Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Craspedacusta sowerbyi listed in key words.

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REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
33074 Journal Article Acker, T.S., and A.M. Muscat. 1976. The ecology of Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester, a freshwater hydrozoan. American Midland Naturalist 95:323-336.
18789 News Anderson, D. 2009. Local Fisherman Finds Suspected Freswater Jellyfish. Kinstoncom. July 17, 2009.
13164 Journal Article Angradi, T.R. 1998. Observations of freshwater jellyfish, Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester (Trachylina: Petasidae), in a West Virginia reservoir. Brimleyana 25:34-42.
13200 News Anonymous. 1999. State Briefs. Jellyfish found in Lake Norman. Morning Star News, Wilmington, NC. 13 (192).
15639 Web Page Anonymous. 2005. Craspedacusta sowerbii Lancaster 1880- freshwater jellyfish.
17194 News Anonymous. 2008. Fish out of water? Channel 7 News, Wichita Falls, OK. January 2.
35771 News Ball, P. 2010. Swimmer finds jeyfish in Walden Pond in Concord. Wicked Local. Created on 09/08/2010. Accessed on 05/26/2021.
1068 Journal Article Bay, E.C. 1966. Adaptation studies with the Argentine pearl fish, Cynolebias bellottii, for its introduction into California. Copeia 1966(4):839-846.
29964 Journal Article Beckett, D.C., and E.J. Turanchik. 1980. Brief Note: Occurrence of the Freshwater Jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester in the Ohio River. Ohio Journal of Science 80(2):95-96.
33075 Journal Article Belk, D., and D. Hotaling. 1971. Guam record of the freshwater medusa Craspedacusta sowerbyi. Micronesia 7:229-230.
25859 Journal Article Boothroyd, I.K.G., M.K. Etheredge, and J.D. Green. 2002. Spatial distribution, size structure, and prey of Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester in a shallow New Zealand lake. Hydrobiologia 468:23-32.
33076 Journal Article Boulenger, C.L., and W.U. Flower. 1928. The Regents Park medusa Craspedacusta sowerbyi and its identity with C. (Microhydra) ryderi. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 66:1005-1015.
29965 Journal Article Bushnell, J.H. Jr., and T.W. Porter. 1967. The Occurrence, Habitat, and Prey of Craspedacusta sowerbyi (Particularly Polyp Stage) in Michigan. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 86(1):22-27.
26266 Database California Department of Fish and Game. 2009. California Aquatic Non-native Organism Database (CANOD). California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Spill Prevention and Response. Created on 03/08/2011. Accessed on 07/20/2011.
13192 Web Page Campbell, S. 1999. Hydramania! Accessed on 10/19/1999.
29001 News Carter, A. 2016. Jellyfish live in Indiana lakes — yes, really. The Indianapolis Star. Indianapolis, IN. Created on 09/13/2016. Accessed on 09/14/2016.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
13191 Journal Article Deacon, J.E., and W.L. Haskell. 1967. Observations on the Ecology of the Freshwater Jellyfish in Lake Mead, Nevada. American Midland Naturalist 78(1):155-166.
27073 News DeMarco, K. 2014. Jellyfish surface in Lake Oroville. KCRA 3 News. 8 (20). Created on 08/20/2014. Accessed on 10/20/2014.
24390 Journal Article Dendy, J.S. 1978. Polyps of Craspedacusta sowerbyi as predators on young striped bass. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 40(1):5-6.[5:POCSAP]2.0.CO;2.
14584 Journal Article DeVries, D.R. 1992. The freshwater jellyfish, Craspedacusta sowerbyi: a summary of its life history, ecology, and distribution. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 7(1):7-16.
13163 Journal Article Dodson, S.I., and S.D. Cooper. 1983. Trophic relationships of the freshwater jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester 1880. Limnology and Oceanography 28(2):345-351.
24391 Journal Article Dumont, H.J. 1994. The distribution and ecology of the fresh- and brackish-water medusae of the world. Hydrobiologia 272:1-12.
13211 Journal Article Edmondson, C.H. 1940. Freshwater jellyfish in Hawaii. Science 91(2361):313-314.
1420 Report Eldredge, L.G. 1994. Perspectives in Aquatic Exotic Species Management in the Pacific Islands. Vol. I. Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia.
28020 News Ellison, G. 2015. Video shows invasive freshwater jellyfish found in Northern Michigan lake. MLive. Created on 08/26/2015. Accessed on 09/21/2015.
