Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Pistia stratiotes listed in key words.

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REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
29761 Database 2005. Global Invasive Species Database: Pistia stratiotes. The World Conservation Union (IUCN). Accessed on 08/20/2014.
29762 Report 2013. Prohibited Species in the Great Lakes Region. Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species.;jsessionid=C54210BC2F921B7F141EE55707B81327?doi=
29773 Report 2013. Michigan’s Aquatic Invasive Species State Management Plan 2013 Update: Prevention, Detection, and Management in Michigan Waters. Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Lansing, MI.
29283 Database Ackerman, J. (director). 2013. University of Puerto Rico Herbarium (UPRRP). University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR.
17448 Report Adam, M., C.L. Brant, M. Colwell, J. Marencik, and M. Pfister. 2004. 2003 Summary report of Flint Lake - Lake County, Illinois. Lake Co Health Department Environmenal Health Services Lakes Management Unit, Waukegan, IL.
17449 Report Adam, M.D., M.C. Colwell, J. Marencik, and M.A. Pfister. 2001. 2000 Summary report of Grandwood Park Lake - Lake County, Illinois. Lake Co Health Department Environmenal Health Services Lakes Management Unit, Waukegan, IL.
28664 Journal Article Adebayo, A.A., E. Briski, O. Kalaci, M. Hernandez, S. Ghabooli, B. Beric, F.T. Chan, A. Zhan, E. Fifield, T. Leadley, and H.J. MacIsaac. 2011. Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes) in the Great Lakes: playing with fire? Aquatic Invasions 6(1):91-96.
29432 Journal Article Alam, S.K., L.A. Ager, T.M. Rosegger, and T.R. Lange. 1996. The Effects of Mechanical Harvesting of Floating Plant Tussock Communities on Water Quality in Lake Istokpoga, Florida. Lake and Reservoir Management 12(4):455-461.
16045 Database Alexander, J., S. Markos, J. Yost, R.L. Moe, E. Dean, and M. Nazaire. 2016. Consortium of California Herbaria (CCH). Regents of the University of California.
29731 Journal Article Aliotta, G., P. Monaco, G. Pinto, A. Pollio, and L. Previtera. 1991. Potential allelochemicals fromPistia stratiotes L.>. Journal of Chemical Ecology 17(11):2223-2234.
29659 Report Aquatic Nuisance Species Program. 2017. Draft 2017 Annual South Carolina Aquatic Plant Management Plan - Part II. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Columbia, SC.
10283 Report Aquatic Resources Education Center. 1995. List of Aquatic Plants found in Delaware Ponds 1973-1995. Division of Fish and Wildlife, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, Smyrna, DE.
29732 Journal Article Attionu, R.H. 1976. Some effects of waters lettuce (Pistia stratiotes, L.) on its habitat. Hydrobiologia 50(3):245-254.
10240 Book Aurand, D. 1982. Nuisance Aquatic Plants and Aquatic Plant Management Programs in the United States. Volume 2, Southeast. The MITRE Corporation, McLean, VA.
10217 Journal Article Austin, D.F. 1978. Exotic plants and their effects in Southeastern Florida. Environmental Conservation 5(1):25-34.
28987 Book Axelrod, F.S. 2011. A systematic vademecum to the vascular plants of Puerto Rico. Botanical Research Institute of Texas, Ft. Worth, TX.
19333 Report Balgie, S., W. Crowell, S. Enger, D. Hoverson, J. Hunt, G. Montz, A. Pierce, J. Rendall, R. Rezanka, L. Skinner D. Swanson, C. Welling, and H. Wolf. 2010. Invasive species of aquatic plants and wild animals in Minnesota: annual report for 2009. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, MN.
33791 Journal Article Banerjee, A., and S. Matai. 1990. Composition of Indian aquatic plants in relation to utilization as animal forage. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 28:69-73.
29521 Database Barnett, J. 2016. Arkansas ANS Database (unpublished data). Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, Benton, AR. Accessed on 10/10/2016.
10197 Book Bartram, J., and F. Harper. 1942. Diary of a journey through the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida from July 1, 1765, to April 10, 1766. Volume 33 part 1. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA.
