Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Trapa natans listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
36950 Journal Article Aidew, L., and A.K. Buragohain. 2014. Antimycobacterial and antioxidant activities of the fruit of Trapa natans L. var. Bispinosa reveal its therapeutic potential. American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeultics 2(10):1234-1245.
18804 News Anonymous. 2009. Anglers working to get rid of invasive water plant. NewsChannel 9 WSYR. 2009 (August 4).
27674 News Anonymous. 2014. Mystic River water chestnut cleanups a success. Medford Transcript. Danvers, MA. 10/17/2014. Created on 10/17/2014. Accessed on 07/07/2015.
27990 News Anonymous. 2015. Invasive Water Chestnut Found on Cayuga Lake. Ithaca Times. Ithaca, NY. Created on 09/03/2015. Accessed on 09/17/2015.
10633 News Aquatic Control Technology. 1998. Selective plant management achieved with Sonar herbicide. Exotic aquatic weed (Hydrilla) invades Connecticut pond. Aquatic Control Technology. Sutton, MA. 1998 (April):3.
28878 Report Aquatic Control Technology. 2015. Sudbury River Assessment Report, December 2015. Town of Framingham, Framingham, MA.
27626 News Associated Press. 1999. Maryland trying to weed out water chestnuts before they bloom. Bay Journal. Seven Valleys, PA. 07/01. Created on 07/01/1999. Accessed on 06/17/2015.
27654 Journal Article Barnaba, J., S.B. Hoskins, S. Smith, M. Bain, S. Findlay, D. Strayer, C. Nieder, and B. Blair. 2006. Remote sensing and mapping of submerged aquatic vegetation and Trapa natans in the Hudson River estuary. Aquatic Invaders 17(1):19-20.
28890 Database Barrington, D. (curator), D.J. Allard, M. Sundue, H. White, E. Allen, and A. Clark. 2015. Pringle Herbarium (VT). University of Vermont, Burlington, VT.
10653 Report Batuik, R., R. Orth, K. Moore, W. Dennison, J. Stevenson, L. Staver, V. Carger, N. Rybicki, R. Hickman, S. Kollar, S. Bieber, and P. Heasly. 1992. Chesapeake Bay Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Habitat Requirements and Restoration Targets: A Techinical Synthesis. US Environmental Protection Agency, Annapolis, MD.
28891 News Belke, T. 2016. The war on water chestnuts. Buffalo, NY. Created on 07/24/2016. Accessed on 07/25/2016.
28639 Report Besha, J.A., and W.D. Countryman. 1980. Feasibility assessment of anaerobic digestion of European water chestnuts (Trapa natans L. ). New York State Energy Research and Development Authority 80-13, Albany, NY.
28628 Journal Article Bickley, W.E., and E.N. Cory. 1955. Water caltrop in the Chesapeake Bay. Association of Southeastern Biologists Bulletin 2:27-28.
33327 News Blanchet, B. 2019. Volunteers sought to remove invasive plant from Fish Creek in Saratoga Springs. The Daily Gazette. Schenectady, NY. Created on 06/24/2019. Accessed on 06/25/2019.
27650 Journal Article Blossey, B. 2006. Biological control of water chestnut: the next phase. Aquatic Invaders 17(1):15-16.
27651 Journal Article Boettner, C., and B. Goettel. 2006. Stopping water chestnut at the landscape scale in the Connecticut River watershed. Aquatic Invaders 17(1):17.
28631 Conference Proceedings Bove, A., and T. Hunt. 1997. Water chestnut: An exotic plant invasion in Lake Champlain. Page 12 in Balcom, N.C, ed. Proceedings of the Second Northeast Conference on Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species, 18-19 April 1997, Burlington, VT. Connecticut Sea Grant College Program Publication CTSG-97-02. Groton, CT.
16006 Journal Article Boylen, C.W., L.W. Eichler, J.S. Bartkowski, and S.M. Shaver. 2006. Use of Geographic Information Systems to monitor and predict non-native aquatic plant dispersal through north-eastern North America. Hydrobiologia 570:243-248.
27675 News Brooks, D. 2013. In Nashua River, the once-thriving invasive water chestnut is in retreat. The Telegraph. Nashua, NH. 7/17/2013. Created on 07/17/2013. Accessed on 07/07/2015.
41886 News Brynda, S. 2023. Why getting rid of invasive water chestnut is so important. WWNY 7News. Watertown, New York. Created on 06/21/2023. Accessed on 06/26/2023.
37828 Report Bugbee, G.J., and S. Stebbins. 2020. Connecticut River Gateway Conservation Zone Invasive Aquatic Vegetation Survey Aquatic plant management options 2019. The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, CT.
37829 Database Bugbee, G.J., and S. Stebbins. 2021. Invasive Aquatic Plants in the Connecticut River. The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, Invasive Aquatic Plant Program, New Haven, CT. Accessed on 02/23/2022.
10113 Journal Article Burk, C.J., S.D. Lauermann, and A.L. Mesrobian. 1976. The spread of several introduced or recently invading aquatics in western Massachusetts. Rhodora 78:767-772.
