Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
42981 Report 2022GSARP spring meeting 2022
773 NewsAnonymous1995This little fishy is a what?.
13718 Web PageAnonymous2004Carp Record Fish
14003 NewsAnonymous2004Beware of unwanted exotic fish.
18239 DatabaseAnonymous2008LTRMP Bighead and silver carp dataset. 1992-2007.
24139 Web PageAnonymous2011Invasive carp species found in Clay County Lake.
24698 NewsAnonymous2012Flying carp found in Winona
24700 NewsAssociated Press2012Asian carp surveillance ramping up in Illinois
24801 OtherBaerwaldt, K., and K. Irons.2012Asian carp questionaire.
29521 DatabaseBarnett, J.2016Arkansas ANS Database (unpublished data).
32270 DatabaseBelcik, J.T.2018Nonindigenous Fishes in the Upper Illinois River Basin Waterways (2013-2018)
486 NewsBennett, B.1988Big head carp is latest 'exotic' Asian invader
25815 DatabaseBogenschutz, K.2003Bighead Carp observations in Iowa
1358 Journal ArticleBurr, B.M., D.J. Eisenhour, K.M. Cook, C.A. Taylor, G.L. Seegert, R.W. Sauer, and E.R. Atwood1996Nonnative fishes in Illinois waters: what do the records reveal?
29302 DatabaseCamacho, C.2017Asian Carp egg and larval presence in the Mississippi Basin, 2014-2015.
20964 OtherCampbell, T.2011Crab Ochard NWR: Asian carp alert !.
468 ReportCarp Task Force.1989Report to the Louisiana Legislature, March, 1989.
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
25814 DatabaseChapman, Duane.2004Carp in MO river tributaries
459 Book ChapterCourtenay, W.R., Jr., D.P. Jennings, and J.D. Williams.1991Appendix 2: Exotic fishes
27378 DatabaseCranberg, C., and R. Keller2020Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species
1554 BookCross, F.B., and J.T. Collins.1995Fishes in Kansas.
13979 ReportCudmore-Vokey, B., and E.J. Crossman.2000Checklists of the fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes and their connecting channels. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2550.
1577 BookDill, W.A., and A.J. Cordone.1997History and status of introduced fishes in California, 1871-1996. Fish Bulletin 178
705 BookEtnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes.1993The fishes of Tennessee.
25938 DatabaseFishBase2013FishBase occurrence data. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
25899 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2013Florida Museum of Natural History ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
13774 Journal ArticleFreeze, M., and S. Henderson1982Distribution and status of the bighead carp and silver carp in Arkansas.
26212 DatabaseGBIF2013Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database.
29211 DatabaseGillespie, N.2016Summary of US Fish and Wildlife Service Bighead and Silver Carp collections in the Ohio River for 2016
29216 ReportGillespie, N.2016Asian Carp - after dark
1883 Journal ArticleHalker, N. (ed).1998Nuisance notes from the Western Regional Panel on ANS.
40625 Journal ArticleHarris, B.S., J.A. DeBoer, and J.T. Lamer2022Trophic reorganization of native planktivorous fishes at different density extremes of bigheaded carps in the Illinois and Mississippi rivers, USA
39199 Journal ArticleHayer, C., B.D.S. Graeb, and K.N. Bertrand2014Adult, juvenile and young-of-year bighead, Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (Richardson, 1845) and silver carp, H. molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844) range expansion on the northwestern front of the invasion in North America
29241 DatabaseHenderson, Kjetil2016Asian carp in the Illinois River, 2015-2016
13010 ReportHowells, R.G2001Introduced non-native fishes and shellfishes in Texas waters: An updated list and discussion
360 ReportHowells, R.G.1992Annotated list of non-native fishes, mollusks, crustaceans, and aquatic plants, in Texas waters. Management Data Series No. 78.
13942 ReportHowells, R.G.1999Guide to identification of harmful and potentially harmful fishes, shellfishes, and aquatic plants prohibited in Texas. Revised edition.
18236 NewsHubbuch, C.2008Leaping silver carp found in Mississippi near La Crosse.
31327 DatabaseIllinois Department of Natural Resources2018Illinois DNR Asian carp collections in Dresden and Rock Run pools, 2010 - March 2018
23984 ReportIllinois Department of Natural Resources.2011Bighead carp in urban fishing ponds.
32616 DatabaseIllinois Natural History Survey2019INHS fish collection database
14023 DatabaseIllinois Natural History Survey.2004Illinois Natural History Survey Fish Collection Database Search Results.
29476 DatabaseIndiana Department of Natural Resources2017Asian Carp collections May - October 2016
24136 Web PageIowa Department of Natural Resources.2011Bighead Carp Caught in East Okoboji Lake Tuesday.
13716 Web PageIowa DNR.2003Non native fish species found in Iowa interior streams.
25849 OtherIrons, K.2012Asian carp white paper survey to states.
14920 ReportIrons, K.S., S.A. Delain, E. Gittinger, B.S. Ickes, C.S. Kolar, D. Ostendorf, E.N. Ratcliff, and A.J. Benson.2009Non-native fishes in the Upper Mississippi River System.