28661 Book Bartram, W., and F. Harper. 1943. Travels in Georgia, and Florida, 1773-74. A report to Dr. John Fothergill. Volume 33 part 2. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA.
30967 Journal Article Battauz, Y. S., de Paggi, S. B. J., and J. C. Paggi. 2017. Macrophytes as dispersal vectors of zooplankton resting stages in a subtropical riverine floodplain. Aquatic Ecology 51(2):191-201.
31604 Report Binion, G. 2016. H-4 (Gonzales) Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Mathis, TX.
32017 Report Binion, G. 2016. Lake Wood 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Mathis, TX.
31577 Report Binion, G., and J. Findeisen. 2015. Lake Corpus Christi 2014 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Mathis, TX.
13286 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
25610 Database Calflora. 2021. The Calflora Database: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
17141 Database Calflora. 2007. Information on California plants for education, research and conservation.
28723 Web Page Caven, S., and K. Niemec. 2015. Distribution Map of the 2015 Brice Prairie Water Lettuce Infestation. Created on 10/09/2015. Accessed on 05/19/2016.
33811 Web Page Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, University of Florida, IFAS. 2001. Pistia stratiotes. Accessed on 10/20/2019.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
15991 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
29733 Journal Article Cilliers, C.J. 1991. Biological control of water lettuce, Pistia stratiotes (Araceae), in South Africa. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 37(1):225-229.
28165 Database Clark, J.L. (curator), J. Lopez-Bautista (curator), S. Ginzbarg, R.R. Haynes, and B. Keener. 2009. University of Alabama Herbarium (UNA). University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL.
29734 Journal Article Cochran, P.A., S. Pociask, H. Warthesen, and N. Proulx. 2006. Noteworthy collection–Minnesota. The Michigan Botanist 45(4):210-213.;idno=0497763.0045.405.
10269 Journal Article Conner, W., C. Sasser, and N. Barker. 1986. Floristics of the Barataria Basin Wetlands, Louisiana. Castanea 51(2):111-128.
17940 News Conover, M. 2007. The Quarterly Newsletter. Long Island Botanical Society. Aquebogue, NY. 2007 (Winter):8 pp. Accessed on 07/01/2008.
19094 Report Cox, M.C., J.D. Madsen, and R.M. Wersal. 2010. Aquatic plant community assessment within the littoral zone of the Ross Barnett Reservoir, MS in 2009: A five year evaluation. Geosystems Research Institute.
29254 Database Damrel, D. (curator). 2011. Clemson University Herbarium (CLEMS). Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
28850 Database Davenport, L.J. (curator). 2016. Samford University Herbarium (SAMF). Samford University, Birmingham, AL.
28815 Journal Article Day, M.D., and R.L. Winston. 2016. Biological control of weeds in the 22 Pacific island countries and territories: current status and future prospects. NeoBiota 30:167-192.
29735 Web Page de la Cruz, A. 2014. Va CNA contra la plaga del ‘repollito’. Accessed on 08/22/2014.
28800 Journal Article Demetillo, M.T., and O.S. Anies. 2016. Phenotypic plasticity of Pistia stratiotes (Fam. Araceae) in estuarine and freshwater environments. International Journal of Advances in Chemical Engineering and Biological Sciences 3(1):125-128.
10752 Book Diggs, G.M., Jr., B.L. Lipscomb, and R.J. O'Kennon. 1999. Shinners and Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas. Botanical Research Institute of Texas (BRIT), Fort Worth, Texas.
29790 Journal Article Diop, O., and M.P. Hill. 2009. Quantitative post-release evaluation of biological control of Pistia stratiotes Linnaeus (Araceae) by the weevil Neohydronomus affinis Hustache (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Senegal. African Journal of Aquatic Science 34(1):35-44.
28659 Journal Article Dray, Jr., F.A., and T.D. Center. 1989. Waterlettuce seeds in the U.S. Aquatics 11(4):18-21.
28660 Journal Article Dray, Jr., F.A., and T.D. Center. 1989. Seed production by Pistia stratiotes L. (water lettuce) in the United States. Aquatic Botany 33(1-2):155-160.
