Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Lythrum salicaria listed in key words.

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REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
18828 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
10307 Book Albee, B.J., L.M. Shultz, and S. Goodrich. 1988. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Utah. University of Utah.
16045 Database Alexander, J., S. Markos, J. Yost, R.L. Moe, E. Dean, and M. Nazaire. 2016. Consortium of California Herbaria (CCH). Regents of the University of California.
28653 Report Alger Conservation District. 2015. Annual report. Alger Conservation District, Munising, MI.
10462 Journal Article Anderson, J.E., and A.A. Reznicek. 1994. New England Note: Gyceria maxima (Poaceae) in New England. Rhodora 96(885):97-101.
20342 Journal Article Anderson, N.O., and P.D. Ascher. 1993. Male and female fertility of loosestrife (Lythrum) cultivars. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 118(6):851-858.
20341 Journal Article Anderson, N.O., and P.D. Ascher. 1995. Style morph frequencies in Minnesota populations of Lythrum (Lythraceae) II. Tristylous L. salicaria L. Sexual Plant Reproduction 8(2):105-112.
22929 Journal Article Anderson, N.O., and P.D. Ascher. 2000. Fecundity and fitness in cross-compatible pollinations of tristylous North American Lythrum salicaria populations. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 101(5-6):830-843.
28499 News Anderson, R. 2016. Land mgmt. trying to control present invasive species and prevent others. St. James Plaindealer. St. James, MN. Created on 02/26/2016. Accessed on 02/29/2016.
17210 Report Anonymous. 2007. Powwow Pond, Kingston & E. Kingston, New Hampshire aquatic vegetation survey. Lycott Environmental Inc. (accessed on 8 January 2008).
18834 News Anonymous. 2009. Beetles released at Echo Lake Park in Union County to combat invasive plants. NJcom. 2009 (August 27).
28878 Report Aquatic Control Technology. 2015. Sudbury River Assessment Report, December 2015. Town of Framingham, Framingham, MA.
27939 Report Aquatic Enhancement & Survey, Inc. 2015. Wall Lake aquatic vegetation management plan - 2014 update. Wall Lake Fisherman’s Association, Orland, IN.
10054 Journal Article Bailey, W.W. 1905. Various loosestrifes. American Botanist 8:67-69.
28727 Report Baldwin, L. 2012. Lake Whatcom aquatic invasive species inventory. City of Bellingham, Natural Resources Division, Bellingham, WA.
17826 Report Balgie, S., W. Crowell, S. Enger, C. Hamm, G. Montz, N. Proulx, J. Rendall, R. Rezanka, L. Skinner, C. Welling, H. Wolf, and D. Wright. 2005. Invasive Species of Aquatic Plants and Wild Animals in Minnesota, Annual Report for 2004. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St Paul, MN.
20359 Journal Article Barbour, J.G., and E. Kiviat. 1997. Introduced purple loosestrife as host of native Saturniidae (Lepidoptera). Great Lakes Entomologist 30(3):115-122.
33020 Journal Article Barlocher, F. and N. R. Biddiscombe. 1996. Geratology and decomposition of Typha latifolia and Lythrum salicaria in a freshwater marsh. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie 136:309-325.
10329 Journal Article Bartodziej, W., and J. Ludlow. 1997. Aquatic vegetation monitoring by natural resources agencies in the United States. Journal of Lake and Reservoir Management 13(2):109-117.
30842 Report Baystate Environmental Consultants, Inc. 1990. Diagnostic/Feasibility study for the management of Mansfield Pond (Lake), Great Barrington, MA. Great Barringtion Fire District and the Town of Great Barrington, Great Barrington, MA.
10389 Book Beal, E.O., and J.W. Thieret. 1986. Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Kentucky. Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, KY.
10060 Journal Article Beckwith, F., and M.E. Macauley. 1896. Plants of Monroe county, New York, and adjacent terrirory. Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Science 3:1-150.
