Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
18789 NewsAnderson, D.2009Local Fisherman Finds Suspected Freswater Jellyfish.
13164 Journal ArticleAngradi, T.R.1998Observations of freshwater jellyfish, Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester (Trachylina: Petasidae), in a West Virginia reservoir.
13200 NewsAnonymous1999State Briefs. Jellyfish found in Lake Norman.
15639 Web PageAnonymous2005Craspedacusta sowerbii Lancaster 1880- freshwater jellyfish.
17194 NewsAnonymous2008Fish out of water?.
35771 NewsBall, P.2010Swimmer finds jeyfish in Walden Pond in Concord
1068 Journal ArticleBay, E.C.1966Adaptation studies with the Argentine pearl fish, Cynolebias bellottii, for its introduction into California.
29964 Journal ArticleBeckett, D.C., and E.J. Turanchik1980Brief Note: Occurrence of the Freshwater Jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester in the Ohio River
29965 Journal ArticleBushnell, J.H. Jr., and T.W. Porter1967The Occurrence, Habitat, and Prey of Craspedacusta sowerbyi (Particularly Polyp Stage) in Michigan
26266 DatabaseCalifornia Department of Fish and Game.2009California Aquatic Non-native Organism Database (CANOD).
13192 Web PageCampbell, S.1999Hydramania!
29001 NewsCarter, A.2016Jellyfish live in Indiana lakes — yes, really
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
13191 Journal ArticleDeacon, J.E., and W.L. Haskell1967Observations on the Ecology of the Freshwater Jellyfish in Lake Mead, Nevada.
27073 NewsDeMarco, K.2014Jellyfish surface in Lake Oroville.
13211 Journal ArticleEdmondson, C.H.1940Freshwater jellyfish in Hawaii.
1420 ReportEldredge, L.G.1994Perspectives in Aquatic Exotic Species Management in the Pacific Islands. Vol. I. Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands.
28020 NewsEllison, G.2015Video shows invasive freshwater jellyfish found in Northern Michigan lake.
18582 DatabaseFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, (Larry Connor).2009FWC Exotic database as of 3-31-2009.
27212 NewsGannett Central Wisconsin Media2014Jellyfish found in Waupaca County lake.
23851 Journal ArticleGarman, H.1916The sudden appearance of great numbers of fresh-water medusae in a Kentucky creek.
17446 DatabaseGreat Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC).2017Exotic Species Information Center.
38390 NewsHill, S.2022Fisherman encounters hundreds of Chinese jellyfish in Minnesota lake
30977 Journal ArticleHowmiller, R. P., and G. M. Ludwig1972A record of Craspedacusta sowerbyi in Wisconsin 
13921 Journal ArticleHubschman, J.H., and W.J. Kishler1972Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester 1880 and Cordylophora lacustris Allman 1871 in Western Lake Erie (Coelenterata).
29457 Web PageIndiana Department of Natural Resources2015Freshwater Jellyfish
42409 NewsJohnson, K.2023I Speak for the Fish: Bloomin’ jellies in Lake Huron
30752 Journal ArticleKimmel, B.L., M.M. White, S.R. McComas, and B.R. Looney.1980Recurrence of the freshwater jellyfish, Craspedacusta sowerbii (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa), in the Little River system, southeastern Oklahoma.
32104 NewsLees, J.2018There Are Jellyfish — Yes, Jellyfish — in Missouri's Lakes
35772 Web PageLeigh Hester, J.2021Walden Pond is now teeming with jellyfish— but dont panic
27065 Journal ArticleMabee, W.R.1997New records of freshwater jellyfish, Craspedacusta sowerbyi (Lankester) in Missouri.
38611 NewsMacDonald, D.2022Invasive jellyfish species spotted in northern Ontario lake for the first time
13193 NewsMcGaffin, P.1997Freshwater jellyfish found in lake
13199 NewsMiller, Ken.1997Girls Scouts find freshwater jellyfish. Creatures are living in pond near Greenbelt that once was a quarry.
13065 Journal ArticleMills, E.L., D.L. Strayer, M.D. Scheuerell, and J.T. Carlton1996Exotic species in the Hudson River basin: A history of invasions and introductions.
703 Journal ArticleMills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor1993Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions
41340 NewsNeuffer, S.2023Invasive fish removed from Baily Fishing Pond
24091 Web PagePeard, T.2005Freshwater Jellyfish.
15858 Web PagePeard,
13166 Web PagePeard, T., and M. Thorn1999Freshwater Jellyfish!
25112 Web PagePeard, T., and M. Thorn.2002Freshwater Jellyfish!.
14583 Journal ArticlePennak, R.W.1956The fresh-water jellyfish Craspedacusta in Colorado with some remarks on its ecology and morphological degeneration.
30795 NewsPesanti, D.2017Jellyfish find their way into Battle Ground Lake
27074 NewsSoffer, S.2014Jellyfish spotted in Waupaca County lake: Updated.
29002 NewsStrege, D.2016Swimmer makes unexpected find in lake; ‘I didn’t realize there was such a thing’
30274 NewsSutton, K.2017Strange little creatures amaze swimmers and boaters
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
31653 Journal ArticleVan Cleave, H.J.1936Fresh-water jellyfish in Illinois
30026 Journal ArticleWalley, H.D.1972The fresh-water jellyfish, Craspedacusta sowerbyi in Illinois
27924 DatabaseWisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR).2017Lakes and rivers with invasives species
17929 DatabaseWisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources.2008Aquatic Invasive Species Lists and Maps.
19334 DatabaseWisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources.2010Aquatic Invasives Data and Maps.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/14/2024].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.