Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
18804 NewsAnonymous2009Anglers working to get rid of invasive water plant.
27674 NewsAnonymous2014Mystic River water chestnut cleanups a success
27990 NewsAnonymous2015Invasive Water Chestnut Found on Cayuga Lake
10633 NewsAquatic Control Technology.1998Selective plant management achieved with Sonar herbicide. Exotic aquatic weed (Hydrilla) invades Connecticut pond.
28878 ReportAquatic Control Technology.2015Sudbury River Assessment Report, December 2015
27626 NewsAssociated Press.1999Maryland trying to weed out water chestnuts before they bloom
28890 DatabaseBarrington, D. (curator), D.J. Allard, M. Sundue, H. White, E. Allen, and A. Clark.2015Pringle Herbarium (VT)
10653 ReportBatuik, R., R. Orth, K. Moore, W. Dennison, J. Stevenson, L. Staver, V. Carger, N. Rybicki, R. Hickman, S. Kollar, S. Bieber, and P. Heasly.1992Chesapeake Bay Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Habitat Requirements and Restoration Targets: A Techinical Synthesis.
28891 NewsBelke, T.2016The war on water chestnuts
33327 NewsBlanchet, B.2019Volunteers sought to remove invasive plant from Fish Creek in Saratoga Springs
27651 Journal ArticleBoettner, C., and B. Goettel.2006Stopping water chestnut at the landscape scale in the Connecticut River watershed.
27675 NewsBrooks, D.2013In Nashua River, the once-thriving invasive water chestnut is in retreat
37828 ReportBugbee, G.J., and S. Stebbins.2020Connecticut River Gateway Conservation Zone Invasive Aquatic Vegetation Survey Aquatic plant management options 2019
37829 DatabaseBugbee, G.J., and S. Stebbins.2021Invasive Aquatic Plants in the Connecticut River
10113 Journal ArticleBurk, C.J., S.D. Lauermann, and A.L. Mesrobian1976The spread of several introduced or recently invading aquatics in western Massachusetts.
27991 NewsByeon, J.2015Invasive species of water chestnut removed from northern Cayuga Lake
37948 DatabaseCarr, D.2021Finger Lakes PRISM 2020 AIS survey
10138 Journal ArticleCarter, V., and N.B. Rybicki1994Invasions and declines of submersed macrophytes in the tidal Potomac River and Estuary, the Currituck Sound-Back Bay system, and the Pamlico River Estuary.
29405 NewsCastellani, J., and E. Walsh.2017A Success Story: Restoring Fiske Pond Through Mechanical Harvesting
33484 NewsCBSNY Staff2019Invasive water chestnut plant choking the life out of once-thriving Westchester County lake
24369 DatabaseCenter for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.2019EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system
28892 NewsChanatry, D.2016Clearing invasive species from waterways, one handful at a time
10691 NewsCoin, G.1999Alien Species Swamp Lake.
15839 NewsCoin, G.2006Water chestnut moves east.
10744 NewsCoin, Glenn.2000Water chestnuts tough to crack.
17933 Web PageConnecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.2008CAES Individual Lake Results.
27725 DatabaseConsortium of Northeastern Herberia (CNH).2023Herbarium Specimen Data Sharing Portal for CNH
10194 Journal ArticleCountryman, W.D.1970The history, spread and present distribution of some immigrant aquatic weeds in New England.
27645 ReportCountryman, W.D.1978Nuisance Aquatic Plants in Lake Champlain
28832 NewsCrouse, S.2011New Jersey Fish & Wildlife Digest: Invasive alert - protect New Jersey's waters
10203 BookCrow, G.E., and C.B. Hellquist.1983Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 6. Trapaceae, Haloragaceae, Hippuridaceae.
