Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
13989 Web PageAnonymous2003West Fork of the White River yields exotic fish entry.
13718 Web PageAnonymous2004Carp Record Fish
18239 DatabaseAnonymous2008LTRMP Bighead and silver carp dataset. 1992-2007.
24139 Web PageAnonymous2011Invasive carp species found in Clay County Lake.
24698 NewsAnonymous2012Flying carp found in Winona
38226 NewsAnonymous2022Invasive Silver Carp removed from Lake Calumet
24801 OtherBaerwaldt, K., and K. Irons.2012Asian carp questionaire.
29521 DatabaseBarnett, J.2016Arkansas ANS Database (unpublished data).
32270 DatabaseBelcik, J.T.2018Nonindigenous Fishes in the Upper Illinois River Basin Waterways (2013-2018)
20824 NewsBrown, S.2011Invasive and hazardous fish in Lake Pontchartrain.
82 BookBurr, B.M., and M.L. Warren, Jr.1986A distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Scientific and Technical Series No. 4.
1358 Journal ArticleBurr, B.M., D.J. Eisenhour, K.M. Cook, C.A. Taylor, G.L. Seegert, R.W. Sauer, and E.R. Atwood1996Nonnative fishes in Illinois waters: what do the records reveal?
29302 DatabaseCamacho, C.2017Asian Carp egg and larval presence in the Mississippi Basin, 2014-2015.
20964 OtherCampbell, T.2011Crab Ochard NWR: Asian carp alert !.
468 ReportCarp Task Force.1989Report to the Louisiana Legislature, March, 1989.
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
25814 DatabaseChapman, Duane.2004Carp in MO river tributaries
29045 Journal ArticleCoulter, A.A., E.J. Bailey, D. Keller, and R.R. Goforth2016Invasive Silver Carp movement patterns in the predominantly free-flowing Wabash River (Indiana, USA)
459 Book ChapterCourtenay, W.R., Jr., D.P. Jennings, and J.D. Williams.1991Appendix 2: Exotic fishes
27378 DatabaseCranberg, C., and R. Keller2020Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species
1911 Book ChapterDavidson, J.R., J.A. Brock, and L.G.L. Young.1992Introduction of exotic species for aquaculture purposes.
1873 Book ChapterErdman, D.S.1984Exotic fishes in Puerto Rico.
25899 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2013Florida Museum of Natural History ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
13774 Journal ArticleFreeze, M., and S. Henderson1982Distribution and status of the bighead carp and silver carp in Arkansas.
26212 DatabaseGBIF2013Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database.
29211 DatabaseGillespie, N.2016Summary of US Fish and Wildlife Service Bighead and Silver Carp collections in the Ohio River for 2016
39199 Journal ArticleHayer, C., B.D.S. Graeb, and K.N. Bertrand2014Adult, juvenile and young-of-year bighead, Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (Richardson, 1845) and silver carp, H. molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844) range expansion on the northwestern front of the invasion in North America
29241 DatabaseHenderson, Kjetil2016Asian carp in the Illinois River, 2015-2016
18236 NewsHubbuch, C.2008Leaping silver carp found in Mississippi near La Crosse.
31489 Web PageIllinois Department of Natural Resources2016Asian Carp eggs and larvae identified in the Upper Illinois Waterway during 2015.
31327 DatabaseIllinois Department of Natural Resources2018Illinois DNR Asian carp collections in Dresden and Rock Run pools, 2010 - March 2018
32616 DatabaseIllinois Natural History Survey2019INHS fish collection database
14023 DatabaseIllinois Natural History Survey.2004Illinois Natural History Survey Fish Collection Database Search Results.
29476 DatabaseIndiana Department of Natural Resources2017Asian Carp collections May - October 2016
13716 Web PageIowa DNR.2003Non native fish species found in Iowa interior streams.
25849 OtherIrons, K.2012Asian carp white paper survey to states.
14920 ReportIrons, K.S., S.A. Delain, E. Gittinger, B.S. Ickes, C.S. Kolar, D. Ostendorf, E.N. Ratcliff, and A.J. Benson.2009Non-native fishes in the Upper Mississippi River System.
