Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Culaea inconstans listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
28235 Report Bear, B. 2012. 2012 aquatic invasive species monitoring results. Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Cheyenne, WY.
28236 Report Bear, B. 2013. 2013 aquatic invasive species monitoring results. Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Cheyenne, WY.
28237 Report Bear, B. 2014. 2014 aquatic invasive species monitoring and results. Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Cheyenne, WY.
680 Journal Article Boschung, H.T. 1992. Catalog of freshwater and marine fishes of Alabama. Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History 14:1-266.
196 Journal Article Branson, B.A., and D.L. Batch. 1983. Fishes of the South Fork of the Kentucky River, with notes and records from other parts of the drainage. Southeastern Fishes Council Proceedings 4(2):1-15.
82 Book Burr, B.M., and M.L. Warren, Jr. 1986. A distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Scientific and Technical Series No. 4. Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, KY.
25928 Database Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates. 2013. Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates, Ithaca, NY. Created on 05/03/2013. Accessed on 05/14/2013.
12018 Journal Article Denoncourt, R.F., C.H. Hocutt, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1975. Additions to the Pennsylvania ichthyofauna of the Susquehanna River drainage. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 127(9):67-69.
1577 Book Dill, W.A., and A.J. Cordone. 1997. History and status of introduced fishes in California, 1871-1996. Fish Bulletin 178. California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento, CA.
705 Book Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.
26212 Database GBIF. 2013. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed on 05/01/2013.
1946 Journal Article Heard, W. 1959. Live bait imports: Chrosomus eos and Eucalia inconstans as potential additions to Oklahoma's fish fauna. Oklahoma Academy of Science 37:47-48.
1662 Book Chapter Hocutt, C.H., R.E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the central Appalachians and central Atlantic coastal plain. Pages 161-212 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
275 Book Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.
19530 Journal Article McCallister, C.T., V.A. Villeda, and K. Charron. 2010. Two New Geographic Distribution Records for the Brook Stickleback, Culaea inconstans (Gastrosteiformes: Gastrosteidae), in Northwestern Nebraska. American Midland Naturalist 163:473-475.
18551 Journal Article Modde, T., and G.B. Haines. 1996. Brook stickleback (Culaea inconstans [Kirtland 1841]), a new addition to the upper Colorado River basin fish fauna. Great Basin Naturalist 56(3):281-282.
24224 Database Montana Fish, Parks, and Wildlife. 2012. Montana Fisheries Information System (MFISH). Montana Fish, Parks, and Wildlife.
38620 Database Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks. 2000. Montana unauthorized fish introduction database. Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks.
39931 Journal Article Nelson, J.S. 1967. Ecology of the southernmost sympatric population of the brooke stickleback, Culaea inconstans, and the ninespine stickleback, Pungitius pungitius, in Crooked Lake, Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 77:185-192.
39932 Journal Article Nelson, J.S. 1968. Salinity tolerance of brook sticklebacks, Culaea inconstans, freshwater ninespine sticklebacks, Pungitius pungitius, and freshwater fourspine sticklebacks, Apeltes quadracus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 46:663-667.
39930 Journal Article Nelson, J.S. 1969. Geographic variation in the brook stickleback, Culaea inconstans, and notes on nomenclature and distribution. Journal Fisheries Research Board of Canada 26(9):2431-2447.
39942 Journal Article Nelson, J.S. 1977. Evidence of a genetic basis for absence of the pelvic skeleton in brooke stickleback, Culaea inconstans, and notes on the geographical distribution and origin of the loss. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 34(9):1314-1320.
38727 Journal Article Nelson, J.S. 1983. The tropical fish fauna in cave and basin hotsprings drainage, Banff National Park, Alberta. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 97(3):255-261.
39941 Journal Article Nelson, J.S., and F.M. Atton. 1971. Geographic and morphological variation in the presence and absence of the pelvic skeleton in the brook stickleback, Culaea inconstans (Kirtland), in Alberta and Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Zoology 49(3):343-352.
12017 Book Oklahoma Wildlife Commission. 1963. Know your Oklahoma Fishes. Department of Wildlife Conservation, Oklahoma City, OK.
1740 Journal Article Pigg, J., J. Stahl, M. Ambler, and J. Smith. 1993. Two potential sources of exotic fish in Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 73:67.
1661 Book Chapter Schmidt, R.E. 1986. Zoogeography of the northern Appalachians. Pages 137-160 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
19733 Journal Article Scholz, A.T., B.Z. Lang, A.R. Black, H.J. McLellan, and R.L. Peck. 2003. Brook stickleback established in eastern Washington. Northwest Science 77(2):110-115.
1576 Book Sigler, W.F., and J.W. Sigler. 1987. Fishes of the Great Basin: a natural history. University of Nevada Press, Reno, NV.
1575 Book Sigler, W.F., and J.W. Sigler. 1996. Fishes of Utah: a natural history. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, UT.
78 Book Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1968. Freshwater Fishes of Alabama. Auburn University Agricultural Experiment Station Auburn, AL.
1 Book Sublette, J.E., M.D. Hatch, and M. Sublette. 1990. The fishes of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.
24433 Report Tisdale, H.R. 2006. Survey of fish and plant species in Arch Wetland and Arkansas River at Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site Otero County, Colorado. National Park Service and U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation Technical Service Center, Denver, Colorado.
14257 Web Page U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species. (Last accessed 2006).
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2021. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 11/23/2021.
20843 Database University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. 2011. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology - Ichthyology Collection. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology.
1390 Report Walker, P. 1993. A list of the endemic and introduced fishes of Colorado-March 1993. Aquatic Resources Section - Fish Health Unit.
13708 Book Wydoski, R.S., and R.R. Whitney. 2003. Inland Fishes of Washington. Second Edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD in association with University of Washington Press, Seattle.
29658 Thesis or Dissertation Yri, J.N. 2016. Determining the effects of non-native brook stickleback (Culaea inconstans) on the lentic systems at Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge, Cheney, WA. EWU Masters Thesis Collection 376>. Unpublished M.S. thesis. Eastern Washington University, Cheney, WA.
679 Book Chapter Zuckerman, L.D., and R.J. Behnke. 1986. Introduced fishes in the San Luis Valley, Colorado. Pages 435-453 in Stroud, R.H, ed. Fish culture in fisheries management. Proceedings of a symposium on the role of fish culture in fisheries management at Ozark, MO. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD.


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2023]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [3/20/2023].

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