28662 Report Dray, Jr., F.A., and T.D. Center. 1992. Biological control of Pistia stratiotes L. (waterlettuce) using Neohydronomus affinis Hustache (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Technical Report A-92-1, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
28665 Book Chapter Dray, Jr., F.A., and T.D. Center. 2002. Waterlettuce. Pages 65-78 in Van Driesche, R., B. Blossey, M. Hoddle, S. Lyon, and R. Reardon, eds. Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States, USDA Forest Service Publication FHTET-2002-04. USDA Forest Service. Morgantown, WV.
31833 Report Driscoll, T., and D. Ashe. 2017. Lake Livingston 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Brookeland, Texas.
10338 Book Duncan, W.H., and J.T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular Flora of Georgia: An Annotated Checklist. The University of Georgia Press, Athens, GA.
29758 Web Page Dupre, S. 2011. An assessment of early detection monitoring and risk assessments for aquatic invasive species in the Great Lakes- St.Lawrence Basin. Accessed on 08/20/2014.
29791 Journal Article Dyble, J., G.L. Fahnenstiel, R.W. Litaker, D.F. Millie, P.A. Tester. 2009. Microcystin Concentrations and Genetic Diversity of Microcystis in the Lower Great Lakes. Environmental Toxicology 24(3):296-303.
29608 Book Eggers, H.F.A. 1879. Flora of St. Croix and the Virgin Islands, West Indies. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
28270 Journal Article Evans, J.M. 2013. Pistia stratiotes L. in the Florida Peninsula: biogeographic evidence and conservation implications of native tenure for an ‘invasive’ aquatic plant. Conservation and Society 11(3):233-246.
29760 Report Falck, M., S. Garske, and D. Olson. 2010. Invasives Species Program 2009. Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission, Odanah, WI.
28791 Database Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Invasive Plant Management Section. 2017. Annual aquatic plant survey 1982-2017. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, FL.
17110 Journal Article Freeman, C.C. 2000. Vascular plants new to three states in the central United States. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 103(1/2):51-54.
10674 Database Godwin, W. (collections). 2016. S.R. Warner Herbarium (SHST). Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX.
10125 Report Grodowitz, M.J., W. Johnson, and L.D. Nelson. 1992. Status of biological control of water lettuce in Louisiana and Texas using insects. Miscellaneous paper A-92-3. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
29763 Journal Article Hall, J.B., and D.U.U. Okali. 1974. Phenology and Productivity of Pistia stratiotes L. on the Volta Lake, Ghana. Journal of Applied Ecology 11(2):709-725.
15960 Journal Article Haller, W.T, D.L. Sutton, W.C. Barlowe,. 1974. Effects of salinity on growth of several aquatic macrophytes. Ecology 55(4):891-894.
29520 Database Hansen, C.J. (curator), and L. Goertzen (director). 2016. John D. Freeman Herbarium (AUA). Auburn University Museum of Natural History, Auburn, AL.
29764 Journal Article Harley, K.L.S. 1990. Production of viable seeds by water lettuce, Pistia stratiotes L., in Australia. Aquatic Botany 36(3):277-279.
29765 Journal Article Harley, K.L.S., R.C. Kassulke, D.P.A. Sands, and M.D. Day. 1990. Biological control of water lettuce, Pistia stratiotes [Araceae] by Neohydronomus affinis [Coleoptera: Curculionidae]. Entomophaga 35(3):363-374.
10454 News Hartmann, L.H. 1994. Prohibited plants on increase in Southeast Texas. Texas Aquatic Plant Management Society, Inc.
10233 Report Helton, R.J., and L.H. Hartmann. 1996. Statewide Aquatic Vegetation Survey Summary, 1995 Report. Inland Fisheries Division, District 3-E, Jasper, Texas.
29766 Book Holm, L.G. 1991. The world's worst weeds: distribution and biology. Krieger Publishing Company.
10766 Database Hong-Wa, C. (curator). 2015. Claude E. Phillips Herbarium (DOV). Delaware State University, Dover, DE.
29767 Journal Article Howard, G.W., and K.L.S. Harley. 1997. How do floating aquatic weeds affect wetland conservation and development? How can these effects be minimised? Wetlands Ecology and Management 5(3):215-225.
