Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
16065 ReportAcevedo-Rodríguez, P., and M.T. Strong2005Monocotyledons and gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, volume 52.
29283 DatabaseAckerman, J. (director).2013University of Puerto Rico Herbarium (UPRRP)
16045 DatabaseAlexander, J., S. Markos, J. Yost, R.L. Moe, E. Dean, and M. Nazaire.2016Consortium of California Herbaria (CCH)
17223 OtherAnonymous2007City re-opens Griffy Lake to privately owned watercraft.
18641 NewsAnonymous2009Invasive plant found in Lake County.
17224 ReportAquatic Control, Inc.2007Griffy Lake aquatic vegetation management plan update.
29659 ReportAquatic Nuisance Species Program.2017Draft 2017 Annual South Carolina Aquatic Plant Management Plan - Part II
10283 ReportAquatic Resources Education Center.1995List of Aquatic Plants found in Delaware Ponds 1973-1995
13653 DatabaseArizona State University.2003Herbarium Specimen Voucher, Arizona State University (ASU) Vascular Plant Herbarium, Collections Database.
10240 BookAurand, D.1982Nuisance Aquatic Plants and Aquatic Plant Management Programs in the United States.
10557 Web PageAustin Peay State University Center for Field Biology.1997Atlas of Tennessee Vascular Plants - website based on 1993 and 1997 publications
29521 DatabaseBarnett, J.2016Arkansas ANS Database (unpublished data).
10389 BookBeal, E.O., and J.W. Thieret.1986Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Kentucky.
33885 Journal ArticleBerry, Jr., C.R., C.B. Schreck, and R.V. Corning1975Control of Egeria in a Virginia water supply reservoir
10486 Journal ArticleBonar, S.A., G.L. Thomas, S.L. Thiesfeld, G.B. Pauley, and T.B. Stables1993Effect of Triploid Grass Carp on the Aqautic Macrophyte Community of Devils Lake, Oregon.
28915 DatabaseBrigham Young University2021Stanley L. Welsh Herbarium (BRY)
18430 OtherCabreza, J. (Ed.).2009Aquatic Invasive Species News in a Nutshell.
19329 ReportCabreza, Joan. Regional Invasive Species Coordinator, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10.2007Invasive News in a Nutshell #15: October 2006-January 2007.
25610 DatabaseCalflora2021The Calflora Database: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation
17141 DatabaseCalflora.2007Information on California plants for education, research and conservation
26266 DatabaseCalifornia Department of Fish and Game.2009California Aquatic Non-native Organism Database (CANOD).
10138 Journal ArticleCarter, V., and N.B. Rybicki1994Invasions and declines of submersed macrophytes in the tidal Potomac River and Estuary, the Currituck Sound-Back Bay system, and the Pamlico River Estuary.
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
10354 BookChester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. DeSelm, A.M. Evans.1993Atlas of Tennessee Vascular Plants Volume 1. Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Angiosperms: Monocots.
36931 NewsClarke, K.2021Photos: Invasive species removal project underway in Richmond’s waterways
10319 ReportCohen, A.N., and J.T. Carlton.1995Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in a United States Estuary, A Case Study of the Biological Invasions of the San Francisco Bay and Delta.
10269 Journal ArticleConner, W., C. Sasser, and N. Barker1986Floristics of the Barataria Basin Wetlands, Louisiana.
27725 DatabaseConsortium of Northeastern Herberia (CNH).2019Herbarium Specimen Data Sharing Portal for CNH
28858 NewsContributed Report.2016Hopewell VFW gets 'lake makeover'
10260 Journal ArticleCook, C.D.K., and K. Urmi-König.1984A revision of the genus Egeria (Hydrocharitaceae)
10603 NewsCook, S.1996Hydrilla at Wakulla Springs.
10194 Journal ArticleCountryman, W.D.1970The history, spread and present distribution of some immigrant aquatic weeds in New England.
