Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Salmo salar listed in key words.

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REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
30470 News Akst, J. 2017. More than 300,000 Atlantic Salmon spill into Pacific. The Scientist. Midland, Ontario, Canada. Created on 08/22/2017. Accessed on 08/28/2017.
14955 News Anderson, R. 1999. Atlantic salmon escape into Sound from pens. Seattle Times. 1999 (June 16).
37502 Journal Article Andrews, S.N., K. Zelman, T. Ellis, T. Linnansaari, and R.A. Curry. 2018. Diet of Striped Bass and Muskellunge downstream of a large hydroelectric dam: A preliminary investigation into suspected Atlantic Salmon smolt predation. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 38(3):3.
834 News Anonymous. 1994. More Atlantic salmon stocked in bay state ponds. Trout Unlimited Currents. Boston, MA. 2:1,4.
13939 News Anonymous. 2004. Atlantic salmon caught near Ketchikan. Sitnews. July 24, 2004.
37603 Journal Article Armstrong, J.D., P.S. Kemp, G.J.A. Kennedy, M. Ladle, and N.J. Milner. 2003. Habitat requirements of Atlantic salmon and brown trout in rivers and streams. Fisheries Research 62(2):2.
27655 News Associated Press. 1990. First catch of Atlantic Salmon documented in Alaska water. The New York Times. New York, NY. Created on 08/24/1990. Accessed on 07/01/2015.
1645 News Associated Press. 1997. Atlantic salmon declared pollutant. The Olympian, 19 June 1997, Olympia, WA.
1638 News Associated Press. 1997. Some Sound waters better fishing than usual. The Olympian. July 20.
13690 News Associated Press. 2003. Fisherman nets an Atlantic salmon. Anchorage Daily News. October 7, 2003.
28115 Journal Article Bailey, R.M., and H.M. Harrison, Jr. 1945. The fishes of Clear Lake, Iowa. Iowa State College Journal of Science 20(1):57-77.
24791 Journal Article Bailey, R.M., W.C. Latta, and G.R. Smith. 2004. An atlas of Michigan fishes with keys and illustrations for their identification. Miscellaneous Publications of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology 192:1-215.
18131 Journal Article Batchelder, C.H. 1927. Inland fishes of the eastern part of Mount Desert Island, Maine. Ecology 8(3):327-332.
37761 Journal Article Baum, E.T., and A.L. Meister. 1971. Fecundity of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) from two Maine rivers. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 28(5):5.
1699 Report Bean, T.H. 1892. The fishes of Pennsylvania, with descriptions of the species, and notes on their common names, distribution, rate of growth and mode of capture. Report of the Fish Commissioners for the years 1889-90-91. Edwin K Meyers, State Printer Harrisburg, PA.
406 Book Bean, T.H. 1903. The Food and Game Fishes of New York: notes on their comon names, distribution, habits and mode of capture. JB Lyon Company Albany, NY.
308 Book Beckman, W.C. 1952. Guide to the fishes of Colorado. Colorado Department of Game and Fish, Denver, CO.
1636 News Bedziner, V. 1994. Salmon aquaculture: is there an impact on the wild stock? Aquaculture Magazine. 1994 (Sept/Oct):4 pp.
37771 Journal Article Behmer, D.J., R.W. Greil, S.J. Scott, and T. Hanna. 1993. Harvest and movement of Atlantic Salmon stocked in the St. Marys River, Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19(3):3.
37805 Report Beland, K.F. 1984. Strategic plan for management of Atlantic salmon in the state of Maine. Atlantic Sea Run Salmon Commission, Bangor, Maine.
37806 Book Bigelow, H.B., I.P. Farfante, and W.C. Schroeder. 1963. Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Volume 1. Sears Foundation for Marine Research, Denmark.
37797 Journal Article Bilby, R.E., B.R. Fransen, and P.A. Bisson. 1996. Incorporation of nitrogen and carbon from spawning coho salmon into the trophic system of small streams: evidence from stable isotopes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53.
