Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
14691 Journal ArticleBuchanan, S., and R. Babcock1997Primary and secondary settlement by the greenshell mussel Perna canaliculus.
26266 DatabaseCalifornia Department of Fish and Game.2009California Aquatic Non-native Organism Database (CANOD).
9186 Thesis or DissertationCarlton, J.T.1979History, Biogeography, and Ecology of the Introduced Marine and Estuarine Invertebrates of the Pacific Coast of North America.
9314 Book ChapterCarlton, J.T., and M.H. Ruckelshaus.1997Nonindigenous marine invertebrates and algae.
14791 ReportCohen, A., C. Mills, H. Berry, M. Wonham, B. Bingham, B. Bookheim, J. Carlton, J. Chapman, J. Cordell, L. Harris, T. Klinger, A. Kohn, C. Lambert, G. Lambert, K. Li, D. Secord, and J. Toft.1998A rapid assessment survey of non-indigenous species in the shallow waters of Puget Sound. Report of the Puget Sound Expedition.
14037 ReportCohen, A.N.2004An exotic species detection program for Puget Sound.
10319 ReportCohen, A.N., and J.T. Carlton.1995Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in a United States Estuary, A Case Study of the Biological Invasions of the San Francisco Bay and Delta.
14792 ReportCohen, A.N., H.D. Berry, C.E. Mills, and 19 others.2001Washington State Expedition 2000: A rapid survey of exotic species in the shallow waters of Elliott Bay, Totten and Eld inlets, and Willapa Bay.
17305 ReportDraheim, R., M. Sytsma, R. Miller, and J. Cordell.2007Middle Columbia River Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Survey.
9187 Journal ArticleHand, C., and G.F. Gwilliam1951New distributional records for two athecate hydroids, Cordylophora lacustris and Candelabrum sp. from the west coast of North America, with revisions of their nomenclature.
29326 Journal ArticleMartin, R.M., D.V. Obrecht, G.A. Stoner, R.A. O'Hearn, S.W. Lanning, and W.R. Mabee2016First record of occurrence of the invasive hydroid Cordylophora caspia (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) in Missouri.
9188 Journal ArticleMiller, R.C.1958The relict fauna of Lake Merced, San Francisco.
1383 Journal ArticleMills, C.E., and F. Sommer1995Invertebrate introductions in marine habitats: two species of hydromedusae (Cnidaria) native to the Black Sea, Maeotias inexspectata and Blackfordia virginica, invade San Francisco Bay.
13065 Journal ArticleMills, E.L., D.L. Strayer, M.D. Scheuerell, and J.T. Carlton1996Exotic species in the Hudson River basin: A history of invasions and introductions.
703 Journal ArticleMills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor1993Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions
39109 Journal ArticlePucherelli, S.F., J. Keele, Y.J. Passamaneck, J.R. Beaver, and T.R. Renicker2016Range expansion of the invasive hydroid, Cordylophora caspia (Pallas, 1771), in Colorado River reservoirs
13577 BookRuiz, G.M., and A.H. Hines.1997The risk of nonindigenous species invasion in Prince William Sound associated with oil tanker traffic and ballast water management: pilot study.
13201 Journal ArticleRuiz, G.M., P.W. Fofonoff, J.T. Carlton, M.J. Wonham, and A.H. Hines2000Invasion of coastal marine communities in North America: apparent patterns, processes, and biases
13935 Journal ArticleSmith, D.G., S.F. Werle, and E. Klekowski2002The Rapid Colonization and Emerging Biology of Cordylophora caspia (Pallas, 1771) (Cnidaria: Clavidae) in the Connecticut River.
1864 Web PageSmith, Scott.1998Non-indigenous aquatic species in Washington State and adjacent waters.
16728 ReportSytsma, M.D., J.R. Cordell, J.W. Chapman, and R.C. Draheim.2004Lower Columbia River Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Survey 2001-2004. Final Technical Report: Appendices.
17275 ReportSytsma, M.D., J.R. Cordell, J.W. Chapman, and R.C. Draheim.2004Lower Columbia River Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Survey 2001-2004. Final Technical Report.
19520 Journal ArticleTrebitz, A.S., C.W. West, J.C. Hoffman, J.R. Kelly, G.S. Peterson, and I.A. Grigorovich2010Status of non-indigenous benthic invertebrates in the Duluth-Superior Harbor and the role of sampling methods in their detection.
39842 DatabaseU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service2020Benthic Macroinvertebrate AIS Early Detection efforts on Lake Superior
14257 Web PageU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.2005National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species.
13576 Web PageWashington Department of Fish and Wildlife.1998Non-indigenous marine species of Washington State and adjacent waters.
9316 Journal ArticleWurtz, C.B., and S.S. Roback1955The invertebrate fauna of some Gulf Coast rivers.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [7/23/2024].

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For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.