Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
19720 Journal ArticleBouchard, R.W.1977Distribution, systematic status and ecological notes on five poorly known species of crayfish in western North America (Decapoda: Astacidae and Cambaridae).
29172 Conference ProceedingsBunk, H., and S. Van Egeren2016Attempted Eradication of Ambitious Architects: Procambarus clarkii, The Red Swamp Crayfish in three SE Wisconsin Ponds – Successes and Failures
26266 DatabaseCalifornia Department of Fish and Game.2009California Aquatic Non-native Organism Database (CANOD).
19689 Journal ArticleClark, W.H., and J.W. Wroten1978First record of the crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, from Idaho, U.S.A. (Decapoda, Cambaridae).
34225 Journal ArticleCoble, K.M., A.L. Hall, C.C. Meshes, J.A. Zalatan, G.E. Stanton, and T.A. Keller2015Replacement of Procambarus acutissimus (Girard) by non-indigenous Procambarus clarkii (Girard) in a disturbed wetland
10319 ReportCohen, A.N., and J.T. Carlton.1995Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in a United States Estuary, A Case Study of the Biological Invasions of the San Francisco Bay and Delta.
37046 Web PageConnecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection2017An Atlas of the Crayfish of Connecticut
13624 ReportCooper, J.E.2003A report on adventive crayfishes in North Carolina.
9390 Journal ArticleCooper, J.E., A.L. Braswell, and C. McGrath1998Noteworthy distributional records for crayfishes (Decapoda: Cambaridae) in North Carolina.
16109 Journal ArticleCooper, J.E., and S.A. Armstrong2007Locality records and other data for invasive crayfishes (Decapoda: Cambaridae) in North Carolina.
40080 Journal ArticleCurti, J.N., C.E. Fergus, and A.A. De Palma-Dow2021State of the ART: Using artificial refuge traps to control invasive crayfish in southern California streams
16973 Web PageDeLong, J.1996Minnows, Sculpins and a Sunfish Search, All in a Day.
690 Conference ProceedingsDevick, W.S.1991Pattern of introductions of aquatic organisms to Hawaii freshwater habitats.
28551 Journal ArticleDiStefano, R. J., E.M. Imhoff, D.A. Swedberg, and T.C. Boersig III2015An analysis of suspected crayfish invasions in Missouri, USA: evidence for the prevalence of short-range translocations and support for expanded survey efforts.
27783 NewsEllison, G.2015Invasive crayfish discovery sparks DNR trapping effort in Lake Macatawa.
9266 Journal ArticleFeminella, J.W., and V.H. Resh1989Submersed macrophytes and grazing crayfish: an experimental study of herbivory in a California freshwater marsh.
25935 DatabaseField Museum of Natural History.2013Field Museum of Natural History invertebrate collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
25897 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2013Florida Museum of Natural History invertebrate zoology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
18221 OtherFriends of the Los Angeles River.2008State of the River 2 - the fish study.
13635 Journal ArticleFullerton, A.H., and B.T. Watson2001New distributional records for two nonindigenous and one native crayfish in North Carolina.
14742 Journal ArticleGamradt, S.C., and L.B. Kats1996Effect of introduced crayfish and mosquitofish on California newts.
14776 Journal ArticleGamradt, S.C., L.B. Kats, and C.B. Anzalone1997Aggression by Non-Native Crayfish Deters Breeding in California Newts.
26212 DatabaseGBIF2013Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database.
39511 Journal ArticleGlon, M.G., A.J. Mularo, D.A. Lieb, and Z.J. Loughman2018Rediscovery of Cambarus Diogenes (devil crayfish) in Pennsylvania
1896 Journal ArticleHobbs, H.H, J.P. Jass, and J.V. Huner1989A review of global crayfish introductions with particular emphasis on two North American species (Decapoda, Cambaridae)
1856 Journal ArticleHobbs, H.H., Jr.1989An illustrated checklist of the American crayfishes (Decapoda: Astacidae, Cambaridae, and Parastacidae)
9264 Journal ArticleHolmes, S.J.1924The genus Cambarus in California.
9416 Journal ArticleHuner, J.V.1977Introductions of the Louisiana red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Girard): an update.
27719 DatabaseiDigBio.2015Integrated Digitized Biocollections (iDigBio)
24092 DatabaseIllinois Natural History Survey.2011Illinois Natural History Survey Collection Databases.
24851 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2016Oregon iMapInvasives
19001 Journal ArticleJohnson, J.E.1986Inventory of Utah crayfish with notes on current distribution.
27209 NewsKim, J.2015Crayfish crisis: $800K grant will aid effort to eradicate invasive species from Malibu.
42473 NewsKing, M.2023DFO monitoring an invasive crayfish species found in N.S. lake
121 BookLa Rivers, I.1962Fishes and fisheries of Nevada.
18346 Journal ArticleLarson, E.R., and J.D. Olden2008Do schools and golf courses represent emerging pathways for crayfish invasions?.
19688 Journal ArticleLarson, E.R., and J.D. Olden2011The state of crayfish in the Pacific Northwest.
27738 Journal ArticleLarson, E.R., and J.D. Olden.2012Using avatar species to model the potential distribution of emerging invaders.