27991 News Byeon, J. 2015. Invasive species of water chestnut removed from northern Cayuga Lake. Ithaca Voice. Ithaca, NY.­species­of­water­chestnut­removed­from­northern­cayuga­lake/. Created on 09/15/2015. Accessed on 09/16/2015.
27643 Journal Article Caraco, N.F. 2006. Water Chestnut Impacts on Oxygen in the Tidal Hudson River. Aquatic Invaders 17(1):8-9.
37750 Journal Article Caraco, N.F., and J.J. Cole. 2002. Contrasting impacts of a native and alien macrophyte on dissolved oxygen in a large river. Ecological Applications 12(5):1496-1509.[1496:CIOANA]2.0.CO;2.
37948 Database Carr, D. 2021. Finger Lakes PRISM 2020 AIS survey. Finger Lakes Partnership for Regional Invasive Species Management, Geneva, NY. Accessed on 02/09/2021.
10138 Journal Article Carter, V., and N.B. Rybicki. 1994. Invasions and declines of submersed macrophytes in the tidal Potomac River and Estuary, the Currituck Sound-Back Bay system, and the Pamlico River Estuary. Journal of Lake and Reservoir Management 10(1):39-48.
29405 News Castellani, J., and E. Walsh. 2017. A Success Story: Restoring Fiske Pond Through Mechanical Harvesting. SOLitude Lake Management. Virginia Beach, VA. Created on 02/02/2017. Accessed on 02/03/2017.
33484 News CBSNY Staff. 2019. Invasive water chestnut plant choking the life out of once-thriving Westchester County lake. CBS New York. New York, NY. Created on 07/31/2019. Accessed on 08/02/2019.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
28892 News Chanatry, D. 2016. Clearing invasive species from waterways, one handful at a time. WRVO Public Media. Oswego, NY. Created on 07/16/2016. Accessed on 07/25/2016.
32525 Journal Article Chorak, G.M., L.L. Dodd, N. Rybicki, K. Ingram, M. Buyukyoruk, Y. Kadono, Y.Y. Chen, and R.A. Thum. 2019. Cryptic introduction of water chestnut (Trapa) in the northeastern United States. Aquatic Botany 155:32-37.
10691 News Coin, G. 1999. Alien Species Swamp Lake. The Post-Standard Newspaper, Syracuse, New York.
15839 News Coin, G. 2006. Water chestnut moves east. The Post Standard, Syracuse, NY. 2006 (September 5).
10744 News Coin, Glenn. 2000. Water chestnuts tough to crack. Syracuse Herald Journal. 2000 (July).
17933 Web Page Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. 2008. CAES Individual Lake Results.|. Accessed on 06/23/2008.
27725 Database Consortium of Northeastern Herberia (CNH). 2023. Herbarium Specimen Data Sharing Portal for CNH. Accessed on 02/13/2019.
28638 Book Chapter Coote, T.W., R.E. Schmidt, and N. Caraco. 2001. Use of a periodically anoxic Trapa natans (water-chestnut) bed by fishes in the Hudson River. Page 20 pp in Waldman, J.R., and W.C. Nieder, eds. Final reports of the Tibor T. Polgar fellowship program, 2000. Hudson River Foundation. New York, NY.
10194 Journal Article Countryman, W.D. 1970. The history, spread and present distribution of some immigrant aquatic weeds in New England. Hyacinth Control Journal 8(2):50-52.
27645 Report Countryman, W.D. 1978. Nuisance Aquatic Plants in Lake Champlain. New England River Basins Commission, Burlington, VT.
37751 Journal Article Cozza, R., G. Galanti, M.B. Bitonti, and A.M. Innocenti. 1994. Effect of storage at low temperature on the germination of the waterchestnut (Trapa natans L.). Phyton 34(2):315-320.
28832 News Crouse, S. 2011. New Jersey Fish & Wildlife Digest: Invasive alert - protect New Jersey's waters. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Fish and Wildlife. Trenton, NJ.
10203 Book Crow, G.E., and C.B. Hellquist. 1983. Aquatic vascular plants of New England: Part 6. Trapaceae, Haloragaceae, Hippuridaceae. New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH.
38113 News Curatolo, M. 2022. Volunteers to remove invasive water chestnut on Oswegatchie River. Northern New York 360. Watertown, NY. Created on 06/18/2022. Accessed on 06/24/2022.
27646 Journal Article Davenport, G.E. 1879. Trapa natans. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 6(58):352.
19299 News DeGoosh, K. 2009. Nor'Easter State Updates for Rhode Island. Northeast Aquatic Plant Management Society. Kingston, RI. Fall 2009:12.
29747 Thesis or Dissertation Des Jardin, K. 2015. Water Chestnut: Field Observations, Competition, and Seed Germination and Viability in Lake Ontario Coastal Wetlands. Unpublished M.S. thesis. State University of New York College at Brockport, Brockport, NY.
37759 Journal Article Ding, J., B. Blossey, Y. Du, and F. Zheng. 2006. Galerucella birmanica (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a promising potential biological control agent of water chestnut, Trapa natans. Biological Control 36(1):80-90.
