Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Ctenopharyngodon idella listed in key words.

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REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
26793 Conference Proceedings 1994. . Page 245 pp in Haller, W.T, ed. Proceedings of the Grass Carp symposium. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station. Vicksburg, MS.
14982 Journal Article Abdusamadov, A.S. 1986. Biology of white amur, Ctenopharyngodon idella, silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, and bighead, Aristichthys nobilis, acclimatized in the Terek region of the Caspian Basin. Journal of Ichthyology 26(4):41-49.
20321 Journal Article Adamec, L., and S. Husak. 2002. Control of Eurasian watermilfoil in NNR Brehynsky fishpond near Doksy, Czech Republic. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 40(1):45-46.
10129 Report Addor, E.E., and R.F. Theriot. 1977. Test plan for the large scale operations management test of the use of the white amur to control aquatic plants. Instructional Report A-77-1, US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
28377 News Aleshire, P. 2016. Let The Monster Go, Kiddo. Payson Roundup. Payson, AZ. http://www.paysonroundup.com/news/2016/jan/26/let-monster-go-kiddo/. Created on 01/26/2016. Accessed on 01/28/2016.
14987 Journal Article Aliev, D.S. 1965. Reproduction of the grass carp and the silver carp and the bighead introduced in to the Amudarya Basin. Voprosy Iktiologii 5(4):593-599.
14990 Journal Article Alikunhi, K.H., and K.K. Sukumaran, et al. 1963. Induced spawning of the Chinese carps Ctenopharnygodon idellus (C. & V.) and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (C. &V.) in ponds a Cuttack, India.
26811 Journal Article Aliyev, D.S. 1976. The role of herbivorous fish in the reconstruction of food ichthyofauna and the biological reclamation of water bodies. Journal of Ichthyology 16(2):216-229. https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a041377.pdf.
18042 Journal Article Allen, S.K. Jr, and R.J. Wattendorf. 1987. Triploid grass carp: status and management implications. Fisheries 12(4):20-24.
20331 Journal Article Allen, S.K., and J.G. Stanley. 1983. Ploidy of hybrid grass carp X bighead carp determined by flow cytometry. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 112(3):431-435.
32092 Report Altenritter, M.E., and A.F. Casper. 2018. Evaluating the potential responses of native fish and mussels to proposed separation of Lake Michigan from the Illinois River Waterway at Brandon Road Lock and Dam. INHS Technical Report 2018 (29). Illinois Natural History Survey, Havana, IL.
33212 Journal Article Altenritter, M.E., S.M. Pescitelli, A.L. Whitten, and A.F. Casper. 2019. Implications of an invasive fish barrier for the long‐term recovery of native fish assemblages in a previously degraded northeastern Illinois River system. River Research and Applications online first:1-9. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/rra.3457.
31775 Report Andriasheva, M.A. 2014. Kurth Reservoir 2014 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Brookeland, Texas.
26817 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
490 Journal Article Anonymous. 1977. Grass carp problems. SFI Bulletin 288:5.
1532 News Anonymous. 1990. Two enter guilty pleas in fish sale. Milwaukee Sentinel. June.
809 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
831 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
822 Journal Article Anonymous. 1994. Water body records. Texas Parks & Wildlife News 1994(February 25):1-19.
841 Journal Article Anonymous. 1994. Grass carp spawning in Texas. Fisheries 19(7):48.
1548 News Anonymous. 1996. Water officials release carp. Tampa Tribune, 18 Dec. 1996.
24144 Web Page Anonymous. 2003. Tennessee Fishing Records.
24133 News Anonymous. 2004. Angler may have world-record grass carp. BassonHook.com. http://www.bassonhook.com/newsinfo/article 619.html. Accessed 6/16/2011.
13718 Web Page Anonymous. 2004. Carp Record Fish. http://www.hotspotfishing.com/records/fish-records-carp.asp. Accessed on 02/11/2004.
17284 Web Page Anonymous. 2008. City receives grant to combat invasive species at Brown’s Pond. http://www.midhudsonnews.com/News/BrownPond_grant_SCGJ-17Jan08.html (accessed 1 February 2008).
28379 News Anonymous. 2008. Weed-eating ‘little marines' to storm Green Valley Lakes. Payson Roundup. Payson, AZ. http://www.paysonroundup.com/news/2008/jul/17/weedeating_little_marines/. Created on 07/17/2008. Accessed on 01/28/2016.
26398 Database Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality. 2011. Arkansas Fish Sampling Database via MARIS. Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality.
31937 Report Ashe, D., and T. Driscoll. 2015. San Augustine City Lake 2014 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Brookeland, Texas. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1372_2014.pdf.
31924 Report Ashe, D., and T. Driscoll. 2016. Pinkston Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Brookeland, Texas. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1360_2015.pdf.
31996 Report Ashe, D., and T. Driscoll. 2017. Lake Timpson 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Brookeland, Texas. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1685_2016.pdf.
19394 Report Asian Carp Working Group. 2007. Management and control plan for bighead, black, grass, and silver carps in the Unites States. Asian Carp Working Group.
1338 Journal Article Avault, J.W., Jr. 1965. Preliminary studies with grass carp for aquatic weed control. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 27(4):207-209.
30757 News Baab, B. 2017. Corps declares war on hydrilla; Thurmond to get 17,725 grass carp. The Augusta Chronicle. Augusta, GA. http://chronicle.augusta.com/sports/2017-11-02/corps-declares-war-hydrilla-thurmond-get-17725-grass-carp. Created on 11/02/2017. Accessed on 11/03/2017.
30794 News Baab, B. 2017. Corps declares war on hydrilla; Thurmond to get 17,725 grass carp. The Augusta Chronicle. Augusta, GA. November 2. http://chronicle.augusta.com/sports/2017-11-02/corps-declares-war-hydrilla-thurmond-get-17725-grass-carp. Created on 11/02/2017. Accessed on 11/21/2017.
26724 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
24801 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
27256 Report Bailey, W.M. 1972. Arkansas's evaluation of the desirability of introducing the white amur (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) for control of aquatic weeds. Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, Lonoke, AR.
15002 Journal Article Bailey, W.M. 1978. A comparison of fish populations before and after extensive grass carp stocking. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 107(1):181-206.
15003 Conference Proceedings Bailey, W.M., and R.L. Boyd. 1970. A preliminary report on spawning and rearing of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) in Arkansas in Twenty-Fourth Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commisioners. Arkansas Game and Fish Commission. Little Rock, AR.
903 Journal Article Bain, M.B. 1993. Assessing impacts of introduced aquatic species: grass carp in large systems. Environmental Management 17(2):211-224.
815 Journal Article Bain, M.B., D.H. Webb, M.D. Tangedal, and L.N. Mangum. 1990. Movements and habitat use by grass carp in a large mainstream reservoir. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 119:553-561.
