Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Alosa pseudoharengus listed in key words.

Results also available in (click to export table to spreadsheet)

REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
24202 News Anonymous. 1967. Alewife explosion. Time Magazine. 90 (1):66.,9171,899581,00.html. Created on 07/07/1967.
13938 News Associated Press. 2004. Another alien species could be in Lake Champlain. WCAX. July 26, 2004.
1809 Journal Article Bailey, R.M., and G.R. Smith. 1981. Origin and geography of the fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes basin. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 38(12):1539-1561.
24791 Journal Article Bailey, R.M., W.C. Latta, and G.R. Smith. 2004. An atlas of Michigan fishes with keys and illustrations for their identification. Miscellaneous Publications of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology 192:1-215.
1769 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
271 Book Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI.
32270 Database Belcik, J.T. 2018. Nonindigenous Fishes in the Upper Illinois River Basin Waterways (2013-2018). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Chicago, IL. Created on 11/20/2018.
52 Journal Article Bouc, K. 1987. The Fish Book. Nebraskaland Magazine 65(1):1-130.
29898 Database Bowen, A. 2017. Invasive species monitoring in the Lake Erie and Lake Huron, 2013-2016. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Alpena, MI. Created on 05/10/2017.
27295 Database Brady, V. 2015. Great Lakes Coastal Monitoring Project: fish dataset (through 2014). Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN.
33781 Journal Article Brooks, J.L. & S.I. Dodson. 1965. The effect of a marine planktivore on lake plankton illustrates theory of size, competition, and predation. Science 150:28-35.
24204 Report Brown, E.H. 1968. Population characteristics and physical condition of alewives, Alosa pseudoharengus, in a massive dieoff in Lake Michigan, 1967. Great Lakes Fishery Commission Technical Report No. 13. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Ann Arbor, MI.
1664 Book Chapter Burr, B.M., and L.M. Page. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the lower Ohio-upper Mississippi basin. Pages 287-324 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
82 Book Burr, B.M., and M.L. Warren, Jr. 1986. A distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Scientific and Technical Series No. 4. Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, KY.
25922 Database Canadian Museum of Nature. 2013. Canadian Museum of Nature ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Created on 04/03/2007. Accessed on 04/09/2013.
25928 Database Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates. 2013. Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates, Ithaca, NY. Created on 05/03/2013. Accessed on 05/14/2013.
30008 Report Cox, S., and J. Llopiz. 2017. Understanding the Feeding Dynamics of Juvenile River Herring. The Marjot Foundation, Falmouth, MA.
745 Journal Article Crowder, L.B. 1980. Alewife, rainbow smelt and native fishes in Lake Michigan: competition or predation? Environmental Biology of Fishes 5(3):225-233.
24205 Journal Article Crowder, L.B. 1984. Character displacement and habitat shift in a native cisco in southeastern Lake Michigan: Evidence for competition? Copeia 1984(4):878-883.
1101 Journal Article Crowder, L.B., and F.P. Binkowski. 1983. Foraging behaviors and the interactions of alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus, and bloater, Coregonus hoyi. Environmental Biology of Fishes 8(2):105-113.
13979 Report Cudmore-Vokey, B., and E.J. Crossman. 2000. Checklists of the fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes and their connecting channels. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2550. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Burlington, Ontario.
13437 Report Czypinski, G.D., A.K. Bowen, M.T. Weimer, and A. Dextrase. 2002. Surveillance for ruffe in the Great Lakes, 2001. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Ashland, WI.
90 Journal Article Dahlberg, M.D., and D.C. Scott. 1971. The freshwater fishes of Georgia. Bulletin of the Georgia Academy of Science 29:1-64.
24868 Journal Article DeBruyne, R.L., T.L. DeVault, A.E. Duerr, D.E. Capen, F.E. Pogmore, J.R. Jackson, and L.G. Rudstam. 2012. Spatial and temporal comparisons of double-crested cormorant diets following the establishment of alweife in Lake Champlain, USA. Journal of Great Lakes Research 38(Supplement 1):123-130.
294 Journal Article Denoncourt, R.F., T.B. Robbins, and R. Hesser. 1975. Recent introductions and reintroductions to the Pennsylvania fish fauna of the Susquehanna River drainage above Conowingo Dam. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 49:57-58.