503 ReportKentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources1991Federal Aid Report for the State of Kentucky.
28143 DatabaseKentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources2015Collection data of Asian Carp from Kentucky waters in 2015. Provided by Neal Jackson on 2015-09-16.
29475 DatabaseKentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources2017Asian Carp collections in October 2015 - December 2016
25943 DatabaseKillgore, J.2013Young-of-the-year bighead and silver carp collections in the lower Mississippi River Valley, 1994-2010.
39027 ReportKillgore, K.J., and S.G. George2021Observation of Silver Carp spawning in a Mississippi River tributary. Aquatic Nuisance Species Research Program. ERDC/TN ANSRP-21-1.
35670 DatabaseLarson, B., and M. Fritts.2021Silver Carp Removal from Mississippi River Pool 8, April 2021.
18186 Journal ArticleLieberman, D.M.1996Use of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) for algae control in a small pond: Changes in water quality.
13717 NewsLien, D.2003Asian carp pose formidable threat to Midwest waters.
26408 DatabaseLoftus, A.2011Multi State Aquatic Resources Information System (MARIS) Master Database records via Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON)
26394 DatabaseLouisiana Department of Environmental Quality & Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries.2013A compilation of fisheries data from multiple sources in Louisiana via MARIS
41369 DatabaseLouisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries2022Louisiana aquatic nuisance species records. Provided by R. Bourgeois (Aquatic Invasive Species coordinator)
40193 DatabaseLouisiana State University and Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries2023Collection locations of tagged Bighead and Silver carps in Louisiana. Provided by R. Bourgois (LDWF)
950 Journal ArticleMarsh, P.C., and W.L. Minckley1982Fishes of the Phoenix metropolitan area in central Arizona.
1563 BookMettee, M.F., P.E. O'Neil, and J.M. Pierson.1996Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin.
27950 DatabaseMichigan State University Board of Trustees.2019Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN)
24699 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2012Silver, bighead carp were caught by commercial fishermen March 1 in Mississippi River near Winona
34619 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2020DNR removes 18 invasive carp from Little Sioux River watershed in southwestern Minnesota
40752 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2023News release: DNR-contracted commercial fishers capture 30 invasive carp in the Mississippi River
32766 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources.2019Commercial fisher captures invasive silver carp in St. Croix River.
33321 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources.2019Four invasive carp confirmed in Minnesota waters.
33996 Web PageMinnesota Department of Natural Resources.2019Invasive silver carp captured near Iowa border.
13923 OtherMississippi Museum of Natural Science.2004Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Nonindigenous Fish Records.
20877 DatabaseMississippi Museum of Natural Science.2011Mississippi Museum of Natural Science - Ichthyology Collection.
27139 DatabaseMosel, K.2014Asian carp data in the upper Mississippi River, 2014.
29076 DatabaseMosel, K.2016Asian carp telemetry in the upper Mississippi River, 2015 and 2016.
26686 DatabaseMosel, K.J.2013Bighead and silver carp captures in the upper Mississippi River pools 17-20.
1932 Web PageNebraska Game and Parks.2000The Fishes of Nebraska.
29224 DatabaseNeely, Rebecca.2016Asian carp data in the Illinois River, 2015-2016.
24445 DatabaseNelson, J.C.2012LTRMP trend data for fish monitoring, 1992-2010.
25976 DatabaseNorth Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences2013North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
25980 DatabaseOhio State University2013Ohio State University Museum ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
33162 DatabaseOklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation2019Bighead and Silver Carp collection records from Oklahoma  
186 ReportPearson, W.D., and L.A. Krumholz.1984Distribution and status of Ohio River fishes. ORNL/sub/79-7831/1.
40189 DatabasePeters, A., and J. Cochran2022USFWS Lower Great Lakes Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office Ohio River Substation Aquatic Invasive Species Invasive Carp Monitoring (2022 - Present)
37293 Book ChapterPflieger, W.L., and T.B. Grace.1987Changes in the fish fauna of the lower Missouri River, 1940–1983.
27217 Journal ArticlePongruktham, O., C. Ochs, and J. Hoover.2010Observations of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) planktivory in a floodplain lake of the lower Mississippi River Basin.