18996 News Barber, M. 2001. Mil-foiled at every turn, city hopes fish can clean up mess. Seattle Post. August 31,2001.
1052 News Bauers, S. 1995. Debate on fish that can't scale back. The Philadelphia Inquirer (June 4, 1995).
26776 Report Beach, M.L., W.W. Miley II, J.M. Van Dyke, and D.M. Riley. 1976. The effect of the Chinese grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella (Val.)) on the ecology of four Florida lakes and its use for aquatic weed control. Florida Dept. of Natural Resources, Tallahassee, FL.
18365 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
26782 Report Beaty, P.R., R.G. Thiery, and R.K. Fuller. 1983. Impact of hybrid Amur in two California irrigation systems. Aquatic Research Group, Coachella Valley Water District, Coachella, CA.
17244 News Beck, C. 2007. Grass carp found in Lady Bird Lake. News 8 Austin. January 17. http://www.news8austin.com/content/your_news/default.asp?ArID=198139 (accessed Jan 17, 2008).
15016 Journal Article Beck, M.L., C.J. Biggers, and H.K. Dupree. 1980. Karyological analysis of Ctenopharyngodon idella, Aristichthys nobilis, and their F1 hybrid. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 109:433-438.
15015 Journal Article Beck, M.L., C.J. Biggers, et al. 1980. Chromosomal and electrophoretic analyses of hybrids between grass carp and bighead carp (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Copeia 1984(2):337-342.
15017 Journal Article Beck, M.L., C.J. Biggers, et al. 1983. Electrophoretic analysis of protein systems of Ctenopharyngodon idella (Val.), Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (Rich.) and their F1 triploid hybrid. Journal of Fish Biology 22:603-611.
15014 Journal Article Beck, M.L., C.J. Biggers, et al. 1983. Ploidy of hybrids between grass carp and bighead carp determined by morphological analysis. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 112:808-811.
271 Book Becker, G.C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/EcoNatRes.FishesWI.
32270 Database Belcik, J.T. 2018. Nonindigenous Fishes in the Upper Illinois River Basin Waterways (2013-2018). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Chicago, IL. Created on 11/20/2018.
26813 Report Bergersen, E.P. 1987. Grass carp and waterfowl interactions. Research Information Bulletin 87-51. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC.
15022 Journal Article Berry, P.Y., and M.P. Low. 1970. Comparative studies on some aspects of the morphology and histology of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Aristichthys nobilis, and their hybrid (Cyprinidae). Copeia 1970(4):708-726.
14309 News Beshears, E. 2004. High water may have sent grass carp fleeing. The Charlotte Observer. September 26, 2004.
14397 News Beshears, E. 2005. Fish brought to feed on unwelcome weed. The Charlotte Observer. 2005 (June 8). http://www.charlotte.com/mld/charlotte/news/11840542.htm.
31930 Report Best, A., and M. Webb. 2017. Lake Raven 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Snook, Texas. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1366_2016.pdf.
15023 Journal Article Bettoli, P.W., W.H. Neill, et al. 1985. Temperature preference and heat resistance of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes), bighead carp, Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (Gray), and their F1 hybrid. Journal of Fish Biology 27:239-247.
15024 Journal Article Bezrukov, V.F., and G.D. Berdyshev. 1983. Variability in the muscle proteins of white amur, Ctenopharyngodon idella, silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, and bighead, Aristichthys nobilis (Cyprinidae). Journal of Ichthyology 23(3):134-139.
31604 Report Binion, G. 2016. H-4 (Gonzales) Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Mathis, TX. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1304_2015.pdf.
32017 Report Binion, G. 2016. Lake Wood 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Mathis, TX. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1401_2015.pdf.
31850 Report Bister, T.J, and L.D. Wright. 2016. Martin Creek Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Marshall, TX. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1331_2015.pdf.
20387 Journal Article Blackwell, B.G., and B.R. Murphy. 1996. Low-density triploid grass carp stockings for submersed vegetation control in small impoundments. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 11(4):475-484.
842 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
18701 News Blount, D. 2009. Belews Lake Getting Grass Carp To Help With Hydrilla. digtriad.com. May 27. http://www.digtriad.com/news/local/article.aspx?storyid=124780&catid=57.
34233 Journal Article Bodis, E., P. Borza, I. Potyo, M. Puky, A. Weiperth, and G. Guti. 2012. Invasive mollusc, crustacean, fish and reptile species along the Hungarian stretch of the River Danube and some connected waters. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58(Suppl):29-45.
33855 Report Bogutskaya, N., L.A. Jones, N.E. Mandrak, and B. Cudmore. 2017. Annotated bibliography of Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) from Russian-language literature. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Document 2016/094. https://www.researchgate.net.
15034 Book Chapter Bolu, Y., Z. Liang, Z. Yu, R. Lin, and M. He. 2006. A study of the early development of grass carp, black carp, silver carp, and bighead carp in the Yangtze River, China in Chapman, D.C, ed. Early development of four cyprinids native to Yangtze River, China. U.S. Geological Survey. Reston, VA.
33889 Journal Article Bonar, S.A., B. Bolding, and M. Divens. 2002. Effects of triploid grass carp on aquatic plants, water quality, and public satisfaction in Washington State. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22:96-105.
15035 Journal Article Bonar, S.A., G.L. Thomas, and G.B. Pauley. 1988. Evaluation of the separation of triploid and diploid grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes). by external morphology. Journal of Fish Biology 33:895-898.
10486 Journal Article Bonar, S.A., G.L. Thomas, S.L. Thiesfeld, G.B. Pauley, and T.B. Stables. 1993. Effect of Triploid Grass Carp on the Aqautic Macrophyte Community of Devils Lake, Oregon. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 13:757-765.
14514 Journal Article Bonar, S.A., S.A. Vecht, C.R. Bennett, G.B. Paulay, and G.L. Thomas. 1992. Capture of grass carp from vegetated lakes. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 31:168-174. http://www.apms.org/japm/vol31/v31p168.pdf.
680 Journal Article Boschung, H.T. 1992. Catalog of freshwater and marine fishes of Alabama. Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History 14:1-266.
18648 Web Page Bowen, K. 2009. Clifton Park Ponds Getting More Weed-eating Fish. http://www.dailygazette.com/news/2009/may/05/0505_carpweed/ accessed 5/5/09.
26808 Conference Proceedings Boyle, T.P. 1979. Aquatic Plants, Lake Management, and Ecosystem Consequences of LAke Harvesting,. Pages 269-283 in Breck, J.E., R.T. Prentki, and O.L. Loucks, eds. Responses of experimental lentic aquatic ecosystems to supression of rooted macrophytes. University of Wisconsin. Madison, WI.
15039 Journal Article Bozhko, S.I., A. Horvath, and B. Meszaros. 1976. Karyological examinations for four species of Cyprinidae from Hungary. Acta Bilogica Debrecina 13:237-354.