29768 Journal Article Hussner, A., P. Heidbuechel, and S. Heiligtag. 2014. Vegetative overwintering and viable seed production explain the establishment of invasive Pistia stratiotes in the thermally abnormal Erft River (North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany). Aquatic Botany 119:28-32.
27462 Database iMapInvasives. 2018. Pennsylvania iMapInvasives. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program, Pittsburgh, PA. Accessed on 12/15/2016.
29255 Database Isaac, B. (collections). 2016. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Herbarium (CM). Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA.
29769 Book Kasselmann, C. 1995. Aquarienpflanzen. Stuttgart:Ulmer.
27722 Database Keener, B.R., A.R. Diamond, L.J. Davenport, P.G. Davison, S.L. Ginzbarg, C.J. Hansen, C.S. Major, D.D. Spaulding, J.K. Triplett, and M. Woods. 2017. Alabama Plant Atlas. [S.M. Landry and K.N. Campbell (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research. University of South Florida]. University of West Alabama, Livingston, AL.
33795 Journal Article Khan, M.A., K.B. Marwat, B. Gul, F. Wahid, H. Khan, and S.Hashim. 2014. Pistia Stratiotes L. (Araceae): Phytochemistry, Use In Medicines, Phytoremediation, Biogas And Management Options. Pakistan Journal of Botany 46(3):851-860.
33801 Book Kirtikar, K.K., and B.D. Basu. 1918. Sudhindra Nath Basu, Pâninî office, Bahadurganj, India.
33805 Journal Article Klumpp, A., K. Bauer, C. Franz-Gerstein, and M. de Menezes. 2002. Variation of nutrient and metal concentrations in aquatic macrophytes along the Rio Cachoeira in Bahia (Brazil). Environment International 28(3):165-171.
29549 Database Knox, E. (director). 2017. Deam Herbarium (IND). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.
29607 Database Kolterman, D. 2010. University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez Campus Herbarium (MAPR). University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez Campus, Mayagüez, PR.
29770 Report Labrada, R., and I. Fornasari. 2002. Management of Problematic Aquatic Weeds in Africa: FAO Efforts and Achievements During the Period 1991-2001. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
10648 Book Langeland, K.A., and K.C. Burks (eds.). 1998. Identification and biology of non-native plants found in Florida's natural areas. 1st edition. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
10489 Journal Article Lemke, D.E. 1989. Aquatic macrophytes of the Upper San Marcos River, Hays Co., Texas. Southwestern Naturalist 34(2):289-291.
29771 Journal Article Lounibos, L.P., and L.B. Dewald. 1989. Oviposition site selection by Mansonia mosquitoes on water lettuce. Ecological Entomology 14(4):413-422.
28663 Journal Article Lounibos, L.P., and R.L. Escher. 1985. Mosquitoes associated with water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes) in southeastern Florida. The Florida Entomologist 68(1):169-178.
29772 Journal Article Lu, Q., Z.L. He, D.A. Graetz, P.J. Stoffella, and X. Yang. 2010. Phytoremediation to remove nutrients and improve eutrophic stormwaters using water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes L.). Environmental Science and Pollution Research 17(1):84-96.
10123 Report Lynch, J.J., J.E. King, T.K. Chamberlain, and A.L. Smith, Jr. 1950. Effects of aquatic weed infestations on the fish and wildlife of the Gulf states. US Dept of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service Special Scientific Report No 39.
29516 Journal Article MacIsaac, H.J., A.P. Eyraud, B. Beric, and S. Ghabooli. 2016. Can tropical macrophytes establish in the Laurentian Great Lakes? Hydrobiologia 767:165-174.
37279 Journal Article Madhumita D., P. S. Bramhanand and K. Laxminarayana. 2021. Performance and efficiency services for the removal of hexavalent chromium from water by common macrophytes. International Journal of Phytoremediation 23(10):1095-1103.
19426 Database Madsen, J.D. 2010. Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth. Geosystems Research Institute, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS.
28384 Report Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 2016. Maryland Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD.
