MacIsaac, H.J., C.J. Lonnee, and J.H. Leach. 1995. Suppression of microzooplankton by zebra mussels: importance of mussel size. Freshwater Biology 34:379-387.
Mackey, S. – Habitat Solutions NA, Chigago, IL.
Mackie, G.L., and D.W. Schlosser. 1996. Comparative biology of zebra mussels in Europe and North America: an overview. American Zoologist 36:244-258.
Mackie, G.L., W.N. Gibbons, B.W. Muncaster, and I.M. Gray. 1989. The zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, a synthesis of European experiences and a preview for North America. Queen's Printer for Ontario.
Madenjain, C.P., S.A. Pothoven, P.J. Schneeberger, M.P. Ebener, L.C. Mohr, T.F. Nalepa, and J.R. Bence. 2010. Dreissenid mussels are not a “dead end” in Great Lakes food webs. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:73-77.
Mastitsky, S.E., A.Y. Karatayev, L.E. Burlakova, and D.P. Molloy. 2010. Parasites of exotic species in invaded areas: does lower diversity mean lower epizootic impact? Diversity and Distributions 16:798-803.
McMahon, R.F. 1996. The physiological ecology of the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, in North America and Europe. American Zoologist 36:339-363.
Milano, V. – Colorado Division of Wildlife, Brush, Colorado.
Molloy, D.P. 1998. The potential of using biological control technologies in the management of Dreissena. Abstracts from the Eighth International Zebra Mussel and Other Nuisance Species Conference. California Sea Grant, Sacramento, California: 69-70.
Molloy, D.P. 2002. Biological control of zebra mussels. Proceedings of the Third California Conference on Biological Control. University of California, Davis.
Molloy, D.P., A.Y. Alexander, L.E. Burlakova, D.P. Kurandina, and F. Laruelle. 1997. Natural enemies of zebra mussels: predators, parasites, and ecological competitors. Reviews in Fisheries Science 5:27-97.
Nalepa, T.F., D.L. Fanslow, A.J. Foley III, G.A. Lang, B.J. Eadie, and M.A. Quigley. 2006. Continued disappearance of the benthic amphipod Diporeia spp. in Lake Michigan: is there evidence for food limitation? Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 63:872-890.
Nalepa, T.F., D.L. Fanslow, and G.A. Lang. 2009. Transformation of the offshore benthic community in Lake Michigan: recent shift from the native amphipod Diporeia spp. to the invasive mussel Dreissena rostriformis bugensis. Freshwater Biology 54:466-479.
NationalAtlas.gov. 2012. Zebra Mussels. Available http://www.nationalatlas.gov/articles/biology/a_zm.html. Accessed 2 August 2012.
Nichols, K.H., and G.J. Hopkins. 1993. Recent changes in Lake Erie (north shore) phytoplankton: cumulative impacts of phosphorus loading reductions and the zebra mussel introduction. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19:637-647.
Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of 1990 (NASPCA). 2000. Amended through 29 December 2000. http://www.anstaskforce.gov/Documents/nanpca90.pdf. Accessed 26 July 2012.
Noordhuis, R., H. Reeders, and A. Bij de Vaate. 1992. Filtration rate and pseudofaeces production in zebra mussels and their application in water quality management. In Neumann, D., and H.A. Jenner (Eds.). The Zebra Mussel Dreissena polymorpha. Vol. 4, Limnologie Aktuell, Gustav Fischer Verlag, New York, pp. 101-114.
Norton, D. – California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento, California.
North Dakota Game and Fish Department (NDGFD). 2010. NDG&F July 1st Newsletter. http://www.ndhea.org/ndfg/ndgfnewsletter07_01_11.pdf. Accessed 6 June 2012.
Ohio Sea Grant. 1992. Boaters: Take action against zebra mussels. OHSU-FS-054.