37721 Report Dodd, L.L., and A.N. Schad. 2021. Evaluation of light limitation and depth on germinated seeds of two species of water chestnut cultured under experimental conditions. Aquatic Plant Control Research Program Technical Note ERDC/TN APCRP-CC-23. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS.
32781 Report Dodd, L.L., N. Rybicki, R. Thum, Y. Kadono, and K. Ingram. 2019. Genetic and Morphological Differences of Water Chestnut (Myrtales: Lythraceae: Trapa) Populations in the Northeastern United States, Japan, and South Africa. US Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS.
39789 Journal Article Dodd, L.L., N.E. Harms, and A.N. Schad. 2021. Reciprocal competitive effects of congeneric invaders, Trapa natans L. and Trapa bispinosa Roxb. var. iinumai Nakano, in established freshwater plant cultures. Aquatic Botany 174:103419.
19270 News Dyer, J. 2008. Fans turn out to rid their beloved Nashua River of invasive plant. Boston Globe. 2008 (August 24):2 pp.
23862 Journal Article Eaton, R.J. 1947. Lemna minor as an aggressive weed in the Sudbury River. Rhodora 49(583):165-171.
33535 News ecoRI News staff. 2019. DEM Finds Invasive Species in Two Lincoln Ponds. ecoRI News. Providence, RI. Created on 08/09/2019. Accessed on 08/13/2019.
30218 Report Edinger, G.J., A.L. Feldmann, T.G. Howard, J.J. Schmid, F.C. Sechler, E. Eastman, E. Largay, L.A. Sneddon, C. Lea, and J. Von Loh. 2014. Vegetation inventory: Saratoga National Historical Park, New York. National Park Service, Ft. Collins, CO.
13266 Report Eichler, L.W. 2002. Annual Report - 2001, Darrin Fresh Water Institute Report #2002-1. Darrin Fresh Water Institute, Aquatic Plant Identification Program, Bolton Landing, NY.
17285 Report Eichler, L.W. 2006. Annual Report - 2005 Darrin Fresh Water Institute Aquatic Plant Identification Program. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Bolton Landing, New York. (accessed 1 February 2008).
18198 Report Eichler, L.W. 2007. Annual Report - 2006 Darrin Fresh Water Institute Aquatic Plant Identification Program. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Bolton Landing, New York. (accessed 10 November 2008).
28861 Report ENSR Corporation, and Berkshire Regional Planning Commission. 2005. Onota Lake invasive species management plan. City of Pittsfield, Pittsfield, MA.
28500 Report ESS Group, Inc. 2016. Ecological and management study of the DelCarte ponds. Town of Franklin, Franklin, MA.
19489 News Faust, E. 2010. A growing nuisance plagues the Perkiomen. The Mercury. Created on 08/29/2010. Accessed on 09/14/2010.
20527 Journal Article Feldman, R.S. 2001. Taxonomic and size structures of phytophilous macroinvertebrate communities in Vallisneria and Trapa beds of the Hudson River, New York. Hydrobiologia 452(1-3):233-245.
28636 Journal Article Findlay, S., K. Schoeberl, and B. Wagner. 1989. Abundance, composition, and dynamics of the invertebrate fauna of a tidal freshwater wetland. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 8(2):140-148.
27621 Journal Article Findlay, S.E.G., D.L. Strayer, S.D. Smith, and N. Curri. 2014. Magnitude and Patterns of Change in Submerged Aquatic Vegetation of the Tidal Freshwater Hudson River. Estuaries and Coasts 37:1233-1242.
27673 News Gardner, R. 2015. Invasion of the water chestnuts. The Wall Street Journal. New York, NY. 06/24/2015. Created on 06/24/2015. Accessed on 07/07/2015.
28998 Database George Mason University. 2015. Ted R. Bradley Herbarium (GMUF). SEINet Data Portal.
28863 Report GeoSyntec Consultants. 2003. LOPA annual report: Appendix C - Lake Onota aquatic vegetation assessment. Lake Onota Preservation Association, Pittsfield, MA.
19670 Web Page Gibbons, J. 2011. The Connecticut Agricultural Extension Station Aquatic Plant Survey Program.|.
15853 News Glendenning, L. 2006. Invasion of the Water Chestnut. The Fairfax Connection. Fairfax, VA. Accessed on 10/31/2006.
27963 News Goode, S. 2015. Officials decide to use chemicals to kill invasive plant in Bloomfield Pond. Hartford Courant. Hartford, CT. Created on 09/14/2015. Accessed on 09/14/2015.
27702 News Goode, S. 2015. Invasive water chestnut found in Bloomfield's Filley Park Pond. Hartford Courant. Hartford, CT. 7/13/2015. Created on 07/13/2015. Accessed on 07/14/2015.
28594 Journal Article Graham, S.A., J. Hall, K. Sytsma, and S. Shi. 2005. Phylogenetic analysis of the Lythraceae based on four gene regions and morphology. International Journal of Plant Sciences 166(6):995-1017.