10733 Database McCook, L. (curator). 2014. Thomas M. Pullen Herbarium (MISS). University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS.
10238 Database Mehrhoff, L. 1996. Hawaiian flowering plants checklist. The State Museum of Natural and Cultural History, Honolulu, HI. http://wwwbishophawaiiorg. Created on 03/12/1996.
29875 Journal Article Meza-Lopez, M.M., and E. Siemann. 2017. Nutrient enrichment increases plant biomass and exotic plant proportional cover independent of warming in freshwater wetland communities. Plant Ecology(In Press).
27950 Database Michigan State University Board of Trustees. 2019. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN). Michigan State University. Department of Entomology - Applied Spatial Ecology and Technical Services Laboratory, East Lansing, MI.
33792 Journal Article Milne, J., P. Lang, and K. Murphy. 2007. Competitive interactions between Salvinia auriculata Aubl., Limnobium laevigatum (Humb. and Bonpl. ex Willd.) Heine, and other free-fl oating aquatic macrophytes under varying nutrient availability. Fundamental and Applied Limnology/Archiv für Hydrobiologie 169(2):169-176.
33793 Thesis or Dissertation Milne, J.M. 2004. Plant community ecology of a major subtropical riverine floodplain. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland.
29774 Journal Article Mishima, D., M. Kuniki, K. Sei, S. Soda, M. Ike, and M. Fujita. 2008. Ethanol production from candidate energy crops: Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes L.). Bioresource Technology 99(7):2495-2500.
30416 Journal Article Mudge, C.R., and B.T. Sartain. 2017. Evaluation of a new SC formulation of flumioxazin for control of hydrilla and water lettuce. Aquatics 39(2):5-7.
17447 News Mueller, G. 2008. New plant a danger to fishing, boating. The Washington Times, Washington, DC . 2008 (March 12). (accessed on 14 March 2008).
28478 Database Nelson, J. (curator). 2015. Andrew Charles Moore Herbarium (USCH). University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.
10543 Journal Article Nelson, J.B. 1993. Noteworthy collections. Castanea 58(1):59-63.
28831 Database New Jersey Invasive Species Strike Team. 2018. Interactive map. Friends of Hopewell Valley Open Space, Pennington, NJ. Accessed on 01/30/2019.
33803 Journal Article Odjegba, V.J., and I.O. Fasidi. 2004. Accumulation of trace elements by pistia stratiotes: implications for phytoremediation. Ecotoxicology 13(7):637-646.
27954 News Parker, K. 2015. FWC to conduct aquatic weed control on Lake Rousseau. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Tallahassee, FL. Created on 09/04/2015. Accessed on 09/09/2015.
29775 Book Parsons, W.T., and E.G. Cuthbertson. 2001. Noxious Weeds of Australia. Second edition. Csiro Publishing.
29776 Journal Article Philip, C.B. 1930. The experimental transmission of yellow fever by mosquitoes. Science (Washington) 71(1850):614-615.
29777 Journal Article Pieterse, A.H., L. De Lange, and L. Verhagen. 1981. A study on certain aspects of seed germination and growth of Pistia stratiotes L. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 30(1/2):47-57.
10703 Journal Article Poppleton, J.E., A.G. Shuey, and H.C. Sweet. 1977. Vegetation of central Florida's east coast; a checklist of the vascular plants. Florida Scientist 40(4):362-389.
28644 Database Potter, D. (director), and E. Dean (curator). 2016. U.C. Davis Center for Plant Diversity (DAV). University of California, Davis, CA.
29778 Web Page Ramey, V. 2001. Pistia stratiotes - Non-native invasive aquatic plants in the United States. Accessed on 12/07/2007.
10714 Database Regents of the University of California. 2015. Jepsen online interchange for California floristics. University and Jepson Herbaria, University of California, Berkeley.
29779 Journal Article Rejmankova, E., H.M. Savage, M. Rejmanek, J.I. Arrendondo-Jimenez, and D.R. Roberts. 1991. Multivariate Analysis of Relationships Between Habitats, Environmental Factors and Occurrence of Anopheline Mosquito Larvae Anopheles albimanus and A. pseudopunctipennis in Southern Chiapas, Mexico. Journal of Applied Ecology 28(3):827-841.
