Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Carassius carassius listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
14986 Journal Article Aho, J., and I.J. Holopainen. 2000. Batch spawning of cruician carp (Carassius carassius [L.]) in mono- and multispecies communities. Annales Zoologici Fennici 37:101-111.
31499 Journal Article Brönmark, C., and L.B.Pettersson. 1994. Chemical Cues from Piscivores Induce a Change in Morphology in Crucian Carp. Oikos 70(3):396-402.
41935 Journal Article Fraser, D. and C.E. Adams. 1997. A crucian carp Carassius carassius (L.) in Loch Rannoch, Scotland: further evidence of the threat posed to unique fish communities by introduction of alien fish species. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 7(4):323-326.;2-K.
38687 Journal Article Gu, J., K. Li, E. Jeppesen, Y. Han, H. Jin, H. He, and X. Ning. 2020. Using freshwater bivalves (Corbicula fluminea) to alleviate harmful effects of small-sized Crucian Carp (Carassius carassius) on growth of submerged macrophytes during lake restoration by biomanipulation. Water 12:3161.
24250 Journal Article Hänfling, B., P. Bolton, M. Harley, and G.R. Carvalho. 2005. A molecular approach to detect hybridization between crucian carp (Carassius carassius) and non-indigenous carp species (Carassius spp. and Cyprinus carpio). Freshwater Biology 50(3):403-417.
41936 Journal Article Holopainen, I.J., and A. Oikari. 1992. Ecophysiological effects of temporary acidification on crucian carp, Carassius carassius (L.): a case history of a forest pond in eastern Finland. Annales Zoologici Fennici 29(1):29-38.
15171 Journal Article Holopainen, I.J., and H. Hyvaerinen. 1983. Ecology and physiology of crucian carp (Carassius carassius L.) in small Finnish ponds with anoxic conditions in winter. Verhandlungen. Internationale Vereiningung fur theoretische und angewandte Limnology 22(4):2566-2570.
15172 Journal Article Holopainen, I.J., W.M. Tonn, et al. 1997. Tales of two fish: the dichotomous biology of crucian carp ( Carassius carassius L. ) in northern Europe. Annales Zoologici Fennici 34:1-22.
15188 Journal Article Jones, J.W., and R.S.J. Linfield. 1972. A note on the identification of a crucian carp Carassius carassius (L.) x common carp Cyprinus carpio (L.) hybrid from a still water in Nottinghamshire. Journal of Fish Biology 4:309-310.
15194 Journal Article Kasama, M., and H. Kobayasi. 1990. Hybridization experiment between Carassius carassius (female) and Gnathopogon elongatus elongatus (male). Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 36(4):419-426.
39797 Journal Article Knauthe, K. 1894. Two fertile cyprinoid hybrids. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 14:29-30.
15222 Journal Article Laurila, S., and I.J. Holopainen. 1990. Features of embryonic and larval development of crucian carp, Carassius carassius (L.) with a note on species identification. Annales Zoologici 27(4):361-367.
44 Journal Article Meek, S.E., and S.F. Hidebrand. 1910. A synoptic list of the fishes known to occur with in fifty miles of Chicago. Field Museum of Natural History, Zoology Series 7(9):223-338.
36268 Journal Article Mezhzherin, S.V., S.V. Kokodii, A.V. Kulish, D.B. Verlatii, and L.V. Fedorenko. 2012. Hybridization of crucian carp Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758) in Ukrainian reservoirs and the genetic structure of hybrids. Cytology and genetics 46(1):28-35.
15363 Journal Article Penttinen, O.P., and I.J. Holopainen. 1992. Seasonal feeding activity and ontogenetic dietary shifts in crucian carp, Carassius carassius. Environmental Biology of Fishes 33(1-2):215-221.
15562 Journal Article Piironen, J., and I.J. Holopainen. 1986. A note on seasonality in anoxia tolerance of crucian carp (Carassius carassius (L.)) in the laboratory. Annales Zoologici Fennici 23(3):335-338.
42015 Report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2019. Crucian Carp (Carassius carassius) Ecological Risk Screening Summary.
15497 Journal Article Wheeler, A. 2000. Status of the crucian carp, Carassius carassius (L.), in the UK. Fisheries Management and Ecology 7:315-322.
42014 Book Woo, P.T.K., and R.C. Cipriano. 2017. Fish viruses and bacteria: pathobiology and protection. CABI.


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/30/2024].

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