10176 Journal Article Greeley, J.R. 1965. Eradication of water chestnut. Conservationist 19(4):13-15.
31244 Journal Article Groth, A.T., L. Lovett-Doust, and J. Lovett-Doust. 1996. Population density and module demography in Trapa natans (Trapaceae), an annual, clonal aquatic macrophyte. American Journal of Botany 83(11):1406-1415.
16468 News Gunderson, M. 2007. Clogged pond to get relief - grant will help reduce weeds. The Boston Globe. 2007 (September 13).
10148 Journal Article Gwathmey, J.H. 1945. Potomac River cleared of floating islands. Maryland Conservationist 22(1):21-23.
34016 Report GZA GeoEnvironmental, Inc. 2019. Mapping of Invasive Aquatic Species in the Connecticut River with a focus on Hydrilla verticillata & Trapa natans. Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation Office of Water Resources, Lakes and Ponds Program.
28879 News Haddadin, J. 2016. Framingham commission moves to stem scourge of water chestnuts in Sudbury River. The MetroWest Daily News. Framingham, MA. Created on 07/20/2016. Accessed on 07/21/2016.
28595 Report Harman, W.N, M.F. Albright, and W. Eyres. 2007. BFS technical report # 24, Trapa natans: invasions and effects, and water chestnut (Trapa natans L.) in an Oneonta, NY wetland. SUNY Oneonta, Biological Field Station, Cooperstown, NY.
28652 Report Harman, W.N. 2011. Catskill Region Aquatic Nuisance Species Survey for the Catskill Center for Conservation and Development. SUNY Oneonta, Biological Field Station, Oneonta, NY.
28632 Journal Article House, H.D. 1937. A new plant joins the Hudson River flora. Torreya 37(4):80-82.
34251 Book Chapter Hsieh, C.F. 1993. Trapaceae. Pages 968-969 in Huang, T.C, ed. Flora of Taiwan. Volume 3. 2nd edition. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China.
27644 Journal Article Hummel, M., and E. Kiviat. 2004. Review of World Literature on Water Chestnut with Implications for Management in North America. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 42:17-28.
27653 Journal Article Hunt, T. 2006. 2005 Water Chestnut Management Program: Lake Champlain and inland waters of Vermont. Aquatic Invaders 17(1):18-19.
27462 Database iMapInvasives. 2018. Pennsylvania iMapInvasives. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program, Pittsburgh, PA. Accessed on 12/15/2016.
27712 Database iMapInvasives. 2019. New York iMapInvasives. New York Natural Heritage Program, Albany, NY. Created on 07/08/2015. Accessed on 07/08/2015.
28893 News Impink, P. 2016. Long Pond remains closed due to algae. Tewksbury Town Crieir. Tewksbury, MA. Created on 07/23/2016. Accessed on 07/25/2016.
35293 Report Indiana Department of Natural Resources (IN DNR). 2012. Invasive Species: Water Chestnut.
13439 Web Page IPANE. 2001. Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) at the University of Connecticut online database.
29255 Database Isaac, B. (collections). 2016. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Herbarium (CM). Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA.
23136 Report James, W.F., and H.L. Eakin. 2000. Macrophyte management via mechanical shredding: effects on water quality in Lake Champlain (Vermont-New York). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
34494 Report Jewitt, A. 2017. 2017 Water Chestnut Chasers Challenge. iMapInvasives, PA.
34495 Report Jewitt, A. 2018. Results and Analysis of the 2018 Water Chestnut Chasers Challenge. PA iMapInvasives Program, PA.
34496 Report Jewitt, A. 2019. Results and Analysis of the 2019 Three-Part Species Search Challenge: Water Chestnut, Hydrilla, and Wavyleaf Basketgrass. PA iMapInvasives Program, PA.
31282 Journal Article Kadono, Y., and E.L. Schneider. 1986. Floral biology of Trapa natans var. japonica. The Botanical Magazine, Tokyo 99:435-439.
10681 Database Kennedy, J. 2022. Harvard University Herbaria: Vascular Plants of North America (Harvard). Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. Accessed on 07/14/2022.
27879 News King, D. 2015. Dresden works to eradicate invasive weeds. Manchester Newspapers. Granville, NY. Created on 07/30/2015. Accessed on 08/18/2015.
19353 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
28145 Database Kishbaugh, S.A. 2015. NYS Exotic Aquatic Plant Locations 2015. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.
28630 Journal Article Kiviat, E. 1993. Under the spreading water-chestnut. News From Hudsonia 9(1):1-6.
29549 Database Knox, E. (director). 2017. Deam Herbarium (IND). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.
27616 News Koerting, K. 2015. Invasive plant emerges in Lake Lillinonah. NewsTimes. Danbury, CT. 2015 (14 June). Created on 06/14/2015. Accessed on 06/23/2015.
27941 Journal Article Kolessar, M.A. 1967. Aquatic plants in Maryland-a growing menace. Journal of the Waterways and Harbors Division 93(3):1-8.