37772 Journal Article Bilby, R.E., B.R. Fransen, P.A. Bisson, and J.K. Walter. 1998. Response of juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to the addition of salmon carcasses to two streams in southwestern Washington, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55(8):8.
16307 Journal Article Birkbeck, T.H., S. Rennie, D. Hunter, L. Laidler, and S. Wadsworth. 2004. Infectivity of a Scottish isolate of Piscirickettsia salmonis for Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and immune response of salmon to this agent. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 60(2):97-103.
16064 Report Bisson, P.A. 2006. Assessment of the risk of invasion of national forest streams in the Pacific Northwest by farmed Atlantic salmon. Gen TEch Rep PNW-GTR-697 Portland, OR: US Dept of Ag, Forst Service, Northwest Research Station.
16677 Report Bisson, P.A. 2006. Assessment of the risk of invasion of national forest streams in the Pacific Northwest by farmed Atlantic salmon. Portland, OR: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station . (accessed 10/26/2007).
1694 Book Bond, C.E. 1973. Keys to Oregon freshwater fishes. Revised edition. Oregon State University, Agricultural Experiment Station, Corvallis, OR.
1772 Book Bowers, G.M. 1901. Report of the commissioner of fish and fisheries. Part XXVI. US Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Washington, DC.
14810 Journal Article Brodeur, R.D., and M.S. Busby. 1998. Occurrence of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in the Bering Sea. Alaska Fishery Research Bulletin 5(1):64-66.
16431 Journal Article Bronte, C.R., M.P. Ebener, D.R. Schreiner, D.S. DeVault, M.M. Petzold, D.A. Jensen, C. Richards, and S.J. Lorenzo. 2003. Fish community change in Lake Superior, 1970-2000. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences(60):1552-1574.
708 Journal Article Burr, B.M. 1991. The fishes of Illinois: An overview of a dynamic fauna. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 34(4):417-427.
710 Journal Article Burr, B.M.M.L. Warren, Jr., and K.S. Cummings. 1988. New distributional records of Illinois fishes with additions to the known fauna. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 81(1&2):163-170.
26266 Database California Department of Fish and Game. 2009. California Aquatic Non-native Organism Database (CANOD). California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Spill Prevention and Response. Created on 03/08/2011. Accessed on 07/20/2011.
30852 News Cauvel, K. 2017. Three months after the fish farm collapse, guess where Atlantic salmon are being found. Skagit Valley Herald. Created on 12/11/2017. Accessed on 12/15/2017.
37760 Journal Article Cederholm, C.J., M.D. Kunze, T. Murota, and A. Sibatani. 1999. Pacific salmon carcasses: essential contributions of nutrients and energy for aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Fisheries 24(10):10.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
24746 Report Clark, G., A.J. Kellogg, J.J. Bagley, and G.H. Jerome. 1874. State of Michigan. First report of the state commissioners and superintendent, on state fisheries, for 1873-4, ending December 1st, 1874. W.S. George and Company, Lansing, MI.
211 Book Cooper, E.L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the Northeastern United States. Pennsylvania State University Press University Park, PA.
146 Book Cross, F.B. 1967. Handbook of fishes of Kansas. State Biological Survey and University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Misc Publ No 45 Topeka, KS.
13979 Report Cudmore-Vokey, B., and E.J. Crossman. 2000. Checklists of the fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes and their connecting channels. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2550. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Burlington, Ontario.
37807 Journal Article Daymond, J.R. 1963. Family Salmonidae. Sears Foundation for Marine Research Memo 1(3):3.
279 Journal Article Deacon, J.E., and J.E. Williams. 1984. Annotated list of the fishes of Nevada. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 97(1):103-118.
19355 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
294 Journal Article Denoncourt, R.F., T.B. Robbins, and R. Hesser. 1975. Recent introductions and reintroductions to the Pennsylvania fish fauna of the Susquehanna River drainage above Conowingo Dam. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 49:57-58.