O’Neill, Jr., C.R. 1993. Control of Zebra Mussels in Residential Water Systems. Sea Grant: Coastal Resources Fact Sheet. Available http://library.marist.edu/diglib/EnvSci/archives/alienspe/oneillcontrol/o%27neill%20-%20control%20of%20zebra%20mussels%20in%20residential%20water%20systems.html. Accessed 2 August 2012.
Pace, M.L., S.E.G. Findlay, and D. Fischer. 1998. Effects of an invasive bivalve on the zooplankton community of the Hudson River. Freshwater Biology 39:103-116.
Pennak, R.W. 1989. Fresh-water invertebrates of the United States, Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, NY. 628 p.
Pothoven, S.A., and C.P. Madenjian. 2008. Changes in consumption by alewives and lake whitefish after dreissenid mussel invasions in Lakes Michigan and Huron. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28:308-320.
Raikow, D.F. 2002. How the feeding ecology of native and exotic mussels affects freshwater ecosystems, Doctoral Dissertation, Michigan State University.
Raikow, D.F. 2004. Food web interactions between larval bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) and exotic zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha). Canandian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 61:497-504.
Raikow, D.F., O. Sarnelle, A.E. Wilson, and S.K. Hamilton. 2004. Dominance of the noxious cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa in low-nutrient lakes is associated with exotic zebra mussels. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 482-487.
Rennie, M.D., W.G. Sprules, and T.B. Johnson. 2009. Resource switching in fish following a major food web disruption. Oecologia 159:789-802.
Roditi, H.A., D.L. Strayer, and S.E.G. Findlay. 1997. Characteristics of zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) biodeposits in a tidal freshwater estuary. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 140: 207-219.
Roditi, H.A., N.S. Fisher, and S.A. Sanudo-Wilhelmy. 2000. Uptake of dissolved organic carbon and trace elements by zebra mussels. Nature 407:78-80.
Ricciardi, A., F.G. Whoriskey, and J.B. Rasmussen. 1996. Impact of the Dreissena invasion on native unionid bivalves in the upper St. Lawrence River. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53:1434-1444.
Ricciardi, A., F.G. Whoriskey, and J.B. Rasmussen. 1997. The role of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) in structuring macroinvertebrate communities on hard substrata. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54:2596-2608.
Ricciardi, A., R.J. Neves, and J.B. Rasmussen. 1998. Impending extinctions of North American freshwater mussels (Unionoida) following the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) invasion. Journal of Animal Ecology 67(4):613-619.
Sarnelle, O., J. Morrison, R. Kaul, G. Horst, H. Wandell, and R. Bednarz. 2010. Citizen monitoring: Testing hypotheses about the interactive influences of eutrophication and mussel invasion on a cyanobacterial toxin in lakes. Water Research 44:141-150.
Scheffer, M., S.H. Hosper, M.L. Meijer, B. Moss, and E. Jeppesen. 1993. Alternative equilibria in shallow lakes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8:275-279.
Schloesser, D.W., T.F. Nalepa, and G.L. Mackie. 1996. Zebra mussel infestation of unionid bivalves (Unionidae) in North America. American Zoologist 36:300-310.
Schloesser, D.W., J.L. Metacalfe-Smith, W.P. Kovalak, G.D. Longton, and R.D. Smithee. 2006. Extirpation of freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae) following the invasion of dreissenid mussels in an interconnecting river of the Laurentian Great Lakes. American Midland Naturalist 155:307-320.
Silverman, H., J.W. Lynn, E.C. Archberger, and T.H. Dietz. 1996. Gill structure in zebra mussels: bacterial-sized particle filtration. American Zoologist 36:364-372.
Silverman, H., S.J. Nichols, J.S. Cherry, E. Achberger, J.W. Lynn, and T.H. Dietz. 1997. Clearance of laboratory-cultured bacteria by freshwater bivalves: differences between lentic and lotic unionids. Canadian Journal of Zoology 75:1857-1866.
Skubinna, J.P., T.G. Coon, and T.R. Batterson. 1995. Increased abundance and depth of submersed macrophytes in response to decreased turbidity in Saginaw Bay, Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 21(4): 476-488.