10053 Journal Article Bicknell, E.P. 1914. The ferns and flowering plants of Nantucket-XII. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 41:71-87.
20388 Journal Article Blossey, B. 1993. Herbivory below ground and biological weed control: life history of a root-boring weevil on purple loosestrife. Oecologia 94(3):380-387.
10713 Journal Article Blossey, B. 1999. Before, during and after: the need for long-term monitoring in invasive plant species management. Biological Invasions 1:301-311.
20389 Journal Article Blossey, B., and M. Schat. 1997. Performance of Galerucella calmariensis (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) on different North American populations of purple loosestrife. Environmental Entomology 26(2):439-445.
20390 Journal Article Blossey, B., and T.R. Hunt. 1999. Mass rearing methods for Galerucella calmariensis, and G-pusilla (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), biological control agents of Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae). Journal of Economic Entomology 92(2):325-334.
33021 Journal Article Blossey, B., L. Skinner, and J. Taylor. 2001. Impact and Management of purple loosestrife in North America. Biodiversity and Conservation 10:1787-1807.
23018 Journal Article Blossey, B., L.C. Skinner, and J. Taylor. 2001. Impact and management of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in North America. Biodiversity and Conservation 10(10):1787-1807.
20391 Journal Article Blossey, B., R. Casagrande, L. Tewksbury, D.A. Landis, R.N. Wiedenmann, and D.R. Ellis. 2001. Nontarget feeding of leaf-beetles introduced to control purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria l.). Natural Areas Journal 21(4):368-377.
27295 Database Brady, V. 2015. Great Lakes Coastal Monitoring Project: fish dataset (through 2014). Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN.
22495 Journal Article Brown, B.J., and C.E. Wickstrom. 1997. Adventitious root production and survival of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) shoot sections. Ohio Journal of Science 97(1):2-4.
20408 Journal Article Brown, B.J., and R.J. Mitchell. 2001. Competition for pollination: effects of pollen of an invasive plant on seed set of a native congener. Oecologia 129(1):43-49.
20417 Journal Article Bush, B., L.A. Shane, L.R. Wilson, E.L. Barnard, and D. Barnes. 1986. Uptake of polychlorobiphenyl congeners by purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) on the banks of the Hudson River. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 15(3):285-290.
18061 Web Page Butterfield, C., J. Stubbendieck, & J. Stumpf. 1996. Species abstracts of highly disruptive exotic plants.
25610 Database Calflora. 2021. The Calflora Database: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. Accessed on 04/17/2021.
26266 Database California Department of Fish and Game. 2009. California Aquatic Non-native Organism Database (CANOD). California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Spill Prevention and Response. Created on 03/08/2011. Accessed on 07/20/2011.
22858 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
19747 Database Central Hardwoods Invasive Plant Network. 2010. Joint Aquatic Invasive Species Survey, 2010. University of Georgia, Athens, GA. Accessed on 09/15/2015.
10623 Book Chester, E.W., B.E. Wofford, and R. Kral. 1997. Atlas of Tennessee Vascular Plants Volume 2. Angiosperms: Dicots. Volume 2. Center for Field Biology, Austin University, Clarksville, TN.
10089 Journal Article Churchill, S.P., R.B. Kaul, and D.M. Sutherland. 1976. New records of native and introduced plants from Nebraska. Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences 3:32-36.
20459 Journal Article Confer, S.R., and W.A. Niering. 1992. Comparison of created and natural freshwater emergent wetlands in Connecticut (USA). Wetlands Ecology and Management 2(3):143-156.
28655 Database Cooperative Invasive Species Management Areas. 2015. Weed Management Map. Chippewa Luce Mackinac Conservation District, Marie, MI.
27378 Database Cranberg, C., and R. Keller. 2020. Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species. School of Environmental Sustainability, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL. Created on 05/13/2015. Accessed on 05/06/2021.