37773 Journal Article Deperasińska, I., P. Schulz, and A.K. Siwicki. 2018. Salmonid alphavirus (SAV). Journal of Veterinary Research 62(1):1.
37774 Journal Article DeVries, P. 1997. Riverine salmonid egg burial depths: review of published data and implications for scour studies. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54.
37775 Journal Article Di Cicco, E., H.W. Ferguson, K.H. Kaukinen, A.D. Schulze, S. Li, A. Tabata, O.P. Gunther, G. Mordecai, C.A. Suttle, and K.M. Miller. 2018. The same strain of Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV-1) is involved in the development of different, but related, diseases in Atlantic and Pacific Salmon in British Columbia. Facets 3.
1577 Book Dill, W.A., and A.J. Cordone. 1997. History and status of introduced fishes in California, 1871-1996. Fish Bulletin 178. California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento, CA.
1646 News Dodge, J. 1997. Escaped fish open to anglers. The Olympian, 23 July 1997, Olympia, WA.
74 Book Eddy, S., and J.C. Underhill. 1974. Northern fishes, with special reference to the upper Mississippi Valley. 3rd edition. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
37604 Journal Article Elliott, J.M., and J.A. Elliott. 2010. Temperature requirements of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, brown trout Salmo trutta and Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus: predicting the effects of climate change. Journal of Fish Biology 77(8):8.
313 Journal Article Ellis, M.M. 1914. Fishes of Colorado. University of Colorado Studies 11(1):5-136.
460 Report Emery, L. 1985. Review of fish introduced into the Great Lakes, 1819-1974. Technical Report No. 45. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Ann Arbor, MI.
99 Book Everhart, W.H. 1976. Fishes of Maine. 4th edition. Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, Augusta, ME.
37776 Journal Article Fausch, K.D. 1998. Interspecific competition and juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): on testing effects and evaluating the evidence across scales. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55(S1):S1.
37798 Report Fay, C., M. Barton, S. Craig, A. Hecht, J. Pruden, R. Saunders, T. Sheehan, and J. Trial. 2006. Status review for anadromous Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) in the United States. Report to the National Marine Fisheries Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
37808 News Figura, D. 2009. Wild Atlantic salmon found in Salmon River for first time in more than a century. The Post-Standard. Syracuse, NY. Created on 08/19/2009.
408 Report Ford, H.C., H.C. Demuth, G.H. Welshons, S.B. Stillwel, L. Streuber, and W.L. Powell. 1892. Report of the Fish Commissioners for the years 1889-1891. Edwin K Meyers, State Printer, Harrisburg, PA.
57 Report Fowler, H.W. 1906. The Fishes of New Jersey in Annual Report to the New Jersey State Museum for 1905. MacCrellish and Quigley, State Province Trenton, NJ.
60 Journal Article Fowler, H.W. 1920. A list of the fishes of New Jersey. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 33:139-170.
59 Journal Article Fowler, H.W. 1952. A list of the fishes of New Jersey, with off-shore species. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 104:89-151.
37762 Journal Article Fraser, P.J. 1987. Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., feed in Scottish coastal waters. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management 18.
37777 Journal Article Fukushima, M., T.J. Quinn, and W.W. Smoker. 1998. Estimation of eggs lost from superimposed salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) redds. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55.
37778 Journal Article Garseth, A.H., and E. Biering. 2018. Little evidence to suggest salmonid freshwater reservoirs of piscine orthoreovirus (PRV). Journal of Fish Diseases 41(8):8.
26212 Database GBIF. 2013. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed on 05/01/2013.
37779 Journal Article Gerig, B.S., D.T. Chaloner, S.A. Cullen, R. Greil, K. Kapucinski, A.H. Moerke, and G.A. Lamberti. 2019. Trophic ecology of salmonine predators in northern Lake Huron with emphasis on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Journal of Great Lakes Research 45(1):1.
37780 Journal Article Gjessing, M.C., E. Thoen, T. Tengs, S.A. Skotheim, and O.B. Dale. 2017. Salmon gill poxvirus, a recently characterized infectious agent of multifactorial gill disease in freshwater- and seawater-reared Atlantic salmon. Journal of Fish Diseases 40(10):10.
