Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Hypophthalmichthys molitrix listed in key words.

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REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
14982 Journal Article Abdusamadov, A.S. 1986. Biology of white amur, Ctenopharyngodon idella, silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, and bighead, Aristichthys nobilis, acclimatized in the Terek region of the Caspian Basin. Journal of Ichthyology 26(4):41-49.
14987 Journal Article Aliev, D.S. 1965. Reproduction of the grass carp and the silver carp and the bighead introduced in to the Amudarya Basin. Voprosy Iktiologii 5(4):593-599.
14990 Journal Article Alikunhi, K.H., and K.K. Sukumaran, et al. 1963. Induced spawning of the Chinese carps Ctenopharnygodon idellus (C. & V.) and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (C. &V.) in ponds a Cuttack, India.
33530 Journal Article Alsip, P.J, H. Zhang, M.D. Rowe, D.M. Mason, E.S. Rutherford, C.M. Riseng, and Z. Su. 2019. Lake Michigan's suitability for bigheaded carp: The importance of diet flexibility and subsurface habitat. Freshwater Biology 64:1921-1939.
33212 Journal Article Altenritter, M.E., S.M. Pescitelli, A.L. Whitten, and A.F. Casper. 2019. Implications of an invasive fish barrier for the long‐term recovery of native fish assemblages in a previously degraded northeastern Illinois River system. River Research and Applications online first:1-9. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/rra.3457.
27325 Journal Article Amberg, J.J., S.G. McCalla, E. Monroe, R. Lance, K. Baerwaldt, M.P. Gaikowski. 2015. Improving efficiency and reliability of environmental DNA analysis for silver carp. Journal of Great Lakes Research 41(2):367-373. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S038013301500057X.
25893 Report Amberg, J.J., S.G. McCalla, L. Miller, P. Sorensen, and M.P. Gaikowski. 2013. Detection of environmental DNA of bigheaded carps in samples collected from selected locations in the St. Croix River and in the Mississippi River. Open-File Report 2013-1080. U.S. Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA. http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr20131080.
13989 Web Page Anonymous. 2003. West Fork of the White River yields exotic fish entry. http://www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/recordfish/recordfish_list.htm.
13718 Web Page Anonymous. 2004. Carp Record Fish. http://www.hotspotfishing.com/records/fish-records-carp.asp. Accessed on 02/11/2004.
18239 Database Anonymous. 2008. LTRMP Bighead and silver carp dataset. 1992-2007. US Geological Survey, UMESC.
24139 Web Page Anonymous. 2011. Invasive carp species found in Clay County Lake.
24698 News Anonymous. 2012. Flying carp found in Winona. CBS Minnesota. http://minnesota.cbslocal.com/2012/03/02/flying-carp-found-in-winona-gov-dayton-calls-for-quick-response/. Created on 03/02/2012. Accessed on 06/18/2012.
24801 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
29521 Database Barnett, J. 2016. Arkansas ANS Database (unpublished data). Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, Benton, AR. Accessed on 10/10/2016.
32005 Database Barnett, J. 2018. Arkansas ANS Data for 2017. Arkansas Game and Fish Commission. Created on 09/05/2018. Accessed on 09/05/2018.
32270 Database Belcik, J.T. 2018. Nonindigenous Fishes in the Upper Illinois River Basin Waterways (2013-2018). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Chicago, IL. Created on 11/20/2018.
15024 Journal Article Bezrukov, V.F., and G.D. Berdyshev. 1983. Variability in the muscle proteins of white amur, Ctenopharyngodon idella, silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, and bighead, Aristichthys nobilis (Cyprinidae). Journal of Ichthyology 23(3):134-139.
15034 Book Chapter Bolu, Y., Z. Liang, Z. Yu, R. Lin, and M. He. 2006. A study of the early development of grass carp, black carp, silver carp, and bighead carp in the Yangtze River, China in Chapman, D.C, ed. Early development of four cyprinids native to Yangtze River, China. U.S. Geological Survey. Reston, VA.
34816 Journal Article Bouska, K. 2020. Regime change in a large-floodplain river ecosystem: patterns in body-size and functional biomass indicate a shift in fish communities. Biological Invasions 22:3389. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-020-02330-5.
20824 News Brown, S. 2011. Invasive and hazardous fish in Lake Pontchartrain. Louisiana Media Company, LLC. http://www.fox8live.com/news/local/story/Invasive-and-hazardous-fish-in-Lake-Pontchartrain/tHgf0u2bYU26PrkJi-cCzA.cspx.
25728 News Bruggers, J. 2013. Cash awards for first Asian carp tourney. Couriour Journal. February 14.
82 Book Burr, B.M., and M.L. Warren, Jr. 1986. A distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Scientific and Technical Series No. 4. Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, KY.
1358 Journal Article Burr, B.M., D.J. Eisenhour, K.M. Cook, C.A. Taylor, G.L. Seegert, R.W. Sauer, and E.R. Atwood. 1996. Nonnative fishes in Illinois waters: what do the records reveal? Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 89(1/2):73-91.
26104 Journal Article Calkins, H.A., S.J. Tripp, and J.E. Garvey. 2012. Linking silver carp habitat selection to flow and phytoplankton in the Mississippi River. Biological Invasions 14:949-958. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10530-011-0128-2.
29302 Database Camacho, C. 2017. Asian Carp egg and larval presence in the Mississippi Basin, 2014-2015. Iowa Dept. of Natural Resources. Created on 01/10/2017.