37043 Journal ArticleLieb, D.A., R.W. Bouchard, and R.F. Carline2011Crayfish fauna of southeastern Pennsylvania: distributions, ecology, and changes over the last century
1934 NewsLindblom, M.2000Pine Lake - now home to crayfish from Louisiana.
39507 Journal ArticleLoughman, Z.J., D.A. Lieb, R.K. Scott, Z.W. Dillard, and N.M. Sadecky2017Historical and current distribution of Appalachian primary burrowing crayfishes (Decapoda: Astacoidea: Cambaridae) in western Pennsylvania: a century of change or stasis?
30302 DatabaseMaryland Department of Natural Resources.2012Maryland crayfishes
30321 OtherMaureen Ferry2017Personal communictaion, false listing of red swamp in Wisconsin
611 Journal ArticleMinckley, W.L.1982Trophic interrelations among introduced fishes in lower Colorado River, southwestern United States.
29015 NewsMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2016Invasive Red Swamp Crayfish confirmed in Minnesota lake
24957 Journal ArticleMoody, E.K., and C.A. Taylor2012Red swamp crawfish (Procambarus clarkii) discovered in the San Pedro River, Arizona: a new invader in a threatened ecosystem.
43097 Journal ArticleMorrill, D.P., and D.H. Keller2023First record of Faxonius propinquus (Girard, 1852) in the Delaware River
watershed and new records of another non-native crayfish species,
Procambarus acutus (Girard, 1852)
42061 Journal ArticleMorton, J.L, R. Bayless, E. Connerley, J.P. Ekins, J.A. Elvidge, J.H. Hartman, K.K. Holzer, R.J. Reynolds, and E.R. Larson2023Classroom citizen scientists discover red swamp crayfish  Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) from northern Idaho, United States
18347 Journal ArticleMueller, K.W.2001First record of the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852) (Decapoda: Cambaridae), from Washington State, U.S.A.
32466 Journal ArticleNorrocky, J.M. 1983Brief Note: Procambarus (Scapulicambarus) clarkii (Girard, 1852): the Red Swamp Crayfish in Ohio
30965 DatabaseNorth Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission2017NCWRC Aquatic Wildlife Diversity Program database, collection records for nonindigenous aquatic species in North Carolina.
31002 DatabaseOhio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR)2016Red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii)
27720 DatabaseOhio Department of Natural Resources (OHDNR)2015Ohio spottings of Procambarus clarkii
26958 Journal ArticlePaulson, E.L., and A.P. Martin2014Discerning invasion history in an ephemerally connected system: landscape genetics of Procambarus clarkii in Ash Meadows, Nevada.
27191 ReportPeck, S.K., W.L. Pratt, J.E. Pollard, L.J. Paulson, and D.H. Baepler.1987Benthic invertebrates and crayfish of Lake Mead.
33513 NewsPerez, W.2019Invasive species of crawfish found in Bristol waterways
9262 Journal ArticleRiegel, J.A.1959The systematics and distribution of crayfishes in California.
13201 Journal ArticleRuiz, G.M., P.W. Fofonoff, J.T. Carlton, M.J. Wonham, and A.H. Hines2000Invasion of coastal marine communities in North America: apparent patterns, processes, and biases
40105 Journal ArticleSard, N.M., K.R. Smith, B.M. Roth, L.R. Nathan, S.J. Herbst, and K.T. Scribner2023Multiple sources implicated in the red swamp crayfish invasion in Michigan, USA
24534 Journal ArticleSkelton, C.E.2010History, status, and conservation of Georgia crayfishes.
35301 DatabaseSnyder, C.2021Crayfish records in the Illinois River, Illinois (2019-2020).
32242 DatabaseSouth Carolina Department of Natural Resources2018Crayfish of South Carolina
40730 OtherSouth Carolina Department of Natural Resources2023Procambarus clarkii records
42858 DatabaseSouth Carolina Department of Natural Resources Marine Resources Research Institute2023South Carolina DNR Invasive species reports Decemeber 2023
33463 OtherStetzar, E.2019Red Swamp Crayfish Occurrences in DE
29954 Web PageU.S. Fish & Wildlife Service2016Saving a Rare Desert Fish on the Brink of Extinction
788 ReportU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.1984Recovery plan for the Owens pupfish, Cyprinodon radiosus.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
26205 DatabaseUniversity of Alaska2013University of Alaska Museum of the North invertebrate collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
30167 Web PageUSDA Forest Service2015Mississippi Crayfish Species
18885 DatabaseWalker, Janice.2002Invertebrate database from the Smithsonian Institute.
27922 NewsWisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR)2009New invasive crayfish found in Wisconsin
27924 DatabaseWisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR).2017Lakes and rivers with invasives species
29019 OtherWolf, H.2016Invasive red swamp crayfish confirmed in Minnesota lake.
32723 NewsWright, P.2019Great Lakes facing possible invasion of red swamp crayfish
33453 Web PageZemple, M.2019Wisconsin DNR asks for information about illegal crayfish dumping


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [7/15/2024].

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For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.