24206 Journal Article Eck, G.W., and L. Wells. 1987. Recent changes in Lake Michigan’s fish community and their probably causes, with emphasis on the role of alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 44(Suppl. 2):53-60.
74 Book Eddy, S., and J.C. Underhill. 1974. Northern fishes, with special reference to the upper Mississippi Valley. 3rd edition. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
460 Report Emery, L. 1985. Review of fish introduced into the Great Lakes, 1819-1974. Technical Report No. 45. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Ann Arbor, MI.
705 Book Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.
24207 Journal Article Evans, M.S. 1990. Large-lake responses to declines in the abundance of a major fish planktivore - the Lake Michigan example. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 47:1738-1754.
25938 Database FishBase. 2013. FishBase occurrence data. Accessed through GBIF data portal, FishBase, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. Accessed on 04/10/2013.
24208 Journal Article Fitzsimons, J.D., S.B. Brown, D.C. Honeyfield, and J.G. Hnath. 1999. A review of early mortality syndrome (EMS) in Great Lakes salmonids: relationship with thiamine deficiency. Ambio 28(1):9-15.
33782 Journal Article Garman, G.C. 1992. Fate and potential significance of postspawning anadromous fish carcasses in an Atlantic coastal river. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 121:390-394.
26212 Database GBIF. 2013. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed on 05/01/2013.
31198 News Gilbertson, M. M. 2018. Winter invasive species prevention awareness, alewife discovered in Lake Carmi. Vermont Press Releases. Montpelier, VT. Created on 02/23/2018. Accessed on 03/08/2018.
17446 Database Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC). 2017. Exotic Species Information Center. Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission. Accessed on 01/31/2018.
9047 Journal Article Griffiths, R.W., S. Thornley, and T.A. Edsall. 1991. Limnological aspects of the St. Clair River. Hydrobiologia 219:97-123.
18502 Web Page Halliwell, D.B. 2005. Introduced Fish in Maine.
28652 Report Harman, W.N. 2011. Catskill Region Aquatic Nuisance Species Survey for the Catskill Center for Conservation and Development. SUNY Oneonta, Biological Field Station, Oneonta, NY.
13443 Web Page Hatch, J.T., and K. Schmidt. 2002. Fishes of Minnesota: Distribution in 8 Major Drainage Basins. Accessed on 01/09/2002.
1785 Journal Article Hauser, M. 1998. Champlain Canal fish barrier study. ANS Digest 2(3):26-27.
1819 Journal Article Hendricks, M.L., J.R. Stauffer, Jr., and C.H. Hocutt. 1983. The zoogeography of the fishes of the Youghiogheny River system, Pennsylvania, Maryland and West Virginia. American Midland Naturalist 110(1):145-164.
1406 Journal Article Hendricks, M.L., J.R. Stauffer, Jr., C.H. Hocutt, and C.R. Gilbert. 1979. A preliminary checklist of the fishes of the Youghiogheny River. Chicago Academy of Sciences 203:1-15.
1662 Book Chapter Hocutt, C.H., R.E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the central Appalachians and central Atlantic coastal plain. Pages 161-212 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
34010 Report Horns, B. 2010. Introduction. In Wisconsin's Lake Michigan Management Reports to the Great Lakes Fishery Commission. Lake Michigan Fisheries Team, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
26638 Journal Article Irwin, E.R., and P.W. Bettoli. 1995. Introduced clupeids in a southern reservoir: more evidence for system-specific reproductive styles. Environmental Biology of Fishes 42:151-159.
706 Book Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
24209 Report Johannsson, O.E., E.S. Millard, K.M. Ralph, D.D. Myles, D.M. Graham, W.D. Taylor, B.G. Giles, and R.E. Allen. 1998. The changing pelagia of Lake Ontario (1981 to 1995): A report of the DFO long-term biomonitoring (Bioindex) program.
13463 News Kelly, J.M. 2001. Bait-bucket biology. Post Standard, Syracuse, NY. June 28, 2001.
24210 Journal Article Ketola, H.G., P.R. Bowser, G.A. Wooster, L.R. Wedge, and S.S. Hurst. 2000. Effects of thiamine on reproduction of Atlantic salmon and a new hypothesis for their extirpation in Lake Ontario. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 129(2):607-612.
24495 Report Lewis, G. 1974. Forage introductions.
27378 Database Loyola University Chicago. 2013. Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species. GISIN, Fort Collins, CO. Created on 05/13/2015. Accessed on 05/13/2015.