26735 Report Camacho, C.A., M.J. Weber, and C.L. Pierce. 2014. Distribution and population dynamics of Asian carp in Iowas rivers. Annual Progress Report to: Iowa Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Bureau. Department of Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Iowa State University.
20964 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
468 Report Carp Task Force. 1989. Report to the Louisiana Legislature, March, 1989. US Fish and Wildlife Service.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. https://www.eddmaps.org/tools/query/. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
35302 Journal Article Chapman, D.C., A.J. Benson, H.S. Embke, N.R. King, P.M. Kocovsky, T.D. Lewis, and N.E. Mandrak. 2021. Status of the major aquaculture carps of China in the Laurentian Great Lakes Basin. Journal of Great Lakes Research 47(1):3-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2020.07.018.
21015 Report Chapman, D.C., and A.E. George. 2011. Developmental rate and behavior of early life stages of bighead carp and silver carp. http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2011/5076/.
25814 Database Chapman, Duane. 2004. Carp in MO river tributaries. USGS, Columbia, MO. Created on 03/18/2013. Accessed on 12/01/2004.
32167 Web Page Chen, E. 2018. St. Louis County and wildlife biologists launch assault on Asian Carp> >. http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/st-louis-county-and-wildlife-biologists-launch-assault-asian-carp#stream/0. Created on 01/15/2018. Accessed on 10/10/2018.
15066 Journal Article Chen, N.-S., and C.-F. Shih. 1955. Oxygen consumption of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis. Acta Zoologica Sinica 7(1):42-57.
15070 Journal Article Chervinski, J. 1977. Note on the adaptability of silver carp -- Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.) -- and grass carp -- Ctenopharyngodon idella (Val.) -- to various salinities. Aquaculture 11:179-182.
15074 Journal Article Ciborowska, J. 1971. The food of phytophagus fish (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val., Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val., Aristichthys nobilis Rich.) reared with common carp in fry ponds. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych 94(2):41-59.
30220 Journal Article Cooke, S.L., and W.R. Hill. 2010. Can filter-feeding Asian carp invade the Laurentian Great Lakes? A bioenergetic modelling exercise. Freshwater Biology 55(10):2138-2152. http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2010.02474.x.
1352 Journal Article Costa-Pierce, B.A. 1992. Review of the spawning requirements and feeding ecology of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and reevaluation of its use in fisheries and aquaculture. Reviews in Aquatic Sciences 6(3,4):257-273.
29045 Journal Article Coulter, A.A., E.J. Bailey, D. Keller, and R.R. Goforth. 2016. Invasive Silver Carp movement patterns in the predominantly free-flowing Wabash River (Indiana, USA). Biological Invasions 18:471-485. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10530-015-1020-2.
10 Book Chapter Courtenay, W.R., Jr., D.A. Hensley, J.N. Taylor, and J.A. McCann. 1984. Distribution of exotic fishes in the continental United States. Pages 41-77 in Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.R. Stauffer, Jr, eds. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD.
459 Book Chapter Courtenay, W.R., Jr., D.P. Jennings, and J.D. Williams. 1991. Appendix 2: Exotic fishes. Pages 97-107 in Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott, eds. Common names and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. 5th edition. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD.
15093 Journal Article Csaba, G., M. Prigli, et al. 1984. Septicaemia in silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val. ) and bighead carp ( Aristichthys nobilis Rich.) caused by Pseudomonas fluorescens. Symposia Biologicia Hungarica 23:75-84.
15094 Journal Article Csengeri, I., T. Farkas, et al. 1978. Fatty acid composition of liver and muscle tissues of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, V.) and big head (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis, R.) in relation to diet. Aquacultura hungarica (Szarvas) 1:35-43.
26557 Journal Article Cuddington, K., Currie, W.J.S., and M.A. Koops. 2014. Could an Asian carp population establish in the Great Lakes from a small introduction? Biological Invasions 16(4):903-917.
1911 Book Chapter Davidson, J.R., J.A. Brock, and L.G.L. Young. 1992. Introduction of exotic species for aquaculture purposes. Pages Pages 83-101 in A. Rosenfield and R. Mann, eds. Disperal of Living Organisms into Aquatic Ecosystems. Maryland Sea Grant. College Park, MD.
32161 Journal Article Davis, J.J., J.Z. LeRoy, M.R. Shanks, P.R. Jackson, F.L. Engel, E.A. Murphy, C.L. Baxter, J.C. Trovillion, M.K. McInerney, and N.A. Barkowski. 2017. Effects of tow transit on the efficacy of the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal Electric Dispersal Barrier System. Journal of Great Lakes Research 43(6):1119-1131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2017.08.013.
31254 Journal Article DeBoer, J.A., A.M. Anderson, and A.F. Casper. 2018. Multi-trophic response to invasive silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in a large floodplain river. Freshwater Biology 2018:1-15.
33498 Journal Article Dennis, C.E., III, D. Zielinski, and P.W. Sorensen. 2019. A complex sound coupled with an air curtain blocks invasive carp passage without habituation in a laboratory flume. Biological Invasions 21(9):2837-2855. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-019-02017-6.
25797 Journal Article Deters, J.E., D.C. Chapman, and B. McElroy. 2013. Location and timing of Asian carp spawning in the lower Missouri River. Environmental Biology of Fishes 96(5):617-629. dx.doi.org/ 10.1007/s10641-012-0052-z.
20514 Journal Article Ekpo, I., and J. Bender. 1989. Digestibility of a commercial fish feed, wet algae, and dried algae by Tilapia nilotica and silver carp. Progressive Fish-Culturist 51(2):83-86.