32483 Journal Article Brandenburg, W.H., T.A. Francis, D.E. Snyder, K.R. Bestgen, B.A. Hines, W.D. Wilson, S. Bohn, A.S. Harrison, and S.L. Clark Barkalow. 2019. Discovery of Grass Carp larvae in the Colorado River arm of Lake Powell. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 39(1):166-171. https://afspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/nafm.10258.
14510 Journal Article Brown, D.J., and T.G. Coon. 1991. Grass carp larvae in the lower Missouri River and its tributaries. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 11(1):62-66.
81 Book Buchanan, T.M. 1973. Key to the Fishes of Arkansas. Arkansas Game and Fish Commission.
25717 Report Bureau of Reclamation. 2004. Final Environmental Assessment, Native Fish Restoration in Fossil Creek, Coconino and Tonto National Forests, Arizona. Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix, AZ. http://www.usbr.gov/lc/phoenix/biology/azfish/pdf/FEAfossilcreek.pdf and http://www.usbr.gov/lc/phoenix/biology/azfish/pdf/FEAfossilcreekAppA.pdf.
25706 Web Page Bureau of Reclamation. 2009. Native Aquatic Species of the Gila River Basin in Arizona and New Mexico - Results of Fish Monitoring on Selected Waters of the Gila River Basin. http://www.usbr.gov/lc/phoenix/biology/azfish/monlisting.html. Accessed on 02/05/2013.
12 Journal Article Burkhead, N.M., and J.D. Williams. 1991. An intergeneric hybrid of a native minnow, the golden shiner, and an exotic minnow, the rudd. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 120:781-795.
1907 Book Chapter Burkhead, N.M., S.J. Walsh, B.J. Freeman, and J.D. Williams. 1997. Status and restoration of the Etowah River, an imperiled southern Appalachian ecosystem. Pages 375-444 in Benz, G.W., and D.E. Collins, eds. Aquatic fauna in peril: the southeastern perspective. Southeast Aquatic Research Institute, Lenz Design & Communications. Decatur, GA.
955 Journal Article Burr, B.M. 1980. A distributional checklist of the fishes of Kentucky. Brimleyana 3:53-84.
1664 Book Chapter Burr, B.M., and L.M. Page. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the lower Ohio-upper Mississippi basin. Pages 287-324 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
82 Book Burr, B.M., and M.L. Warren, Jr. 1986. A distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Scientific and Technical Series No. 4. Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, KY.
1358 Journal Article Burr, B.M., D.J. Eisenhour, K.M. Cook, C.A. Taylor, G.L. Seegert, R.W. Sauer, and E.R. Atwood. 1996. Nonnative fishes in Illinois waters: what do the records reveal? Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 89(1/2):73-91.
29302 Database Camacho, C. 2017. Asian Carp egg and larval presence in the Mississippi Basin, 2014-2015. Iowa Dept. of Natural Resources. Created on 01/10/2017.
29673 Web Page Candlewood Lake Authority. 2017. Five Facts: Candlewood Lake Grass Carp Program. www.icontactarchive. com/HJfY9I0NQYSQqba7g97DvgnFeC1CWK7U?w=4. Accessed on 03/23/2017.
468 Report Carp Task Force. 1989. Report to the Louisiana Legislature, March, 1989. US Fish and Wildlife Service.
26796 Journal Article Carter, C.C., and R.S. Hestand. 1979. Taxonomic characteristics of aquatic plants from the alimentary tract of grass carp. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 17:49-53.
15060 Journal Article Cassani, J.R. 1981. Feeding behaviour of underyearling hybrids of the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (female) and the bighead, Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (male) on selected species of aquatic plants. Journal of Fish Biology 18:127-133.
15684 Book Chapter Cassani, J.R. 1994. Grass carp manual; 1994 regulatory status of grass carp. Page p. 149 in Wattendorf & Phillippy.
33887 Journal Article Cassani, J.R. 1995. Problems and propects for grass carp as a management tool. American Fisheries Society Symposium 15:407-412.
15061 Journal Article Cassani, J.R., and W.E. Caton. 1985. Induced triploidy in grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella Val. Aquaculture 46:37-44.
26820 Journal Article Cassani, J.R., and W.E. Caton. 1986. Efficient production of triploid grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) utilizing hydrostatic pressure. Aquaculture 55:43-50.
26822 Journal Article Cassani, J.R., and W.E. Caton. 1986. Growth comparisons of diploid and triploid grass carp under varying conditions. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 48:184-187.
15062 Journal Article Cassani, J.R., W.E. Caton, and B. Clark. 1984. Morphological comparisons of diploid and triploid hybrid grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (female) X Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (male). Journal of Fish Biology 25:269-278.
24369 Database Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. 2019. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. The University of Georgia, Tifton, GA. https://www.eddmaps.org/tools/query/. Accessed on 01/27/2019.
14432 Web Page Center for Marine Science, University of North Carolina, Wilmington. 2004. Nonnative fishes of the Cape Fear River system. http://www.uncwil.edu/cmsr/aquaticecology/lcfrp/fisheries/nonnative.htm.
18979 Journal Article Champeau, T.R. 1990. Ichthyofaunal Evaluation of the Peace River, Florida. Florida Scientist 53(4):302-311.
31135 Journal Article Chapman D.C., Davis J.J., Jenkins J.A., Kocovsky P.M., Miner J.G., Farver J., and Jackson P.R. 2013. First evidence of grass carp recruitment in the Great Lakes Basin. Journal of Great Lakes Research 39(4):547-554. https://www-sciencedirect-com/science/article/pii/S0380133013001445.
35302 Journal Article Chapman, D.C., A.J. Benson, H.S. Embke, N.R. King, P.M. Kocovsky, T.D. Lewis, and N.E. Mandrak. 2021. Status of the major aquaculture carps of China in the Laurentian Great Lakes Basin. Journal of Great Lakes Research 47(1):3-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2020.07.018.
27166 Book Chapman, D.C., and M.H. Hoff (eds.). 2007. Invasive Asian carps in North America. American Fisheries Society Symposium 74, Bethesda, MD.
26598 Journal Article Chapman, D.C., J.J. Davis, J.A. Jenkins, P.M. Kocovsky, J.G. Miner, J. Farver, and P.R. Jackson. 2013. First evidence of grass carp recruitment in the Great Lakes Basin. Journal of Great Lakes Research 39(4):547-554. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2013.09.019.
14162 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
15066 Journal Article Chen, N.-S., and C.-F. Shih. 1955. Oxygen consumption of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis. Acta Zoologica Sinica 7(1):42-57.
15070 Journal Article Chervinski, J. 1977. Note on the adaptability of silver carp -- Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.) -- and grass carp -- Ctenopharyngodon idella (Val.) -- to various salinities. Aquaculture 11:179-182.