10073 Journal Article Cutright, N.J. 1978. Purple loosestrife: beautiful exotic, or unwanted weed? Wisconsin Natural Resources 2(5):26-27.
20482 Journal Article Dech, J.P., and P. Nosko. 2004. Rapid growth and early flowering in an invasive plant, purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria l.) during an El Niño spring. International Journal of Biometeorology 49(1):26-31.
15841 News Demuth, E. 2006. Alien invaders being fought in the Adirondacks. The Post Star, Glen Falls, New York. 2006 (June 20). (accessed on June 20, 2006).
33991 Journal Article Denoth, M., and J.H. Myers. 2007. Competition between Lythrum salicaria and a Rare Species: Combining Evidence from Experiments and Long-Term Monitoring. Plant Ecology 191(2):153-161.
33024 Book DiTomaso, J.M., G.B. Kyser. 2013. Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States. UC Davis Weed Research and Information Center, Davis, CA.
17305 Report Draheim, R., M. Sytsma, R. Miller, and J. Cordell. 2007. Middle Columbia River Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Survey. Portland State University.
10057 Book Dudley, W.R. 1886. The Cayuga flora. Part 1: A catalogue of the Phaenogamia growing in cultivation in the Cayuga Lake basin. Cornell University Bulletin.
34974 Web Page Dumke, J.D. and K. Nixon. 2019. St. Louis County AIS Introduction Risk Assessment Tool. Created on 12/01/2019. Accessed on 11/18/2020.
10334 Book Eaton, S.W., and E.F. Schrot. 1987. A Flora of the Vascular Plants of Cattaraugus County, New York. Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, Buffalo, NY.
10698 Journal Article Eggen, D. 1999. Attack of the aliens, Delaware tangles with invasive plant and insect species. Outdoor Delaware 8(1):4-8.
18062 Report Ellis, D.R. & J.S. Weaver. 1996. Purple loosestrife: Survey and biological control. 1995 Summary Report, USDA, APHIS, PPQ, Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS).
33025 Journal Article Emery, S. L. and J. A. Perry. 1996. Decomposition rates and phosphorus concentrations of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) and cattail (Typha spp.) in fourteen Minnesota wetlands. Hydrobiologia 323:129-138.
20521 Journal Article Emery, S.L., and J.A. Perry. 1995. Aboveground biomass and phosphorus concentrations of Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) and Typha spp. (cattail) in 12 Minnesota wetlands. American Midland Naturalist 134(2):394-399.
28080 Database Environmental Assessment Program. 2018. Washington State Lakes Environmental Data Version 1.0. Washington State Department of Ecology, Lacey, WA. Accessed on 12/18/2018.
28646 Report ESS Group, Inc. 2006. Plant replacement pilot program, Indian Lake, Worcester, Massachusetts. Indian Lake Watershed Association, Worcester, MA.
10363 Report Exotic Species Programs. 1993. Ecologically Harmful Exotic Aquatic Plant and Wild Animal Species in Minnesota: Annual Report for 1993. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St Paul, MN.
10435 News Falk, J. and T. Bryant. 1995. Purple loosestrife: a nuisance plant on the loose. Hydrilla: friend or foe? University of Delaware, Sea Grant College Program. Newark, DE. 1995 (Spring).
20525 Journal Article Farnsworth, E.J., and D.R. Ellis. 2001. Is purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) an invasive threat to freshwater wetlands? conflicting evidence from several ecological metrics. Wetlands 21(2):199-209.
10095 Journal Article Farwell, O.A. 1925. Botanical gleanings in Michigan. American Midland Naturalist 9:1-24.
33027 Journal Article Flack, S. & E. Furlow. 1996. America's least wanted purple plague, green cancer and 10 other ruthless environmental thugs. Nature Conservancy. Nature Conservancy Magazine 46(6):17-23.
33992 Journal Article Flanagan, R.J., R.J. Mitchell, and J.D. Karron. 2010. Increased relative abundance of an invasive competitor for pollination, Lythrum salicaria, reduces seed number in Mimulus ringens. Oecologia 164(2):445-454.