Smit, H., A.B.D. Vaate, H.H. Reeders, E.H.V. Nes, and R. Noordhuis. 1993. Colonization, ecology, and positive aspects of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) in The Netherlands, pp. 55-77 in Nalepa, T.F., and D.W. Schloesser (eds.), Zebra mussels: biology impacts and control, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL.
Snyder, F.L., M.B. Hilgendorf, and D.W. Garton. 1997. Zebra Mussels in North America: The invasion and its implications. Ohio Sea Grant, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. http://ohioseagrant.osu.edu/ _documents/publications/FS/FS-045%20Zebra%20mussels%20in%20North%20America.pdf
Sprecher, S.L., and K.D. Getsinger. 2000. Zebra mussel chemical control guide. ERDC/EL TR-00-1, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS.
Sprung, M., and U. Rose.1988. Influence of food size and food quality on the feeding of the mussel Dreissena polymorpha. Oecologia 77:526-532.
Sprung, M. 1993. The other life: an account of present knowledge of the larval phase of Dreissena polymorpha, pp. 39-53 in Nalepa, T.F., and D.W. Schloesser (eds.), Zebra mussels: biology impacts and control, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL.
Stanczykowska, A., and K. Lewandowski. 1993. Thirty years of studies of Dreissena polymorpha in Mazurian Lakes of northeastern Poland, pp. 3-33 in Nalepa, T.F., and D.W. Schloesser (eds.), Zebra mussels: biology impacts and control, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL
Stewart, T.W., and J.M. Haynes. 1994. Benthic macroinvertebrate communities of southwestern Lake Ontario following invasion of Dreissena. Journal of Great Lakes Research 20:479-493.
Tillit, D.E., S.C. Riley, A.N. Evans, S.J. Nichols, J.L. Zajicek, J. Rinchard, C.A. Richter, and C.C. Krueger. 2009. Dreissenid mussels from the Great Lakes contain elevated thiaminase activity. Journal of Great Lakes Research 35:309-312.
United States Army Corp of Engineers (U.S.A.C.E.). 2002. Zebra Mussel Information System. http://el.erdc.usace.army.mil/zebra/zmis/. Accessed 26 July 2012.
Vanderploeg, H.A., J.R. Liebig, W.W. Carmichael, M.A. Agy, T.H. Johengen, G.L. Fahnenstiel, and T.F. Nalepa. 2001. Zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) selective filtration promoted toxic Microcystis blooms in Saginaw Bay (Lake Huron) and Lake Erie. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58:1208-1221.
Vinogradov, G.A., N.F. Smirnova, V.A. Sokolov, and A.A. Bruznitsky. 1993. Influence of chemical composition of the water on the mollusk Dreissena polymorpha, pp. 283-293 in Nalepa, T.F., and D.W. Schloesser (eds.), Zebra mussels: biology impacts and control, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL.
Ward, J.M., and A. Ricciardi. 2007. Impacts of Dreissena invasions on benthic macroinvertebrate communities: a meta-analysis. Diversity and Distributions 13:155-165.
Watkins, J.M., R. Dermott, S.J. Lozano, E.L. Mills, L.G. Rudstam, and J.V. Scharold. 2007. Evidence for remote effects of dreissenid mussels on the amphipod Diporeia: analysis of Lake Ontario benthic surveys, 1972-2003. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33:642-657.
Watzin, M.C., K. Joppe-Mercure, J. Rowder, B. Lancaster, and L. Bronson. 2008. Significant fish predation on zebra mussels Dreissena polymorpha in Lake Champlain, U.S.A. Journal of Fish Biology 73:1585-1599.
ten Winkel, E.H., and C. Davids. 1982. Food selection by Dreissena polymorpha Pallas (mollusca: bivalvia). Freshwater Biology 12:553-558.
Zebra Mussel Information System (ZMIS). 1996. CD-ROM version 3.0, Zebra Mussel Research Program, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information.