Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
16045 DatabaseAlexander, J., S. Markos, J. Yost, R.L. Moe, E. Dean, and M. Nazaire.2016Consortium of California Herbaria (CCH)
28823 DatabaseAlford, M.H. (curator).2015The University of Southern Mississippi Herbarium (USMS)
10688 ReportAnderson, L.W.J., E. Chilton, A. Cofrancesco, E. Glenn, W.T. Haller.1999Report of the Salvinia molesta ("Giant Water Fern") Science Advisory Panel.
15967 Web PageAnonymous2007Volunteers set precedent to control invasive exotic plant.
17279 NewsAnonymous2008Salvinia threat on Rayburn.
18863 Web PageAnonymous2009Salvinia control effort on Saline Lake proves successful.
18868 Web PageAnonymous2009Shreveport winning hydrilla war.
37902 NewsAnthony, B.2022Hooked on East Texas: Battling Giant salvinia at Caddo Lake
31435 ReportAshe, D., and T. Driscoll2013B. A. Steinhagen Reservoir 2013 Fisheries Management Survey Report
31888 ReportAshe, D., and T. Driscoll2016Naconiche Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
31996 ReportAshe, D., and T. Driscoll2017Lake Timpson 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report
28333 NewsBates, M.2015Salvinia fight on Lake Bistineau hot topic
31930 ReportBest, A., and M. Webb2017Lake Raven 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report
31938 ReportBest, A., N. Ragan, and M. Webb2016Sheldon Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
31448 ReportBister, T.J, and L.D. Wright2015Brandy Branch Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
31850 ReportBister, T.J, and L.D. Wright2016Martin Creek Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
30787 ReportBister, T.J., and J.D. Lechelt.2016Fisheries Management Survey Report: Lake Wright Patman
18717 ReportBister, T.J., and M.W. Brice.2008Brandy Branch Reservoir 2007 Survey Report.
18719 ReportBister, T.J., and M.W. Brice.2008Lake Pinkston 2007 Survey Report.
19374 Web PageBonnette, T.2010Salvinia salvation
38415 ReportBonvechio, T.2015Gulf and South Atlantic Regional Panel update (GSARP) for Georgia
27946 NewsBrabham, C.2015Giant salvinia coverage on Caddo Lake up from 2014
28341 ReportBrown, L.E., G. Nesom, S.J. Marcus, and D. Rosen.2004Trinity River NWR Plant List
18443 ReportBrown, L.E., G. Nesom, S.J. Marcus, and D. Rosen.2009Plants of Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge.
27871 NewsBuchanan, E.2015Weevils released in Lake Bistineau in effort to combat invasive salvinia
10684 OtherBureau of Reclamation, in cooperation with C. Minkley and a multiagency survey team.1999August 1999 Salvinia molesta Survey Results: Map 1 and 2.
25610 DatabaseCalflora2021The Calflora Database: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation
28474 ReportCalifornia Department of Food and Agriculture.2004Hydrilla eradication program annual report 2004 - Appendix II
16469 Journal ArticleCaudales, R., E.V. Hernandez, A. Sanchez-Perez, and H.L. Liogier2000Aquatic and wetland plants of Puerto Rico. I. Pteridophyta.
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
28165 DatabaseClark, J.L. (curator), J. Lopez-Bautista (curator), S. Ginzbarg, R.R. Haynes, and B. Keener.2009University of Alabama Herbarium (UNA)
19096 ReportCox, M.C., J.D. Madsen, and R.M. Wersal.2010Hydrilla and Giant salvinia survey in Mississippi for 2009.
28736 ReportDavid, J.T., M. Walker, and B. Salyers.2014Part VI-A, waterbody management plan series: Henderson Lake - lake history & management issues
31936 ReportDriscoll, T., and D. Ashe2015Sam Rayburn Reservoir 2014 Fisheries Management Survey Report
31997 ReportDriscoll, T., and D. Ashe2016Toledo Bend Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
31833 ReportDriscoll, T., and D. Ashe2017Lake Livingston 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report
28975 NewsElse, J.2016Clearing the Kilauea River
31190 NewsElse, J.2018Pam and Bob Warren are on a mission to save the river
31984 ReportFindeisen, J., and G. Binion.2015Lake Texana 2014 Fisheries Management Survey Report
28791 DatabaseFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Invasive Plant Management Section.2017Annual aquatic plant survey 1982-2017
10702 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2021University of Florida Herbarium (FLAS)
19145 Journal ArticleFuller, P.L., M.G. Pursley, D. Diaz, and W. Devers2010Effects of Hurricane Katrina on an incipient population of giant salvinia Salvinia molesta in the lower Pascagoula River, Mississippi.