10090 Journal Article Flook, J.M. 1975. Additions and correction to the flora of Texas. SIDA, Contributions to Botany 6:114.
10069 Journal Article Fuller, G.D., and G.N. Jones. 1949. Additional notes on some Illinois plants. American Midland Naturalist 41:507-511.
18064 Journal Article Gabor, T.S., & H.R. Murkin. 1990. Effects of clipping purple loosestrife seedlings during a simulated wetland drawdown. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 28:98-100.
23709 Journal Article Gabor, T.S., T. Haagsma, and H.R. Murkin. 1996. Wetland plant responses to varying degrees of purple loosestrife removal in southeastern Ontario, Canada. Wetlands 16(1):95-98.
20555 Journal Article Gabor, T.S., T. Haagsma, H.R. Murkin, and E. Armson. 1995. Effects of triclopyr amine on purple loosestrife and non-target wetland plants in south-eastern Ontario, Canada. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 33(2):48-51.
23086 Journal Article Galatowitsch, S.M., N.O. Anderson, and P.D. Ascher. 1999. Invasiveness in wetland plants in temperate North America. Wetlands 19(4):733-755.
20561 Journal Article Gardner, S.C., and C.E. Grue. 1996. Effects of rodeo(r) and garlon(r) 3a on nontarget wetland species in central washington. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 15(4):441-451.
20562 Journal Article Gardner, S.C., C.E. Grue, W.W. Major, and L.L. Conquest. 2001. Aquatic invertebrate communities associated with purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), cattail (Typha latifolia), and bulrush (Scirpus acutus) in central Washington, USA. Wetlands 21(4):593-601.
33028 Journal Article Gaudet, C.L. and P.A. Keddy. 1988. Predicting competitive ability from plant traits: a comparative approach. Nature 334:242-243.
30307 Database Gerber, D. (curator). 2016. University of Wisconsin Herbarium (UWL). University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, WI.
30873 Journal Article Gerber, D.T. 2000. Floating-leafed and submersed aquatic macrophyte distribution and abundance, with emphasis on Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) in Forest Lake, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters 88:57-66.
18114 Database Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). 2008. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal.
17446 Database Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC). 2017. Exotic Species Information Center. Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission. Accessed on 01/31/2018.
18129 Database Great Lakes Information Network. 2008. Invasive Species Mapping in Michigan: Data Downloads.
20592 Journal Article Grevstad, F.S. 1999. Experimental invasions using biological control introductions: the influence of release size on the chance of population establishment. Biological Invasions 1(4):313-323.
20593 Journal Article Grevstad, F.S., and A.L. Herzig. 1997. Quantifying the effects of distance and conspecifics on colonization: experiments and models using the loosestrife leaf beetle, Galerucella calmariensis. Oecologia 110(1):60-68.
33029 Journal Article Grout, J. A., C. D. Levings, and J. S. Richardson. 1997. Decomposition rates of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) and Lyngbyei’s sedge (Carex lyngbyei) in the Fraser River Estuary. Estuaries 20:96-102.
10085 Book Guldner, L.F. 1960. The vascular plants of Scott and Muscatine counties. Davenport Public Museum, Davenport, IA.;seq=5;view=1up.
20604 Journal Article Hager, H.A. 2004. Competitive effect versus competitive response of invasive and native wetland plant species. Oecologia 139(1):140-149.
20603 Journal Article Hager, H.A. 2004. Differential effects of Typha litter and plants on invasive Lythrum salicaria seedling survival and growth. Biological Invasions 6(4):433-444.
20605 Journal Article Hager, H.A., and K.D. McCoy. 1998. The implications of accepting untested hypotheses: a review of the effects of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in North America. Biodiversity and Conservation 7(8):1069-1079.
20611 Journal Article Hamback, P.A., J. Agren, and L. Ericson. 2000. Associational resistance: insect damage to purple loosestrife reduced in thickets of sweet gale. Ecology 81(7):1784-1794.
