Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Ipomoea aquatica listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
36262 Database 2006. Ipomoea aquatica (vine, climber). Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) Database. Created on 08/29/2006. Accessed on 03/22/2016.
36254 Database 2015. Global Invasive Species Database: Ipomoea aquatica. Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). Accessed on 03/22/2016.
36241 Journal Article Austin, D.F. 2007. Water Spinach (Ipomoea aquatica, Convolvulaceae) A food gone wild. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 5(2007):123-146.
37288 Journal Article Azizah E., F. Lananan, S.H.A. Hamid, A. Jusoh and W.N.W. Nik. 2016. Balancing of nutrient uptake by water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) and mustard green (Brassica juncea) with nutrient production by African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) in scaling aquaponic recirculation system. Desalination and Water Treatment 57(60):29531-29540.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
36264 Journal Article Chairuangsri, S., N. Whangchai, and A. Jampeetong. 2013. Responses of Water Spinach (Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.) on Growth, Morphology, Uptake Rate and Nutrients Allocation under High Ammonium Concentration. Chiang Mai 41(2):324-333.
30748 Journal Article Chilton, II, E.W. 2017. Risk assessment for water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) in Texas. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 55:96-102.
10661 Database Farid, A. (curator). 2018. University of South Florida Herbarium (USF). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.
10132 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
28791 Database Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Invasive Plant Management Section. 2017. Annual aquatic plant survey 1982-2017. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, FL.
10702 Database Florida Museum of Natural History. 2021. University of Florida Herbarium (FLAS). Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL.
36322 Report GLANSIS. 2016. GLANIS Organism Risk Assessment: Section A: Potential For Introduction.
36260 Report Harwood, E. and M. Sytsma. 2003. Risk Assessment for Chinese Water Spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) in Oregon. Oregon Invasive Species Council, Portland, OR.
36240 Journal Article Hu, M.H., Y.S. Ao, X.E. Yang, and T.Q. Li. 2008. Treating eutrophic water for nutrient reduction using an aquatic macrophyte (Ipomoea aquatica Forsskal) in a deep flow technique system. Agricultural Water Management 95(2008):607-615. 10.1016/j.agwat.2008.01.001.
13660 Journal Article Lamia, J. 1988. Recent infestations of Chinese water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) in South Florida. Aquatics 10(1):11.
13658 Book Leach, G.J., and P.L. Osborne. 1985. Freshwater Plants of Papua New Guinea. University of Papua New Guinea Press.
36269 Report Lehtonen, P. 1993. Pest Risk Assessment on Chinese Water Spinach.
36263 Journal Article Lin, H., P. Alpert, and F. Yu. 2012. Effects of fragment size and water depth on performance of stem fragments of the invasive, amphibious, clonal plant Ipomoea aquatica. Aquatic Botany 99((2012)):34-40.
37279 Journal Article Madhumita D., P. S. Bramhanand and K. Laxminarayana. 2021. Performance and efficiency services for the removal of hexavalent chromium from water by common macrophytes. International Journal of Phytoremediation 23(10):1095-1103.
10238 Database Mehrhoff, L. 1996. Hawaiian flowering plants checklist. The State Museum of Natural and Cultural History, Honolulu, HI. http://wwwbishophawaiiorg. Created on 03/12/1996.
33995 Journal Article Middleton, B.A. 1992. Habitat and Food Preferences of Greylag and Barheaded Geese Wintering in the Keoladeo National Park, India. Journal of Tropical Ecology 8(2):181-193.
37292 Journal Article Nengpilam H. and A. Gupta. 2020. Phytoremediation of chromium and manganese by Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. from aqueous medium containing chromium-manganese mixtures in microcosms and mesocosms. Water and Environment Journal 35.
13659 Report Oliver, J.D. 1992. A review of the literature: Ipomoea aquatica and Ipomoea fistulosa. FL Dept of Natural Resources, Bureau of Aquatic Plant Mgmt, Technical Services Sect Tallahassee, FL.
10714 Database Regents of the University of California. 2015. Jepsen online interchange for California floristics. University and Jepson Herbaria, University of California, Berkeley.
10353 Journal Article Smith, L. 1978. Development of the emergent vegetation in a tropical marsh (Kawainui, I'ohu). Newsletter of the Hawaiian Botanical Society 17(1/2):2-27.
16075 Database Smithsonian Institution. 2019. United States National Herbarium (US). Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
27701 Database Texas Invasive Plant and Pest Council. 2018. Texas Invasives Database. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, Austin, TX. Accessed on 08/16/2018.
17241 Database United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2008. PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center.
17830 Database University of Florida Herbarium. 2016. Florida Museum of Natural History. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
17319 Database Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and D.H. Lorence. 2005. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands website. Smithsonian Institution & National Tropical Botanical Garden. (13 February 2008).
36270 Web Page World Crops for Northern United States. Water Spinach Ipomoea Aquatica.­Spinach.cfm. Accessed on 03/22/2016.
17325 Database Wunderlin, R., and B. Hansen. 2007. USF Herbarium Specimen Database. University of South Florida, Institute for Systemic Botany.
28670 Journal Article Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen, and D.W. Hall. 1988. The vascular flora of central Florida: taxonomic and nomenclatural changes, additional taxa, II. SIDA, Contributions to Botany 13(1):83-91.
10225 Web Page Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen, and E.L. Bridges. 1995. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [8/17/2022].

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