37781 Journal Article Glover, K.A., M.F. Solberg, P. McGinnity, K. Hindar, E. Verspoor, M.W. Coulson, M.M. Hansen, H. Araki, O. Skaala, and T. Svåsand. 2017. Half a century of genetic interaction between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon: Status of knowledge and unanswered questions. Fish and Fisheries 18(5):5.
37763 Journal Article Gustafson-Greenwood, K.I., and J.R. Moring. 1991. Gravel compaction and permeabilities in redds of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management 22(4):4.
37764 Journal Article Gustafson-Marjanen, K.I., and H.B. Dowse. 1983. Seasonal and diel patterns of emergence from the redd of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) fry. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 40(6):6.
37629 Journal Article Hagelin, A., and E. Bergman. 2021. Competition among juvenile brown trout, grayling, and landlocked Atlantic salmon in flumes - predicting effects of interspecific interactions on salmon reintroduction success. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 78(3):3.
30471 News Hager, M. 2017. Atlantic salmon escape U.S. fish farm near B.C. waters. The Globe and Mail. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Created on 08/28/2017. Accessed on 08/22/2017.
34788 Journal Article Hammar, J., T. Axenrot, E. Degerman, A. Asp, E. Bergstrand, O. Enderlein, O. Filipsson, and E. Kylberg. 2018. Smelt (Osmerus eperlanus): Glacial relict, planktivore, predator, competitor, and key prey for the endangered Arctic char in Lake Vattern, southern Sweden. Journal of Great Lakes Research 44(1):126-139.
215 Book Harlan, J.R., E.B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, IA.
103 Journal Article Hartel, K.E. 1992. Non-native fishes known from Massachusetts freshwaters. Occasional Reports of the MCZ Fish Department 2:1-9.
13443 Web Page Hatch, J.T., and K. Schmidt. 2002. Fishes of Minnesota: Distribution in 8 Major Drainage Basins. Accessed on 01/09/2002.
1720 Journal Article Havey, K.A. 1973. Effects of a smelt introduction on growth of landlocked salmon at Schoodic Lake, Maine. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 102(2):392-397.<392:EOASIO>2.0.CO;2.
1819 Journal Article Hendricks, M.L., J.R. Stauffer, Jr., and C.H. Hocutt. 1983. The zoogeography of the fishes of the Youghiogheny River system, Pennsylvania, Maryland and West Virginia. American Midland Naturalist 110(1):145-164.
1406 Journal Article Hendricks, M.L., J.R. Stauffer, Jr., C.H. Hocutt, and C.R. Gilbert. 1979. A preliminary checklist of the fishes of the Youghiogheny River. Chicago Academy of Sciences 203:1-15.
19611 Journal Article Hoffbeck, S.R. 2001. "Without Careful Consideration": why carp swim in Minnesota's waters. Minnesota History 57(6):305-320.
24159 Journal Article Homola, J.J., J. Kanefsky, K.T. Scribner, T.G. Kalish, and M.A. Tonello. 2012. Genetic identification of two putative world record Michigan salmonids resolves stakeholder and manager questions. Journal of Great Lakes Research 38(1):176-179.
291 Journal Article Hoover, E.E. 1936. Contributions to the life history of the chinook and landlocked salmon in New Hampshire. Copeia 1936(4):193-198.
37633 Journal Article Houde, A.L.S., C.C. Wilson, and B.D. Neff. 2017. Performance of four salmonids species in competition with Atlantic salmon. Journal of Great Lakes Research 43(1):1.
28044 Journal Article Houde, A.L.S., P.J. Saez, C.C. Wilson, D.P. Bureau, and B.D. Neff. 2015. Effects of feeding high dietary thiaminase to sub-adult Atlantic salmon from three populations. Journal of Great Lakes Research 41(3):898-906.