1873 Book Chapter Erdman, D.S. 1984. Exotic fishes in Puerto Rico. Pages 162-176 in Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.R. Stauffer, Jr, eds. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD.
15113 Journal Article Fang, P.W. 1928. Notes on the gill-rakers and their related structures of Hypophthalmichthys nobilis and H molitirix. Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society 4(5):1-30.
20528 Journal Article Ferenczy, J., T. Szegletes, T. Bálint, M. Ábrahám, and J. Nemcsók. 1997. Characterization of acetylcholinesterase and its molecular forms in organs of five freshwater teleosts. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 16(6):515-529.
34270 Journal Article Ferincz, A., A. Staszny, A. Weiperth, P. Takas, B. Urbanyi, L. Vilizzi, G. Paulovitz, and G.H. Copp. 2016. Risk assessment of non-native fishes in 3 the catchment of the largest Central-European shallow lake (Lake Balaton, Hungary). Hydrobiologia 780:85-97.
25899 Database Florida Museum of Natural History. 2013. Florida Museum of Natural History ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://www.gbif.org/dataset/eccf4b09-f0c8-462d-a48c-41a7ce36815a. Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL. http://www.gbif.org/dataset/eccf4b09-f0c8-462d-a48c-41a7ce36815a. Accessed on 04/09/2013.
26079 Journal Article Fowler, A.J., D.M. Lodge, and J.F. Hsia. 2007. Failure of the Lacey Act to protect US ecosystems against animal invasions. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(7):353-359. http://www.fish.washington.edu/classes/fish423/papers/Fowler_etal_2007.pdf.
26102 Report Freedman, J.A., S.E. Butler, and D.H. Wahl. 2012. Impacts of invasive Asian carps on native food webs. Final Project Report. Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant, Kaskaskia Biological Station, Sullivan, IL.
13774 Journal Article Freeze, M., and S. Henderson. 1982. Distribution and status of the bighead carp and silver carp in Arkansas. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 2:197-200.
20553 Journal Article Fukushima, T., K. Matsushige, N. Takamura, and M. Fukushima. 2004. Metabolic quotient measured by free-water method in six enclosures with different silver carp densities. Hydrobiologia 511(1-3):201-213.
26212 Database GBIF. 2013. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. http://www.gbif.org/. Accessed on 05/01/2013.
30616 Journal Article Gibson-Reinemer, D.K., L.E. Solomon, R.M. Pendleton, J.H. Chick, and A.F. Casper. 2017. Hydrology controls recruitment of two invasive cyprinids: bigheaded carp reproduction in a navigable large river. PeerJ DOI 10.7717/peerj.3641.
29211 Database Gillespie, N. 2016. Summary of US Fish and Wildlife Service Bighead and Silver Carp collections in the Ohio River for 2016. US Fish and Wildlife Service. Created on 11/30/2016. Accessed on 11/30/2016.
25787 Journal Article Glucksman, J., G. West, and T.M. Berra. 1976. The introduced fishes of Papua New Guinea with special reference to Tilapia mossambica. Biological Conservation 9:37-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0006320776900720.
30221 Journal Article Gorgenyi, J., G. Boros, Z. Vital, A. Mozsar, G. Varbiro, G. Vasas, and G. Borics. 2016. The role of filter-feeding Asian carps in algal dispersion. Hydrobiologia 764:115-126. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-015-2285-2.
29241 Database Henderson, Kjetil. 2016. Asian carp in the Illinois River, 2015-2016. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wilmington, IL. Created on 12/12/2016.
20631 Journal Article Henebry, M.S., R.W. Gorden, and D.H. Buck. 1988. Bacterial populations in the gut of the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix). Progressive Fish-Culturist 50(2):86-92.
30885 Journal Article Hintz, W.D., D.C. Glover, B.C. Szynkowski, and J.E. Garvey. 2017. Spatiotemporal reproduction and larval habitat associations of nonnative silver carp and bighead carp. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 146(3):422-431.
24822 Report Hoover, J.J., W. Southern, A.W. Katzenmeyer, and N.M. Hahn. 2012. Swimming performance of bighead carp and silver carp: methodology, metrics, and management applications. ANSRP Technical Notes Collection. ERDC/TN ANSRP-12-3. U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS.
29088 Journal Article Hoover, J.J., Zielinski, D.P., and Sorensen, P.W. 2016. Swimming performance of adult bighead carp Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (Richardson, 1845) and silver carp H. molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844). Journal of Applied Ichthyology 32(5). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jai.13199/full.
18236 News Hubbuch, C. 2008. Leaping silver carp found in Mississippi near La Crosse. Wisconsin State Journal. 2008 (December 2). http://www.madison.com/wsj/home/local/316885.
20661 Journal Article Hwang, U., M. Han, I. Kim, Y. Lee, Y. Aoki, and J. Lee. 2002. Cloning and sequences of b-actin genes from Rhodeus notatus and the silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Cyprinidae) and the phylogeny of cyprinid fishes inferred from b-actin genes. DNA Sequence 13(3):153-159.
31489 Web Page Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 2016. Asian Carp eggs and larvae identified in the Upper Illinois Waterway during 2015. http://www.asiancarp.us/news/CarpEggs.htm. Created on 06/14/2018. Accessed on 06/14/2018.
31327 Database Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 2018. Illinois DNR Asian carp collections in Dresden and Rock Run pools, 2010 - March 2018. Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Plano, IL. Created on 04/17/2018.
14023 Database Illinois Natural History Survey. 2004. Illinois Natural History Survey Fish Collection Database Search Results. Illinois Natural History Survey.