351 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
1048 Journal Article Chilton, II, E.W., and M.I. Muoneke. 1992. Biology and management of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella, Cyprinidae) for vegetation control: a North American perspective. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 2:283-320.
1935 Conference Proceedings Christmas, J., R. Eades, D. Cincotta, A. Shiels, R. Miller, J. Siemien, T. Sinnott, and P. Fuller. 2000. History, management, and status of introduced fishes in the Chesapeake Bay basin. Page 29 p in Proceedings of the Conference of Biological Diversity. Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Annapolis, MD.
15074 Journal Article Ciborowska, J. 1971. The food of phytophagus fish (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val., Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val., Aristichthys nobilis Rich.) reared with common carp in fry ponds. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych 94(2):41-59.
25730 Report Clarkson, R.S., B.R. Kesner, and P.C. Marsh. 2011. Long-term monitoring plan for fish populations in selected waters of the Gila River Basin, Arizona. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Arizona Ecological Services, Phoenix, Arizona. http://www.usbr.gov/lc/phoenix/biology/azfish/pdf/MonitoringPlan2011revReport.pdf.
25740 Report Clarkson, R.W. 1998. Results of fish monitoring of selected waters of the Gila River Basin, 1995-1996. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Arizona Ecological Services, Phoenix, Arizon. http://www.usbr.gov/lc/phoenix/biology/azfish/pdf/95to96refmonrpt.pdf.
28795 Journal Article Clemens, B.J., J.J. Spangler, P.L. Robertson, G.M. Galovich, C.R. Banner, S.L. Gunckel, L.L. Ketchum, R.K. Bowden, S.T. Spagnoli, M.L. Kent, and J.P. Kirk. 2016. Persistence of triploid Grass Carp in Devils Lake, Oregon. Journal of Wildlife Management 7(1):153-161. http://www.fwspubs.org/doi/pdf/10.3996/042015-JFWM-044?ai=vjm&ui=10r3r&af=H ; http://www.fwspubs.org/doi/suppl/10.3996/042015-JFWM-044?ai=vjm&ui=10r3r&af=H.
15568 Report Clugston, J.P., and J.V. Shireman. 1987. Triploid grass carp for aquatic plant control. US Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC.
10654 Journal Article Colangelo, P.A. 1998. Fish and Boat Commission: Triploid Grass Carp Permit Applications. Pennsylvania Bulletin 28(40):4992.
1917 Journal Article Colle, D.E., R.L. Cailteaux, and J.V. Shireman. 1989. Distribution of Florida largemouth bass in a lake after elimination of all submersed aquatic vegetation. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 9:213-218.
19167 Report Colorado Division of Wildlife. 2010. Fishery Survey Summaries - Prospect Lake. Colorado Division of Wildlife. http://wildlife.state.co.us/NR/rdonlyres/966B8F0A-6F5C-438C-B2B2-6DA368A9A836/0/ProspectLake.pdf.
26100 Web Page Colorado Division of Wildlife. 2013. Fishing:Awards and Records:Records by Weight. http://wildlife.state.co.us/Fishing/AwardsRecords/RecordsbyWeight/Pages/weight.aspx. Created on 04/29/2013. Accessed on 04/29/2013.
185 Report Conner, J.V., R.P. Gallagher, and M.F. Chatry. 1980. Larval evidence for natural reproduction of the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) in the lower Mississippi River. In L.A. Fuiman, ed., Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Larval Fish Conference. FWS/OBS-80/43. United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Biological Services Program, National Power Plant Team, Ann Arbor, MI.
26050 Journal Article Cornwell, E.R., G.B. Anderson, G.A. Wooster, R.G. Getchell, G.H. Groocock, J.W. Casey, M.B. Bain, and P.R. Bowser. 2012. Low prevalence of Cyprinid Herpesvirus 3 found in common carp (Cyprinus carpio carpio) collected from nine locations in the Great Lakes. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 48(4):1092-1096.
18736 Book Chapter Courtenay, W.R., Jr. 1979. Chapter 14: The introduction of exotic organisms. Pages 237-253 in Brokaw, H.P, ed. Wildlife and America: contributions to an understanding of American wildlife and its conservation. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, DC.
15081 Journal Article Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and C.R. Robins. 1972. The grass carp enigma. BioScience 22(4):210.
10 Book Chapter Courtenay, W.R., Jr., D.A. Hensley, J.N. Taylor, and J.A. McCann. 1984. Distribution of exotic fishes in the continental United States. Pages 41-77 in Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.R. Stauffer, Jr, eds. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD.
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26810 Journal Article Cross, D.G. 1969. Aquatic weed control using grass carp. Journal of Fish Biology 1:27-30.
15092 Journal Article Cross, D.G. 1970. The tolerance of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella (Val.) to seawater. Journal of Fish Biology 2:231-233.
962 Journal Article Crossman, E.J., S.J. Nepszy, and P. Krause. 1987. The first record of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, in Canadian waters. Canadian Field-Naturalist 101(4):584-586.
14305 Report Cudmore, B., and N.E. Mandrak. 2004. Biological synopsis of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2705. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Burlington, Ontario.
29424 Report Cudmore, B., L.A. Jones, N.E. Mandrak, J.M. Dettmers, D.C. Chapman, C.S. Kolar, and G. Conover. 2017. Ecological risk assessment of Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) for the Great Lakes Basin. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. http://www.dfo–mpo.gc.ca/csas–sccs/.
29040 Web Page Culbertson, J. 2016. Exotic fish discovered in urban bayous of Galveston Bay. https://tpwd.texas.gov/fishboat/fish/didyouknow/coastal/exotics.phtml. Accessed on 09/20/2016.
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28780 Journal Article Embke, H.S., P.M. Kocovsky, C.A. Richter, J.J. Pritt, C.M. Mayer, and S.S. Qian. 2016. First direct confirmation of grass carp spawning in a Great Lakes tributary. Journal of Great Lakes Research 42(4):899-903. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2016.05.002.
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25734 Journal Article Gasaway, R.D. 1977. Predation on introduced grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) in a Florida lake. Florida Scientist 40(2):167-173.
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10003 Report Guillory, V. 1979. Large-scale operations management test of use of the white amur for control of problem aquatic plants; Report 1, Baseline studies; Volume II: The fish, mammals, and waterfowl of Lake Conway, Florida. US Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
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32055 Conference Proceedings Haller, W.T. 1994. . Page 244 pp in Haller, W.T, ed. Proceedings of the Grass Carp Symposium March 7-9, 1994, Gainesville, FL. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station. Vicksburg, MS.
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27516 Report Harrington, S. 1999. Occurrence and distribution of fish species in the Great and Little Miami River Basins, Ohio and Indiana, Pre-1900 to 1998. US Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 99-4198. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=O33uAAAAMAAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=Harrington,+S.+1999.+Occurrence+and+Distribution+of+Fish+Species+in+the+Great+and+Little+Miami+River+Basins,+Ohio+and+Indiana,+Pre-1900+to+1998.+US+Geological+Survey+Water+Resources.