674 ReportJennings, D.P.1988Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis): a biological synopsis. Biological Report 88(29).
24112 NewsKCRG-TV9.2009Record Breaking 79-pound Carp Pulled from Cedar River.
28143 DatabaseKentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources2015Collection data of Asian Carp from Kentucky waters in 2015. Provided by Neal Jackson on 2015-09-16.
29475 DatabaseKentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources2017Asian Carp collections in October 2015 - December 2016
25943 DatabaseKillgore, J.2013Young-of-the-year bighead and silver carp collections in the lower Mississippi River Valley, 1994-2010.
39027 ReportKillgore, K.J., and S.G. George2021Observation of Silver Carp spawning in a Mississippi River tributary. Aquatic Nuisance Species Research Program. ERDC/TN ANSRP-21-1.
13953 ReportKolar, C., W.R. Courtenay, Jr., C.M. Housel, J.D. Williams, and D.P. Jennings.2004Asian carps of the genus Hypophthalmichthys (Pisces, Cyprinidae) - a biological synopsis and risk assessment. Final draft report to Branch of Invasive Species.
16474 BookKolar, C.S., D.C. Chapman, W.R. Courtenay, Jr., C.M. Housel, J.D. Williams, and D.P. Jennings.2007Bigheaded carps - A biological synopsis and environmental risk assessment.
18186 Journal ArticleLieberman, D.M.1996Use of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) for algae control in a small pond: Changes in water quality.
26408 DatabaseLoftus, A.2011Multi State Aquatic Resources Information System (MARIS) Master Database records via Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON)
40193 DatabaseLouisiana State University and Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries2023Collection locations of tagged Bighead and Silver carps in Louisiana. Provided by R. Bourgois (LDWF)
24130 Web PageLow, J.2011Record fish a reminder of unwanted "successes".
1563 BookMettee, M.F., P.E. O'Neil, and J.M. Pierson.1996Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin.
27950 DatabaseMichigan State University Board of Trustees.2019Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN)
28483 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2016Bighead carp caught on Minnesota River
30878 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2017DNR tagging invasive carp for first time
31422 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2018Tagged bighead carp leads DNR to 2 others in St. Croix River
34619 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2020DNR removes 18 invasive carp from Little Sioux River watershed in southwestern Minnesota
30027 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources.2017Minnesota's largest invasive carp captured near Redwood Falls [Agency press release].
33321 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources.2019Four invasive carp confirmed in Minnesota waters.
13923 OtherMississippi Museum of Natural Science.2004Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Nonindigenous Fish Records.
20877 DatabaseMississippi Museum of Natural Science.2011Mississippi Museum of Natural Science - Ichthyology Collection.
13976 Journal ArticleMorrison, B.J., J.C. Casselman, T.B. Johnson, and D.L. Noakes2004New Asian Carp Genus (Hypophthalmichthys) in Lake Erie.
27139 DatabaseMosel, K.2014Asian carp data in the upper Mississippi River, 2014.
29076 DatabaseMosel, K.2016Asian carp telemetry in the upper Mississippi River, 2015 and 2016.
26686 DatabaseMosel, K.J.2013Bighead and silver carp captures in the upper Mississippi River pools 17-20.
43249 DatabaseNebraska Game and Parks Commission2024Compilation of Bighead and Silver Carp observation data in Nebraska. Provided by K. Stahr on 2024-05-10
24084 Web PageNebraska Game and Parks Commission.2004Nebraska Game and Parks Commission - Fishing Guide - Record Fish.
29224 DatabaseNeely, Rebecca.2016Asian carp data in the Illinois River, 2015-2016.
24445 DatabaseNelson, J.C.2012LTRMP trend data for fish monitoring, 1992-2010.
28831 DatabaseNew Jersey Invasive Species Strike Team.2018Interactive map
24093 Web PageNews Media.2007Two new invaders found in Arizona lakes.
25976 DatabaseNorth Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences2013North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
25980 DatabaseOhio State University2013Ohio State University Museum ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
33162 DatabaseOklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation2019Bighead and Silver Carp collection records from Oklahoma  
41998 DatabaseOklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation2023Oklahoma records of invasive carps, 2023 update
40189 DatabasePeters, A., and J. Cochran2022USFWS Lower Great Lakes Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office Ohio River Substation Aquatic Invasive Species Invasive Carp Monitoring (2022 - Present)
1741 Journal ArticlePigg, J., J. Smith, M. Ambler.1997Additional records of bighead carp, Hypophthalmichthys nobilis, in Oklahoma waters.