29476 Database Indiana Department of Natural Resources. 2017. Asian Carp collections May - October 2016. Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Created on 02/13/2017.
27169 Web Page Invasive Species Centre. 2014. Asian Carp Canada Website. http://www.asiancarp.ca/SitePages/Default.aspx. Accessed on 01/07/2015.
13716 Web Page Iowa DNR. 2003. Non native fish species found in Iowa interior streams. http://www.iowadnr.com/news/io/03aug19io.pdf.
25849 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
14920 Report Irons, K.S., S.A. Delain, E. Gittinger, B.S. Ickes, C.S. Kolar, D. Ostendorf, E.N. Ratcliff, and A.J. Benson. 2009. Non-native fishes in the Upper Mississippi River System. US Geological Survey and US Army Corps of Engineers [Long Term Resources Monitoring Program (LTRMP)]. http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5176/pdf/sir2009-5176.pdf.
28070 Journal Article Jensen, N.R., J.J. Amberg, J.A. Luoma, L.R. Walleser, and M.P. Gaikowski. 2012. Assessing consumption of bioactive micro-particles by filter-feeding Asian carp. Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development 3(2):6 p.
19592 Journal Article Jerde, C.L., A.R. Mahon, W.L. Chadderton, and D.M. Lodge. 2011. "Sight-unseen" detection of rare aquatic species using environmental DNA. Conversation Letters 4:150-157. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00158.x/full.
19101 Journal Article Ke, Z., P. Xie, and L. Guo. 2008. Phenotypic plasiticity in gut length in the planktivorous filter-feeding silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix). TheScientificWorldJOURNAL 8:169-175.
503 Report Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. 1991. Federal Aid Report for the State of Kentucky.
28143 Database Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. 2015. Collection data of Asian Carp from Kentucky waters in 2015. Provided by Neal Jackson on 2015-09-16. Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, Murray, KY.
29475 Database Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. 2017. Asian Carp collections in October 2015 - December 2016. Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. Created on 02/13/2017.
26825 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
25943 Database Killgore, J. 2013. Young-of-the-year bighead and silver carp collections in the lower Mississippi River Valley, 1994-2010. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. Created on 04/10/2013.
23255 Journal Article Kim, B.H., M.K. Choi, and N. Takamura. 2003. Phytoplankton preferences of young silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, in hypereutrophic mesocosms during a warm season. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 18(1):69-77.
22820 Journal Article Kim, B.H., M.S. Han, and N. Takamura. 2003. Effects of fish introduction on the length of the tail of cryptomonads in mesocosm experiments. Oecologia 136(1):73-79.
15207 Journal Article Kirilenko, N.S. 1979. Digestion and assimilation of algar nutritives by silver carp - Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.) and bighead - Aristichthys nobilis (Rich.). Pacific Science Congress:43-44.
27204 Journal Article Klymus, K.E., C.A. Richter, D.C. Chapman, and C. Paukert. 2015. Quantification of eDNA shedding rates from invasive bighead carp Hypophthalmichthys nobilis and silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix. Biological Conservation 183:77-84 DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2014.11.020.
24151 Journal Article Kocovsky, P.M., D.C. Chapman, and J.E. McKenna. 2012. Thermal and hydrologic suitability of Lake Erie and its major tributaries for spawning of Asian carps. Journal of Great Lakes Research 38(1):159-166.
31666 Journal Article Kočovský, P.M., D.C. Chapman, and S. Qian. 2018. “Asian Carp” is societally and scientifically problematic. Let’s replace it. Fisheries 43(7):311-316. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/fsh.10087.
15210 Journal Article Kormilin, V.V., R.M. Tsoy, et al. 1979. The effect of chemical mutagens on the spermatozoa of the silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, and the bighead, Aristichthys nobilis. Journal of Ichthyology 11(2):241-246.
15216 Journal Article Krykhtin, M.L., and E. I Gorbach. 1981. Reproductive ecology of the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, and the silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, in the Amur Basin. Journal of Ichthyology 21(2):109-123.
19605 Journal Article Lamer, J.T., C.R. Dolan, J.L. Petersen, J.H. Chick, and J.M. Epifanio. 2010. Introgressive hybridization between bighead carp and silver carp in the Mississippi and Illinois rivers. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30:1452-1461. https://afspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1577/M10-053.1.
35670 Database Larson, B., and M. Fritts. 2021. Silver Carp Removal from Mississippi River Pool 8, April 2021. Minnesota DNR and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Created on 04/19/2021. Accessed on 04/19/2021.
15228 Report Leventer, H. 1987. The contribution of silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, to the biological control of reservoirs. Nazareth Ilit, Israel, Mekoroth Water Company, Jordan District.
23525 Journal Article Leventer, H., and B. Teltsch. 1990. The contribution of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) to the biological control of Netofa reservoirs. Hydrobiologia 191(1):47-55.
15230 Journal Article Li, S., Z. Biyun, C. Ni, and Z. Chen. 1985. Morphological variations of silver carp, bighead and grass carp from Changjiang, Zhujiang and Heilongjiang rivers. Acta Zoologica Sinica 35(4):390-398.
33385 Journal Article Li, S.F., J.W. Xu, Q.L. Yang, Q. Chen, D.C. Chapman, and G. Lu. 2009. A comparison of complete mitochondrial genomes of silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and bighead carp Hypophthalmichthys nobilis: implications for their taxonomic relationship and phylogeny. Journal of Fish Biology 74:1787-1803.
