Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Butomus umbellatus listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
29263 Database Anderson, A. (registrar). 2013. Cleveland Museum of Natural History Herbarium (CLM). Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland, OH.
10398 Journal Article Anderson, L.C., C.D. Zeis, and S.F. Alam. 1974. Phytogeography and possible origins of Butomus in North America. Bulletin of The Torrey Botanical Club 101(5):292-297.
17893 News Anonymous. 2004. Officials Want To Destroy Flowering Plants Along Lake Erie Satellite Technology Used To Monitor Invasive Plants. The Associated Press. 2004 (October 10).
18408 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
18406 News Anonymous. 2008. Residents reminded of need for DNR permits for flowering rush. DL-Online. 2008 (September 13). (accessed 15 September 2008).
18761 Web Page Anonymous. 2009. New Invasive Plant Discovered on Lake Minnetonka.
27928 News Associated Press. 2014. Oregon's Columbia River sees first aquatic weeds capable of clogging irrigation canals. The Oregonian. Portland, OR. Created on 10/05/2014. Accessed on 09/03/2015.
17826 Report Balgie, S., W. Crowell, S. Enger, C. Hamm, G. Montz, N. Proulx, J. Rendall, R. Rezanka, L. Skinner, C. Welling, H. Wolf, and D. Wright. 2005. Invasive Species of Aquatic Plants and Wild Animals in Minnesota, Annual Report for 2004. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St Paul, MN.
37992 Journal Article Banerjee, A.K., N.E. Harms, A. Mukherjee, and J.F. Gaskin. 2020. Niche dynamics and potential distribution of Butomus umbellatus under current and future climate scenarios in North America. Hydrobiologia 847(6):1505-1520.
36130 Journal Article Boutwell, J.E. 1990. Flowering-rush: a plant worth watching. Aquatics 12(1):8-11.
25124 Journal Article Brown, J.S., and C.G. Eckert. 2005. Evolutionary increase in sexual and clonal reproductive capacity during biological invasion in an aquatic plant Butomus umbellatus (Butomaceae). American Journal of Botany 92(3):495-502.
18430 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
24970 Report Campbell, S., P. Higman, B. Slaughter, and E. Schools. 2010. A Field Guide to Invasive Plants of Aquatic and Wetland Habitats for Michigan. Michigan DNRE, Michigan State University Extension, Michigan Natural Features Inventory.
31708 Database Case, A. (curator). 2018. Tom S. and Miwako K. Cooperrider Herbarium (KE). Kent State University, Kent, OH.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
19747 Database Central Hardwoods Invasive Plant Network. 2010. Joint Aquatic Invasive Species Survey, 2010. University of Georgia, Athens, GA. Accessed on 09/15/2015.
10227 Journal Article Core, E.L. 1941. Butomus umbellatus in America. Ohio Journal of Science 41:79-83.
10194 Journal Article Countryman, W.D. 1970. The history, spread and present distribution of some immigrant aquatic weeds in New England. Hyacinth Control Journal 8(2):50-52.
27378 Database Cranberg, C., and R. Keller. 2020. Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species. School of Environmental Sustainability, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL. Created on 05/13/2015. Accessed on 05/06/2021.
18084 Journal Article Delisle, F., C. Lavoie, M. Jean, and D. Lachance. 2003. Reconstructing the spread of invasive plants: taking into account biases associated with herbarium specimens. Journal of Biogeography 30(7):1033-1042.
25125 Journal Article Eckert, C.G., B. Massonnet, and J.J. Thomas. 2000. Variation in sexual and clonal reproduction among introduced populations of flowering rush, Butomus umbellatus (Butomaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 78(4):437-446.
28080 Database Environmental Assessment Program. 2018. Washington State Lakes Environmental Data Version 1.0. Washington State Department of Ecology, Lacey, WA. Accessed on 12/18/2018.
