Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
17277 Database 2008The George Safford Torrey Herbarium Database.
15864 Web PageAnonymous2006New Milfoil Infestation Found in Maine-New Hampshire Border Lake.
17210 ReportAnonymous2007Powwow Pond, Kingston & E. Kingston, New Hampshire aquatic vegetation survey.
17932 Web PageAnonymous2007Invasive aquatic plants found in Connecticut lakes and ponds from 2004 to 2006.
18170 OtherAnonymous2008Proposed herbicide applications for control of variable milfoil in New Hampshire waterbodies.
18802 NewsAnonymous2009Crews Take To Lake To Kill Invasive Weed.
18866 NewsAnonymous2009New invasive plant species found in Lake Champlain.
28878 ReportAquatic Control Technology.2015Sudbury River Assessment Report, December 2015
30402 NewsAssociated Press.2017Invasive Aquatic Plant Found in Maine's Long Lake
18133 NewsBeale, S.2008Goffstown lake has worst milfoil infestation in state.
28150 NewsBlessing, R.2015Scientist: Gardner Lake in overall good shape
30808 NewsBosse, G.2017Grant Bosse: Two if by sea; invasion of the Granite State
13282 OtherBouchard, R.2002Documented Infestations of Variable Milfoil, Myriophyllum heterophyllum in Maine.
32642 NewsBrindley, E.2019Only one invasive plant species remains in Lower Bolton Lake
37828 ReportBugbee, G.J., and S. Stebbins.2020Connecticut River Gateway Conservation Zone Invasive Aquatic Vegetation Survey Aquatic plant management options 2019
37948 DatabaseCarr, D.2021Finger Lakes PRISM 2020 AIS survey
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
17933 Web PageConnecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.2008CAES Individual Lake Results.
10203 BookCrow, G.E., and C.B. Hellquist.1983Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 6. Trapaceae, Haloragaceae, Hippuridaceae.
18167 NewsCurley, K.2008Invasive weed jeopardizes Lake Gardner.
28080 DatabaseEnvironmental Assessment Program.2018Washington State Lakes Environmental Data Version 1.0
28500 ReportESS Group, Inc.2016Ecological and management study of the DelCarte ponds
29531 NewsFitzpatrick, T.2017Should we be treating milfoil in Paugus Bay with this chemical?
27994 NewsFLOW.2015New aquatic invasive species confirmed in Lake Memphremagog
19670 Web PageGibbons, J.2011The Connecticut Agricultural Extension Station Aquatic Plant Survey Program.
18722 NewsGroves, E.2009Moosup Pond being treated for slimy, invasive weed.
10748 Journal ArticleHellquist, C.B.1972Range extensions of vascular aquatic plants in New England
27462 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2018Pennsylvania iMapInvasives
27712 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2019New York iMapInvasives
18125 Web PageInvasive Aquatic Species Program, Maine Department of Environmental Protection.2015Maine DEP 2015 Invasive Aquatic Plant Map
16042 DatabaseInvasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE).2007 
13439 Web PageIPANE.2001Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) at the University of Connecticut online database.
34416 DatabaseJohnson, M.2018E. L. Reed Herbarium (TTC)
10681 DatabaseKennedy, J.2022Harvard University Herbaria: Vascular Plants of North America (Harvard)
28145 DatabaseKishbaugh, S.A.2015NYS Exotic Aquatic Plant Locations 2015
10741 Journal ArticleLes, D.H., and L.J. Mehrhoff.1999Introduction of nonindigenous aquatic vascular plants in southern New England: a historical perspective.
19381 DatabaseMadsen, J.D., G. Ervin, V. Maddox, & C. Abbott.2010Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth.
17157 NewsManuse, A.J.2007Lake Cochituate losing the battle.
17159 Web PageMany.2007Aquatic Invasive Plant Locations.
29921 DatabaseMehrhoff, L.J., J.A. Silander, Jr., S.A. Leicht, E.S. Mosher, and N.M. Tabak2003IPANE: Invasive Plant Atlas of New England
18054 Journal ArticleMills, E.L., M.D. Scheuerell, J.T. Carlton, and D.L. Strayer1997Biological invasions in the Hudson River basin: an inventory and historical analysis
13670 Journal ArticleMoody, M.L., and D.H. Les2002Evidence of hybridity in invasive watermilfoil (Myriophyllum) populations.