1740 Journal ArticlePigg, J., J. Stahl, M. Ambler, and J. Smith1993Two potential sources of exotic fish in Oklahoma.
1885 Conference ProceedingsRasmussen, J.L.1998Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin.
38426 Conference ProceedingsRider, S.2014Update on AIS in the freshwaters of Alabama
15708 OtherRobins, R.H.2004Collection records of Eurasian carp from Florida Museum of Natural History.
716 BookRobison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan1988Fishes of Arkansas.
30843 DatabaseRogers, M.W.2017Collection data on Asian carps from the Tennessee River basin, 2016-2017
13712 BookRoss, S.T.2001The inland fishes of Mississippi.
16152 DatabaseSchainost, S.2005Exotic fish distributions in Nebraska.
23450 Journal ArticleSchrank, S.J., P.J. Braaten, and C.S. Guy2001Spatiotemporal variation in density of larval bighead carp in the lower Missouri River.
14395 NewsSimms, R.2005Chattanooga fireman catches probably world record fish.
29067 Journal ArticleSlack, W.T., S.G. George, J.J. Hoover, B.R. Lewis, A.W. Katzenmeyer, R.T. Ruth, and M.D. Wagner.2016Occurrence of bigheaded carps (Hypophthalmichthys spp.) in the Pearl River Drainage, Louisiana and Mississippi, USA
13952 Web PageSouth Dakota Dept. of Game, Fish and Parks.2003Silver carp discovered below Gavin's Point Dam.
31508 DatabaseSouth Dakota Game, Fish and Parks.2018Aquatic invasive species by waterbody
23985 DatabaseSpaeth, J.2011Fish collection database for Ohio and Illinois river basins 1957-2011.
25995 DatabaseSternberg Museum of Natural History2013Sternberg Museum of Natural History ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
24100 Web PageTennessee Wildlife Resources Agency.2011Tennessee Fishing Records.
13707 Web PageTexas Parks and Wildlife Department.2001Fish Records: Water Body - All Tackle.
13442 OtherTexas Parks and Wildlife.1999Giant Exotic Carp Landed at Fort Phantom Hill (online) at URL:http://www.tpwd/state/tx/us/news/news/990322d.htm.
41486 NewsThomas, P.2023Oklahoma angler lands enormous carp for state's first record
24156 Web PageTPWD.2004TPWD Fish Stocking Reports.
1744 Journal ArticleTucker, J.K, F.A. Cronin, R.A. Hrabik, M.D. Petersen, and D.P. Herzog1996The bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) in the Mississippi River.
1879 NewsTucker, J.K., F.A. Cronin, J. Stone, and T.B. Mihuc.1998The bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) in reach 26 of the Mississippi River.
13441 ReportTucker, J.K., F.A. Cronin, J. Stone, and T.B. Mihuc.1998The Bighead Carp (Hypophthalmictys nobilis) in Reach 26 of the Mississippi River online at URL:
32027 DatabaseU.S. Army Corps of Engineers2018Nonindigenous fish data in the Des Plaines and Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal in Illinois (2015-2018).
29225 DatabaseU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service2016Asian Carp data in Illnois in 2016
31366 DatabaseU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service2018National Wild Fish Health Survey Database
14257 Web PageU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.2005National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species.
25768 DatabaseU.S. Geological Survey2011Mississippi River Long Term Resource Monitoring Program.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
19762 NewsUnited Press International.2011Asian carp found at Wisconsin border.
24512 DatabaseUnited States Geological Survey and the United State Army Corps of Engineers.2010Long Term Resource Monitoring Program - unpublished carp collection dataset.
37923 DatabaseUniversity of Michigan Museum of Zoology2018University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Division of Fishes
26560 DatabaseUniversity of Southern Mississippi2013University of Southern Mississippi ichthyology collection database.
1013 NewsUnknown.1992Berry lands record carp near LR.
20931 NewsUnknown.2011Asian Carp Watch Issue.
43247 NewsVan Hoose, K.2024CPW removes invasive carp species from Arvada pond
31111 Journal ArticleVonBank, J.A., DeBoer, J.A., Casper, A.F., and H.M. Hagy2018Ichthyochory in a temperate river system by common carp (Cyprinus carpio)
40250 NewsVondale Foster, M.2023Paddlefish guide snags invasive 64-pound Bighead Carp on Grand Lake
26990 DatabaseWilkes, P.2014Asian Carp tagging data in the Ohio River.
26991 DatabaseWilkes, P.2014Asian Carp historical records in the State of Kentucky.
27924 DatabaseWisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR).2017Lakes and rivers with invasives species
30806 OtherWisconsin Department of Natural Resources.2017Four bighead carp caught on the lower Wisconsin River during fall surveys.
13764 ReportYoung, B.A., T.L. Welker, M.L. Wildhaber, C.R. Berry, and D. Scarnecchia, editors.1997Population structure and habitat use of benthic fishes along the Missouri and lower Yellowstone rivers.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/23/2024].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.