10363 Report Exotic Species Programs. 1993. Ecologically Harmful Exotic Aquatic Plant and Wild Animal Species in Minnesota: Annual Report for 1993. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St Paul, MN.
28840 Database Ferguson, C.J. (curator), and M.H. Mayfield. 2010. Kansas State University Herbarium (KSC). Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS.
25126 Web Page Flora of North America. 2008.
10348 Journal Article Gaiser, L.O. 1949. Further distribution of Butomus umbellatus in the Great Lakes region. Rhodora 51:385-390.
26212 Database GBIF. 2013. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed on 05/01/2013.
30075 Report Getsinger, K.D., J.D. Madsen, G. Turnage, and J. Badger. 2017. Invasive Aquatic Plant Control for Noxon Rapids and Cabinet Gorge Reservoirs, Montana: An Adaptive Management Plan. Geosystems Research Institute, Mississippi State, MS.
30073 Report Getsinger, K.D., J.G. Skogerboe, J.D. Madsen, R.M. Wersal, J.J. Nawrocki, R.J. Richardson, and M.R. Sternberg. 2013. Selective Control of Eurasian Watermilfoil and Curlyleaf Pondweed in Noxon Rapids Reservoir, Montana. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS.
25127 Web Page Global Invasive Species Database. 2005.
17446 Database Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC). 2017. Exotic Species Information Center. Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission. Accessed on 01/31/2018.
29191 Journal Article Gunderson, M.D., K.L. Kapuscinski, D.P. Crane, and J.M. Farrell. 2016. Habitats colonized by non-native flowering rush Butomus umbellatus (Linnaeus, 1753) in the Niagara River, USA. Aquatic Invasions 11(4):369-380.
24981 Report Higman, P., and S. Campbell. 2009. Meeting the Challenges of Invasive Plants: A Framework for Action. Michigan Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Division. Lansing, Michigan.
10614 Book Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Parts 1 - 5 (authors vary). University of Washington Press, Seattle.
17827 Report Holsten, M. 2008. Designation of Infested Waters, Order No. INF-08--001. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St Paul, MN. (accessed 28 April 2008).
10047 Book Hotchkiss, N. 1972. Common Marsh, Underwater and Floating-leaved Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications, Inc, New York.
25129 Journal Article Hroudová, Z., A. Krahulcová, P. Zákravský, and V. Jarolímová. 1996. The biology of Butomus umbellatus in shallow waters with fluctuating water level. Hydrobiologia 340:27-30.
25128 Journal Article Hroudová, Z., and P. Zákravský. 1993. Ecology of two cytotypes of Butomus umbellatus II. Reproduction, growth and biomass production. Folia Geobotanica and Phytotaxonomica 28(4):413-424.
25137 Journal Article Hudon, C. 2004. Shift in wetland plant composition and biomass following low-level episodes in the St. Lawrence River: looking into the future. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61(4):603-617.
27462 Database iMapInvasives. 2018. Pennsylvania iMapInvasives. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program, Pittsburgh, PA. Accessed on 12/15/2016.
27712 Database iMapInvasives. 2019. New York iMapInvasives. New York Natural Heritage Program, Albany, NY. Created on 07/08/2015. Accessed on 07/08/2015.
13430 Web Page Invaders. 2002. Database Statistics.
25138 Web Page Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE). 2009.
13439 Web Page IPANE. 2001. Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) at the University of Connecticut online database.
25145 Web Page Jensen, D. 2011. Flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus).
28144 News Kinnaird, K. 2015. Signs of hope in flowering rush fight. Bonner County Daily Bee. Sandpoint, ID. Created on 10/31/2015. Accessed on 11/06/2015.
25139 Journal Article Lavoie, C., M. Jean, F. Delisle, and G. Létourneau. 2003. Exotic plant species of the St Lawrence River wetlands: a spatial and historical analysis. Journal of Biogeography 30:537-549.