27617 Journal Article Kornijow, R., D.L. Strayer, and N.F. Caraco. 2010. Macroinvertebrate communities of hypoxic habitats created by an invasive plant (Trapa natans) in the freshwater tidal Hudson River. Fundam. Appl. Limnol., Arch. Hydrobiol 176(3):199-207.
29004 Database Krings, A. (director). 2011. North Carolina State University Herbarium (NCSC). North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.
36951 Journal Article Kumar, V., and A.K. Chopra. 2018. Phytoremediation potential of water caltrop (Trapa natans L.) using municipal wastewater of the activated sludge process-based municipal wastewater treatment plant. Environmental technology 39(1):12-23.
23532 Journal Article Kurihara, M., and I. Ikusima. 1991. The ecology of the seed in Trapa natans var. japonica in a eutrophic lake. Plant Ecology 97(2):117-124.
18939 Report LaManche, K. 2007. The current state of aquatic invasive species in central New York. Central New York Regional Planning and Development Board.
40834 Journal Article Lamb, B.T., M.A. Tzortziou, and K.C. McDonald. 2021. A fused radar-optical approach for mapping wetlands and deepwaters of the Mid-Atlantic and Gulf Coast regions of the United States. Remote Sensing 13(13):2495.
27885 News Lefferts, J.F. 2015. Invasive plant found in river near wildlife refuge in Devens. The Boston Globe. Boston, MA. Created on 08/19/2015. Accessed on 08/21/2015.
10741 Journal Article Les, D.H., and L.J. Mehrhoff. 1999. Introduction of nonindigenous aquatic vascular plants in southern New England: a historical perspective. Biological Invasions 1(2-3):281-300.
28167 Database Les, D.H., and R.S. Capers. 2012. George Safford Torrey Herbarium (CONN). University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT.
37949 Database Lewandowski, M. 2021. Maryland AIS plant survey 2019-2020. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD. Accessed on 01/04/2021.
20692 Journal Article Li, M., V. Kleinhenz, T. Lyall, and D.J. Midmore. 2000. Response of Chinese water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis (Burm. f.) Hensch) to photoperiod. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 75(1):72-78.
31243 Journal Article Li, X.L., X.R. Fan, H.J. Chu, W. Li, and Y.Y. Chen. 2017. Genetic delimitation and population structure of three Trapa taxa from the Yangtze River, China. Aquatic Botany 136:61-70.
30237 Database Lovejoy, D. (curator). 2012. Westfield State University Herbarium (WSCH). Westfield State University, Westfield, MA.
10742 Journal Article Lowenberg, G. 1998. What are our options? Education, control efforts & what comes next. Conservation Notes of the New England Wild Flower Society 2(3):27-30.
27875 Web Page Lower Great Lakes Fish & Wildlife Conservation Office. 2015. From the field. Created on 08/07/2015. Accessed on 08/18/2015.
28776 News Lundin, R. 2013. President's desk. Audubon Society Newsletter. Jamestown, NY. 57 (1):2. Accessed on 06/01/2016.
10555 Report Lyman, Lee. 1995. Aquatic vegetation treatment for the town of Belchertown, Harvesting of water chestnut in the Charles River. Lycott Environmental Research Inc, Southbridge, MA 01550.
10111 Report Madsen, J.D. 1990. Waterchestnut (Trapa natans L.) research in Watervliet Reservoir, 1989 report. Rensselaer Freshwater Institute, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY.
17159 Web Page Many. 2007. Aquatic Invasive Plant Locations. Accessed on 12/12/2007.
36952 Journal Article Marković, G., G. Vinćentijević-Marković, and S. Tanasković. 2015. First record of water chestnut (Trapa natans L., Trapaceae, Myrtales) in Central Serbia. Journal of Central European Agriculture 16(4):436-444.
28384 Report Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 2016. Maryland Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD.
29921 Database Mehrhoff, L.J., J.A. Silander, Jr., S.A. Leicht, E.S. Mosher, and N.M. Tabak. 2003. IPANE: Invasive Plant Atlas of New England. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. Accessed on 04/14/2017.
37755 Journal Article Menegus, F., L. Cattaruzza, L. Scaglioni, and E. Ragg. 1992. Effects of oxygen level on metabolism and development of seedlings of Trapa natans and two ecologically related species. Physiologia Plantarum 86(1):168-172.
42504 Report Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development. 2015. Weed Risk Assessment for Trapa natans L. (Lythraceae) – Water chestnut. Version 1.
28196 Database Michigan State University. 2015. Michigan State University Herbarium (MSC). SEINet Data Portal.
27950 Database Michigan State University Board of Trustees. 2019. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN). Michigan State University. Department of Entomology - Applied Spatial Ecology and Technical Services Laboratory, East Lansing, MI.
703 Journal Article Mills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor. 1993. Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19(1):1-54.
28887 Database Minnaert-Grote, J. (manager). 2015. Illinois Natural History Survey Herbarium (ILLS). Prairie Research Institute, Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, IL.