38113 NewsCuratolo, M.2022Volunteers to remove invasive water chestnut on Oswegatchie River
27646 Journal ArticleDavenport, G.E.1879Trapa natans
19299 NewsDeGoosh, K.2009Nor'Easter State Updates for Rhode Island.
39789 Journal ArticleDodd, L.L., N.E. Harms, and A.N. Schad2021Reciprocal competitive effects of congeneric invaders, Trapa natans L. and Trapa bispinosa Roxb. var. iinumai Nakano, in established freshwater plant cultures
23862 Journal ArticleEaton, R.J.1947Lemna minor as an aggressive weed in the Sudbury River.
33535 NewsecoRI News staff.2019DEM Finds Invasive Species in Two Lincoln Ponds
30218 ReportEdinger, G.J., A.L. Feldmann, T.G. Howard, J.J. Schmid, F.C. Sechler, E. Eastman, E. Largay, L.A. Sneddon, C. Lea, and J. Von Loh.2014Vegetation inventory: Saratoga National Historical Park, New York
13266 ReportEichler, L.W.2002Annual Report - 2001, Darrin Fresh Water Institute Report #2002-1.
28861 ReportENSR Corporation, and Berkshire Regional Planning Commission.2005Onota Lake invasive species management plan
28500 ReportESS Group, Inc.2016Ecological and management study of the DelCarte ponds
19489 NewsFaust, E.2010A growing nuisance plagues the Perkiomen.
27673 NewsGardner, R.2015Invasion of the water chestnuts
28998 DatabaseGeorge Mason University2015Ted R. Bradley Herbarium (GMUF)
28863 ReportGeoSyntec Consultants.2003LOPA annual report: Appendix C - Lake Onota aquatic vegetation assessment
19670 Web PageGibbons, J.2011The Connecticut Agricultural Extension Station Aquatic Plant Survey Program.
27702 NewsGoode, S.2015Invasive water chestnut found in Bloomfield's Filley Park Pond
27963 NewsGoode, S.2015Officials decide to use chemicals to kill invasive plant in Bloomfield Pond
10176 Journal ArticleGreeley, J.R.1965Eradication of water chestnut
16468 NewsGunderson, M.2007Clogged pond to get relief - grant will help reduce weeds.
10148 Journal ArticleGwathmey, J.H.1945Potomac River cleared of floating islands.
34016 ReportGZA GeoEnvironmental, Inc.2019Mapping of Invasive Aquatic Species in the Connecticut River with a focus on Hydrilla verticillata & Trapa natans
28879 NewsHaddadin, J.2016Framingham commission moves to stem scourge of water chestnuts in Sudbury River
27644 Journal ArticleHummel, M., and E. Kiviat.2004Review of World Literature on Water Chestnut with Implications for Management in North America
27653 Journal ArticleHunt, T.20062005 Water Chestnut Management Program: Lake Champlain and inland waters of Vermont
27462 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2018Pennsylvania iMapInvasives
27712 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2019New York iMapInvasives
28893 NewsImpink, P.2016Long Pond remains closed due to algae
13439 Web PageIPANE.2001Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) at the University of Connecticut online database.
29255 DatabaseIsaac, B. (collections).2016Carnegie Museum of Natural History Herbarium (CM)
34494 ReportJewitt, A.20172017 Water Chestnut Chasers Challenge
34495 ReportJewitt, A.2018Results and Analysis of the 2018 Water Chestnut Chasers Challenge
34496 ReportJewitt, A.2019Results and Analysis of the 2019 Three-Part Species Search Challenge: Water Chestnut, Hydrilla, and Wavyleaf Basketgrass
10681 DatabaseKennedy, J.2022Harvard University Herbaria: Vascular Plants of North America (Harvard)
27879 NewsKing, D.2015Dresden works to eradicate invasive weeds
28145 DatabaseKishbaugh, S.A.2015NYS Exotic Aquatic Plant Locations 2015
29549 DatabaseKnox, E. (director).2017Deam Herbarium (IND)
27616 NewsKoerting, K.2015Invasive plant emerges in Lake Lillinonah
27941 Journal ArticleKolessar, M.A.1967Aquatic plants in Maryland-a growing menace
27617 Journal ArticleKornijow, R., D.L. Strayer, and N.F. Caraco.2010Macroinvertebrate communities of hypoxic habitats created by an invasive plant (Trapa natans) in the freshwater tidal Hudson River
29004 DatabaseKrings, A. (director).2011North Carolina State University Herbarium (NCSC)
27885 NewsLefferts, J.F.2015Invasive plant found in river near wildlife refuge in Devens
10741 Journal ArticleLes, D.H., and L.J. Mehrhoff.1999Introduction of nonindigenous aquatic vascular plants in southern New England: a historical perspective.
