Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Azolla pinnata listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
28725 News Brown, K. 2008. Wildland Weeds, Internodes. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Gainesville, FL. 11 (2):22. Accessed on 05/19/2016.
17273 Report Butler, D. 2004. Annual Report Fiscal Year 2003-2004. 59 pp. State of Arizona Department of Agriculture . (accessed on 28 January 2008).
10677 Database Carter, R. (curator). 2015. Valdosta State University Herbarium (VSC). Valdosta State University, Valdosta, GA.
33865 Web Page Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, University of Florida, IFAS. 2016. Azolla pinnata – UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Accessed on 11/17/2019.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
33863 Journal Article Chevalier A. 1926. La culture des Azolla pour la nourriture des animaux de basse-cour et comme engrais vert pour lesrizières. Revue de botanique appliquée et d'agriculture coloniale 6(58):356-360.
10661 Database Farid, A. (curator). 2018. University of South Florida Herbarium (USF). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.
17274 Report Ferriter, A., B. Doren, R. Winston, D. Thayer, B. Miller, B. Thomas, M. Barrett, T. Pernas, S. Hardin, J. Lane, M. Kobza, D. Schmitz, M. Bodle, L. Toth, L. Rodgers, P. Pratt, S. Snow, and C. Goodyear. 2008. Draft South Florida Environmental Report: Chapter 9 - The status of nonindigenous species in the South Florida environment. South Florida Water Management District, West Palm Beach, FL. (accessed on 28 January 2008).
28791 Database Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Invasive Plant Management Section. 2017. Annual aquatic plant survey 1982-2017. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, FL.
17180 Database Kay, S., and S. Hoyle. 1999. Aquatic weed fact sheet. North Carolina State University, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences - Crop Science Department. (accessed on 12/20/2007).
28701 Journal Article Kunzer, J.M., R.P. Wunderlin, L.C. Anderson, and J.R. Burkhalter. 2009. New and noteworthy plants from Florida. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3(1):331-337.
28702 Journal Article Madeira, P.T., T.D. Center, J.A. Coetzee, R.W. Pemberton, M.F. Purcell, and M.P. Hill. 2013. Identity and origins of introduced and native Azolla species in Florida. Aquatic Botany 111:9-15.
19426 Database Madsen, J.D. 2010. Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth. Geosystems Research Institute, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS.
10662 Database Mast, A.R., A. Stuy, G. Nelson, A. Bugher, N. Weddington, J. Vega, K. Weismantel, D.S. Feller, and D. Paul. 2004. Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium (FSU). Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL.
28478 Database Nelson, J. (curator). 2015. Andrew Charles Moore Herbarium (USCH). University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.
33864 Journal Article Nguyên, C.T. 1930. L'Azolle cultivee comme engrais vert. Bulletin Economique de l'indochine 33:335-350.
32079 Journal Article Ocampo-Ariza, C., J.L. Bufford, P.E. Hulme, P.D. Champion, and W. Godsoe. 2018. Strong fitness differences impede coexistence between an alien water fern (Azolla pinnata R. Br.) and its native congener (Azolla rubra R. Br.) in New Zealand. Biological Invasions 20(10):2889-2897.
33862 Journal Article Oosthuizen, G.J., and M.M. Walters. 1961. Control of water fern with diesoline. Farming in South Africa 37(2):35-37.
28733 Journal Article Pemberton, R.W., and J.M. Bodle. 2009. Native North American Azolla Weevil, Stenopelmus rufinasus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), ses the invasive Old World Azolla pinnata as a host plant. Florida Entomologist 92(1):153-155.
28705 Journal Article Rai, V., and A.K. Rai. 1999. Growth behaviour of Azolla pinnata at various salinity levels and induction of high salt tolerance. Plant and Soil 206:79-84.
28740 Journal Article Rao, H.S. 1935. The structure and life-history of Azolla pinnata R. Brown with remarks on the fossil history of the hydropterideae. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Section B 2(2):175-200.
33866 Journal Article Satapathy, K.B., and P.K. Signh. 1985. Control of weeds by Azolla in rice. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 23:40-42.
28741 Journal Article Shen, E.Y. 1960. Anabaena azollae and its host Azolla pinnata. Taiwania 7:1-7.
28707 Journal Article Sweet, A., and L.V. Hills. 1971. A study of Azolla pinnata R. Brown. American Fern Journal 61(1):1-13.
17272 Report Thomas, K.A., and P. Guertin. 2007. Southwest Exotic Mapping Program 2007: occurrence summary and maps of select invasive non-native plants in Arizona. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1277.
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2021. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 11/23/2021.
17830 Database University of Florida Herbarium. 2016. Florida Museum of Natural History. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
29995 Journal Article Vidhya, K., V. Uthayakumar, S. Muthukumar, S. Munirasu, and V. Ramasubramanian. 2014. The effects of mixed algal diets on population growth, egg productivity and nutritional profiles in cyclopoid copepods (Thermocyclops hyalinus and Mesocyclops aspericornis). The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology 67(2):58-65.
29249 Database Wolf, P. (director), and M. Piep (collections). 2016. Intermountain Herbarium (UTC). Utah State University, Logan, UT.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/16/2022].

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For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.