28629 Journal Article Mirick, P.G. 1996. Goose grief. Massachusetts Wildlife 46(2):15-16.
19352 News Mitchell, T. 2006. Invasive Plants Found in Lake. Rutland Herald. Accessed on 09/22/2006.
15873 News Mitchell, T. 2006. Lake groups seek to fight milfoil with chemicals. The Rutland Herald, Rutland, Vermont. 2006 (May 2). (accessed on November 12, 2006).
15854 News Mitchell, T. 2006. Invasive plants found in lake. Rutland Herald, Rutland, Vermont. 2006 (September 22). (accessed on 9/22/06).
42605 Journal Article Moore, J., M. O'Neill, C. Lutz, and S.H. Pearson. 2023. Water chestnut biomass estimates using density as a proxy: Facilitating multiyear comparisons with a streamlined approach. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 61:15-21.
28640 Book Chapter Muenscher, W.C. 1937. Water chestnut. Pages 234-243, 246 in A biological survey of the lower Hudson watershed, supplement to 24th annual report (1935). New York Conservation Department. Albany, NY.
10049 Book Muenscher, W.C. 1944. Aquatic plants of the United States. Comstock Publishing Company, Inc/Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.
30052 Database Murray State University. 2021. Murray State University Herbarium (MUR). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
27886 News Nashua River Watershed Association. 2015. Invasive water chestnuts discovered in Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge. Nashua River Watershed Association. Groton, MA. Accessed on 08/21/2015.
24529 Database National Park Service (NPS). 2013. NPSpecies - database of species inventories for park units in the National Park System. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Fort Collins, CO. Accessed on 02/07/2018.
33777 Database Natural Resource Information Systems (NRIS). 2019. Current Invasive Plants. U.S. Forest Service. Accessed on 08/27/2019.
10700 Web Page Naylor, M. 1999. Water Chestnut Problem in the Bird and Sassafras Rivers. Accessed on 10/02/2000.
15733 Report Naylor, M. 2003. Water Chestnut (Trapa natans) in the Chesapeake Bay. Maryland Department of Natural Resources.
13276 Database Neel, M. (director), J. Hall (curator), and N. Anderson. 2014. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY). University of Maryland, College Park, MD.
27652 Journal Article Nemecek, R. 2006. Water chestnut chemical treatment control: Three Rivers system - Oswego and Onondaga counties. Aquatic Invaders 17(1):16.
28831 Database New Jersey Invasive Species Strike Team. 2018. Interactive map. Friends of Hopewell Valley Open Space, Pennington, NJ. Accessed on 01/30/2019.
27656 Journal Article Nieder, W.C., E. Barnaba, S.E.G. Findlay, S. Hoskins, N. Holochuck, and E.A. Blair. 2004. Distribution and abundance of submerged aquatic vegetation and Trapa natans in the Hudson River estuary. Journal of Coastal Research Special Issue(45):150-161.
27657 Book Chapter Nieder, W.C., S. Hoskins, S.D. Smith, and S.E.G. Findlay. 2009. Distribution and spatial change of Hudson River estuary submerged aquatic vegetation: implications for coastal management and natural resource protection. Pages 259-277 in Yang, X, ed. Remote sensing and geospatial technologies for coastal ecosystem
assessment and management, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. 1st edition. Springer-Verlag. Berlin/Heidelberg.
22477 Journal Article Nohara, S. 1991. A study on annual changes in surface cover of floating-leaved plants in a lake using aerial photography. Plant Ecology 97(2):125-136.
13671 Book Ogden, E.C. 1974. Anatomical patterns of some aquatic vascular plants of New York. Volume Bulletin 424. The University of the State of New York, State Education Department, Albany, NY.
19322 Web Page Olmsted, D. 2010. Pull Water Chestnuts in the Mystic River. Accessed on 06/04/2010.
27641 Conference Proceedings O'Neill, C.R. 2006. Water Chestnut Summit Proceedings - Sea Grant Water Chestnut Educational Project. Page 1, 8 in Oleson, D.J, ed. Aquatic Invaders: The Digest of National Aquatic Nuisance Species Clearinghouse. National Aquatic Nuisance Clearinghouse. Brockport, NY.
35294 Web Page Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (OISAP). 2013. European Water Chestnut Trapa natans. Accessed on 05/02/2013.
27942 Report Open Space Committee. 2008. Barrowsville Pond water chestnut removal plan. Town of Norton, Norton, MA.
27728 Web Page Otisco Lake Preservation Association. 2015. 2015 Water Chestnut Pull. Created on 07/20/2015. Accessed on 07/22/2015.
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30216 Report Pandullo Quirk Associates. 1979. Natural Resources Inventory at Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site Hyde Park, New York. National Park Service, Boston, MA.
10254 Journal Article Patten, B.C. 1956. Notes on the biology of Myriophyllum spicatum L. in a New Jersey Lake. Torrey Botanical Club 83(1):5-18.
35295 Report Pemberton, R. W. 2002. Water Chestnut. Invasive Plant Research Laboratory, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Ft. Lauderdale, FL.
10518 Database Pennsylvania Flora Database. 2011. Pennsylvania Flora Project. Morris Arboretum at the University of Pennsylvania (MOAR), Philadelphia, PA.
