Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
32525 Journal ArticleChorak, G.M., L.L. Dodd, N. Rybicki, K. Ingram, M. Buyukyoruk, Y. Kadono, Y.Y. Chen, and R.A. Thum.2019Cryptic introduction of water chestnut (Trapa) in the northeastern United States
39789 Journal ArticleDodd, L.L., N.E. Harms, and A.N. Schad2021Reciprocal competitive effects of congeneric invaders, Trapa natans L. and Trapa bispinosa Roxb. var. iinumai Nakano, in established freshwater plant cultures
28998 DatabaseGeorge Mason University2015Ted R. Bradley Herbarium (GMUF)
15853 NewsGlendenning, L.2006Invasion of the Water Chestnut.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
28990 DatabaseVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State University2015Massey Herbarium (VPI)


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [4/15/2024].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.