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35576 Journal Article Harris, C., T.O. Brenden, C.S. Vandergoot, M.D. Faust, S.J. Herbst, and C.C. Krueger. 2021. Tributary use and large-scale movements of grass carp in Lake Erie. Journal of Great Lakes Research 47:48-58.
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32883 Thesis or Dissertation Holbrook, D.L. 2017. Corbicula fluminea invasion as a secondary effect of Hydrilla verticillata management via triploid grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Unpublished M.S. thesis. University of North Texas, Denton, Texas.
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13942 Report Howells, R.G. 1999. Guide to identification of harmful and potentially harmful fishes, shellfishes, and aquatic plants prohibited in Texas. Revised edition. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Austin, TX. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/landwater/water/#exotic.
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24129 News Hrodey, M. 2011. Invasive carp caught in Milwaukee and Wisconsin rivers. Milwaukee magazine. http://www.milwaukeenewsbuzz.com/?p=595863. Accessed 5/11/2011.
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24406 Database Idelberger, C. 2011. dataset for paper "Distribution and abundance of introduced fishes in Florida's Charlotte Harbor estuary".
24381 Journal Article Idelberger, C.F., C.J. Stafford, and S.E. Erickson. 2011. Distribution and abundance of introduced fishes in Florida’s Charlotte Harbor estuary. Gulf and Caribbean Research 23:13-22.
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14920 Report Irons, K.S., S.A. Delain, E. Gittinger, B.S. Ickes, C.S. Kolar, D. Ostendorf, E.N. Ratcliff, and A.J. Benson. 2009. Non-native fishes in the Upper Mississippi River System. US Geological Survey and US Army Corps of Engineers [Long Term Resources Monitoring Program (LTRMP)]. http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5176/pdf/sir2009-5176.pdf.
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32645 Journal Article Jenkins, J.A., M.D. Chauvin, D. Johnson, B.L. Brown, J. Bailey, A.M. Kelly, and B.T. Kinter. 2019. Defensible standardized ploidy assessments for Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella, Cyprinidae) intercepted from the commercial supply chain. Journal of Great Lakes Research 45(2):371-383. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0380133018302375.
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29407 Report Jones, L.A., D.A.R. Drake, N.E. Mandrak, C.L. Jerde, M.E. Wittmann, D.M. Lodge, A.S. van der Lee, T.B. Johnson, and M.A. Koops. 2017. Modelling survival and establishment of Grass Carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, in the Great Lakes Basin. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/.
29427 Report Jones, L.A., N.E. Mandrak, and B. Cudmore. 2017. Updated (2003–2015) biological synopsis of Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/.
29676 Journal Article June-Wells, M., T. Simpkins, A.M. Coleman, W. Henley, R. Jacobs, and P. Aarrestad. 2017. Seventeen years of grass carp: an examination of vegetation management and collateral impacts in Ball Pond, New Fairfield, Connecticut. Lake and Reservoir Management 33(1):84-100. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10402381.2017.1284966.
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26061 Book Chapter Kelly, A.M., C.R. Engle, M.L. Armstrong, M. Freeze, and A.J. Mitchell. 2011. History of introductions and governmental involvement in promoting the use of grass, silver, and bighead carps. Pages 163-174 in Chapman, D.C. and M.H. Hoff, eds. Invasive Asian Carps in North America. American Fisheries Society Symposium 74. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD.
28143 Database Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. 2015. Collection data of Asian Carp from Kentucky waters in 2015. Provided by Neal Jackson on 2015-09-16. Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, Murray, KY.
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15197 Journal Article Kilambi, R.V. 1980. Food consumption, growth and survival of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella Val. at four salinities. Journal of Fish Biology 17(6):613-618.
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15200 Journal Article Kilambi, R.V., and A. Zdinak. 1981. Comparison of early developmental stages and adults of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, and hybrid carp (female grass carp X male bighead carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, and hybrid carp (female grass carp X male bighead Aristichthys nobilis). Journal of Fish Biology 19:457-465.
15201 Journal Article Kilambi, R.V., and A. Zdinak. 1982. Food intake and growth of hybrid carp (female grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella X male bighead, Aristichthys (Hypophthalmichthys) nobilis. Journal of Fish Biology 21:63-73.
15196 Journal Article Kilambi, R.V., and W.R. Robison. 1979. Effects of temperature and stocking density on food consumption and growth of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, Val. Journal of Fish Biology 15(3):337-342.
15202 Conference Proceedings Kilgen, R.H. 1973. Good habits of white amur, largemouth bass, bluegill, and redear sunfish reciving supplemental feed. Pages 620-624 in Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners. Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners. Columbia, SC.
15205 Journal Article Kilgen, R.H., and R.O. Smitherman. 1971. Food habits of the white amur stocked in ponds alone and in combination with other species. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 33(3):1213-127.
23123 Report Killgore, J., J.P. Kirk, and J.W. Barko. 1998. Littoral fishes response, Upper Lake Marion, SC, following triploid grass carp Hydrilla control. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
20680 Journal Article Killgore, K.J., J.P. Kirk, and J.W. Foltz. 1998. Response of littoral fishes in upper Lake Marion, South Carolina following hydrilla control by triploid grass carp. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 36(1):82-87.
31649 Journal Article Kinter, B.T., J.A. Jenkins, and J.T. Tyson. 2018. Assessing the risk of diploid grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella in the certified triploid supply chain in Ohio. Journal of Great Lakes Research 44(5):1093-1099. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0380133018301278.
15209 Journal Article Kirk, J.P. 1992. Efficacy of triploid grass carp in controlling nuisance aquatic vegetation in South Carolina farm ponds. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 12(3):581-584.
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33890 Journal Article Kirk, J.P., and R.C. Socha. 2003. Longevity and persistance of triploid grass carp stocked into the Santee Cooper reservoirs of South Carolina. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 41:90-92.
23277 Journal Article Kirk, J.P., J.V. Morrow, K.J. Killgore, S.J. De Kozlowski, and J.W. Preacher. 2000. Population response of triploid grass carp to declining levels of hydrilla in the Santee Cooper Reservoirs, South Carolina. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 38(1):14-17.
27013 Journal Article Kirk, J.P., K.L. Manuel, and S.D. Lamprecht. 2014. Long-term population response of triploid grass carp stocked in Piedmont and Coastal Plain reservoirs to control Hydrilla. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 34(4):795-801. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02755947.2014.920741.
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26771 Report Kobylinski, G.J., W.W. Miley II, J.M. Van Dyke, and A.J. Leslie, Jr. 1980. The effects of grass carp, (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) on vegetation, water quality, zooplankton, and macroinvertebrates of Deer Point Lake, Bay County, Florida. Florida Dept. of Natural Resources, Tallahassee, FL.