37834 Journal Article Houde, A.L.S., S.R. Garner, and B.D. Neff. 2015. Restoring species through reintroductions: strategies for source population selection. Restoration Ecology 23(6):6.
1626 Web Page Idaho Department of Fish and Game. 1997. Official list of Idaho record fish (as of November 15, 1996).
24461 Database Idaho Department of Fish and Game. 2012. Idaho Department of Fish and Game fish stocking database, 1967-2012. Idaho Department of Fish and Game.
132 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
24851 Database iMapInvasives. 2016. Oregon iMapInvasives. Oregon Biodiversity Information Center, Portland, OR. Accessed on 04/09/2015.
37782 Journal Article Jansson, H., and T. Öst. 1997. Hybridization between Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (S. trutta) in a restored section of the River Dälalven, Sweden. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54(9):9.
706 Book Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
37784 Journal Article Johnson, J.H., and J.E. McKenna Jr. 2017. Habitat use by juvenile salmonids in Lake Ontario tributaries-species, age, diel and seasonal effects. Journal of Great Lakes Research 43(5):5.
37611 Journal Article Johnson, J.H., J.A. DiRado, G. Mackey, and R. Abbett. 2017. Comparative diets and foraging strategies of subyearling Atlantic salmon, brown trout, and rainbow trout during winter. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 33(6):6.
37783 Journal Article Johnson, J.H., M.A. Chalupnicki, R. Abbett, and F. Verdoliva. 2016. Predation on Pacific salmonid eggs and carcass's by subyearling Atlantic salmon in a tributary of lake Ontario. Journal of Great Lakes Research 42(2):2.
12020 Book Jones, D.J. 1963. A history of Nebraska's fishery resources. Nebraska Game, Forestation and Parks Commission.
407 Journal Article Jordan, D.S. 1882. Report on the fishes of Ohio. Report of the Geological Survey of Ohio 4(1):735-1002.
958 Journal Article Jordan, D.S. 1891. Report of the explorations in Colorado and Utah during the summer of 1889, with an account of the fishes found in each of the river basins examined. Bulletin of the united States Fish Commission 9:1-40.
37785 Journal Article Jordan, W.C., and E. Verspoor. 1993. Incidence of natural hybrids between Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., and brown trout, Salmo trutta L., in Britain. Aquaculture and Fisheries Management 24(3):3.
37799 Report Jutila, E., and J. Toivonen. 1985. Food composition of salmon post-smolts (Salmo salar L.) in the northern part of the Gulf of Bothnia. Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute Fisheries Division, Helsinki, Finland.
37800 Report Keller, M., K.D. Smith, and R.W. Rybicki. 1989. Summary of salmon and trout management in Lake Michigan. Technical Report 89(1). Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Division, Lansing, MI.;view=pdf;q1=.+Summary+of+salmon+and+trout.
29430 Journal Article Kendall, W.C. 1918. The Rangeley Lakes, Maine; with special reference to the habits of the fishes, fish culture, and angling. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries 35:485-594.
37832 Report Kerr, S.J. 2010. Fish and fisheries management in Ontario: A chronology of events. Biodiversity Branch. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
32176 Journal Article Keyser, F., B.F. Wringe, N.W. Jeffery, J.B. Dempson, S. Duffy, and I.R. Bradbury. 2018. Predicting the impacts of escaped farmed Atlantic Salmon on wild salmon populations>. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 75(4):506-512.
37613 Journal Article Kornis, M.S., D.B. Bunnell, H.K. Swanson, and C.R. Bronte. 2020. Spatiotemporal patterns in trophic niche overlap among five salmonines in Lake Michigan, USA. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 77(6):6.
37634 Journal Article Larocque, S.M., T.B. Johnson, and A.T. Fisk. 2021. Trophic niche overlap and abundance reveal potential impact of interspecific interactions on a reintroduced fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 78(6):6.
37786 Journal Article LeBlanc, F., D. Ditlecadet, J.R. Arseneau, R. Steeves, L. Boston, P. Boudreau, and N. Gagné. 2019. Isolation and identification of a novel salmon gill poxvirus variant from Atlantic salmon in Eastern Canada. Journal of Fish Diseases 42(2):2.