10173 Journal Article Harman, W.N., and T.R. Doane. 1970. Changes in the aquatic flora of Otsego Lake between 1935-1969. Fish and Game Journal 17(2):121-123.
10299 Book Harmon, P.J., J.T. Kartesz, C.M. Jessee, B.R. McDonald, and B.D. Sargent. 1996. Checklist of the Wetland Vascular Plants of West Virginia. The West Virginia Natural Heritage Program.
22834 Journal Article Haworth-Brockman, M.J., H.R. Murkin, and R.T. Clay. 1993. Effects of shallow flooding on newly established purple loosestrife seedlings. Wetlands 13(3):224-227.
20622 Journal Article Haworth-Brockman, M.J., H.R. Murkin, R.T. Clay, and E. Armson. 1991. Effects of underwater clipping of purple loosestrife in a southern Ontario wetland. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 29(2):117-118.
18065 Journal Article Heidorn, R., & B. Anderson. 1991. Vegetation management guideline: purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.). Natural Areas Journal 11:172-173.
10075 Journal Article Henry, L.K. 1971. An annotated list of the vascular flora of Butler County, Pennsylvania. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 43:115-178.
10374 Book Henry, L.K. 1978. Vascular Flora of Bedford County, Pennsylvania. Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA.
10074 Book Henry, L.K. 1978. Vascular flora of Bedford County, Pennsylvania: an annotated checklist. Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburg, PA.
20633 Journal Article Hermann, B.P., T.K. Mal, R.J. Williams, and N.R. Dollahon. 1999. Quantitative evaluation of stigma polymorphism in a tristylous weed, Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae). American Journal of Botany 86(8):1121-1129.
5169 Report Hiebert, R.D., and J. Stubbendieck. 1993. Handbook for ranking exotic plants for management and control. US Department of the Interior, National Park Service.
20637 Journal Article Hight, S.D., B. Blossey, J. Laing, and R. Declerck-Floate. 1995. Establishment of insect biological control agents from Europe against Lythrum salicaria in North America. Environmental Entomology 24(4):967-977.
10079 Book Hitchcock, A.S., and P.C. Standley. 1919. Flora of the District of Columbia and vicinity. Washington, D.C. Herbarium, Washington, DC.
10766 Database Hong-Wa, C. (curator). 2015. Claude E. Phillips Herbarium (DOV). Delaware State University, Dover, DE.
28357 Database Howell, J. and D.D. Taylor. 2015. Kansas and Kentucky invasive aquatic plants 2015.
20660 Journal Article Hunt-Joshi, T.R., and B. Blossey. 2005. Interactions of root and leaf herbivores on purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Oecologia 142(4):554-563.
10066 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
24851 Database iMapInvasives. 2016. Oregon iMapInvasives. Oregon Biodiversity Information Center, Portland, OR. Accessed on 04/09/2015.
10510 Book Chapter Indiana Department of Natural Resources. 1997. Exotic Plant Species. Page 10 p in Indiana Lakes. Division of Soil Conservation, Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Indianapolis, IN.
10349 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
13439 Web Page IPANE. 2001. Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) at the University of Connecticut online database.
10358 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
22794 Journal Article Katovich, E.J.S., R.L. Becker, and D.W. Ragsdale. 1999. Effect of Galerucella spp. on survival of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) roots and crowns. Weed Science 47(3):360-365.
23411 Journal Article Katovich, E.J.S., R.L. Becker, C.C. Sheaffer, and J.L. Halgerson. 1998. Seasonal fluctuations of carbohydrate levels in roots and crowns of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Weed Science 46(5):540-544.
33031 Journal Article Keddy, P., L.H. Fraser, I.C. Wisheu. 1998. A comparative approach to examine competitive response of 48 wetland plant species. Journal of Vegetation Science 9:777-786.
