Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
29263 DatabaseAnderson, A. (registrar).2013Cleveland Museum of Natural History Herbarium (CLM)
10398 Journal ArticleAnderson, L.C., C.D. Zeis, and S.F. Alam1974Phytogeography and possible origins of Butomus in North America.
17893 NewsAnonymous2004Officials Want To Destroy Flowering Plants Along Lake Erie Satellite Technology Used To Monitor Invasive Plants.
18406 NewsAnonymous2008Residents reminded of need for DNR permits for flowering rush.
18408 OtherAnonymous2008Flowering Rush in the Detroit Lakes Area.
18761 Web PageAnonymous2009New Invasive Plant Discovered on Lake Minnetonka.
27928 NewsAssociated Press2014Oregon's Columbia River sees first aquatic weeds capable of clogging irrigation canals
17826 ReportBalgie, S., W. Crowell, S. Enger, C. Hamm, G. Montz, N. Proulx, J. Rendall, R. Rezanka, L. Skinner, C. Welling, H. Wolf, and D. Wright.2005Invasive Species of Aquatic Plants and Wild Animals in Minnesota, Annual Report for 2004.
18430 OtherCabreza, J. (Ed.).2009Aquatic Invasive Species News in a Nutshell.
31708 DatabaseCase, A. (curator).2018Tom S. and Miwako K. Cooperrider Herbarium (KE)
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
19747 DatabaseCentral Hardwoods Invasive Plant Network.2010Joint Aquatic Invasive Species Survey, 2010
10227 Journal ArticleCore, E.L.1941Butomus umbellatus in America.
10194 Journal ArticleCountryman, W.D.1970The history, spread and present distribution of some immigrant aquatic weeds in New England.
27378 DatabaseCranberg, C., and R. Keller2020Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species
28080 DatabaseEnvironmental Assessment Program.2018Washington State Lakes Environmental Data Version 1.0
10363 ReportExotic Species Programs.1993Ecologically Harmful Exotic Aquatic Plant and Wild Animal Species in Minnesota: Annual Report for 1993.
28840 DatabaseFerguson, C.J. (curator), and M.H. Mayfield.2010Kansas State University Herbarium (KSC)
10348 Journal ArticleGaiser, L.O.1949Further distribution of Butomus umbellatus in the Great Lakes region.
26212 DatabaseGBIF2013Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database.
30073 ReportGetsinger, K.D., J.G. Skogerboe, J.D. Madsen, R.M. Wersal, J.J. Nawrocki, R.J. Richardson, and M.R. Sternberg.2013Selective Control of Eurasian Watermilfoil and Curlyleaf Pondweed in Noxon Rapids Reservoir, Montana
17446 DatabaseGreat Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC).2017Exotic Species Information Center.
10614 BookHitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson.1969Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Parts 1 - 5 (authors vary).
17827 ReportHolsten, M.2008Designation of Infested Waters, Order No. INF-08--001.
10047 BookHotchkiss, N.1972Common Marsh, Underwater and Floating-leaved Plants of the United States and Canada.
27462 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2018Pennsylvania iMapInvasives
27712 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2019New York iMapInvasives
13430 Web PageInvaders.2002Database Statistics.
13439 Web PageIPANE.2001Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) at the University of Connecticut online database.
28144 NewsKinnaird, K.2015Signs of hope in flowering rush fight
10741 Journal ArticleLes, D.H., and L.J. Mehrhoff.1999Introduction of nonindigenous aquatic vascular plants in southern New England: a historical perspective.
28167 DatabaseLes, D.H., and R.S. Capers.2012George Safford Torrey Herbarium (CONN)
19426 DatabaseMadsen, J.D.2010Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth.
19097 ReportMadsen, J.D., and J.C. Cheshier.2009Eurasian watermilfoil survey of three reservoirs in the Lower Clarks Fork River, Montana: I. Results of the field vegetation survey.
29921 DatabaseMehrhoff, L.J., J.A. Silander, Jr., S.A. Leicht, E.S. Mosher, and N.M. Tabak2003IPANE: Invasive Plant Atlas of New England
28430 ReportMichigan Natural Features Inventory.2009Meeting the challenge of invasive plants: a framework for action
27950 DatabaseMichigan State University Board of Trustees.2019Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN)
37885 DatabaseMI-EGLE2022Unpublished MI-EGLE Monitoring Data (2 spreadsheets)
703 Journal ArticleMills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor1993Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions
18817 ReportMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2009Department of Natural Resources Designation of Infested Waters - July 9, 2009.
5162 ReportMinnesota Department of Natural Resources Exotic Species Program.1992Ecologically harmful exotic species in Minnesota: flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus).