1885 Conference ProceedingsRasmussen, J.L.1998Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin.
1385 Conference ProceedingsRinne, J.N.1995The effects of introduced fishes on native fishes: Arizona, Southwestern United States.
15708 OtherRobins, R.H.2004Collection records of Eurasian carp from Florida Museum of Natural History.
716 BookRobison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan1988Fishes of Arkansas.
30843 DatabaseRogers, M.W.2017Collection data on Asian carps from the Tennessee River basin, 2016-2017
19597 Journal ArticleSass, G.G., T.R. Cook, K.S. Irons, M.A. McClelland, N.N. Michaels, T.M. O'Hara, and M.R. Stroub2010A mark-recapture population estimate for invasive silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in the La Grange Reach, Illinois River.
15620 ReportSchofield, P.J., J.D. Williams, L.G. Nico, P. Fuller, and M.R. Thomas.2005Foreign nonindigenous carps and minnows (Cyprinidae) in the United States – A guide to their identification, distribution and biology. Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5041
13896 ReportSchramm, H.L., Jr., and M.C. Basler.2004Evaluation of capture methods and distribution of black carp in Mississippi.
525 Journal ArticleSimon, T.P., J.O. Whitaker, Jr., J.S. Castrale, and S.A. Minton1992Checklist of the vertebrates of Indiana.
29067 Journal ArticleSlack, W.T., S.G. George, J.J. Hoover, B.R. Lewis, A.W. Katzenmeyer, R.T. Ruth, and M.D. Wagner.2016Occurrence of bigheaded carps (Hypophthalmichthys spp.) in the Pearl River Drainage, Louisiana and Mississippi, USA
31508 DatabaseSouth Dakota Game, Fish and Parks.2018Aquatic invasive species by waterbody
23985 DatabaseSpaeth, J.2011Fish collection database for Ohio and Illinois river basins 1957-2011.
27225 Journal ArticleStuck, J.G., A.P. Porreca, D.H. Wahl, and R.E. Colombo.2015Contrasting population demographics of invasive silver carp between an impounded and free-flowing river.
26400 DatabaseTennessee Wildlife Resources Agency2008Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency Fish Data via MARIS
23820 DatabaseThe University of Kansas Natural History Museum.2011University of Kansas Natural History Museum Fish Collection Database.
41432 ReportThomas, M.R.2023Surveys for age-0 Black Carp in floodplain habitats along the lower Ohio River in Western Kentucky
40444 Journal ArticleTucker, E.K., M.E. Zurliene, C.D. Suski, and R.A. Nowak2020Gonad development and reproductive hormones of invasive silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in the Illinois river
25999 DatabaseTulane University2013Tulane University Museum of Natural History collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
32027 DatabaseU.S. Army Corps of Engineers2018Nonindigenous fish data in the Des Plaines and Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal in Illinois (2015-2018).
29225 DatabaseU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service2016Asian Carp data in Illnois in 2016
31366 DatabaseU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service2018National Wild Fish Health Survey Database
14257 Web PageU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.2005National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species.
25768 DatabaseU.S. Geological Survey2011Mississippi River Long Term Resource Monitoring Program.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
25948 DatabaseUniversity of Kansas2013University of Kansas Biodiversity Institute ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
37923 DatabaseUniversity of Michigan Museum of Zoology2018University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Division of Fishes
20931 NewsUnknown.2011Asian Carp Watch Issue.
17114 ReportVarble, K.A., J.J. Hoover, S.G. George, C.E. Murphy, and K.J. Killgore.2007Floodplain wetlands as nurseries for silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix: a conceptual model for use in managing local populations.
26990 DatabaseWilkes, P.2014Asian Carp tagging data in the Ohio River.
26991 DatabaseWilkes, P.2014Asian Carp historical records in the State of Kentucky.
27924 DatabaseWisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR).2017Lakes and rivers with invasives species


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2023]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/1/2023].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.