28167 DatabaseLes, D.H., and R.S. Capers.2012George Safford Torrey Herbarium (CONN)
37949 DatabaseLewandowski, M.2021Maryland AIS plant survey 2019-2020
30237 DatabaseLovejoy, D. (curator).2012Westfield State University Herbarium (WSCH)
10742 Journal ArticleLowenberg, G.1998What are our options? Education, control efforts & what comes next.
27875 Web PageLower Great Lakes Fish & Wildlife Conservation Office2015From the field
28776 NewsLundin, R.2013President's desk
10555 ReportLyman, Lee.1995Aquatic vegetation treatment for the town of Belchertown, Harvesting of water chestnut in the Charles River.
10111 ReportMadsen, J.D.1990Waterchestnut (Trapa natans L.) research in Watervliet Reservoir, 1989 report
28384 ReportMaryland Department of Natural Resources.2016Maryland Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan.
29921 DatabaseMehrhoff, L.J., J.A. Silander, Jr., S.A. Leicht, E.S. Mosher, and N.M. Tabak2003IPANE: Invasive Plant Atlas of New England
28196 DatabaseMichigan State University2015Michigan State University Herbarium (MSC)
27950 DatabaseMichigan State University Board of Trustees.2019Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN)
703 Journal ArticleMills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor1993Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions
28887 DatabaseMinnaert-Grote, J. (manager).2015Illinois Natural History Survey Herbarium (ILLS)
15854 NewsMitchell, T.2006Invasive plants found in lake.
15873 NewsMitchell, T.2006Lake groups seek to fight milfoil with chemicals.
19352 NewsMitchell, T.2006Invasive Plants Found in Lake.
10049 BookMuenscher, W.C.1944Aquatic plants of the United States.
30052 DatabaseMurray State University2021Murray State University Herbarium (MUR)
27886 NewsNashua River Watershed Association.2015Invasive water chestnuts discovered in Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge
24529 DatabaseNational Park Service (NPS).2013NPSpecies - database of species inventories for park units in the National Park System
33777 DatabaseNatural Resource Information Systems (NRIS)2019Current Invasive Plants
10700 Web PageNaylor, M.1999Water Chestnut Problem in the Bird and Sassafras Rivers.
13276 DatabaseNeel, M. (director), J. Hall (curator), and N. Anderson.2014Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY)
28831 DatabaseNew Jersey Invasive Species Strike Team.2018Interactive map
27942 ReportOpen Space Committee.2008Barrowsville Pond water chestnut removal plan
27728 Web PageOtisco Lake Preservation Association20152015 Water Chestnut Pull
28864 NewsPak-Harvey, A.2015Boatload of plans for a pond in need
30216 ReportPandullo Quirk Associates.1979Natural Resources Inventory at Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site Hyde Park, New York
10518 DatabasePennsylvania Flora Database.2011Pennsylvania Flora Project
30236 DatabasePhilbrick, C.T. (director).2016Western Connecticut State University Herbarium (WCSU)
29332 DatabasePorter-Utley, K.2015Keene State College Herbarium (KESC)
10149 ReportRawls, C.K.1964Aquatic plant nuisances.
10155 Journal ArticleRawls, C.K.1964Aquatic plant nuisances.
28182 DatabaseRe, R. (curator), and C. Niezgoda (manager).2015Field Museum of Natural History (F) Seed Plant Collection
28938 NewsReid, B.2016Exploring The Last Green Valley: Water chestnut removal a rewarding volunteer effort
33544 ReportRhode Island Department of Environmental Management.2018Freshwater Aquatic Invasive Species in Rhode Island
33536 NewsRhode Island Department of Environmental Management.2019DEM Monitoring Lakes And Ponds Across Rhode Island For Invasive Aquatic Species