23942 Journal Article Linder, A.D. 1963. Idaho's alien fishes. Journal of the Idaho Museum of Natural History 6(2):12-15.
1419 Journal Article Linder, A.D. 1963. Idaho's alien fishes. Tebiwa 6(2):12-15.
668 Journal Article MacCrimmon, H.R., and B.L. Gots. 1979. World distribution of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 36(4):422-457.
37809 Book MacKay, H.H. 1969. Fishes of Ontario. Ontario Department of Lands and Forests, Toronto, Ontario.
27173 Database Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. 2012. Maine historical fish stocking through 2011. Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife.
28495 Book Chapter McAfee, W.R. 1966. Landlocked Atlantic Salmon. Pages 297-299 in Calhoun, A, ed. Inland fisheries management. California Department of Fish and Game. Sacramento, CA.
37787 Journal Article McGowan, C., and W.S. Davidson. 1992. Unidirectional natural hybridization between Brown Trout (Salmo trutta) and Atlantic Salmon (S. salar) in Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 49(9):9.
1364 Journal Article McKinnell, S., and A.J. Thomson. 1997. Recent events concerning Atlantic salmon escapees in the Pacific. ICES Journal of Marine Science 54:1221-1225.
15517 Book Mecklenburg, C.W., T.A. Mecklenburg, and L.K. Thorsteinson. 2002. Fishes of Alaska. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
37813 Web Page Michigan Department of Natural Resources (MDNR). 2011. Atlantic salmon Salmo salar.,4570,7-350-79135_79218_79614_82587---,00.html. Accessed on 07/26/2011.
281 Journal Article Miller, R.R., and J.R. Alcorn. 1946. The introduced fishes of Nevada, with a history of their introduction. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 73:173-193.
27205 Database Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2012. Minnesota historical fish stocking through 2011. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.
51 Book Morris, J., L. Morris, and L. Witt. 1974. The fishes of Nebraska. Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Lincoln, NE.
14149 News Morton, A. 2004. A salmon sleuth's disturbing find. The Tyee. Vancouver, British Columbia. 11 (21). Accessed on 12/06/2004.
37788 Journal Article Morton, A. and R. Routledge. 2016. Risk and precaution: Salmon farming. Marine Policy 74.
37765 Journal Article Muir, W.M., and R.D. Howard. 2002. Assessment of possible ecological risks and hazards of transgenic fish with implications for other sexually reproducing organisms. Transgenic Research 11(2):2.
37833 Report Myrvold, K.M., G.M. Mawle, O. Andersen, and O. Aas. 2019. The Social, Economic and Cultural values of wild Atlantic salmon. A review of literature for the period 2009-2019 and an assessment of changes in values. NINA Report 1668. Norwegian Institute for Nature Research.
29022 Database National Fish Habitat Partnership. 2016. National Fish Habitat Partnership database.
16063 Journal Article Naylor, R., K. Hindar, I.A. Fleming, R. Goldburg, S. Williams, J. Volpe, F. Whoriskey, J. Eagle, D. Kelso, and M. Mangel. 2005. Fugitive salmon: assessing the risks of escaped fish from net-pen aquaculture. BioScience 55(5):427-437.
58 Journal Article Nelson, J. 1890. Discriptive catalogue of the vertebrates of New Jersey. Geological Survery of New Jersey 1890:489-824.
37835 Report New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC). 2020. 2019 annual report: Bureau of Fisheries Lake Ontario Unit and St. Lawrence River Unit to the Great Lakes Fishery Commission’s Lake Ontario Committee. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.
37812 Web Page OFAH (Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters). 2011. Lake Ontario Atlantic salmon restoration program. Accessed on 07/26/2011.