33030 Journal Article Keddy, P.A., L. Twolan-Strutt, I.C. Wisheu. 1994. Competitive effect and response rankings in 20 wetland plants: are they consistent across three environments? Journal of Ecology 82(3):635-643.
23586 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
23324 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
31474 Report Kolva, J.R. 1996. Effects of the Great Midwest Flood of 1993 on Wetlands. USGS, Washington, D.C.
35346 Journal Article Kunsman, J.R., and C.S. Keener. 1986. New Records of Vascular Plants from Blair County, Pennsylvania. Bartonia 52:14-25.
10502 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
18066 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
10055 Journal Article Laggett, W.H. ed. 1870. Revised catalogue of the plants, native and naturalized, within thirty-three miles of New York. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 1:33.
33032 Journal Article Lavoie, C. 2010. Should we care about purple loosestrife? The history of an invasive plant in North America. Biological Invasions 12:1967-1999.
20694 Journal Article Lindgren, C.J., T.S. Gabor, and H.R. Murkin. 1999. Compatibility of glyphosate with Galerucella calmariensis: a biological control agent for purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 37(2):44-48.
10742 Journal Article Lowenberg, G. 1998. What are our options? Education, control efforts & what comes next. Conservation Notes of the New England Wild Flower Society 2(3):27-30.
33033 Journal Article Lui, K., F.L. Thompson, C.G. Eckert. 2005. Causes and consequences of extreme variation in reproductive strategy and vegetative growth among invasive populations of a clonal aquatic plant, Butomus umbellatus L. (Butomaceae). Biological Invasions 7:427-444.
19381 Database Madsen, J.D., G. Ervin, V. Maddox, & C. Abbott. 2010. Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth. Mississippi State University.
20705 Journal Article Mal, T.K. 1998. Developmental aspects of tristyly in Lythrum salicaria. Canadian Journal of Botany 76(7):1214-1226.
20706 Journal Article Mal, T.K., and J. Lovett-Doust. 1997. Morph freqencies and floral variation in the heterostylous colonizing weed, Lythrum salicaria. Canadian Journal of Botany 75(7):1034-1045.
20707 Journal Article Mal, T.K., J. Lovett-Doust, and L. Lovett-Doust. 1996. Effect of soil moisture and fertilizer application on clonal growth and reproduction in a tristylous weed, Lythrum salicaria. Canadian Journal of Botany 75(1):46-60.
23631 Journal Article Mal, T.K., J. Lovett-Doust, and L. Lovett-Doust. 1997. Time-dependent competitive displacement of Typha angustifolia by Lythrum salicaria. Oikos 79(1):26-33.
23518 Journal Article Mal, T.K., J. Lovett-Doust, L. Lovett-Doust, and G.A. Mulligan. 1992. The biology of Canadian weeds. 100. Lythrum salicaria. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 72(4):1305-1330.
18068 Journal Article Malecki, R.A., B. Blossey, S.D. Hight, D. Schroeder, L.T. Kok, & J.R. Coulson. 1993. Biological control of purple loosestrife. BioScience 43:680-686.
18069 Journal Article Mann, H. 1991. Purple loosestrife: A botanical dilemma. The Osprey 22:67-77.
10080 Journal Article Massey, A.B. 1961. Virginia flora. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 155:1-258.
10065 Journal Article McAtee, W.L. 1923. Notes on interesting plants of Michigan. Pap. Michigan Acad. (1921) 1:155-166.
23501 Journal Article McAvoy, T.J., and L.T. Kok. 2004. Temperature dependent development and survival of two sympatric species, Galerucella calmariensis and G. pusilla, on purple loosestrife. BioControl 49(4):467-480.
10048 Book McGregor, R.L., and T.M. Barkley. 1977. Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. The Iowa State University Press/Ames.
17891 News McInnis, D. 2008. Across the Pond and Beyond : Don’t be fooled by a pretty plant. Pembroke Mariner & Reporter, Marshfield, Massachusetts. 2008 (May 22). (accessed 9 June 2008).
