Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Phalaris arundinacea listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
28727 Report Baldwin, L. 2012. Lake Whatcom aquatic invasive species inventory. City of Bellingham, Natural Resources Division, Bellingham, WA.
36491 Journal Article Barnes, W.J. 1999. The rapid growth of a population of reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) and its impact on some riverbottom herbs. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 126(2):133-138.
40848 Journal Article Baute, K.A., D.E. Robinson, L.L. Van Eerd, M. Edson, P.H. Sikkema, and B.H. Golroyed. 2016. Survival of seeds from perennial biomass species during commercial-scale anaerobic digestion. Weed Research 56(3):258-266.
27295 Database Brady, V. 2015. Great Lakes Coastal Monitoring Project: fish dataset (through 2014). Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN.
41579 Database Bragg, A. 2022. AIS plants from Lake Erie Drainage field surveys 2022. Cleveland Metroparks, Cleveland, OH. Accessed on 06/05/2023.
36935 Conference Proceedings Carrasco, K. 2000. Coho pre-spawn mortalities in a flooded reed canarygrass habitat. Pages 1-2 in Northwest Chapter Society for Ecological Restoration. Proceedings of the Reed Canarygrass Working Group.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
36492 Journal Article Comes, R.D., L.Y. Marquis, and A.D. Kelley. 1981. Response of seedlings of three perennial grasses to dalapon, amitrole, and glyphosate. Weed Science 29(5):619-621.
36933 Journal Article De Jager, N.R., W. Swanson, D.L. Hernández, J. Reich, R. Erickson, and E.A. Strauss. 2019. Effects of flood inundation, invasion by Phalaris arundinacea, and nitrogen enrichment on extracellular enzyme activity in an Upper Mississippi River floodplain forest. Wetlands Ecology and Management 27(2):443-454.
34974 Web Page Dumke, J.D. and K. Nixon. 2019. St. Louis County AIS Introduction Risk Assessment Tool. Created on 12/01/2019. Accessed on 11/18/2020.
28080 Database Environmental Assessment Program. 2018. Washington State Lakes Environmental Data Version 1.0. Washington State Department of Ecology, Lacey, WA. Accessed on 12/18/2018.
42560 Journal Article Galatowitsch, S.M. 2012. Why some wetland plants are invasive and how they affect restoration. National Wetlands Newsletter 34(4):16-19.
26212 Database GBIF. 2013. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed on 03/05/2024.
36493 Journal Article Gebauer, A.D., R. Brown, S. Schwab, C. Nezat, and C. McNeely. 2016. Effects of an invasive grass (Phalaris Arundinacea) on water availability in semi-arid riparian zones. Wetlands 36(1):59-72.
17446 Database Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC). 2017. Exotic Species Information Center. Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission. Accessed on 01/31/2018.
36929 Journal Article Green, E.K., and S.M. Galatowitsch. 2001. Differences in wetland plant community establishment with additions of nitrate-N and invasive species (Phalaris arundinacea and Typha× glauca). Canadian Journal of Botany 79(2):170-178.
36494 Journal Article Green, E.K., and S.M. Galatowitsch. 2002. Effects of Phalaris arundinacea and nitrate‐N addition on the establishment of wetland plant communities. Journal of Applied Ecology 39(1):134-144.
36495 Journal Article Hansen, J.D., and A.J. Castelle. 1999. Insect diversity in soils of tidal and non-tidal wetlands of Spencer Island, Washington. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 72(3):262-272.
36927 Journal Article Hodgson, J. M. 1968. Chemical control of reed canarygrass on irrigation canals. Weed Science 16:465-468.
36490 Journal Article Holzer, K.A., and S.P. Lawler. 2015. Introduced reed canary grass attracts and supports a common native amphibian. The Journal of Wildlife Management 79(7):1081-1090.
36366 Journal Article Kercher, S.M and J.B. Zedler. 2004. Flood tolerance in wetland angiosperms: a comparison of invasive and noninvasive species. Aquatic Botany 80(2):89-102.
27589 Journal Article Lavergne, S., and J. Molofsky. 2004. Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) as a biological model in the study of plant invasions. Critical Review in the Plant Sciences 23(5):415-429.
27590 Journal Article Lavergne, S., and J. Molofsky. 2006. Control strategies for the invasive reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) in North American wetland: the need for an integrated management plan. Natural Areas Journal 26(2):208-214.
36926 Journal Article Lefor, M.W. 1987. Phalaris arundinacea L.(Reed canary grass—Gramineae) as a hydrophyte in Essex, Connecticut, USA. Environmental Management 11(6):771-773.
28167 Database Les, D.H., and R.S. Capers. 2012. George Safford Torrey Herbarium (CONN). University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT.