32518 Web Page Kočovský, P., M. Lubecki, and C. Billau. 2019. Newly Hatched Invasive Grass Carp Found in Maumee River, Ohio
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31666 Journal Article Kočovský, P.M., D.C. Chapman, and S. Qian. 2018. “Asian Carp” is societally and scientifically problematic. Let’s replace it. Fisheries 43(7):311-316. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/fsh.10087.
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34931 Database Lang, K. 2020. Grass Carp Ctenopharyngodon idella from Sandusky River, Ohio, October 2020. University of Toledo. Created on 11/06/2020.
1651 Journal Article Lee, D.A., S.P. Platania, C.R. Gilbert, R. Franz, and A. Norden. 1981. A revised list of the freshwater fishes of Maryland and Delaware. Southeastern Fishes Council Proceedings 3(3):1-10.
275 Book Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.
26779 Report Lembi, C.A., and B.G. Ritenour. 1977. The White Amur as a biological control for aquatic weeds in Indiana. Water Resources Research Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
33895 Journal Article Lembi, C.A., B.G. Ritenour, E.M. Iverson, and E.C. Forss. 1978. The effects of vegetation removal by grass carp on water chemistry and phytoplankton in Indiana ponds. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 107(1):161-171.
26791 Journal Article Leslie, A.J. Jr., J.M. Van Dyke, L.E. Nall, and W.W. Miley II. 1982. Current velocity for transport of grass carp eggs. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 111:99-101.
15652 Journal Article Leslie, A.J. Jr., L.E. Nall, and J.M. Van Dyke. 1983. Effects of vegetation control by grass carp on selected water-quality variables in four Florida lakes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 112:777-787.
15226 Journal Article Leslie, J., A.J., and G.J. Kobylinski. 1985. Benthic macroinvertebrate response to aquatic vegetation removal by grass carp in north-Florida reservoir. Florida Scientist 48:220-231.
15232 Journal Article Li, S., Y. Hequen, et al. 1980. Preliminary research on diurnal feeding rhythm and the dail ration for silver carp, a bighead carp and grass carp. Journal of Fisheries of China 4(3):275-283.
15230 Journal Article Li, S., Z. Biyun, C. Ni, and Z. Chen. 1985. Morphological variations of silver carp, bighead and grass carp from Changjiang, Zhujiang and Heilongjiang rivers. Acta Zoologica Sinica 35(4):390-398.
26818 Journal Article Lin, S.Y. 1935. Life-history of waan ue, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, (Cuy. & Val.). Lingnan Science Journal 14:129-135, 271-276.
15243 Journal Article Lirski, A., and K. Opuszynski. 1988. Upper lethal temperatures for carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) and the phytophagous fishes (Ctenopharyngodon idella Cal., Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val., Aristichthys nobilis Rich.) in the first period of life. Roczniki Nauk Rolnicych 101(4):11-29.
15244 Journal Article Lirski, A., and K. Opuszynski. 1988. Lower lethal temperatures for carp (Cyprinus carpio L. ) and the phytophagous fishes (Ctenopharyngodon idella Cal., Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val., Aristichthys nobilis Rich.) in the first period of life. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych 101(4):11-29.
24961 Journal Article Liu, D., and W. Tang. 2012. Invasion status worldwide of the four major culture fishes and their adaptive features. Chinese Journal of Ecology 47(4):143-152.
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26408 Database Loftus, A. 2011. Multi State Aquatic Resources Information System (MARIS) Master Database records via Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON).
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26394 Database Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality & Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. 2013. A compilation of fisheries data from multiple sources in Louisiana via MARIS. Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality & Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Accessed on 08/16/2013.
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32471 News Luck, I. 2019. Tackling hydrilla at Lake Anna. The Central Virginian. Louis, VA. http://www.thecentralvirginian.com/tackling-hydrilla-at-lake-anna-2/. Created on 02/20/2019. Accessed on 02/20/2019.
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15252 Journal Article Maceina , M.J., and J.V. Shireman. 1980. Effects of salinity on vegetation consumption and growth in grass carp. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 42:50-53.
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672 Book Chapter Maciolek, J.A. 1984. Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania. Pages 131-161 in Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.R. Stauffer, Jr, eds. Distribution, biology, and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD.
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15262 Journal Article Makeyeva , A.P., and B.V. Verigin. 1974. Hybridization of the pond carp (Cyrpinus carpio) with the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella and black carp, Mylopharyngodon piceus. Journal of ichthyology 33(3):66-75.
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14482 Report Mandrak, N.E., and B. Cudmore. 2005. Risk assessment for Asian carps in Canada. Research Document 2004/103. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Burlington, Ontario.
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26773 Conference Proceedings Many. 1979. . Page 236 in J.V. Shireman, ed. Proceedings of the Grass Carp Conference. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Gainesville, FL.
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31925 Report McDonald, D., and G. Binion. 2017. Lake Placid 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Mathis, TX. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1361_2016.pdf.
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10040 Report Miller, A.C., and J.L. Decell. 1984. Use of the white amur for aquatic plant management. Waterways Experiment Station, US Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS.
26774 Report Miller, A.C., and R.H. King. 1984. Large-scale operations management test of use of the White Amur for control of problem aquatic plants. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville, FL.
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34619 Web Page Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2020. DNR removes 18 invasive carp from Little Sioux River watershed in southwestern Minnesota. https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/news/2020/07/16/dnr-removes-18-invasive-carp-little-sioux-river-watershed-southwestern-minnesota. Created on 07/16/2020. Accessed on 09/13/2020.
34431 Web Page Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2020. DNR removes 18 invasive carp from Little Sioux River watershed in southwestern Minnesota. https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/news/2020/07/16/dnr-removes-18-invasive-carp-little-sioux-river-watershed-southwestern-minnesota. Created on 07/20/2020. Accessed on 07/20/2020.
34190 Web Page Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2020. More than 50 invasive carp captured on Mississippi River. https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/news/2020/03/13/more-50-invasive-carp-captured-mississippi-river. Created on 03/17/2020. Accessed on 03/17/2020.
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15280 Journal Article Molnar, G. 1969. On the hematology of East Asia herbivorous carps: spotted silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys nobilis Richardson, white silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val. and grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella Val. Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft 20(1):98-105.
26783 Report Montegut, R.S., R.D. Gasaway, D.F. DuRant, and J.L. Atterson. 1976. An ecological evaluation of the effects of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) introduction in Lake Wales, Florida. State of Florida, Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee, FL.
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26823 Report Nixon, D.E., R.L. Miller, and R.D. Gasaway. 1977. Movement and ecological effects of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) introduced in an open reservoir system. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee, FL.
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31928 Report Norman, J., and R. Ott. 2017. Purtis Creek State Park Lake 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Tyler, TX. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1364_2016.pdf.