29780 Web Page Rivers, L. 2002. Water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes). Accessed on 12/04/2007.
27970 News Roe, G. 2015. New invasive species found in La Crosse pond. News 19 La Crosse, WI. Created on 09/14/2015. Accessed on 09/15/2015.
29781 Journal Article Šajna, N., M. Haler, S. Škornik, and M. Kaligariç. 2007. Survival and expansion of Pistia stratiotes L. in a thermal stream in Slovenia. Aquatic Botany 87(1):75-79.
29284 Database Santiago-Valentín, E. (director). 2012. Botanical Garden of the University of Puerto Rico Herbarium (UPR). Botanical Garden of the University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR.
28961 Report Schardt, J.D. 1992. 1991 Florida aquatic plant survey report. Florida Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management, Tallahassee, FL.
28962 Report Schardt, J.D. 1993. 1992 Florida aquatic plant survey report. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management, Tallahassee, FL.
5104 Report Schardt, J.D., and D.C. Schmitz. 1991. 1990 Florida aquatic plant survey report. Florida Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management, Tallahassee, FL.
28963 Report Schardt, J.D., and J.A. Ludlow. 1994. 1993 Florida aquatic plant survey report. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management, Tallahassee, FL.
28331 Database SEINet Portal Network. 2021. Southwest Environmental Information Network. Symbiota Software Project, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
29782 Journal Article Sharma, B.M. 1984. Ecophysiological studies on water lettuce in a polluted lake. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 22:17-21.
17328 Report Shluker, A.D. 2003. State of Hawai‘i Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS) Management Plan. State of Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Aquatic Resources and The Nature Conservancy of Hawai'i. (accessed 14 February 2008).
10353 Journal Article Smith, L. 1978. Development of the emergent vegetation in a tropical marsh (Kawainui, I'ohu). Newsletter of the Hawaiian Botanical Society 17(1/2):2-27.
29783 Journal Article Smith, L.L. 1978. Development of the emergent vegetation in a tropical marsh (Kawainui, I'ohu). Newsletter of the Hawaiian Botanical Society 17(3/4):2-27.
16075 Database Smithsonian Institution. 2019. United States National Herbarium (US). Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
28166 Database Solomon, J. (curator). 2015. Missouri Botanical Garden Herbarium (MO). Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO.
29793 Journal Article Somdee, T., B. Thathong, and A. Somdee. 2016. The Removal of Cyanobacterial Hepatotoxin [Dha7] Microcystin-LR via bioaccumulation in water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes L.). Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 96(3):388-394.
16459 Report South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. 2007. South Carolina Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Columbia, SC.
16137 Report South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. 2007. South Carolina Aquatic Plant Management Plan. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Columbia, SC.
28845 Database Spaulding, D.D. 2016. Anniston Museum of Natural History Herbarium (AMAL). Anniston Museum of Natural History, Anniston, AL.
29784 News Spear, K. 2014. Water lettuce: Florida villain or native? Orlando Sentinel. Created on 05/24/2014. Accessed on 08/22/2014.
29785 Journal Article Sridhar, M.K.C., and B.M. Sharma. 1980. Pistia stratiotes L. in Nigerian waters. Experientia 36(8):953-955.
5181 Journal Article Stoddard, III., A.A. 1989. The phytogeography and paleofloitics of Pistia stratiotes L. Aquatics 11(3):21-24.
28666 News Stuckey, R.L., and D.H. Les. 1984. Pistia stratiotes (water lettuce) recorded from Florida in Bartrams' travels, 1765-74. Aquaphyte. Gainesville, FL. 4 (2):6.
28569 Database Sullivan, H. (botanist). 2012. Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Herbarium (MMNS). Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Jackson, MS.
16019 Web Page Texas A&M University Bioinformatics Working Group. 2007. Digital Flora of Texas Herbarium Specimen Browser - Version II. Accessed on 03/06/2007.
27701 Database Texas Invasive Plant and Pest Council. 2018. Texas Invasives Database. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, Austin, TX. Accessed on 08/16/2018.