28866 DatabaseRibbens, E. (curator).2012R.M. Myers Herbarium (MWI)
28633 DatabaseSeidler, T. (curator).2014University of Massachusetts Herbarium (MASS)
28885 DatabaseSeigler, D. (curator).2014University of Illinois Herbarium (ILL)
28331 DatabaseSEINet Portal Network.2021Southwest Environmental Information Network
29277 DatabaseSERNEC Data Portal2019SouthEast Regional Network of Expertise and Collections
15868 Web PageShnitzler, N.2006Invasive species threatens pond.
33984 ReportSmagula, A.P., R. Scott, C. Freise, and R. Pelletier2017Exotic Species Program Report: 2013-2017
27876 NewsSmith, B.2015Invasive weed discovered in Genesee River
28833 ReportSmith, C.2009Fisheries management plan - Lake Musconetcong
10112 Journal ArticleSmith, R.H.1955Experimental control of Water Chestnut (Trapa natans) in New York State.
27639 Web PageState of Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management, Office of Water Resources2010Water Chestnut (Trapa natans) Documented by RIDEM-OWR in Rhode Island Freshwaters
27638 Web PageState of Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management, Office of Water Resources2015Aquatic Invasive Species: (AIS) Plants Documented in RI Freshwaters
34497 Journal ArticleSteury, B.W., and C.A. Davis2003The Vascular Flora of Piscataway and Fort Washington National Parks, Prince Georges and Charles Counties, Maryland
10151 ReportStevenson, J.C., and N.M. Confer.1978Summary of available information in Chesapeake Bay submerged vegetation. FWS/OBS-78/66.
18832 NewsStith, J.2009Otisco Lake also faces milfoil problem.
19314 NewsSullivan, G.2009Status Updates for New Jersey in the Northeast Aquatic Plant Management Society Newsletter.
28846 NewsSullivan, J.2016Battling the chestnuts - Neighborhood group hoping to un-choke Amesbury pond
30235 DatabaseSullivan, J. (collections).2014Albion R. Hodgdon Herbarium (NHA)
27619 Journal ArticleTall, L., N. Caraco, and R. Maranger.2011Denitrification hot spots: dominant role of invasive macrophyte Trapa natans in removing nitrogen from a tidal river
19377 Web PageThe Adirondack Park Invasive Plant Program.2009The Adirondack Park Invasive Plant Program Aquatic Invasive Species Project.
28964 Web PageThe Jonah Center for Earth and Art2016Milestones
42445 ReportThe Nature Conservancy Great Lakes AIS Program2023Aquatic plant surveys for Oswego, Rochester, and Buffalo harbors 2021 & 2022
28178 DatabaseThe New York Botanical Garden2018William and Lynda Steere Herbarium (NY)
19356 NewsThompson, C.2009Water chestnuts threaten to choke off local tourism.
10140 Journal ArticleTitus, J.E.1994Submersed plant invasions and declines in New York.
28913 DatabaseTucker, G. (director).2015Stover-Ebinger Herbarium (EIU)
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
35441 DatabaseU-M Library Digital Collections.2021University of Michigan Herbarium Catalog Collection
27998 DatabaseUniversity of Michigan2020University of Michigan Herbarium (MICH)
29264 DatabaseUniversity of Pennsylvania2021Morris Arboretum Herbarium (MOAR)
28842 DatabaseUniversity of Wisconsin - Madison2017Wisconsin State Herbarium (WIS)
29265 DatabaseVincent, M. (curator).2014W. S. Turrell Herbarium (MU)
30234 DatabaseWallace, L. (director).2006Mississippi State University Herbarium (MISSA)
28667 ReportWater Resource Services.2015Laurel Lake drawdown 2015 report
27842 NewsWells, N.M.2015Cranbury: invasive water chestnut species eludes capture
28813 NewsWhittaker, J. (ed.)2016Thumbs Up, Thumbs Down
18896 Journal ArticleWibbe, J.H.1886Notes from Schenectady
27647 Journal ArticleWinne, W.T.1950Water chestnut: A foreign menace
28814 NewsWinters, M., and R. Audette (eds.).2016Connecticut River: Help remove invasive water chestnut
28843 DatabaseWofford, B.E. (curator), Q.V. Ma (manager), and W.M. Dennis.2016University of Tennessee Herbarium (TENN)
37940 DatabaseYamalis, H.2022Water chestnut (Trapa natans L.) in Connecticut


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [2/28/2024].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.