23316 Journal Article Liang, Y., J.M. Melack, and J. Wang. 1981. Primary production and fish yields in Chinese ponds and lakes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 110(3):346-350.
18186 Journal Article Lieberman, D.M. 1996. Use of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis) for algae control in a small pond: Changes in water quality. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 11(4):391-397.
15235 Journal Article Lieder, U. 1981. Advices for the catch of fecund herbivorous fishes (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis) in lakes and their transport to hatcheries, discussed out of physiological views. Zeitschrift fur die Binnenfischerei der DDR 28(2):45-47.
13717 News Lien, D. 2003. Asian carp pose formidable threat to Midwest waters. Knight Ridder Newspapers. November 26, 2003.
15239 Book Lin, S.Y. 1969. The feeding habits of silver carp, bighead and mud carp. Chinese-American Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction.
15243 Journal Article Lirski, A., and K. Opuszynski. 1988. Upper lethal temperatures for carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) and the phytophagous fishes (Ctenopharyngodon idella Cal., Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val., Aristichthys nobilis Rich.) in the first period of life. Roczniki Nauk Rolnicych 101(4):11-29.
15244 Journal Article Lirski, A., and K. Opuszynski. 1988. Lower lethal temperatures for carp (Cyprinus carpio L. ) and the phytophagous fishes (Ctenopharyngodon idella Cal., Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val., Aristichthys nobilis Rich.) in the first period of life. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych 101(4):11-29.
26408 Database Loftus, A. 2011. Multi State Aquatic Resources Information System (MARIS) Master Database records via Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON).
18484 Journal Article Lohmeyer, A.M., and J.E. Garvey. 2009. Placing the North American invasion of Asian carp in a spatially explicit context. Biological Invasions 11:905-916.
26394 Database Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality & Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. 2013. A compilation of fisheries data from multiple sources in Louisiana via MARIS. Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality & Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Accessed on 08/16/2013.
32613 Journal Article Love, S.A., N.J. Lederman, T. Widlow, and G.W. Whitledge. 2019. Sources of bighead carp and silver carp found in Chicago urban fishing program ponds. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 148(2):417-425. https://afspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tafs.10142.
27378 Database Loyola University Chicago. 2013. Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species. GISIN, Fort Collins, CO. http://gisin.org/cwis438/websites/GISINDirectory/Occurrence_Result.php?ProjectID=391&WebSiteID=4. Created on 05/13/2015. Accessed on 05/13/2015.
22913 Journal Article Lu, M., P. Xie, H. Tang, Z. Shao, and L. Xie. 2002. Experimental study of trophic cascade effect of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in a subtropical lake, Lake Donghu: on plankton community and underlying mechanisms of changes of crustacean community. Hydrobiologia 487(1):19-31.
27005 Journal Article Lubcker, N., T.A. Zengeya, J. Dabrowski, and M.P. Robertson. 2014. Predicting the potential distribution of invasive silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix in South Africa. African Journal of Aquatic Science 39(2):157-165.
15247 Journal Article Lucky , Z. 1978. Occurrence of Myxobolus pavlovskii — the parasite of Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis in the fish ponds in Czechoslovakia. Acta Veterinaria, Brno 47:203-207.
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15268 Journal Article Marciak , Z., and E. Bogdan. 1979. Food requirements of juvenile stages of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella Val., silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val., and bullhead carp Aristichthys nobilis Rich. EMS Special Publication 4:439-157.
950 Journal Article Marsh, P.C., and W.L. Minckley. 1982. Fishes of the Phoenix metropolitan area in central Arizona. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 4:395-402.
23416 Journal Article McCarter, N. 1992. Sedation of grass carp and silver carp with 2-phenoxyethanol during spawning. Progressive Fish-Culturist 54(4):263-265.
22458 Journal Article McCarter, N., and M.R. James. 1993. A method to observe particle ingestion by fish larvae. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 122(4):642-644.
1563 Book Mettee, M.F., P.E. O'Neil, and J.M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Inc, Birmingham, AL.
27950 Database Michigan State University Board of Trustees. 2019. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN). Michigan State University. Department of Entomology - Applied Spatial Ecology and Technical Services Laboratory, East Lansing, MI. https://www.misin.msu.edu.
22945 Journal Article Milstein, A. 1995. Fish-management relationships in Israeli commercial fish farming. Aquaculture International 3(4):292-314.
30006 Journal Article Minder, M., and M. Pyron. 2018. Dietary overlap and selectivity among silver carp and two native filter feeders in the Wabash River. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 27:506-512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eff.12365.
24699 Web Page Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2012. Silver, bighead carp were caught by commercial fishermen March 1 in Mississippi River near Winona. http://news.dnr.state.mn.us/2012/03/05/silver-bighead-carp-were-caught-by-commercial-fishermen-march-1-in-mississippi-river-near-winona/.
34619 Web Page Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2020. DNR removes 18 invasive carp from Little Sioux River watershed in southwestern Minnesota. https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/news/2020/07/16/dnr-removes-18-invasive-carp-little-sioux-river-watershed-southwestern-minnesota. Created on 07/16/2020. Accessed on 09/13/2020.
33996 Web Page Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2019. Invasive silver carp captured near Iowa border. https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/news/2019/12/19/invasive-silver-carp-captured-near-iowa-border. Created on 12/20/2019. Accessed on 12/20/2019.
33321 Web Page Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2019. Four invasive carp confirmed in Minnesota waters. http://news.dnr.state.mn.us/2019/06/21/4-invasive-carp-confirmed-in-minnesota-waters/. Created on 06/23/2019. Accessed on 06/23/2019.