18582 Database Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, (Larry Connor). 2009. FWC Exotic database as of 3-31-2009. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
27212 News Gannett Central Wisconsin Media. 2014. Jellyfish found in Waupaca County lake. Gannett Central Wisconsin Media. Created on 10/15/2014. Accessed on 02/12/2015.
23851 Journal Article Garman, H. 1916. The sudden appearance of great numbers of fresh-water medusae in a Kentucky creek. Science 44(1146):858-860.
17446 Database Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC). 2017. Exotic Species Information Center. Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission. Accessed on 01/31/2018.
33079 Journal Article Guajaro, M.G., H.V. Sanchez, and Y. Salvador-Contreras. 1987. The first records of Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester for Nuevo Leon, NE of Mexico, and Cordylophora lacustria Allman for fresh water in Mexico. Collected at Presa Rodrigo Gomerza and Rio San Juan repectively. Publicaciones Biologica Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon 2(2):51-54.
38390 News Hill, S. 2022. Fisherman encounters hundreds of Chinese jellyfish in Minnesota lake. Field & Stream. Created on 08/31/2022. Accessed on 09/02/2022.
30977 Journal Article Howmiller, R. P., and G. M. Ludwig. 1972. A record of Craspedacusta sowerbyi in Wisconsin. Papers of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters 60:181-182.
13921 Journal Article Hubschman, J.H., and W.J. Kishler. 1972. Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester 1880 and Cordylophora lacustris Allman 1871 in Western Lake Erie (Coelenterata). The Ohio Journal of Science 72(6):318-321.
29457 Web Page Indiana Department of Natural Resources. 2015. Freshwater Jellyfish. Created on 09/27/2015. Accessed on 02/09/2017.
33080 Journal Article Jankowski, T. 2004. Predation of freshwater jellyfish on Bosmina: the consequences for population dynamics, body size, and morphology. Hydrobiologia 530:521-528.
24392 Journal Article Jankowski, T. 2004. Predation of freshwater jellyfish on Bosmina: the consequences for population dynamics, body size, and morphology. Hydrobiologia 530/531:521-528.
24393 Journal Article Jankowski, T., T. Strauss, and H.T. Ratte. 2005. Trophic interactions of the freshwater jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbii. Journal of Plankton Research 27(8):811-823.
33081 Journal Article Kato, K.I., and S. Hirabayashi. 1991. Temperature condition initiating medusa bud formation and the mode of appearance in a freshwater hydroid, Craspedacusta sowerbyi. Zoological Science 8(6):1107.
30752 Journal Article Kimmel, B.L., M.M. White, S.R. McComas, and B.R. Looney. 1980. Recurrence of the freshwater jellyfish, Craspedacusta sowerbii (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa), in the Little River system, southeastern Oklahoma. The Southwestern Naturalist 25(3):426-428.
33082 Journal Article Koryak, M., and P.J. Clancy. 1981. Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester (Hydrozoa) medusoid generation in two western Pennsylvania impoundments. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 55:43-44.
13194 Web Page Lazar, D. 1998. The Appalachian Mountain Jellyfish.
32104 News Lees, J. 2018. There Are Jellyfish — Yes, Jellyfish — in Missouri's Lakes. Riverfront Times (RFT). St. Louis, MO. Created on 09/18/2018. Accessed on 10/01/2018.
35772 Web Page Leigh Hester, J. 2021. Walden Pond is now teeming with jellyfish— but dont panic. Created on 05/22/2021. Accessed on 05/26/2021.
33084 Journal Article Ma, Xiping, and J. E. Purcell. 2005. Temperature, Salinity, and Prey Effects on Polyp versus Medusa Bud Production by the Invasive Hydrozoan Moerisia Lyonsi. Marine Biology 147(1):225-234.
27065 Journal Article Mabee, W.R. 1997. New records of freshwater jellyfish, Craspedacusta sowerbyi (Lankester) in Missouri. Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science 31:47-49.
38611 News MacDonald, D. 2022. Invasive jellyfish species spotted in northern Ontario lake for the first time. CTV News. Northern Ontario. Created on 09/15/2022. Accessed on 09/19/2022.
33085 Journal Article McCullough, J.D., M.F. Taylor, and J.L. Jones. 1981. The occurrence of the freshwater medusa Craspedacusta sowerbyi in Nacogdoches Reservoir, Texas and associated physical-chemical conditions. Texas Journal of Science 33:17-23.
13193 News McGaffin, P. 1997. Freshwater jellyfish found in lake. The Daily Herald Co online. Created on 09/13/1997. Accessed on 10/19/1999.