23944 Web Page Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. 2011. Species of Oregon - Fish.
1505 Report Parsons, J.W. 1973. History of salmon in the Great Lakes, 1850-1970. US Fish and Wildlife Service.
37811 Book Peters, R.H. 1991. A critique for ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.
37801 Report Peterson, R.H. 1978. Physical characteristics of Atlantic salmon spawning gravel in some New Brunswick streams. Fisheries and Marine Service Technical Report 785. Fisheries and Environment, Canada, Fisheries and Marine Service, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada.
37766 Journal Article Peterson, R.H., H.C.E. Spinney, and A. Sreedharan. 1977. Development of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) eggs and alevins under varied temperature regimes. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 34(1):1.
62 Book Phillips, G.L., W.D. Schmid, and J.C. Underhill. 1982. Fishes of the Minnesota region. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
37789 Journal Article Polinski, M.P., N. Vendramin, A. Cuenca, and K.A. Garver. 2020. Piscine orthoreovirus: Biology and distribution in farmed and wild fish. Journal of Fish Diseases 43(11):11.
204 Report Popov, B.H., and J.B. Low. 1953. Game, fur animal, and fish introductions into Utah. Misc. Publication No. 4. Utah State Department of Fish and Game, Salt Lake City, UT.
37790 Journal Article Richey, J.E., M.A. Perkins, and C.R. Goldman. 1975. Effects of Kokanee Salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) decomposition on the ecology of a subalpine stream. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 32(6):6.
27165 Journal Article Roseman, E.F., J.S. Schaeffer, E. Bright, and D.G. Fielder. 2014. Angler-caught piscivore diets reflect fish community changes in Lake Huron. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:1419-1433.
13577 Book Ruiz, G.M., and A.H. Hines. 1997. The risk of nonindigenous species invasion in Prince William Sound associated with oil tanker traffic and ballast water management: pilot study. Regional Citizens' Advisory Council of Prince William Sound, Valdez, AK.
37814 Journal Article Sandodden, R., M. Brazier, M. Sandvik, A. Moen, A.N. Wist, and P. Adolfsen. 2018. Eradication of Gyrodactylus salaris infested Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the Rauma River, Norway, using rotenone. Management of Biological Invasions 9(1):1.
106 Book Scarola, J.F. 1973. Freshwater fishes of New Hampshire. New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, Division of Inland and Marine Fisheries.
37767 Journal Article Schaffer, W.M., and P.F. Elson. 1975. The adaptive significance of variations in life history among local populations of Atlantic salmon in North America. Ecology 56.
37810 Journal Article Schultz, K. 1983. The great Great Lakes. Field and Stream 87(10):10.
1635 Report Seiler, D., P. Hanratty, S. Neuhauser, P. Topping, M. Ackley, L.E. Kishimoto. 1997. Wild salmon production and survival evaluation. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA.
127 Book Sigler, W.F., and R.R. Miller. 1963. Fishes of Utah. Utah Department of Fish and Game, Salt Lake City, UT.
525 Journal Article Simon, T.P., J.O. Whitaker, Jr., J.S. Castrale, and S.A. Minton. 1992. Checklist of the vertebrates of Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 101:95-126.
32193 Journal Article Simonin, P.W., L.G. Rudstam, D.L. Parrish, B. Pientka, and P.J. Sullivan. 2018. Piscivore diet shifts and trophic level change after Alewife establishment in Lake Champlain. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 147(5):939-947.
133 Book Simpson, J., and R. Wallace. 1978. Fishes of Idaho. University of Idaho Press, Moscow, ID.
1467 Book Simpson, J.C. 1962. Fishes of Idaho: checklist and keys.
98 Book Smith, C.L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.
32 Journal Article Smith, H.M. 1896. A review of the history and results of the attempts to acclimatize fish and other water animals in the Pacific states. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 15:379-472.
37791 Journal Article Soleng, A., and T.A. Bakke. 1997. Salinity tolerance of Gyrodactylus salaris (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea): laboratory studies. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54(8):8.
37792 Journal Article Sorensen, P.W., J.R. Cardwell, T. Essington, and D.E. Weigel. 1995. Reproductive interactions between sympatric brook and brown trout in a small Minnesota stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52(9):9.