32766 Web Page Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2019. Commercial fisher captures invasive silver carp in St. Croix River. http://news.dnr.state.mn.us/2019/04/15/commercial-fisher-captures-invasive-silver-carp-in-st-croix-river/. Created on 04/16/2019. Accessed on 04/16/2019.
34190 Web Page Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2020. More than 50 invasive carp captured on Mississippi River. https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/news/2020/03/13/more-50-invasive-carp-captured-mississippi-river. Created on 03/17/2020. Accessed on 03/17/2020.
13923 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
20877 Database Mississippi Museum of Natural Science. 2011. Mississippi Museum of Natural Science - Ichthyology Collection. Mississippi Museum of Natural Science. http://www.fishnet2.net/.
15280 Journal Article Molnar, G. 1969. On the hematology of East Asia herbivorous carps: spotted silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys nobilis Richardson, white silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val. and grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella Val. Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft 20(1):98-105.
27139 Database Mosel, K. 2014. Asian carp data in the upper Mississippi River, 2014. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Onalaska, WI. Created on 01/05/2015. Accessed on 12/23/2014.
29076 Database Mosel, K. 2016. Asian carp telemetry in the upper Mississippi River, 2015 and 2016. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, La Crosse FWCO, La Crosse, WI.
26686 Database Mosel, K.J. 2013. Bighead and silver carp captures in the upper Mississippi River pools 17-20. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Onalaska, WI. Created on 01/27/2014.
26298 Report Murphy, E.A., and P.R. Jackson. 2013. Hydraulic and water-quality data collection for the investigation of Great Lakes tributaries for Asian carp spawning and egg-transport suitability. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013–5106, Reston, VA. http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2013/5106/.
1932 Web Page Nebraska Game and Parks. 2000. The Fishes of Nebraska. http://www.ngpc.state.ne.us/fishing/guides/fishid/index.asp.
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20901 Book Chapter Nico, L.G., A. Demopoulos, D. Gualtieri, and C. Wieser. 2011. Use of stable isotopes and mercury to assess trophic positions of black carp and other large fishes in the Red-Atchafalaya River system, Louisiana, USA. Pages 105-120 in Chapman, D.C., and M.H. Hoff, eds. Invasive Asian carps in North America. American Fisheries Society Symposium 74. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD.
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1385 Conference Proceedings Rinne, J.N. 1995. The effects of introduced fishes on native fishes: Arizona, Southwestern United States. Pages 149-159 in Philipp, D.P., J.M. Epifano, J.E. Marsden, J.E. Claassen, and R.J. Wolotina, Jr, eds. Protection of aquatic diversity. Proceedings of the World Fisheries Congress, Theme 3. Oxford & IBH Publishing Company. New Delhi, India.
15708 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
716 Book Robison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR.
30843 Database Rogers, M.W. 2017. Collection data on Asian carps from the Tennessee River basin, 2016-2017. Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN. Created on 12/08/2017.
23206 Journal Article Romvári, R., C. Hancz, Z. Petrási, T. Molnár, and P. Horn. 2002. Non-invasive measurement of fillet composition of four freshwater fish species by computer tomography. Aquaculture International 10(3):231-240.
22926 Journal Article Roy, R., E. Fodor, K. Kitajka, and T. Farkas. 1999. Fatty acid composition of the ingested food only slightly affects physicochemical properties of liver total phospholipids and plasma membranes in cold-adapted freshwater fish. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 20(1):1-11.
24476 Journal Article Ruebush, B.C., G.G. Sass, J.H. Chick, and J.D. Stafford. 2012. In-situ tests of sound-bubble-strobe light barrier technologies to prevent range expansions of Asian carp. Aquatic Invasions 7(1):37-48.
23596 Journal Article Ruidisch, S., M. El-Matbouli, and R.W. Hoffmann. 1991. The role of tubificid worms as an intermediate host in the life cycle of Myxobolus pavlovskii (Akhmerov, 1954). Parasitology Research 77(8):663-667.
18463 Journal Article Sampson, S.J., J.H. Chick, and M.A. Pegg. 2009. Diet overlap among two Asian carp and three native fishes in backwater lakes on the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. Biological Invasions 11:483-496.
34210 Journal Article Sanft, E., J.J. Parkos III, S.F. Collins, A.P. Porreca, and D.H, Wahl. 2018. Vulnerability of juvenile Bighead and Silver Carps to predation by Largemouth Bass. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 147(6):1207-1214. https://doi.org/10.1002/tafs.10117.
27200 Journal Article Sass, G.G., C. Hinz, A.C. Erickson, N.N. McClelland, M.A. McClelland, and J.M. Epifanio. 2014. Invasive bighead and silver carp effects on zooplankton communities in the Illinois River, Illinois, USA. Journal of Great Lakes Research 40:911-921. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0380133014001798.
19597 Journal Article Sass, G.G., T.R. Cook, K.S. Irons, M.A. McClelland, N.N. Michaels, T.M. O'Hara, and M.R. Stroub. 2010. A mark-recapture population estimate for invasive silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in the La Grange Reach, Illinois River. Biological Invasions 12(3):433-436. http://www.springerlink.com/content/3314733906525125/fulltext.pdf.
15620 Report Schofield, P.J., J.D. Williams, L.G. Nico, P. Fuller, and M.R. Thomas. 2005. Foreign nonindigenous carps and minnows (Cyprinidae) in the United States – A guide to their identification, distribution and biology. Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5041. US Geological Survey, Reston, VA.