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26775 Report Osborne, J.A. 1980. Efficacy of hydrilla control and a stocking model for hybrid grass carp in freshwater lakes. Dept. of Biological Sciences, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL.
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31695 Report Ott, R.A., Jr., and J.D. Norman. 2017. Lake Jacksonville 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Tyler, TX. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1314_2016.pdf.
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33954 Book Chapter Papoulias, D.M., J. Candrl, J.A. Jenkins, and D.E. Tillitt. 2010. Verification of ploidy and reproductive potential in triploid black carp and grass carp. Pages 251-266 in D.C. Chapman and M.H. Hoffman, eds. Invasive Asian Carps in North America. American Fisheries Society Symposium 74. Bethesda, Maryland.
1714 Report Pauley, G.B., G.L. Thomas, S.A. Bonar, J.D. Frodge, D.A. Marino, S.L. Thiesfeld, S. Vecht, K.L. Bowers, and H. Sehgal. 1994. An overview of the use and efficacy of triploid grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella as a biological control of aquatic macrophytes in Oregon and Washington Lakes. IN Proceedings of the Grass Carp Symposium March 7-9, 1994, Gainesville, FL. US Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
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15361 Journal Article Payusova, A.N., and T.N. Tselikova. 1981. Differences and differentiation between grass carp, silver carp, and big-head stocks of different origin from . .. Voprosy ikhtiologii 21(4):608-615.
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131 Book Pflieger, W.L. 1975. The Fishes of Missouri. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, MO.
731 Journal Article Pflieger, W.L. 1978. Distribution and status of the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) in Missouri streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 107(1):113-118.
1737 Book Pflieger, W.L. 1997. The fishes of Missouri. Revised edition. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, MO.
30742 Journal Article Phelps, Q.E., S.J. Tripp, K.R. Bales, D. James, R.A. Hrabik, and D.P. Herzog. 2017. Incorporating basic and applied approaches to evaluate the effects of invasive Asian Carp on native fishes: A necessary first step for integrated pest management. PLoS ONE 12(9):e0184081. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184081.
62 Book Phillips, G.L., W.D. Schmid, and J.C. Underhill. 1982. Fishes of the Minnesota region. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
15371 Journal Article Pierce, B.A. 1983. Grass carp in the United States: A review. Environmental Management 7(2):151-160.
1742 Journal Article Pigg, J., R. Gibbs, and J. Stahl. 1992. Distribution records for three new introduced species of the ichthyofauna of Oklahoma waters. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 72:1-2.
15372 Journal Article Pike, T. 1990. Recovery of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, from the Umgeni River, and the possible spread of grass carp in rivers in Natal. Lammergeyer 41:42-43.
32699 Journal Article Pine, R.T. and W.J. Anderson. 1991. Plant preference of triploid grass carp. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 29:80-82.
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33873 Journal Article Pipalova, I. 2006. A review of grass carp use for aquatic weed control and its impacts on water bodies. Pípalová. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 44:1-12.
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29749 News Quinn, A. 2017. Candlewood carp are eating milfoil as hoped, report says. NewsTimes. Danbury, CT. http://www.newstimes.com/local/article/Candlewood-carp-are-eating-milfoil-as-hoped-11058915.php. Created on 04/07/2017. Accessed on 04/10/2017.
29672 News Quinn, A. 2017. Carp program to be expanded for Squantz Pond and Candlewood Lake. The News-Times. Danbury, CT. http://www.newstimes.com/local/article/Carp-program-to-be-expanded-for-Squantz-Pond-and-11020642.php. Created on 03/22/2017. Accessed on 03/23/2017.
17267 Book Raasch, M.S. 2007. Delaware's Freshwater and Brackish-Water Fishes. Delaware Nature Society.
85 Book Raasch, M.S., and V.L. Altemus, Sr. 1991. Delaware's freshwater and brackish water fishes - a popular account. Delaware State College Center for the Study of Del-Mar-Va Habitats and the Society of Natural History of Delaware, Dover, DE.
840 Journal Article Raibley, P.T., D. Blodgett, and R.E. Sparks. 1995. Evidence of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) reproduction in the Illinois and Upper Mississippi Rivers. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 10(1):65-74. https://doi.org/10.1080/02705060.1995.9663418.
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1885 Conference Proceedings Rasmussen, J.L. 1998. Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin in 60th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Aquatic Nuisance Species Symposium, Dec 7, 1998, Cincinnati, OH.
13695 Web Page Red River Authority of Texas. 2001. Red and Canadian Basins Fish Inventory: Red River County.
733 Journal Article Riley, D.M. 1978. Parasites of grass carp and native fishes in Florida. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 107(1):207-212.
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15708 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
35704 Journal Article Robinson, K.F., P.J. Alsip, A.R. Drake, Y.C. Kao, M.A. Koops, D.M. Mason, E.S. Rutherford, and H. Zhang. 2021. Reviewing uncertainty in bioenergetics and food web models to project invasion impacts: Four major Chinese carps in the Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research 47(1):83-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2020.11.003.
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716 Book Robison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR.
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30843 Database Rogers, M.W. 2017. Collection data on Asian carps from the Tennessee River basin, 2016-2017. Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN. Created on 12/08/2017.
18855 Book Rohde, F.C., R.G. Arndt, J.W. Foltz, and J.M. Quattro. 2009. Freshwater fishes of South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC.
23206 Journal Article Romvári, R., C. Hancz, Z. Petrási, T. Molnár, and P. Horn. 2002. Non-invasive measurement of fillet composition of four freshwater fish species by computer tomography. Aquaculture International 10(3):231-240.
651 Journal Article Rose, S. 1972. What about the white amur? A superfish or a super curse? The Florida Naturalist 1972(Oct):156-157.
13712 Book Ross, S.T. 2001. The inland fishes of Mississippi. University Press of Mississippi, Jackson, MS.
26799 Journal Article Rottmann, R. 1977. Management of weedy lakes and ponds with grass carp. Fisheries 2(5):8-14.
26778 Thesis or Dissertation Rottmann, R.W. 1976. Limnological and ecological effects of grass carp in ponds. Unpublished M.S. thesis. University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.
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22926 Journal Article Roy, R., E. Fodor, K. Kitajka, and T. Farkas. 1999. Fatty acid composition of the ingested food only slightly affects physicochemical properties of liver total phospholipids and plasma membranes in cold-adapted freshwater fish. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 20(1):1-11.
15412 Journal Article Rykova, T.I. 1971. Cortical changes in the eggs of grass carp, silver carp and bighead. Trudy - Vsesokiluznyfi nauchno-issledovatel'skifi institut morskogo rybnogo khozkilafistva i okeanografii 81:160-178.
26667 Web Page Sakamoto, R. 2011. University of Washington Freshwater Ecology & Conservation Lab: Ctenopharyngodon idella report. http://depts.washington.edu/oldenlab/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Ctenopharyngodon-idella_Sakamoto.pdf. Created on 10/01/2011. Accessed on 01/16/2014.