33266 NewsGautreaux, K.2019LSU AgCenter scientists assisting with salvinia control effort in Puerto Rico
28354 NewsGettys, L.2015Aquatics
15850 ReportGiant salvinia Task Force.2002Lower Colorado River Giant Salvinia Task Force Action Plan.
18865 NewsGregory, P.2009State biologists confirm hydrilla infestation in Damariscotta Lake.
28222 NewsHeidgerd, D.2015Pesky invasive plant turns up in another east Texas waterway
33670 DatabaseHorn, C. (Director).2019Newberry College Herbarium (NBYC)
28922 ReportInland Fisheries Division.2013Indian Creek Reservoir aquatic vegetation control plan
28924 ReportInland Fisheries Division.2013Cotile Lake aquatic vegetation control plan
16018 NewsIsaac, J.2007Funding needed to fight fern at Lake Caddo: residents learn how to battle giant salvinia.
10222 Journal ArticleJohnson, D.1995Giant salvinia found in South Carolina.
17810 NewsJohnson, N.O.2008State gets tough to protect Caddo, other waterways.
28976 NewsKaua'i Invasive Species Committee.2003KISC approved meeting minutes
28977 NewsKaua'i Invasive Species Committee.2007KISC quarterly meeting approved meeting minutes
28852 DatabaseKeener, B.R. (curator).2016University of West Alabama Herbarium (UWAL)
27722 DatabaseKeener, B.R., A.R. Diamond, L.J. Davenport, P.G. Davison, S.L. Ginzbarg, C.J. Hansen, C.S. Major, D.D. Spaulding, J.K. Triplett, and M. Woods.2017Alabama Plant Atlas. [S.M. Landry and K.N. Campbell (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research. University of South Florida]
18410 DatabaseKennedy, B. (collections manager).2013Herbarium Pacificum (BISH)
17358 NewsKnight, S.2008Unwanted plant's impact swift.
19354 Web PageLake and pond weed control.2009Aquatic plant was missed during survey, spotted by duck hunter: Sam Rayburn catches case of giant salvinia.
31886 ReportLechelt, J.D., and T.J. Bister 2017Lake Murvaul 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report
28568 ReportLouisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Inland Fish Division.2013Turkey Creek Lake vegetation control plan
15971 ReportMadsen, J.D, R.M. Wersal, and W. Robles.2006Distribution of Hydrilla and Giant Salvinia in Mississippi in 2005.
19426 DatabaseMadsen, J.D.2010Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth.
19381 DatabaseMadsen, J.D., G. Ervin, V. Maddox, & C. Abbott.2010Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth.
30725 NewsMcCartney, M.2017Giant salvinia infestation located near local Lake Palestine bridge
29204 DatabaseMcCormick, C. (curator).2016North Carolina Botanical Garden Herbarium (NCU)
32519 NewsMississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks.2018MDWFP Finds Invasive Plant at Ross Barnett Reservoir
32521 NewsMississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks.2019Officials concerned as Giant Salvinia spreads to more lakes
28737 NewsMolloy, B.2016Henderson Mayor lowering lake levels to save wildlife
18442 NewsMoore, S.2009Group applauds biologists efforts to restore Trinity River refuge.
31589 ReportMyers, R., and J. Dennis.2016Falcon Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
17313 DatabaseNational Agricultural Pest Information System.2007Alabama state survey map for Salvinia molesta (S. auriculata complex).
33777 DatabaseNatural Resource Information Systems (NRIS)2019Current Invasive Plants
28478 DatabaseNelson, J. (curator).2015Andrew Charles Moore Herbarium (USCH)
32307 ReportNorman, J., and R. Ott2018Lake Palestine 2017 Fisheries Management Survey Report
32295 ReportOtt, R.A., and J.D. Norman.2018Lake Athens 2017 Fisheries Management Survey Report 
31919 ReportOtt, R.A., Jr., and J.D. Norman2014Lake Palestine 2013 Fisheries Management Survey Report
31979 ReportOtt, R.A., Jr., and J.D. Norman2017Striker Reservoir 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report
33888 NewsPearl River Valley Water Supply District2019Giant Salvinia reappears in Pelahatchie Bay
28443 Journal ArticlePeck, J.H.2011New and noteworthy additions to the Arkansas fern flora
28825 Journal ArticlePoirrier, M.A., K. Burt-Utley, J.F. Utley, and E.A. Spalding.2010Submersed Aquatic Vegetation of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