27378 DatabaseCranberg, C., and R. Keller2020Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species
18399 NewsDalen, M.2009Waccabuc Cove weed removal plan presented.
30683 DatabaseDavison, P. (curator).2009University of North Alabama Herbarium (UNAF)
19299 NewsDeGoosh, K.2009Nor'Easter State Updates for Rhode Island.
18867 NewsDennen, R.2009Invasive weed brings benefits.
18825 ReportDodd-Williams, L., G.O. Dick, R.M. Smart, and C.S. Owens.2008Point Intercept and Surface Observation GPS (SOG): A Comparison of SurveyMethods — Lake Gaston, NC/VA.
19408 NewsDreier, H.2010Discovery Bay water invader not easy to weed out.
28080 DatabaseEnvironmental Assessment Program.2018Washington State Lakes Environmental Data Version 1.0
17804 DatabaseFlora of North America Editorial Committee, eds.1993Flora of North America North of Mexico
28791 DatabaseFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Invasive Plant Management Section.2017Annual aquatic plant survey 1982-2017
10702 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2021University of Florida Herbarium (FLAS)
10202 OtherFox, A.1996Watch out for this weed, aquatic soda apple.
10201 Journal ArticleFox, A., and A. Wigginton1996Please help us find Aquatic Soda Apple.
28163 DatabaseFreeman, C.C., M. Mort (curators), C. Morse (manager), J. Archibald, and D. Crawford.2010R.L. McGregor Herbarium (KANU)
26212 DatabaseGBIF2013Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database.
29018 DatabaseGentry, J.L. (director and curator).2013University of Arkansas Herbarium (UARK)
28543 Journal ArticleGetsinger, K.D., and C.R. Dillon.1984Quiescence, growth and senescence of Egeria densa in Lake Marion
19670 Web PageGibbons, J.2011The Connecticut Agricultural Extension Station Aquatic Plant Survey Program.
10552 Journal ArticleHaynes, R.R.1980Aquatic and marsh plants of Alabama. I. Alismatidae.
10748 Journal ArticleHellquist, C.B.1972Range extensions of vascular aquatic plants in New England
10233 ReportHelton, R.J., and L.H. Hartmann.1996Statewide Aquatic Vegetation Survey Summary, 1995 Report.
10629 ReportHelton, R.J., and L.H. Hartmann.1997Statewide Aquatic Vegetation Survey Summary, 1996 Report.
10632 Journal ArticleHenry, R.D., and A.R. Scott1981Time of introduction of the alien component of the spontaneous Illinois vascular flora.
10614 BookHitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson.1969Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Parts 1 - 5 (authors vary).
10766 DatabaseHong-Wa, C. (curator).2015Claude E. Phillips Herbarium (DOV)
13652 DatabaseIllinois Natural History Survey.2003INHS Herbarium Database (
18444 Web PageIllinois Natural History Survey.2008Exotic, invasive plants in Illinois Habitats - Aquatic Areas: Wetlands, Lakes, Streams, Rivers, Marshes.
24851 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2016Oregon iMapInvasives
27462 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2018Pennsylvania iMapInvasives
27712 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2019New York iMapInvasives
13439 Web PageIPANE.2001Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) at the University of Connecticut online database.
29255 DatabaseIsaac, B. (collections).2016Carnegie Museum of Natural History Herbarium (CM)
18429 NewsISDA Noxious Weed Program.2008Brazilian Elodea - Egeria densa (Idaho County Map)
30001 NewsJustice, L.2017Invasive water weed returns to Lake Lanier
5137 ReportKay, S.H.1992Hydrilla: a rapidly spreading aquatic weed problem in North Carolina. Agriculture Bulletin AG-449
28852 DatabaseKeener, B.R. (curator).2016University of West Alabama Herbarium (UWAL)
27722 DatabaseKeener, B.R., A.R. Diamond, L.J. Davenport, P.G. Davison, S.L. Ginzbarg, C.J. Hansen, C.S. Major, D.D. Spaulding, J.K. Triplett, and M. Woods.2017Alabama Plant Atlas. [S.M. Landry and K.N. Campbell (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research. University of South Florida]