33554 NewsMinnesota Department of Natural Resources.2019Grant Lake treated for flowering rush; Zebra mussels confirmed on same lake
18446 DatabaseMorton Arboretum2017Morton Arboretum Herbarium (MOR)
33777 DatabaseNatural Resource Information Systems (NRIS)2019Current Invasive Plants
28726 NewsNatz, E.2016Flowering rush: an invasive aquatic problem
19331 DatabaseOntario Federation of Anglers and Hunters.2009OFAH Database All Species - 2009 Download.
10613 ReportParsons, J.1998List of aquatic plants introduced to Washington, from database at Aquatic Plant Technical Assistance Program, Washington State Department Ecology, Olympia, Washington
16041 DatabaseParsons, J.2007Washington Aquatic Plant Monitoring Database
10518 DatabasePennsylvania Flora Database.2011Pennsylvania Flora Project
27856 NewsPerkowski, M.2015Divers prepare to yank irrigation-clogging weed
28154 NewsPerkowski, M.2015Flowering rush spreads while regulations delay removal
28364 NewsRand, K.2016Underwater invaders: Many invasive species pose threats to lake
28182 DatabaseRe, R. (curator), and C. Niezgoda (manager).2015Field Museum of Natural History (F) Seed Plant Collection
37229 DatabaseReitsma, J.2021BLM - National Invasive Species Information Management System - Plants
18436 OtherRice, P., and V. Dupuis.2008Flowering rush: an invasive aquatic macrophyte infesting the Columbia River Basin.
17828 DatabaseRice, P.M.2008INVADERS Database System.
10576 Journal ArticleRoberts, M.L.1972Butomus umbellatus in the Mississippi Watershed.
19375 Web PageSalish Kootenai College, Pablo, MT.2009CENTER FOR INVASIVE PLANT MANAGEMENT.
10206 Journal ArticleSchuyler, A.E.1979Checklist of the aquatic flowering plants of Flathead Lake, Montana.
28331 DatabaseSEINet Portal Network.2021Southwest Environmental Information Network
16075 DatabaseSmithsonian Institution2019United States National Herbarium (US)
31508 DatabaseSouth Dakota Game, Fish and Parks.2018Aquatic invasive species by waterbody
10347 Journal ArticleStuckey, R.L.1968Distributional history of Butomus umbellatus (flowering rush) in the western Lake Erie and Lake St. Clair region.
10783 Journal ArticleStuckey, R.L.1975A floristic analysis of the vascular plants of a marsh at Perry's Victory Monument, Lake Erie.
10051 Journal ArticleStuckey, R.L.1980Distributional history of Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) in North America.
10050 Book ChapterStuckey, R.L.1988Western Lake Erie aquatic and wetland vascular-plant flora: its origin and change.
10346 BookThe Great Plains Flora Association.1986Flora of the Great Plains.
28178 DatabaseThe New York Botanical Garden2018William and Lynda Steere Herbarium (NY)
18821 Journal ArticleTrebitz, A.S., and D.L. Taylor2007Exotic and invasive aquatic plants in Great Lakes coastal wetlands: distribution and relation to watershed land use and plant richness and cover.
37531 DatabaseTucker, A2019EDRR plant Survey, raw data
37529 ReportTucker, A., G. Annis, L. Chadderton and E. Elgin2019Detroit River at Gibraltar, MI 2018 aquatic plant survey results
37527 ReportTucker, A., W.L. Chadderton, G. Annis, E. Elgin2019Interstate aquatic invasive species prevention, early detection, and response: Aquatic plant survey mothods development and site assessment
18779 ReportU.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency).2008Predicting future introductions of nonindigenous species to the Great Lakes.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
17241 DatabaseUnited States Department of Agriculture (USDA).2008PLANTS Database.
27998 DatabaseUniversity of Michigan2020University of Michigan Herbarium (MICH)
18407 DatabaseUniversity of Minnesota2021J. F. Bell Museum of Natural History Herbarium (MIN)
28842 DatabaseUniversity of Wisconsin - Madison2017Wisconsin State Herbarium (WIS)
24509 DatabaseUnknown2010Collection/observation records of Butomus umbellatus from Minnesota.
17521 DatabaseUSDA, NRCS.2016The PLANTS Database
37943 DatabaseWarman, M.J.20212020 aquatic invasive plant survey in the Lake Erie Basin, Ohio
27924 DatabaseWisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR).2017Lakes and rivers with invasives species
32219 DatabaseWisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR).2018Surface Water Integrated Monitoring System (SWIMS)
13727 DatabaseWisconsin Department of Natural Resources.2003Wisconsin DNR Database, Northern Region.
19334 DatabaseWisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources.2010Aquatic Invasives Data and Maps.
10394 Journal ArticleWitmer, S.W.1964Butomus umbellatus L. in Indiana.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2023]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [1/31/2023].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.