17809 NewsRucker, J.2008State steps up fight against Salvinia on Lake Bistineau: seventeen spray crews attack the weed.
33265 NewsSan Juan Bay Estuary Program.2016Pollution alert: giant salvinia invades Lake Las Curías
28331 DatabaseSEINet Portal Network.2021Southwest Environmental Information Network
29277 DatabaseSERNEC Data Portal2019SouthEast Regional Network of Expertise and Collections
18606 NewsSmith, C.2009Giant Salvinia outbreak threatening Texas lakes.
16075 DatabaseSmithsonian Institution2019United States National Herbarium (US)
32529 NewsSneath, S.2019Neighbors fight back invasive plant floating in Bayou St. John
34158 Web PageSOLitude Lake Management2020Invasive Plant Removal In A Large Lake
28166 DatabaseSolomon, J. (curator).2015Missouri Botanical Garden Herbarium (MO)
16137 ReportSouth Carolina Department of Natural Resources.2007South Carolina Aquatic Plant Management Plan.
16459 ReportSouth Carolina Department of Natural Resources.2007South Carolina Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan.
17314 DatabaseSoutheast Exotic Pest Plant Council.2008Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System.
28023 DatabaseSoutheastern Biota.2015 
29798 NewsStaff report.2017LDWF to drawdown Bistineau May 1
28826 Journal ArticleSteury, B.W.2004Noteworthy collections from the District of Columbia and Maryland
31592 ReportStorey, K.W.2016Lake Fork 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
16019 Web PageTexas A&M University Bioinformatics Working Group.2007Digital Flora of Texas Herbarium Specimen Browser - Version II
27701 DatabaseTexas Invasive Plant and Pest Council.2018Texas Invasives Database
30789 NewsTexas Parks & Wildlife Department.2017Outdoors: Giant salvinia now infests Lake Fork
30788 Web PageTexas Parks & Wildlife Department.2018Lake Survey Reports
33859 NewsTexas Parks and Wildlife Department2019Invasive Giant Salvinia Found at Houston County Lake
28570 NewsTexas Parks and Wildlife Department.2009Sam Rayburn catches case of giant salvinia
31143 NewsTexas Parks and Wildlife Department.2018Invasive Giant Salvinia Found at Lake Athens
17272 ReportThomas, K.A., and P. Guertin.2007Southwest Exotic Mapping Program 2007: occurrence summary and maps of select invasive non-native plants in Arizona.
20822 NewsTompkins, S.2011Giant inconvenience: salvinia sneaks its way to Texas waters via boats, then proceeds to smother aquatic ecosystems.
31067 NewsTPWD News.2018Invasive Giant Salvinia Found at Lake Nacogdoches
18607 NewsTPWD.2009A Tale of Two Lakes - battle against invasive species needs you.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
28824 ReportUrbatsch, L.E., D.M. Ferguson, and S.M. Gunn-Zumo.2009Vascular plant inventories of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Barataria Preserve and Chalmette Battlefield
32520 DatabaseUSDA/ARS.2012Southern Weed Science Research Unit Herbarium (SWSL)
37965 Journal ArticleWahl, C.F., R. Diaz, and J. Ortiz-Zayas2020Assessing Salvinia molesta impact on environmental conditions in an urban lake: case study of Lago Las Curias, Puerto Rico
31575 ReportWebb, M., A. Best, M. Gore2014Lake Conroe 2013 Fisheries Management Survey Report
30786 NewsWeston, R.2017Invasive species found near Sulphur River WMA
10771 Conference ProceedingsWhetstone, J.M., S.J. de Kozlowski, and C.A. Aulbach.1999Eradication of Salvinia molesta from a small pond in Colleton County, South Carolina
18716 NewsWilliams, M.2009BASS Fed. organizes giant salvinia clean-up on Sam Rayburn.
28849 DatabaseWoods, M., and A.R. Diamond, Jr.2016Troy University Herbarium (TROY)
31486 ReportWright, L.D., and T.J. Bister2013Caddo Lake 2013 Fisheries Management Survey Report
32401 NewsZellers, R.2019Invasive aquatic plant found at Lake Erling
34013 NewsZellers, R.2020Giant salvinia creeps into Lake Columbia


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2023]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [3/29/2023].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.