30788 Web Page Texas Parks & Wildlife Department. 2018. Lake Survey Reports. Accessed on 11/30/2018.
28178 Database The New York Botanical Garden. 2018. William and Lynda Steere Herbarium (NY). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 04/30/2021.
10497 Book Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the Vascular Flora of Louisiana. Vol I: Ferns and Fern Allies, Conifers, and Monocotyledons. Volume 1. Moran Colorgraphic Printing, Baton Rouge, LA.
29786 Database Thompson, S.A. 2007. Flora of North America: Araceae. eFloras.
28995 Journal Article Toth, L.A. 2016. Variant restoration trajectories for wetland plant communities on a channelized floodplain. Restoration Ecology 25(3):342-353.
33797 Journal Article Tulika, T., and A. Mala. 2015. Pharmaceutical potential of aquatic plant pistia stratiotes (L.) and eichhornia crassipes. Journal of Plant Sciences 3(1-1):10-18.
30128 Report Turnage, G., and J.D. Madsen. 2015. Aquatic Plant Community Assessment of the Ross Barnett Reservoir, MS in 2014. Mississippi State University: Geosystems Research Insitute, Mississippi State, MS.
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2021. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 11/23/2021.
17241 Database United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2008. PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center.
29787 Journal Article Upadhyay, R.K., and S.K. Panda. 2005. Salt tolerance of two aquatic macrophytes, Pistia stratiotes and Salvinia molesta. Biologia Plantarum 49(1):157-159.
28824 Report Urbatsch, L.E., D.M. Ferguson, and S.M. Gunn-Zumo. 2009. Vascular plant inventories of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Barataria Preserve and Chalmette Battlefield. National Park Service, Lafayette, LA.
10002 Database USDA, NRCS. 1997. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70874-4490.
13581 Journal Article Valentine, J.M. 1976. Plant succession after saw-grass mortality in southwestern Louisiana. Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference. SE Assoc. Fish and Wildlife Agencies, 24-27 October 1976, Jackson, MS:634-640.
28606 Report Van Driesche, R., B. Blossey, M. Hoddle, S. Lyon, and R. Reardon. 2002. Biological control of invasive plants in the eastern United States. US Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV.
29788 Journal Article Venema, P. 2001. Fast spread of water lettuce Pistia stratiotes L. around Meppel. Gorteria 27:133-135.
17319 Database Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, and D.H. Lorence. 2005. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands website. Smithsonian Institution & National Tropical Botanical Garden. (13 February 2008).
31684 Report Webb, M.A., A. Best. 2015. Lake Houston 2014 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Snook, Texas.
29789 Journal Article Wheeler, G.S., T.K. Van, and T.D. Center. 1998. Herbivore adaptations to a low-nutrient food: weed biological control specialist Spodoptera pectinicornis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) fed the floating aquatic plant Pistia stratiotes. Environmental Entomology 27(3):993-1000.
10758 Journal Article Wilcox, D.A., and T.H. Whillans. 1999. Techniques for restoration of disturbed coastal wetlands of the Great Lakes. Wetlands 19(4):835-857.
27923 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR). 2016. Aquatic invasive species by waterbody. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. Accessed on 10/17/2016.
27924 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR). 2017. Lakes and rivers with invasives species. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. Accessed on 12/04/2017.
19334 Database Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources. 2010. Aquatic Invasives Data and Maps. Wisconsin Dept of Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.
28669 Journal Article Woods, M., and A.R. Diamond, Jr. 2006. Noteworthy collections. Castanea 71(3):251-253.
10225 Web Page Wunderlin, R.P., B.F. Hansen, and E.L. Bridges. 1995. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants.
34909 News WXYZ Detroit. 2020. Invasive aquatic species discovered in Macomb County. Scripps Media, Inc. Created on 10/26/2020. Accessed on 10/27/2020.
33806 Journal Article Zimmels, Y., F. Kirzhner, and A. Malkovskaja. 2006. Application of Eichhornia crassipes and Pistia stratiotes for treatment of urban sewage in Israel. Journal of Environmental Management 81(4):420-428.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2021]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [12/6/2021].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.