18410 DatabaseKennedy, B. (collections manager).2013Herbarium Pacificum (BISH)
10147 Conference ProceedingsKight, J.1988Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway.
19353 OtherKishbaugh, S.A.2006Dirty Dozen: Twelve (Give or Take) Aquatic Plants You Don't Want in Your Lake.
28145 DatabaseKishbaugh, S.A.2015NYS Exotic Aquatic Plant Locations 2015
10489 Journal ArticleLemke, D.E.1989Aquatic macrophytes of the Upper San Marcos River, Hays Co., Texas
10741 Journal ArticleLes, D.H., and L.J. Mehrhoff.1999Introduction of nonindigenous aquatic vascular plants in southern New England: a historical perspective.
28517 BookLiogier, A.H. and L.F. Martorell.1982Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis
18206 DatabaseLowrey, T.K.2008New Mexico Biodiversity Collections Consortium (NMBCC)
19426 DatabaseMadsen, J.D.2010Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth.
10108 Journal ArticleManuel, K.L., R.T. Barden, and T.W. Bowen1993The management of Brazilian elodea (Egeria densa) in the Piedmont of North Carolina using water drawdowns.
15921 Web PageMany.2005Map of South American waterweed (Egeria densa) distribution in Oregon.
28384 ReportMaryland Department of Natural Resources.2016Maryland Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan.
10662 DatabaseMast, A.R., A. Stuy, G. Nelson, A. Bugher, N. Weddington, J. Vega, K. Weismantel, D.S. Feller, and D. Paul.2004Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium (FSU)
10733 DatabaseMcCook, L. (curator).2014Thomas M. Pullen Herbarium (MISS)
29204 DatabaseMcCormick, C. (curator).2016North Carolina Botanical Garden Herbarium (NCU)
18205 BookMcGregor, R.L.1977Atlas of the flora of the Great Plains.
10193 Journal ArticleMcLane, W.M.1969The aquatic plant business in relation to infestations of exotic aquatic plants in Florida waters.
27950 DatabaseMichigan State University Board of Trustees.2019Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN)
16467 NewsMinnesota Department of Natural Resources.2007New invasive aquatic plant discovered in Minneapolis lake
10765 ReportMontz, G.N.1979Distribution of selected aquatic species in Louisiana
10258 Journal ArticleMontz, G.N.1980Distribution of selected aquatic plant species in Louisiana.
18446 DatabaseMorton Arboretum2017Morton Arboretum Herbarium (MOR)
10049 BookMuenscher, W.C.1944Aquatic plants of the United States.
30052 DatabaseMurray State University2021Murray State University Herbarium (MUR)
13276 DatabaseNeel, M. (director), J. Hall (curator), and N. Anderson.2014Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY)
10355 BookNelson, E.N., and R.W. Couch.1985Aquatic Plants of Oklahoma I: Submersed, Floating-leaved, and selected emergent macrophytes.
28478 DatabaseNelson, J. (curator).2015Andrew Charles Moore Herbarium (USCH)
18127 Web PageNew Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.2015Exotic Aquatic Plant Infestations in New Hampshire
28831 DatabaseNew Jersey Invasive Species Strike Team.2018Interactive map
10474 BookNorth Carolina Division of Water Resources.1996Economical and Environmental Impacts of N.C. Aquatic Weed Infestations.
17528 Web PageOregon Department of Agriculture (ODA) Plant Division.2007Map of South American waterweed (Egeria densa) distribution in Oregon.