10081 Journal Article McNeal, E.M. 1938. Plant records from Mercer County, West Virginia, and adjoining counties. Castanea 3:36-39.
10308 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
10117 Report Michigan DNR. 1994. Beetles released to control purple loosestrife.
27950 Database Michigan State University Board of Trustees. 2019. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN). Michigan State University. Department of Entomology - Applied Spatial Ecology and Technical Services Laboratory, East Lansing, MI.
37885 Database MI-EGLE. 2022. Unpublished MI-EGLE Monitoring Data (2 spreadsheets).
28480 Database Miller, A. 2016. Morton Arboretum Data Collection. The Morton Arboretum, Lisle, IL.
28887 Database Minnaert-Grote, J. (manager). 2015. Illinois Natural History Survey Herbarium (ILLS). Prairie Research Institute, Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, IL.
10071 Journal Article Mohlenbrock, R.H. 1959. Plant communities in Jackson County, Illinois. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 86:109-119.
10072 Book Mohlenbrock, R.H., and J.W. Voigt. 1959. A flora of southern Illinois. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
23698 Journal Article Moore, H.H., W.A. Niering, L.J. Marsicano, and M. Dowdell. 1999. Vegetation change in created emergent wetlands (1988-1996) in Connecticut (USA). Wetlands Ecology and Management 7(4):177-191.
23710 Journal Article Morrison, J.A. 2002. Wetland vegetation before and after experimental purple loosestrife removal. Wetlands 22(1):159-169.
10049 Book Muenscher, W.C. 1944. Aquatic plants of the United States. Comstock Publishing Company, Inc/Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.
10092 Book Munz, P.A. 1968. Supplement to a California flora. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
22687 Journal Article Nagel, J.M., and K.L. Griffin. 2001. Construction cost and invasive potential: comparing Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae) with co-occurring native species along pond banks. American Journal of Botany 88(12):2252-2258.
22610 Journal Article Nagel, J.M., and K.L. Griffin. 2004. Can gas-exchange characteristics help explain the invasive success of Lythrum salicaria? Biological Invasions 6(1):101-111.
33777 Database Natural Resource Information Systems (NRIS). 2019. Current Invasive Plants. U.S. Forest Service. Accessed on 08/27/2019.
13276 Database Neel, M. (director), J. Hall (curator), and N. Anderson. 2014. Norton-Brown Herbarium (MARY). University of Maryland, College Park, MD.
10021 Journal Article Nelson, L.S., and K.D. Getsinger. 1994. Battling purple loosestrife brings some success. Wetlands Res. Program Bulletin 4(1):5-7.
22848 Journal Article Nelson, L.S., K.D. Getsinger, and J.E. Freedman. 1996. Efficacy of triclopyr on purple loosestrife and associated wetland vegetation. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 34(2):72-74.
37981 Report New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services. 2020. Long-Term Variable Milfoil Management Plan. New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.
37978 Database New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services. 2022. NHDES: Lake Information Mapper. New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services. Accessed on 05/05/2022.
28831 Database New Jersey Invasive Species Strike Team. 2018. Interactive map. Friends of Hopewell Valley Open Space, Pennington, NJ. Accessed on 01/30/2019.
23265 Journal Article Nicholls, M.S. 1987. Pollen flow, self-pollination and gender specialization: factors affecting seed-set in the tristylous species Lythrum salicaria (Lythraceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 156(3-4):151-157.
10474 Book North Carolina Division of Water Resources. 1996. Economical and Environmental Impacts of N.C. Aquatic Weed Infestations. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Raleigh, NC.
17384 Web Page North Dakota Game and Fish Department. 2015. Infested waters in North Dakota. Accessed on 02/03/2016.
30964 Database Northwoods Cooperative Weed Management Area. 2011. Roadside Inventory and Management. Global Invasive Species Information Network.
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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2022]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/26/2022].

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