42505 Web Page Pennsylvania Sea Grant. 2012. Water Chestnut: Trapa natans.
39442 Journal Article Phartyal, S.S. 2018. Seed germination ecology in Trapa natans L., a widely distributed freshwater macrophyte. Aquatic Botany 147:18-23.
39372 Journal Article Phartyal, S.S., S. Rosbakh, and P. Poschlod. 2018. Seed germination ecology in Trapa natans L., a widely distributed freshwater macrophyte. Aquatic Botany 147:18-23.
30236 Database Philbrick, C.T. (director). 2016. Western Connecticut State University Herbarium (WCSU). Western Connecticut State University, Danbury, CT.
42503 Book Chapter Plum, C.I., S.K. Hamilton, R. Henry, D.T. McCarthy, E.J. Rosi and M.R. Grace. 2021. Pharmaceutical Transport and Transformation in Trapa natans Beds. Pages Section VI: 1-52 pp in D.J. Yozzo, S.H. Fernald, and H. Andreyko, eds. Final reports of the Tibor T. Polgar Fellowship Program, 2019. Hudson River Foundation.
29332 Database Porter-Utley, K. 2015. Keene State College Herbarium (KESC). Keene State College, Keene, NH.
22758 Journal Article Rai, U.N., and S. Sinha. 2001. Distribution of metals in aquatic edible plants: Trapa natans (Roxb.) Makino and Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 70(3):241-252.
10149 Report Rawls, C.K. 1964. Aquatic plant nuisances. Commission on the the Potamac River Basin, Rockville, MD.
10155 Journal Article Rawls, C.K. 1964. Aquatic plant nuisances. Proceedings of the Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin 64(1):51-56.
28182 Database Re, R. (curator), and C. Niezgoda (manager). 2015. Field Museum of Natural History (F) Seed Plant Collection. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL.
28938 News Reid, B. 2016. Exploring The Last Green Valley: Water chestnut removal a rewarding volunteer effort. The Bulletin. Norwich, CT. Created on 08/05/2016. Accessed on 08/08/2016.
33544 Report Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. 2018. Freshwater Aquatic Invasive Species in Rhode Island. Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management, Providence, RI.
33536 News Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. 2019. DEM Monitoring Lakes And Ponds Across Rhode Island For Invasive Aquatic Species. Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. Providence, RI. Created on 08/09/2019. Accessed on 08/13/2019.
28866 Database Ribbens, E. (curator). 2012. R.M. Myers Herbarium (MWI). Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL.
34949 Report Scott, P. 2011. Capital engineers: The US Army Corps of Engineers in the development of Washington, DC 1790-2004. EP 870-1-67. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Alexandria, VA.
28633 Database Seidler, T. (curator). 2014. University of Massachusetts Herbarium (MASS). University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA.
28885 Database Seigler, D. (curator). 2014. University of Illinois Herbarium (ILL). University of Illinois, Champaign, IL.
28331 Database SEINet Portal Network. 2021. Southwest Environmental Information Network. Symbiota Software Project, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
29277 Database SERNEC Data Portal. 2019. SouthEast Regional Network of Expertise and Collections. Appalachian State University, Boone, NC. Accessed on 07/13/2017.
15868 Web Page Shnitzler, N. 2006. Invasive species threatens pond. (accessed on October 2006).
33984 Report Smagula, A.P., R. Scott, C. Freise, and R. Pelletier. 2017. Exotic Species Program Report: 2013-2017. New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, Concord, NH.
27876 News Smith, B. 2015. Invasive weed discovered in Genesee River. WXXI News. Rochester, NY. Created on 08/02/2015. Accessed on 08/18/2015.
28833 Report Smith, C. 2009. Fisheries management plan - Lake Musconetcong. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Fish and Wildlife, Sicklerville, NJ.
10112 Journal Article Smith, R.H. 1955. Experimental control of Water Chestnut (Trapa natans) in New York State. New York Fish and Game Journal 2(2):174-193.
27627 News Spears, T. 2015. Invasive water chestnut found in Rideau. Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 06/16. Created on 06/16/2015. Accessed on 06/18/2015.
27639 Web Page State of Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management, Office of Water Resources. 2010. Water Chestnut (Trapa natans) Documented by RIDEM-OWR in Rhode Island Freshwaters. Created on 12/10/2010. Accessed on 06/26/2015.
27638 Web Page State of Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management, Office of Water Resources. 2015. Aquatic Invasive Species: (AIS) Plants Documented in RI Freshwaters. Created on 04/29/2015. Accessed on 06/26/2015.
34497 Journal Article Steury, B.W., and C.A. Davis. 2003. The Vascular Flora of Piscataway and Fort Washington National Parks, Prince Georges and Charles Counties, Maryland. Castanea 68(4):271-299.
10151 Report Stevenson, J.C., and N.M. Confer. 1978. Summary of available information in Chesapeake Bay submerged vegetation. FWS/OBS-78/66. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Biological Services, Washington, DC.