27597 Journal Article Lesica, P. 1997. Spread of Phalaris arundinacea adversely impacts the endangered plant Howellia aquatilis. Great Basin Naturalist 57(4):366-368.
27950 Database Michigan State University Board of Trustees. 2019. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN). Michigan State University. Department of Entomology - Applied Spatial Ecology and Technical Services Laboratory, East Lansing, MI.
28480 Database Miller, A. 2016. Morton Arboretum Data Collection. The Morton Arboretum, Lisle, IL.
27596 Journal Article Miller, T.W., L.P. Martin, and C.B. MacConnell. 2008. Managing reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea) to aide in revegetation of riparian buffers. Weed Technology 22:507-513.
42899 Journal Article Mologni, F., C.E. Moffat, and J. Pither. 2023. Collating existing evidence on cumulative impacts of invasive plant species in riparian ecosystems of British Columbia, Canada: a systematic map protocol. Environmental Evidence 12(31):1-8.
36917 Journal Article Mulhouse, J.M., and S.M. Galatowitsch. 2003. Revegetation of prairie pothole wetlands in the mid-continental US: twelve years post-reflooding. Plant Ecology 169(1):143-159.
33777 Database Natural Resource Information Systems (NRIS). 2019. Current Invasive Plants. U.S. Forest Service. Accessed on 08/27/2019.
35765 Journal Article Noyszewski, A.K., N.O. Anderson, A.G. Smith, A. Kilian, D. Dalbotten, E. Ito, A. Timm, H. Pellerin, B. Kubátová, T. Kávová, V. Januš, V. Čurn, K.R. Edwards, D. Bastlová, and J. Květ. 2021. Riparian populations of Minnesota reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea) are most likely native, based on SNPs (DArTseqLD). Wetlands Ecology and Management 29:467-494.
36918 Journal Article Perkins, T.E., and M.V. Wilson. 2005. The impacts of Phalaris arundinacea (reed canarygrass) invasion on wetland plant richness in the Oregon Coast Range, USA depend on beavers. Biological Conservation 124(2):291-295.
36930 Journal Article Rachich, J., and R. Reader. 1999. Interactive effects of herbivory and competition on blue vervain (Verbena hastata L.: Verbenaceae). Wetlands 19(1):156-161.
37229 Database Reitsma, J. 2021. BLM - National Invasive Species Information Management System - Plants. U.S. Geological Survey.
31186 Database Reznicek, AA, E.g., Voss, and B.S. Walters. 2011. Michigan Flora Online. University of Michigan Herbarium, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Accessed on 01/01/2018.
33034 Journal Article Schooler, S.S., P.B. McEvoy, P. Hammond, E.M. Coombs. 2009. Negative per capita effects of two invasive plants, Lythrum salicaria and Phalaris arundinacea, on the moth diversity of wetland communities. Bulletin of Entomological Research 99:229-243.
35345 Report Scribailo, R.W., and M.S. Alix. 2014. Aquatic Vegetation Management Plan For Big and Little Chapman Lakes Kosciusko County, IN Update 2013. Chapman Lakes Conservation Association, Warsaw, IN.
36921 Journal Article Semere, T., and F.M. Slater. 2007. Ground flora, small mammal and bird species diversity in miscanthus (Miscanthus× giganteus) and reed canary-grass (Phalaris arundinacea) fields. Biomass and Bioenergy 31(1):20-29.
16075 Database Smithsonian Institution. 2019. United States National Herbarium (US). Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
36922 Journal Article Tavi, N.M., M.M. Keinänen-Toivola, H.T. Koponen, J.T. Huttunen, T.K. Kekki, C. Biasi, and P.J. Martikainen. 2010. Impact of Phalaris arundinacea cultivation on microbial community of a cutover peatland. Boreal Environment Research 15.
28178 Database The New York Botanical Garden. 2018. William and Lynda Steere Herbarium (NY). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 04/30/2021.
31366 Database U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2018. National Wild Fish Health Survey Database. Accessed on 05/01/2018.
37943 Database Warman, M.J. 2021. 2020 aquatic invasive plant survey in the Lake Erie Basin, Ohio. Cleveland Metroparks, Cleveland, OH. Accessed on 02/05/2021.
36923 Journal Article Weilhoefer C.L., D. Williams, I. Nguyen, K. Jakstis, and C. Fischer. 2017. The effects of reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) on wetland habitat and arthropod community composition in an urban freshwater wetland. Wetlands Ecology and Management 25:159-175.
36928 Journal Article Werner, K.J., and J.B. Zedler. 2002. How sedge meadow soils, microtopography, and vegetation respond to sedimentation. Wetlands 22(3):451-466.
32219 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR). 2018. Surface Water Integrated Monitoring System (SWIMS). Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/17/2024].

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