37978 DatabaseNew Hampshire Department of Environmental Services2022NHDES: Lake Information Mapper
5124 ReportNew Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.1989Water milfoil. NHDES Technical Bulletin NHDES-WSPCD-1989-1
18127 Web PageNew Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.2015Exotic Aquatic Plant Infestations in New Hampshire
28625 ReportNew Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.2016Long-term variable milfoil management plan
23835 NewsNew York State Deparment of Environmental Convservation.2011Variable-leaf Watermilfoil Found in Lake Champlain's South Bay.
19302 ReportNortheast Aquatic Plant Management Society.2009Nor'Easter Newsletters.
19146 NewsO'Brien, J.A., JR.2010Vernon Town Council Approves Spending For Herbicide.
19407 Web PageO'Donnell, Jake.2010Merrymeeting milfoil mitigation commences in New Durham.
28623 NewsO'Leary, J.T.2016Study: Lower Bolton Lake needs ongoing monitoring
30515 NewsOren, C.2017Plants plucked, a bit of hopeful news for Long Lake
16041 DatabaseParsons, J.2007Washington Aquatic Plant Monitoring Database
28798 NewsPenney, J.2016Plainfield spending $12K on herbicides to rid Moosup Pond of invasive weed
17160 DatabasePLANTS Team, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS).2007The PLANTS Database
19417 ReportPorter, T.2010Milfoil Still a Problem in Maine Say Environmentalists.
17209 NewsSanok, A.2007Pow Wow Pond filled with milfoil.
30401 DatabaseSchaffner, B.2019Maine DEP Invasive Aquatic Plant Map
18803 Web PageSchmidt, S.2009'Cancer of the Lakes' needs constant action.
29277 DatabaseSERNEC Data Portal2019SouthEast Regional Network of Expertise and Collections
29207 DatabaseSimpson, B.B. (director), and G. Yatskievych (curator).2008Plant Resources Center (PRC) Lundell Herbarium (LL)
18573 Journal ArticleSmagula, A.P.2009Success story: a volunteer saves the day
33984 ReportSmagula, A.P., R. Scott, C. Freise, and R. Pelletier2017Exotic Species Program Report: 2013-2017
19385 Web PageSmith, George.2010How To Take Part in Maine’s War Against Invasive Species.
18197 NewsSmith, J.2008Suffolk targets invasive aquatic plants in Yaphank.
1343 Journal ArticleSprules, W.G., S.B. Brandt, and M. Munawar1994Introduction: multiple trophic level comparisons of lakes Michigan and Ontario.
27638 Web PageState of Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management, Office of Water Resources2015Aquatic Invasive Species: (AIS) Plants Documented in RI Freshwaters
30611 ReportSteiner, S., and K. Nelson.2015New Hampshire Volunteer Lake Assessment Program 2014 Seacoast Regional Report
24845 OtherSylvester, N.2005Known Locations of Invasive Aquatic Plants in Maine - March 2005.
19377 Web PageThe Adirondack Park Invasive Plant Program.2009The Adirondack Park Invasive Plant Program Aquatic Invasive Species Project.
28149 Web PageThe Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.2015Invasive Aquatic Plant Program (IAPP) - online herbarium
34275 Journal ArticleThum, R.A., M.P. Zuellig, R.L. Johnson, M.L. Moody, and C. Vossbrinck2011Molecular markers reconstruct the invasion history of variable leaf watermilfoil (Myriophyllum heterophyllum) and distinguish it from closely related species
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
27998 DatabaseUniversity of Michigan2020University of Michigan Herbarium (MICH)
29264 DatabaseUniversity of Pennsylvania2021Morris Arboretum Herbarium (MOAR)
32415 DatabaseVital Signs Program.2018Vital Signs
18341 ReportYan, C.2007Summary of variable-leaved milfoil 2007 survey; Crystal Lake, Ellington-Stafford, Connecticut. Revised February 2008.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/19/2024].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.