17243 DatabaseOregon State University.2016Oregon Flora Project
13278 Journal ArticlePadgett, D.J.2001Noteworthy Collections and Spread of Exotic Aquatics in Missouri.
10460 ReportParsons, J.1996Aquatic Plant Technical Assistance Program: 1995 Acitivity Report.
15927 DatabaseParsons, J.2005Annual Washington State Aquatic Plant Survey Database.
16041 DatabaseParsons, J.2007Washington Aquatic Plant Monitoring Database
17316 NewsPavey, R.2008Weed is much more than a nuisance.
13428 Web PagePennington, T.2002Egeria densa.
10518 DatabasePennsylvania Flora Database.2011Pennsylvania Flora Project
15907 ReportPfauth, M., and M. Sytsma.2005Final Coastal Lakes Aquatic Plant Survey Report.
15919 ReportPfauth, M., and M. Sytsma.2005Final Coastal Lakes Aquatic Plant Survey Report.
28644 DatabasePotter, D. (director), and E. Dean (curator).2016U.C. Davis Center for Plant Diversity (DAV)
10083 BookRadford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, and C.R. Bell.1968Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.
28182 DatabaseRe, R. (curator), and C. Niezgoda (manager).2015Field Museum of Natural History (F) Seed Plant Collection
10714 DatabaseRegents of the University of California2015Jepsen online interchange for California floristics.
17828 DatabaseRice, P.M.2008INVADERS Database System.
10471 ReportRoach, H., J. Inabinet, and J. Tuten.1993Long term plan for aquatic plant management in Lake Marion and Lake Moultrie South Carolina.
29256 DatabaseRobertson, K., G. Nelson, A. Bugher, A. Stuy, and A.R. Mast.2010Tall Timbers Research Station Herbarium (TTRS)
10272 Journal ArticleRobinson, F.D., and R.E. Shanks1959Checklist of Vascular Aquatic Plants of Tennessee.
17222 NewsRobison, D.2007Indiana habitats hurt by aquarium dumping.
36932 DatabaseRoyal British Columbia Museum2021Royal British Columbia Museum Herbarium (V)
10631 Journal ArticleSanders, D.R., and M.O. Mangrum1973Competition between Cabomba and Anacharis in Black Lake, Louisiana.
29284 DatabaseSantiago-Valentín, E. (director).2012Botanical Garden of the University of Puerto Rico Herbarium (UPR)
5104 ReportSchardt, J.D., and D.C. Schmitz.19911990 Florida aquatic plant survey report
10263 BookSchmid, J.A.1990Checklist and Synonymy of New Jersey Higher Plants with Special Reference to Their Rarity and Wetland Indicator Status.
28633 DatabaseSeidler, T. (curator).2014University of Massachusetts Herbarium (MASS)
28331 DatabaseSEINet Portal Network.2021Southwest Environmental Information Network
29277 DatabaseSERNEC Data Portal2019SouthEast Regional Network of Expertise and Collections
29227 DatabaseServiss, B.E. (curator).2012Henderson State University Herbarium (HEND)
33984 ReportSmagula, A.P., R. Scott, C. Freise, and R. Pelletier2017Exotic Species Program Report: 2013-2017
10298 BookSmith, E.B.1988An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas.
16075 DatabaseSmithsonian Institution2019United States National Herbarium (US)
28166 DatabaseSolomon, J. (curator).2015Missouri Botanical Garden Herbarium (MO)
16137 ReportSouth Carolina Department of Natural Resources.2007South Carolina Aquatic Plant Management Plan.
16459 ReportSouth Carolina Department of Natural Resources.2007South Carolina Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan.
37950 DatabaseStetzar, E.2020Delaware AIS plant survey
10650 Journal ArticleSteward, K.K., T.K. Van, V. Carter, and A.H. Pieterse1984Hydrilla invades Washington, D.C. and the Potomac.
10293 Journal ArticleSullivan, V.I.1981Najas minor (Najadaceae) in Louisiana.
16728 ReportSytsma, M.D., J.R. Cordell, J.W. Chapman, and R.C. Draheim.2004Lower Columbia River Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Survey 2001-2004. Final Technical Report: Appendices.
17887 ReportTarbell, D., and Associates, Inc.2007Native and exotic submerged aquatic vegetation study.
18447 DatabaseTaylor, D.W. (curator).2009Indiana University Southeast's Herbarium
10311 BookTennesse Valley Authority.1990Final Environmental Assessment: Demonstration of use of grass carp in management of aquatic plants in Guntersville Reservoir.