29745 Journal Article MacKay, H.H. 1934. Record of the Alewife from Lake Huron. Copeia(2):97.
1897 Journal Article MacNeill, D.B. 1999. Dietary comparisons in sympatric populations of alewife and blueback herring. Dreissena! 9(6):7, 10-11.
24211 Journal Article Madenjian, C.P., R.O. O’Gorman, D.B. Bunnell, R.L. Argyle, E.F. Roseman, D.M. Warner, J.D. Stockwell, and M.A. Stapanian. 2008. Adverse effects of alewives on Laurentian Great Lakes fish communities. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28(1):262-282.
30709 Report Martinez, P.J. 2006. Westslope warmwater fisheries. Colorado Division of Wildlife Fish Research Section, Fort Collins, CO.
27950 Database Michigan State University Board of Trustees. 2019. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN). Michigan State University. Department of Entomology - Applied Spatial Ecology and Technical Services Laboratory, East Lansing, MI.
134 Journal Article Miller, R.R. 1957. Origin and dispersal of the alewife Alosa pseudoharengus, and the gizzard shad, Dorosoma cepedianum, in the Great Lakes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 86(1956):97-111.
703 Journal Article Mills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor. 1993. Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19(1):1-54.
24212 Report Mills, E.L., J.M. Casselman, R. Dermott, J.D. Fitzsimons, G. Gal, K.T. Holeck, J.A. Hoyle, O.E. Johannsson, B.F. Lantry, J.C. Makarewicz, E.S. Millard, I.F. Munawar, M. Munawar, R. O’Gorman, R.W. Owens, L.G. Rudstam, T. Schaner, and T.J. Stewart. 2005. A synthesis of ecological and fish community changes in Lake Ontario, 1970-2000.
109 Book Minckley, W.L. 1973. Fishes of Arizona. Arizona Fish and Game Department, Phoenix, AZ.
26316 Thesis or Dissertation Moore, C.M. 1988. Food habits, population dynamics, and bioenergetics of four predatory fish species in Smith Mountain Lake, Virginia. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA.
51 Book Morris, J., L. Morris, and L. Witt. 1974. The fishes of Nebraska. Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Lincoln, NE.
25976 Database North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences. 2013. North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh, NC. Created on 02/10/2009. Accessed on 04/11/2013.
25980 Database Ohio State University. 2013. Ohio State University Museum ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. Created on 11/29/2011. Accessed on 04/11/2013.
29542 Report O'Neal, R.P. 1997. Muskegon River Watershed Assessment. Michigan Department of Natural Resources.
15590 News Page, C. 2006. Alewife invasion bad news for lake. Burlington Free Press. 2006 (15 February).
34346 Report Page, J. 2020. Gulf and South Atlantic Regional Panel (GSARP) update for Georgia. Georgia Department of Natural Resources.
26264 Book Pennsylvania Sea Grant. 2013. Pennsylvania's Field Guide to Aquatic Invasive Species. Pennsylvania Sea Grant.
20918 Journal Article Peterson, G.S., J.C. Hoffman, A.S. Trebitz, C.W. West, and J.R. Kelly. 2011. Establishment patterns of non-native fishes: lessons from the Duluth-Superior harbor and lower St. Louis River, and invasion-prone Great Lakes coastal ecosystem. Journal of Great Lakes Research 37:349-358.
62 Book Phillips, G.L., W.D. Schmid, and J.C. Underhill. 1982. Fishes of the Minnesota region. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
25892 Journal Article Pothoven, S.A., T.O. Höök, T.F. Nalepa, M.V. Thomas, and J. Dyble. 2013. Changes in zooplankton community structure associated with disappearance of invasive alewife in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron. Aquatic Ecology 47:1-12.
23927 Journal Article Raborn, S.W., L.E. Miranda, and M.T. Driscoll. 2004. Diet overlap and consumption patterns suggest seasonal flux in the likelihood for exploitative competition among piscivorous fishes. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 13:276-284.
18855 Book Rohde, F.C., R.G. Arndt, J.W. Foltz, and J.M. Quattro. 2009. Freshwater fishes of South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC.
27165 Journal Article Roseman, E.F., J.S. Schaeffer, E. Bright, and D.G. Fielder. 2014. Angler-caught piscivore diets reflect fish community changes in Lake Huron. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:1419-1433.