10741 Journal Article Les, D.H., and L.J. Mehrhoff. 1999. Introduction of nonindigenous aquatic vascular plants in southern New England: a historical perspective. Biological Invasions 1(2-3):281-300.
28167 Database Les, D.H., and R.S. Capers. 2012. George Safford Torrey Herbarium (CONN). University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT.
25149 Thesis or Dissertation Lui, K. 2001. Genetic causes & consequences of variation in sexual fertility amoung introduced population of clonal aquatic plant Butomus umbellatus (Butomaceae). Unpublished M.S. thesis. Queen's University, Kinsgton, Ontario, Canada.
25140 Journal Article Lui, K., F.L. Thompson, and C.G. Eckert. 2005. Causes and consequences of extreme variation in reproductive strategy and vegetative growth among invasive populations of a clonal aquatic plant, Butomus umbellatus L. (Butomaceae). Biological Invasions 7:427-444.
19426 Database Madsen, J.D. 2010. Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth. Geosystems Research Institute, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS.
19097 Report Madsen, J.D., and J.C. Cheshier. 2009. Eurasian watermilfoil survey of three reservoirs in the Lower Clarks Fork River, Montana: I. Results of the field vegetation survey. Geosystems Research Institute.
25146 Web Page Manitoba Purple Loosestrife Project (MPLP). 2006. Flowering rush, an invasive plant found in Manitoba: Butomus umbellatus.
34984 Book Martin, A.C., and F.M. Uhler. 1939. Food of game ducks in the United States and Canada. Volume 634. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington DC, US.
29921 Database Mehrhoff, L.J., J.A. Silander, Jr., S.A. Leicht, E.S. Mosher, and N.M. Tabak. 2003. IPANE: Invasive Plant Atlas of New England. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. Accessed on 04/14/2017.
28430 Report Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2009. Meeting the challenge of invasive plants: a framework for action. Michigan Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Division, Lansing, MI.
27950 Database Michigan State University Board of Trustees. 2019. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN). Michigan State University. Department of Entomology - Applied Spatial Ecology and Technical Services Laboratory, East Lansing, MI.
37885 Database MI-EGLE. 2022. Unpublished MI-EGLE Monitoring Data (2 spreadsheets).
703 Journal Article Mills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor. 1993. Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19(1):1-54.
18817 Report Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2009. Department of Natural Resources Designation of Infested Waters - July 9, 2009. Minnesota DNR.
25147 Web Page Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2012. Flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus).
5162 Report Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Exotic Species Program. 1992. Ecologically harmful exotic species in Minnesota: flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus). State of Minnesota, Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, MN.
19279 Report Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Exotic Species Program. 1994. Management Plan for the Exotic Species: Flowering Rush (Butomus umbellatus).
33554 News Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2019. Grant Lake treated for flowering rush; Zebra mussels confirmed on same lake. Alexandria Echo Press. Alexandria, MN. Created on 08/14/2019. Accessed on 08/14/2019.
18446 Database Morton Arboretum. 2017. Morton Arboretum Herbarium (MOR). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 05/06/2021.
33777 Database Natural Resource Information Systems (NRIS). 2019. Current Invasive Plants. U.S. Forest Service. Accessed on 08/27/2019.
28726 News Natz, E. 2016. Flowering rush: an invasive aquatic problem. Lake County Leader. Polson, MT. Created on 05/19/2016. Accessed on 05/20/2016.
25148 Web Page New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYDEC). 2011. Interim Invasive Species Plant List.
13671 Book Ogden, E.C. 1974. Anatomical patterns of some aquatic vascular plants of New York. Volume Bulletin 424. The University of the State of New York, State Education Department, Albany, NY.
25153 Report Ohio Division of Natural Areas and Preserves, and The Nature Conservancy. 2000. Ohio's Invasive Plant Species. Columbus, OH.
19331 Database Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters. 2009. OFAH Database All Species - 2009 Download.