28178 DatabaseThe New York Botanical Garden2018William and Lynda Steere Herbarium (NY)
28793 DatabaseThiers, B. (director), and M. Pace (curator).2015Brooklyn Botanic Garden Herbarium (BKL)
10497 BookThomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen.1993Atlas of the Vascular Flora of Louisiana. Vol I: Ferns and Fern Allies, Conifers, and Monocotyledons.
10209 Journal ArticleThomaston, W.W.1984The status of undesirable aquatic weeds in Georgia during 1983.
29199 DatabaseTrisel, D.2012Fairmont State University Herbarium (FWVA)
28913 DatabaseTucker, G. (director).2015Stover-Ebinger Herbarium (EIU)
27903 DatabaseU.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE).2013Invasive species profile system
28134 ReportU.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE).2013Aquatic plant management plan for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Savannah District water resources projects South Carolina and Georgia: Appendix A, CY 2013 update, annual aquatic plant treatment plan and summary of previous year's management program
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
18445 DatabaseUnited States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS).2009The PLANTS Database
17241 DatabaseUnited States Department of Agriculture (USDA).2008PLANTS Database.
36887 DatabaseUniversity of British Columbia Beaty Biodiversity Museum2021University of British Columbia Herbarium (UBC)
17830 DatabaseUniversity of Florida Herbarium.2016Florida Museum of Natural History
10553 DatabaseUniversity of Georgia2021University of Georgia Herbarium (GA)
16085 DatabaseUniversity of Washington.2007Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture: Herbarium.
10002 DatabaseUSDA, NRCS.1997The PLANTS database (
29265 DatabaseVincent, M. (curator).2014W. S. Turrell Herbarium (MU)
30342 Journal ArticleVincent, M.A., R.L. Gardner, and B.P. Riley.2011Additions to and interesting records for the Ohio vascular flora (with one new record for Indiana)
37943 DatabaseWarman, M.J.20212020 aquatic invasive plant survey in the Lake Erie Basin, Ohio
28571 NewsWarnick, P.2008Brazilian elodea (Egeria densa) in the University of Idaho Arboretum upper pond
28514 Journal ArticleWeatherby, C.A.1932Anacharis densa on Long Island
18173 DatabaseWeldy, T., D. Werier, and A. Nelson.2016New York Flora Atlas. [S.M. Landry and K.N. Campbell (original application development), USF Water Institute. University of South Florida]
10421 BookWhitley, J.R., B. Bassett, J.G. Dillard, and R.A. Haefner.1990Water Plants for Missouri Ponds.
28130 Journal ArticleWilde, S., T.M. Murphy, C.P. Hope, S.K. Habrun, J. Kempton, A. Birrenkott, F. Wiley, W.W. Bowerman, and A.J. Lewitus.2005Avian vacuolar myelinopathy linked to exotic aquatic plants and a novel cyanobacterial species
28131 ReportWilde, S.B., R.S. Haynie, J.A. Herrin, M.W. Hook, J. Kupfer, and M.D. Netherland.2013Environmental factors influencing blooms of a neurotoxic Stigonematalan cyanobacterium responsible for avian vacuolar myelinopathy
28843 DatabaseWofford, B.E. (curator), Q.V. Ma (manager), and W.M. Dennis.2016University of Tennessee Herbarium (TENN)
10225 Web PageWunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen, and E.L. Bridges.1995Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants.
10724 BookYatskievych, G.1999Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, Vol 1.
30053 Journal ArticleYoung, M.J., K.A. Berridge, T. O'Rear, P.B. Moyle, and J.R. Durand.2017Habitat partitioning by native and alien fishes and decapods in novel habitats of the upper San Francisco Estuary
10586 BookZolczynski, J., and R. Shearer.1997Mobile Delta Submersed Aquatic Vegetation Survey, 1994.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [9/30/2022].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.