13896 Report Schramm, H.L., Jr., and M.C. Basler. 2004. Evaluation of capture methods and distribution of black carp in Mississippi. Mississippi State University.
27629 Journal Article Seibert, J.R., Q.E. Phelps, K.L. Yallaly, S. Tripp, L. Solomon, T. Stefanavage, D.P. Herzog, and M. Taylor. 2015. Use of exploitation simulation models for silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) populations in several Midwestern U.S. rivers. Management of Biological Invasions 6(3):295-302. https://www.reabic.net/journals/mbi/2015/3/MBI_2015_Seibert_etal.pdf.
23557 Journal Article Shao, Z.J., and P. Xie. 2003. The impact of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) on the rotifer community in a eutrophic subtropical Chinese lake. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 18(4):599-604.
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15431 Journal Article Singh, S.B., K.K. Sukumaran, et al. 1970. Further observation on induced breeding of silver carp and grass carp during 1968. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of India 40b(III):88-98.
29067 Journal Article Slack, W.T., S.G. George, J.J. Hoover, B.R. Lewis, A.W. Katzenmeyer, R.T. Ruth, and M.D. Wagner. 2016. Occurrence of bigheaded carps (Hypophthalmichthys spp.) in the Pearl River Drainage, Louisiana and Mississippi, USA. BioInvasions Records 5(3):159-168.
15439 Journal Article Soin, S.G., and A.I. Sukhanova. 1972. Comparative morphological analysis of the development of the grass carp, the black carp, the silver carp and the bighead (Cyprinidae). Journal of Ichthyology 12:61-71.
13952 Web Page South Dakota Dept. of Game, Fish and Parks. 2003. Silver carp discovered below Gavin's Point Dam. http://www.state.sd.us/News/fullnews.asp?Q=3302.
31508 Database South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks. 2018. Aquatic invasive species by waterbody. South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks, Pierre, SD. http://sdleastwanted.com/maps/default.aspx. Created on 09/14/2015. Accessed on 11/15/2018.
23985 Database Spaeth, J. 2011. Fish collection database for Ohio and Illinois river basins 1957-2011. Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission, Cincinnati, OH.
22931 Journal Article Spataru, P., and M. Gophen. 1985. Feeding behaviour of silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val. and its impact on the food web in Lake Kinneret, Israel. Hydrobiologia 120(1):53-61.
22694 Journal Article Starling, F.L.R.M. 1993. Control of eutrophication by silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in the tropical Paranoá Reservoir (Brasília, Brazil): a mesocosm experiment. Hydrobiologia 257(3):143-152.
33317 Journal Article Stepien, C.A., M.R. Snyder, and A.E. Elz. 2019. Invasion genetics of the silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix across North America: Differentiation of fronts, introgression, and eDNA metabarcode detection. PLoS ONE 14(3):e0203012.
27225 Journal Article Stuck, J.G., A.P. Porreca, D.H. Wahl, and R.E. Colombo. 2015. Contrasting population demographics of invasive silver carp between an impounded and free-flowing river. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 35:114-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02755947.2014.986343.
30465 Journal Article Sullivan, C.J., C.A. Camancho, M.J. Weber, and C.L. Pierce. 2017. Intra-annual variability of Silver Carp populations in the Des Moines River, USA. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 37(4):836-849.
23070 Journal Article Swar, D.B., and T.B. Gurung. 1987. Introduction and cage culture of exotic carps and their impact on fish harvested in Lake Begnas, Nepal. Hydrobiologia 166(3):277-283.
15464 Journal Article Tang, Y. -A. 1960. Reproduction of the Chinese carps, Ctenopharyngodon idellus and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix in a reservoir in Taiwan. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 8(1/2):1-2.
26400 Database Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. 2008. Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency Fish Data via MARIS. Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency.
23820 Database The University of Kansas Natural History Museum. 2011. University of Kansas Natural History Museum Fish Collection Database. University of Kansas Natural History Museum.
33953 Book Chapter Thomas, R.G., J.A. Jenkins, and J. David. 2010. Occurence and distribution of Asian carps in Louisiana. Pages 239-250 in D.C. Chapman and M.H. Hoffman, eds. Invasive Asian Carps in North America. American Fisheries Society Symposium 74. Bethesda, Maryland.
30211 Book Chapter Tripathi, S.D. 1989. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.) and Ctenopharyngodon idellaExotic elements in freshwater carp polyculture in India. Pages 27-33 in Mohan, J.M, ed. Exotic aquatic species in India. Asian Fisheries Society, Indian Branch. Karnataka, India.
26637 Journal Article Tsehaye, I., M. Catalano, G. Sass, D. Glover, and B. Roth. 2013. Prospects for Fishery-Induced Collapse of Invasive Asian Carp in the Illinois River. Fisheries 38(10):445-454. www.tandfonline.com/loi/ufsh20.
25999 Database Tulane University. 2013. Tulane University Museum of Natural History collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8077. Tulane University, New Orleans, LA. http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8077. Created on 01/21/2009. Accessed on 04/11/2013.
32027 Database U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 2018. Nonindigenous fish data in the Des Plaines and Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal in Illinois (2015-2018). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Chicago, IL. Created on 09/07/2018. Accessed on 09/07/2018.
29225 Database U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2016. Asian Carp data in Illnois in 2016. Created on 12/05/2016.
31366 Database U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2018. National Wild Fish Health Survey Database. https://ecos.fws.gov/wildfishsurvey/database/nwfhs/. Accessed on 05/01/2018.
14257 Web Page U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species. http://www.nwrinvasives.com/index.asp (Last accessed 2006).