16152 Database Schainost, S. 2005. Exotic fish distributions in Nebraska.
24497 Journal Article Schmidt, R.E., and R. Morse. 2011. An historical record of alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) in Lake Champlain. Northeastern Naturalist 18(2):229-235.
24214 Book Chapter Shapiro, J., V. Lamarra, and M. Lynch. 1975. Biomanipulation: an ecosystem approach to lake restoration. Pages 85-96 in Brezonik, P.L., and J.L. Fox, eds. Water quality management through biological control. University of Florida Press. Gainesville, FL.
525 Journal Article Simon, T.P., J.O. Whitaker, Jr., J.S. Castrale, and S.A. Minton. 1992. Checklist of the vertebrates of Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science 101:95-126.
24867 Journal Article Simonin, P.W., D.L. Parrish, L.G. Rudstam, P.J. Sullivan, and B. Pientka. 2012. Native rainbow smelt and nonnative alewife distribution related to temperature and light gradients in Lake Champlain. Journal of Great Lakes Research 38(Supplement 1):115-122.
32193 Journal Article Simonin, P.W., L.G. Rudstam, D.L. Parrish, B. Pientka, and P.J. Sullivan. 2018. Piscivore diet shifts and trophic level change after Alewife establishment in Lake Champlain. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 147(5):939-947.
98 Book Smith, C.L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.
718 Report Smith, P.W. 1965. A preliminary annotated list of the lampreys and fishes of Illinois. Biological Notes No. 54. Illinois Natural History Survey, Urbana, IL.
105 Book Smith, P.W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, IL.
1730 Journal Article Smith, S.H. 1970. Species interactions of the alewife in the Great Lakes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 99(4):754-765.
396 Book Stauffer, J.R., Jr., J.M. Boltz, and L.R. White. 1995. The fishes of West Virginia. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA.
18752 Journal Article Stewart, T.J, W.G. Sprules, and R.O'Gorman. 2009. Shifts in the diet of Lake Ontario alewife in response to ecosystem change. Journal of Great Lakes Research 35(2):241-249.
24215 Journal Article Tillitt, D.E., J.L. Zajicek, S.B. Brown, L.R. Brown, J.D. Fitzsimons, D.C. Honeyfield, M.E. Holey, and G.M. Wright. 2005. Thiamine and thiaminase status in forage fish of salmonines from Lake Michigan. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 17(13-25).
13672 Journal Article Tilmant, J.T. 1999. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. Paper presented at the 129th Annual Meeting of The American Fisheries Society, Charlotte, North Carolina, September 1, 1999:50.
2 Book Trautman, M.B. 1981. The fishes of Ohio. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, OH.
25999 Database Tulane University. 2013. Tulane University Museum of Natural History collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA. Created on 01/21/2009. Accessed on 04/11/2013.
14257 Web Page U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species. (Last accessed 2006).
27764 Database United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2015. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) Northeast Lakes 1991-1994. United States Environmental Protection Agency.
20843 Database University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. 2011. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology - Ichthyology Collection. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology.
1830 Journal Article Van Oosten, J. 1935. First record of the alewife, Pomolobus pseudo-harengus, for the state of Michigan. Copeia 1935(4):194-195.
30980 News Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department. 2003. Alewives discovered in a second Vermont lake. Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department. Accessed on 06/18/2003.
14430 Book Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department. 2005. Baitfish of Vermont including Lake Champlain. Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department.
19690 Web Page Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. 2010. Virginia alewife occurrence.
27665 Journal Article Weber, M.J., B.C. Ruebush, S.M. Creque, R.A. Redman, S.J. Czesny, D.H. Wahl, and J.M. Dettmers. 2015. Early life history of alewife Alosa pseudoharengus in southwestern Lake Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 41(2):436-447.
18032 News Winchell, D., and Y. Roy. 2008. Alewife Die-Off Prompts DEC Action. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 5/1/2008. accessed 5/14/2008.
27236 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 2014. Wisconsin Center for Integrated Data Analytics (CIDA) fish dataset. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. Accessed on 10/14/2015.
14490 Journal Article Yako, L.A., M.E. Mather, and F. Juanes. 2002. Mechanisms for migration of anadromous herring: an ecological basis for effective conservation. Ecological Applications 12(2):521-534.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2020]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [5/28/2020].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.