18832 News Stith, J. 2009. Otisco Lake also faces milfoil problem. Syracuse Online, Syracuse, NY. 2009 (August 25).
17104 Journal Article Strayer, D.L., C. Lutz, H.M. Malcom, K. Munger, and W.H. Shaw. 2003. Invertebrate communities associated with a native (Vallisneria americana) and an alien (Trapa natans) macrophyte in a large river. Freshwater Biology 48:1938-1949.
19314 News Sullivan, G. 2009. Status Updates for New Jersey in the Northeast Aquatic Plant Management Society Newsletter. Northeast Aquatic Plant Management Society. Fall:12.
28846 News Sullivan, J. 2016. Battling the chestnuts - Neighborhood group hoping to un-choke Amesbury pond. Newburyport News. Newburyport, MA. Created on 07/07/2016. Accessed on 07/08/2016.
30235 Database Sullivan, J. (collections). 2014. Albion R. Hodgdon Herbarium (NHA). University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH.
27619 Journal Article Tall, L., N. Caraco, and R. Maranger. 2011. Denitrification hot spots: dominant role of invasive macrophyte Trapa natans in removing nitrogen from a tidal river. Ecological Applications 21(8):3104-3114.
19377 Web Page The Adirondack Park Invasive Plant Program. 2009. The Adirondack Park Invasive Plant Program Aquatic Invasive Species Project.
28964 Web Page The Jonah Center for Earth and Art. 2016. Milestones. Accessed on 08/22/2016.
42445 Report The Nature Conservancy Great Lakes AIS Program. 2023. Aquatic plant surveys for Oswego, Rochester, and Buffalo harbors 2021 & 2022. Finger Lakes - Lake Ontario Watershed Protection Alliance, Fulton, NY.
28178 Database The New York Botanical Garden. 2018. William and Lynda Steere Herbarium (NY). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 04/30/2021.
19356 News Thompson, C. 2009. Water chestnuts threaten to choke off local tourism.
30117 Journal Article Tinoco, A.I., B.T. Furman, K.M. Darnell, and B.J. Peterson. 2017. Submerged aquatic vegetation, topography and flow characteristics in the upper, tidal Hudson River: progress toward a predictive habitat model. Aquatic Botany 142:53-60.
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28634 Journal Article Tsuchiya, T., and T. Iwakuma. 1993. Growth and leaf life-span of a floating-leaved plant, Trapa natans L., as influenced by nitrogen flux. Aquatic Botany 46(3-4):317-324.
28913 Database Tucker, G. (director). 2015. Stover-Ebinger Herbarium (EIU). Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL.
28635 Report U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). 1989. Superfund record of decision, Marathon Battery, NY, third remedial action - final. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.
25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2021. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 11/23/2021.
35441 Database U-M Library Digital Collections. 2021. University of Michigan Herbarium Catalog Collection. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Accessed on 02/12/2021.
27998 Database University of Michigan. 2020. University of Michigan Herbarium (MICH). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
29264 Database University of Pennsylvania. 2021. Morris Arboretum Herbarium (MOAR). SEINet Data Portal.
28842 Database University of Wisconsin - Madison. 2017. Wisconsin State Herbarium (WIS). SEINet Data Portal. Accessed on 04/30/2021.
28606 Report Van Driesche, R., B. Blossey, M. Hoddle, S. Lyon, and R. Reardon. 2002. Biological control of invasive plants in the eastern United States. US Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Morgantown, WV.
29265 Database Vincent, M. (curator). 2014. W. S. Turrell Herbarium (MU). Miami University, Oxford, OH.
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30234 Database Wallace, L. (director). 2006. Mississippi State University Herbarium (MISSA). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.
28667 Report Water Resource Services. 2015. Laurel Lake drawdown 2015 report. Town of Lee Massachusetts, Lee, MA.
27842 News Wells, N.M. 2015. Cranbury: invasive water chestnut species eludes capture. New Providence, NJ. Created on 06/30/2015. Accessed on 07/06/2015.
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27647 Journal Article Winne, W.T. 1950. Water chestnut: A foreign menace. Bulletin to the Schools 36(7):230-234.
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42510 Web Page Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR). Water Chestnut (Trapa natans). Created on 11/07/2023.
28843 Database Wofford, B.E. (curator), Q.V. Ma (manager), and W.M. Dennis. 2016. University of Tennessee Herbarium (TENN). University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN.
42511 Journal Article Wu, J. and M. Wu. 2006. Feasibility study of effect of ultrasound on water chestnuts. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 32(4):595-601.
37940 Database Yamalis, H. 2022. Water chestnut (Trapa natans L.) in Connecticut. Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection, Hartford, CT.
37893 Journal Article Yanglem, S.D., K. Rangappa, P. Moirangthem, Y.K. Singh, and M.H. Devi. 2016. Water Chestnut (Trapa natans L.): An Indigenous and Commercial Crop of North Eastern Hill Region. Advances in Life Sciences 5(22):10232-10236.
28637 Journal Article Yozzo, D.J., and W.E. Odum. 1993. Fish predation on epiphytic microcrustacea in Tivoli South Bay, a Hudson River tidal freshwater wetland. Hydrobiologia 257:37-46.


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [7/13/2024].

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