25768 Database U.S. Geological Survey. 2011. Mississippi River Long Term Resource Monitoring Program. U.S. Geological Survey.
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2019. iNaturalist.org. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. http://www.inaturalist.org/. Accessed on 01/29/2019.
24512 Database United States Geological Survey and the United State Army Corps of Engineers. 2010. Long Term Resource Monitoring Program - unpublished carp collection dataset.
25948 Database University of Kansas. 2013. University of Kansas Biodiversity Institute ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14304. University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS. http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14304. Created on 06/26/2012. Accessed on 04/10/2013.
20931 News Unknown. 2011. Asian Carp Watch Issue. Decatur Tribune Online Edition. 7 (12). http://news.mywebpal.com/news_tool_v2.cfm?show=localnews&pnpID=469&NewsID=1003011&CategoryID=7026&on=1.
17114 Report Varble, K.A., J.J. Hoover, S.G. George, C.E. Murphy, and K.J. Killgore. 2007. Floodplain wetlands as nurseries for silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix: a conceptual model for use in managing local populations. US Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Research and Development Center.
15480 Journal Article Vergigin, V., A.P. Makeeva, et al. 1979. A case of natural hybridization between Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis (Pisces, Cyprinidae). Zoolosicheskifi Zhurnal 58(2):190-196.
15477 Journal Article Verigin, B.V., A.P. Makeyeva, et al. 1978. Natural Spawning of silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, the bighead carp, Aristichthys nobilis, and the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, in the Syr-Dar'ya River. Journal of Ichthyology 18(1):143-146.
15479 Journal Article Verigin, B.V., D.N. Shakha, et al. 1990. Correlation among reproductive indicators of the silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and the bighead, Aristichthys nobilis. Journal of Ichthyology 30(3):478-487.
15485 Journal Article Von-Oertzen, J. -A. 1985. Resistance and capacity adaptation of juvenile silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.), to temperature and salinity. Aquaculture 44:321-332.
23434 Journal Article Vörös, L., I. Oldal, M. Présing, and K.V. Balogh. 1997. Size-selective filtration and taxon-specific digestion of plankton algae by silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val.). Hydrobiologia 342-343:223-228.
27068 Journal Article Walleser, L.R., M.B. Sandheinrich, D.R. Howard, M.P. Gaikowski, and J.J. Amberg. 2014. Spatial and temporal variation of the gill rakers of Gizzard Shad and Silver Carp in three midwestern rivers. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 34(5):875-884. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02755947.2014.920740#.VEFj6vlkR8E.
23433 Journal Article Wang, Z., Q. Wu, J. Zhou, Y. Ye, and J. Tong. 2003. Silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, in the Poyang Lake belong to the Ganjiang River population rather than the Changjiang River population. Environmental Biology of Fishes 68(3):261-267.
23331 Journal Article Wang, Z.W., Y.Z. Ye, J.F. Zhou, and Q.J. Wu. 2004. Rapid establishment of pure lines of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molirix) and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis). Progress in Natural Science 14(1):60-63.
15498 Journal Article Wilamovski, A. 1972. Structure of the gill appparatus and the suprabranchial organ of Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val. (silver carp). Bamidgeh 24(4):87-98.
26990 Database Wilkes, P. 2014. Asian Carp tagging data in the Ohio River. Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, Frankfort, KY. Created on 08/29/2014.
26991 Database Wilkes, P. 2014. Asian Carp historical records in the State of Kentucky. Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, Frankfort, KY. Created on 08/29/2014.
19598 Journal Article Williamson, C.J., and J.E. Garvey. 2005. Growth, fecundity, and diets of newly established silver carp in the middle Mississippi River. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134(6):1423-1430. http://afsjournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1577/T04-106.1.
27924 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR). 2017. Lakes and rivers with invasives species. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. http://dnr.wi.gov/lakes/invasives/AISLists.aspx. Accessed on 12/04/2017.
15500 Journal Article Wozniewski, M., and K. Opuszynski. 1988. Threshold oxygen content in water for juvenile stages of the cyprinids ( Ctenopharyngodon idella Val., Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val., Aristichthys nobilis Rich., Cyprinus carpio L. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych 101(4):51-59.
22835 Journal Article Wu, L., P. Xie, M. Dai, and J. Wang. 1997. Effects of silver carp density on zooplankton and water quality: implications for eutrophic lakes in China. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 12(3):437-444.
28041 Journal Article Xie, L., P. Xie, K. Ozawa, T. Honma, A. Yokoyama, and H.-D. Park. 2004. Dynamics of microcystins-LR and -RR in the phytoplanktivorous silver carp in a sub-chronic toxicity experiment. Environmental Pollution 127(3):431-439. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S026974910300304X.
15508 Journal Article Zan, R., and Z. Song. 1980. Analysis and comparison between the karyotypes of Cyprinus carpio and Carassius auratus as well as Aristichthys nobilis and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix. Acta Genetica Sinica 7(1):72-76.
22502 Journal Article Zhang, J., Y. Xu, W. Li, K.-W. Schramm, and A. Kettrup. 2002. Alterations in retinoids, tocopherol, and microsomal enzyme activities in the liver of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) from Ya-Er Lake, China. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 68(5):660-667.
15511 Journal Article Zhang, Z., S. Shang, et al. 1999. Studies on the tolerance of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (C et V) fingerlings the salinity and alkalinity. Journal of Ocean University of Qingdao 29(3):441-446.



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The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2021]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [4/22/2021].

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