25141 Journal Article Özbay, H., and A. Alim. 2009. Antimicrobial activity of some water plants from the northeastern Anatolian region of Turkey. Molecules 14:321-328.
25151 Report Parkinson, H., J. Mangold, V. Dupuis, and P. Rice. 2010. Biology, Ecology and Management of flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus). The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Montana State University Extension. Bozeman, MT.
10613 Report Parsons, J. 1998. List of aquatic plants introduced to Washington, from database at Aquatic Plant Technical Assistance Program, Washington State Department Ecology, Olympia, Washington. Washington State Department Ecology, Olympia, WA.
16041 Database Parsons, J. 2007. Washington Aquatic Plant Monitoring Database. Washington Department of Ecology, Lacey, WA.
10518 Database Pennsylvania Flora Database. 2011. Pennsylvania Flora Project. Morris Arboretum at the University of Pennsylvania (MOAR), Philadelphia, PA.
28154 News Perkowski, M. 2015. Flowering rush spreads while regulations delay removal. Capital Press. Created on 11/17/2015. Accessed on 11/19/2015.
27856 News Perkowski, M. 2015. Divers prepare to yank irrigation-clogging weed. Capital Press. Salem, OR. Created on 08/13/2015. Accessed on 08/14/2015.
25142 Journal Article Peters, W.L., M. Hockenberry Meyer, and N.O. Anderson. 2006. Minnesota horticultural industry survey on invasive plants. Euphytica 148:75-86.
18085 Web Page Proulx, N. 2000. Exotic Flowering Rush.
28364 News Rand, K. 2016. Underwater invaders: Many invasive species pose threats to lake. The Daily Inter Lake. Kalispell, MT. Created on 01/23/2016. Accessed on 01/25/2016.
28182 Database Re, R. (curator), and C. Niezgoda (manager). 2015. Field Museum of Natural History (F) Seed Plant Collection. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL.
37229 Database Reitsma, J. 2021. BLM - National Invasive Species Information Management System - Plants. U.S. Geological Survey.
31186 Database Reznicek, AA, E.g., Voss, and B.S. Walters. 2011. Michigan Flora Online. University of Michigan Herbarium, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Accessed on 01/01/2018.
25143 Report Rice, P., and V. Dupuis. 2009. Flowering rush: an invasive aquatic macrophyte infesting the headwaters of the Columbia River system. Center for Invasive Plant Management (CIPM), Montana State University, Bozeman, MT.
18436 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
17828 Database Rice, P.M. 2008. INVADERS Database System. Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812-4824. (accessed 28 April 2008).
10576 Journal Article Roberts, M.L. 1972. Butomus umbellatus in the Mississippi Watershed. Castanea 37(2):83-85.
19375 Web Page Salish Kootenai College, Pablo, MT. 2009. CENTER FOR INVASIVE PLANT MANAGEMENT.
10206 Journal Article Schuyler, A.E. 1979. Checklist of the aquatic flowering plants of Flathead Lake, Montana. Bartonia 46:84-85.
28331 Database SEINet Portal Network. 2021. Southwest Environmental Information Network. Symbiota Software Project, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
25152 Report Seizer, M. 2009. The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Biennial Remedial Action Plan Update for the River Rasion Area of Concern. Water Bureau, Aquatic Nuisance Control & Remedial Action Unit: Michigan DEQ, Lansing, MI.
16075 Database Smithsonian Institution. 2019. United States National Herbarium (US). Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
31508 Database South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks. 2018. Aquatic invasive species by waterbody. South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks, Pierre, SD. Created on 09/14/2015. Accessed on 11/15/2018.
25144 Journal Article Staniforth, R.J., and K.A. Frego. 1980. Flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus) in the Canadian prairies. Canadian Field-Naturalist 94(3):333-336.
10347 Journal Article Stuckey, R.L. 1968. Distributional history of Butomus umbellatus (flowering rush) in the western Lake Erie and Lake St. Clair region. Michigan Botanist 7:134-142.