37768 Journal Article Stabell, O.B. 1984. Homing and olfaction in salmonids: A critical review with special reference to the Atlantic salmon. Biological Review of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 59.
356 Book Stiles, E.W. 1978. Vertebrates of New Jersey. Edmund W Stiles Somerset, NJ.
18128 Journal Article Stone, J., B.C. Lee, and J.R. Moring. 2001. Freshwater Fishes of Acadia National Park, Mount Desert Island, Maine. Northeastern Naturalist 8(3):311-318.
30623 News Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers!. 2017. Escaped Atlantic Salmon reported 250 KM north of collapsed fish farm. Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers!. Created on 09/18/2017. Accessed on 09/21/2017.
37802 Report Thorstad, E.B., I.A. Fleming, P. McGinnity, D. Soto, V. Wennevik, and F. Whoriskey. 2008. Incidence and impacts of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in nature. Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Norway.
13672 Journal Article Tilmant, J.T. 1999. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. Paper presented at the 129th Annual Meeting of The American Fisheries Society, Charlotte, North Carolina, September 1, 1999 129:50.
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24303 Database U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 3 Fisheries Program, and Great Lakes Fishery Commission (USFWS/GLFC). 2010. Great Lakes Fish Stocking Database.
1290 Report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1995. Greenback cutthroat trout recovery plan. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Denver, CO.
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25944 Database Ueda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S. Loarie. 2021. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA. Accessed on 11/23/2021.
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27764 Database United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2015. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) Northeast Lakes 1991-1994. United States Environmental Protection Agency.
26013 Database University of Washington. 2013. Burke Museum of Natural History ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Created on 04/03/2007. Accessed on 04/11/2013.
37803 Report USASAC (United States Atlantic Salmon Assessment Committee). 2004. Annual report of the U.S. Atlantic salmon assessment committee report no. 16- 2003 Activities. U.S. SECTION TO NASCO, Woods Hole, MA.
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37793 Journal Article Verspoor, E. 1988. Widespread hybridization between native Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, and introduced brown trout, S. trutta, in eastern Newfoundland. Journal of Fish Biology 32(3):3.
37794 Journal Article Verspoor, E., and J. Hammar. 1991. Introgressive hybridization in fishes: the biochemical evidence. Journal of Fish Biology 39.
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37804 Report Waknitz, F.W., T.J. Tynan, C.E. Nash, R.N. Iwamoto, and L.G. Rutter. 2002. Review of potential impacts of Atlantic salmon culture on Puget Sound chinook salmon and Hood Canal summer-run chum salmon evolutionarily significant units. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NWFSC-53. U.S. Department of Commerce.
21070 Web Page Walls, J. 2008. Island fish stocking plans revealed.
13576 Web Page Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. 1998. Non-indigenous marine species of Washington State and adjacent waters.
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33280 Journal Article Wringe, B.F., E.C. Anderson, N.W. Jeffery, R.R.E. Stanley, and I.R. Bradbury. 2019. Development and evaluation of SNP panels for the detection of hybridization between wild and escaped Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the western Atlantic. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 999:10 pp.
13708 Book Wydoski, R.S., and R.R. Whitney. 2003. Inland Fishes of Washington. Second Edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD in association with University of Washington Press, Seattle.
37795 Journal Article Youngson, A.F., D. Knox, and R. Johnstone. 1992. Wild adult hybrids of Salmo salar L. and Salmo trutta L. Journal of Fish Biology 40(5):5.
37796 Journal Article Youngson, A.F., J.H. Webb, C.E. Thompson, and D. Knox. 1993. Spawning of escaped farmed Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar): Hybridization of females with Brown Trout (Salmo trutta). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50(9):9.
37642 Journal Article Yuille, M.J., A.T. Fisk, T. Stewart, and T.B. Johnson. 2015. Evaluation of Lake Ontario salmonid niche space overlap using stable isotopes. Journal of Great Lakes Research 41(3):3.


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [10/3/2022].

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