13199 News Miller, Ken. 1997. Girls Scouts find freshwater jellyfish. Creatures are living in pond near Greenbelt that once was a quarry. Idaho Statesman.
13065 Journal Article Mills, E.L., D.L. Strayer, M.D. Scheuerell, and J.T. Carlton. 1996. Exotic species in the Hudson River basin: A history of invasions and introductions. Estuaries 19(4):814-823.
703 Journal Article Mills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor. 1993. Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19(1):1-54.
18210 Journal Article Moreno-Leon, M.A., and A. Ortega-Rubio. 2009. First record of Craspedacusta sowerbyi Lankester, 1880 (Cnidaria: Limnomedusae: Olindiidae) in Mexico (Adolfo Lopez Mateos Reservoir), with notes on their feeding habits and limnological dates. Biological Invasions 11(8):1827-1834.
41340 News Neuffer, S. 2023. Invasive fish removed from Baily Fishing Pond. Nevada Appeal. Carson City, NV.
24091 Web Page Peard, T. 2005. Freshwater Jellyfish.
15858 Web Page Peard, T. 2016.
13166 Web Page Peard, T., and M. Thorn. 1999. Freshwater Jellyfish! Created on 08/25/1997. Accessed on 01/25/2023.
25112 Web Page Peard, T., and M. Thorn. 2002. Freshwater Jellyfish!
27191 Report Peck, S.K., W.L. Pratt, J.E. Pollard, L.J. Paulson, and D.H. Baepler. 1987. Benthic invertebrates and crayfish of Lake Mead. University of Nevada - Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV.
14583 Journal Article Pennak, R.W. 1956. The fresh-water jellyfish Craspedacusta in Colorado with some remarks on its ecology and morphological degeneration. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 75:325-331.
14978 Book Pennak, R.W. 1989. Fresh-water invertebrates of the United States, 3rd ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
30795 News Pesanti, D. 2017. Jellyfish find their way into Battle Ground Lake. The Spokesman-Review. Vancouver, WA. November 18. Created on 11/18/2017. Accessed on 11/21/2017.
33090 Web Page Sasaki, G. 1999. Sexual reproduction in freshwater jellyfish (Craspedacusta sowerbyi). Micscape Magazine.
24395 Book Chapter Slobodkin, L.B., and P.E. Bossert. 1991. The freshwater Cnidaria or Coelenterates. Pages 135-136 in Thorp, J.H., and A.P. Covich, eds. Ecology and classificatin of North American freshwater invertebrates. Academic Press. San Diego, CA.
24394 Journal Article Smith, A.S., and J.E. Alexander. 2008. Potential effects of the freshwater jellyfish Craspedacusta sowerbii on zooplankton community abundance. Journal of Plankton Research 30(12):1323-1327.
27074 News Soffer, S. 2014. Jellyfish spotted in Waupaca County lake: Updated. WBAY-TV. 10 (15). Created on 10/15/2014. Accessed on 10/20/2014.
33091 Journal Article Spadinger, R., and G. Maier. 1999. Prey selection and diel feeding of the freshwater jellyfish, Craspedacusta sowerbyi. Freshwater Biology 41:567-573.
24396 Journal Article Stefani, F., B. Leoni, A. Marieni, and L. Garibaldi. 2010. A new record of Craspedacusta sowerbii, Lankester 1880 (Cnidaria, Limnomedusae) in Northern Italy. Journal of Limnology 69(1):189-192.
29002 News Strege, D. 2016. Swimmer makes unexpected find in lake; ‘I didn’t realize there was such a thing’. GrindTV. Carlsbad, CA. Created on 09/13/2016. Accessed on 09/14/2016.
30274 News Sutton, K. 2017. Strange little creatures amaze swimmers and boaters. Three Rivers Edition. Little Rock, AR. Created on 07/23/2017. Accessed on 07/24/2017.
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2021. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 11/23/2021.
31653 Journal Article Van Cleave, H.J. 1936. Fresh-water jellyfish in Illinois. Science 83(2158):433.
30026 Journal Article Walley, H.D. 1972. The fresh-water jellyfish, Craspedacusta sowerbyi in Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 65:80-81.
27924 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR). 2017. Lakes and rivers with invasives species. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. Accessed on 12/04/2017.
17929 Database Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources. 2008. Aquatic Invasive Species Lists and Maps. Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources.
19334 Database Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources. 2010. Aquatic Invasives Data and Maps. Wisconsin Dept of Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2023]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [9/22/2023].

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