10783 Journal Article Stuckey, R.L. 1975. A floristic analysis of the vascular plants of a marsh at Perry's Victory Monument, Lake Erie. The Michigan Botanist 14:144-166.
10051 Journal Article Stuckey, R.L. 1980. Distributional history of Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) in North America. Bartonia 47:3-20.
10050 Book Chapter Stuckey, R.L. 1988. Western Lake Erie aquatic and wetland vascular-plant flora: its origin and change. Page 67 p in Krieger, K.A, ed. Proceedings of the seminar on Lake Erie and its estuarine systems: issues, resources, status, and management. U.S. Department of Commerce. Washington, DC.
10476 Journal Article Stuckey, R.L., and D.L. Moore. 1995. Return and increase in abundance of aquatic flowering plants in Put-In-Bay Harbor, Lake Erie, Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science 95(3):261-266.
10346 Book The Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas.
28178 Database The New York Botanical Garden. 2018. William and Lynda Steere Herbarium (NY). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 04/30/2021.
18821 Journal Article Trebitz, A.S., and D.L. Taylor. 2007. Exotic and invasive aquatic plants in Great Lakes coastal wetlands: distribution and relation to watershed land use and plant richness and cover. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33:705-721.
37531 Database Tucker, A. 2019. EDRR plant Survey, raw data. The Nature Conservancy.
37529 Report Tucker, A., G. Annis, L. Chadderton and E. Elgin. 2019. Detroit River at Gibraltar, MI 2018 aquatic plant survey results. The Nature Conservancy, MI, USA.
37527 Report Tucker, A., W.L. Chadderton, G. Annis, E. Elgin. 2019. Interstate aquatic invasive species prevention, early detection, and response: Aquatic plant survey mothods development and site assessment. MI DEQ, MI, USA.
30074 Report Turnage, G., and J.D. Madsen. 2015. Management of Flowering Rush Using the Contact Herbicide Diquat in Detroit Lakes, Minnesota 2014. Geosystems Research Institute, Mississippi State, MS.
31148 Report Turnage, G., B. Alcott, and T. Guetter. 2018. Adaptive Management of Flowering Rush Using the Contact Herbicide Diquat in Detroit Lakes, Minnesota 2016 – Final Report. Geosystems Research Institute, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.
18779 Report U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Predicting future introductions of nonindigenous species to the Great Lakes. Environmental Protection Agency.
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2021. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 11/23/2021.
25196 Database United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). 2012. The PLANTS Database.
17241 Database United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2008. PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center.
27998 Database University of Michigan. 2020. University of Michigan Herbarium (MICH). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
18407 Database University of Minnesota. 2021. J. F. Bell Museum of Natural History Herbarium (MIN). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 05/06/2021.
28842 Database University of Wisconsin - Madison. 2017. Wisconsin State Herbarium (WIS). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 04/30/2021.
24509 Database Unknown. 2010. Collection/observation records of Butomus umbellatus from Minnesota. unknown.
17521 Database USDA, NRCS. 2016. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC. Accessed on 04/08/2016.
37943 Database Warman, M.J. 2021. 2020 aquatic invasive plant survey in the Lake Erie Basin, Ohio. Cleveland Metroparks, Cleveland, OH. Accessed on 02/05/2021.
27924 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR). 2017. Lakes and rivers with invasives species. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. Accessed on 12/04/2017.
32219 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR). 2018. Surface Water Integrated Monitoring System (SWIMS). Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
13727 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 2003. Wisconsin DNR Database, Northern Region.
19334 Database Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources. 2010. Aquatic Invasives Data and Maps. Wisconsin Dept of Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.
10394 Journal Article Witmer, S.W. 1964. Butomus umbellatus L. in Indiana. Castanea 29(2):117-119.


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2023]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [1/31/2023].

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