33894 Journal Article Santha, C.R., W.E. Grant, W.H. Neill, and R.K. Strawn. 1991. Biological control of aquatic vegetation using grass carp: simulation of alternative strategies. Ecological Modelling 59(3-4):229-245.
27025 Report Scarnecchia, D.L. 2000. An Assessment of the Environmental Impact of Introducing Grass Carp into Montana. Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Helena, MT. http://www.uidaho.edu/~/media/Files/orgs/CNR/wildlifefish/Faculty%20publications/Scarnecchia/Montana-Grass%20carp%20environmental%20assessment.ashx.
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1661 Book Chapter Schmidt, R.E. 1986. Zoogeography of the northern Appalachians. Pages 137-160 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
27192 Database Schofield, P.J. 2014. Fish slam collection data from 2014 south Florida (sampling in canals in south Miami-Dade county). U.S. Geological Survey, Gainesville, FL. Created on 11/21/2014. Accessed on 01/22/2015.
28155 Database Schofield, P.J. 2015. Fish slam collection data from 2015 in south Florida. US Geolgoical Survey, Gainesville, FL.
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32291 Database Schofield, P.J. 2018. Fish slam data in south Florida Fall 2018, November 6-7. U.S. Geological Survey, Gainesville, FL. Created on 11/29/2018.
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33260 Database Schofield, P.J. 2019. Fish Slam Data - Orlando, Florida, Summer June 5-6, 2019. U.S. Geological Survey, Gainesville, FL. Created on 06/11/2019.
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14731 Journal Article Scholz, T., and G. Salgado-Maldonado. 2000. The introduction and dispersal on Centrocestus formanus (Nishigori, 1924) (Digenea: Heterophyidae) in Mexico: a review. American Midland Naturalist 143(1):185-200.
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33893 Journal Article Shireman, J.V., and M.J. Maceina. 1981. The utilization of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella Val., for hydrilla control in Lake Baldwin, Florida. Journal of Fish Biology 19:629-636.
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26777 Report Shireman, J.V., D.E. Colle, and R.G. Martin. 1977. Ecological study of Lake Wales, Florida after introduction of Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
26797 Journal Article Shireman, J.V., D.E. Colle, and R.W. Rottmann. 1978. Size limits to predation on grass carp by largemouth bass. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 107(1):213-215.
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15439 Journal Article Soin, S.G., and A.I. Sukhanova. 1972. Comparative morphological analysis of the development of the grass carp, the black carp, the silver carp and the bighead (Cyprinidae). Journal of Ichthyology 12:61-71.
34156 Web Page SOLitude Lake Management. 2020. Controlling Invasive Weeds in a Large Lake. https://www.solitudelakemanagement.com/lake-and-pond-management-success-stories-and-case-studies-moneta-va. Accessed on 03/10/2020.
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23985 Database Spaeth, J. 2011. Fish collection database for Ohio and Illinois river basins 1957-2011. Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission, Cincinnati, OH.
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33886 Journal Article Stanley, J.G. 1974. Energy balance of white amur fed Egeria. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 12:62-66. http://www.apms.org/japm/vol12/v12p62.pdf.
26789 Report Stanley, J.G. 1976. Production of monosex white amur for aquatic plant control. Contract Rept. A-76-1. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
15443 Journal Article Stanley, J.G. 1976. Female homogamety in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) determined by gynogenesis. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 33(6):1372-1374.
15444 Journal Article Stanley, J.G. 1976. Reproduction of the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) outside its native range. Fisheries 1(3):7-10.
26815 Journal Article Stanley, J.G. 1978. Special Section: Grass carp in the United States. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 107(1):104.
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15449 Journal Article Stevenson, J.H. 1965. Observations on grass carp in Arkansas. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 27(4):203-206.
26358 Journal Article Stich, D.S., V. Dicenzo, E.A. Frimpong, Y. Jiao, and B.R. Murphy. 2013. Growth and population size of grass carp incrementally stocked for Hydrilla control. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 33(1):14-25. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02755947.2012.739983#preview.
33900 Journal Article Stocker, R.K, and N.T. Hagsstrom. 1986. Control of submerged aquatic plants with triploid grass in southern California irrigation canals. Lake and Reservoir Management 2(1):41-45.
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24236 Book Chapter Stone, M.D. 1995. Fish stocking programs in Wyoming: a balanced perspective. Pages 47-51 in Schramm, H.L., Jr., and R.G. Piper, eds. Uses and effects of cultured fishes in aquatic ecosystems. American Fisheries Society Symposium 15. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD.
31677 Report Storey, K.W., and D. Bennett. 2016. Lake Hawkins 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Tyler, TX. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1306_2015.pdf.
15450 Journal Article Stott, B. 1977. On the question of the introduction of the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) into the United Kingdom. Fisheries Management 8(3):63-71.
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15453 Journal Article Stroband, H.W. 1977. Growth and diet dependant structural adaptations on the digestive tract in juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella, Val.). Journal of Fish Biology 11:167-174.
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17857 News Summers, L. 2008. Woodland may enlist fish to eat lake weeds. The Daily News Online. http://www.tdn.com/articles/2008/05/05/area_news/10227617.txt accessed 5/5/2008.
33884 Journal Article Sutton, D.L. 1977. Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) in North America. Aquatic Botany 3:157-164.
15458 Report Sutton, D.L., and V.V. Vandiver, Jr. 1986. Grass carp: A fish for biological managment of Hydrilla and other aquatic weeds in Florida. Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations, Gainesville, FL.
26787 Journal Article Sutton, D.L., J.G. Stanley, and W.W. Miley II. 1981. Grass carp hybridization and observations of a grass carp X bighead hybrid. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 19:37-39.
10039 Journal Article Swanson, E.D., and E.P. Bergersen. 1988. Grass carp stocking model for coldwater lakes. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 8:284-291.
15464 Journal Article Tang, Y. -A. 1960. Reproduction of the Chinese carps, Ctenopharyngodon idellus and Hypophthalmichthys molitrix in a reservoir in Taiwan. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 8(1/2):1-2.
33901 Journal Article Tanner, C.C., R.D.S. Wells, and C.P. Mitchell. 1990. Re-establishment of native macrophytes in Lake Parkinson following weed control by grass carp. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 24:181-186.
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15468 Conference Proceedings Terrell, J.W., and A.C. Fox. 1974. Food habits, growth, and catchability of grass carp in the absence of aquatic vegetation. Pages 251-259 in Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Southeastern Asssociation of Game and Fish Commissioners. Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners. Columbia, SC.
15469 Conference Proceedings Terrell, J.W., and A.C. Fox. 1974. Macrophyte control by grass carp in catfish ponds. Pages 235-242 in Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners. Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners. Columbia, SC.
26805 Journal Article Terrell, J.W., and T.T. Terrell. 1975. Macrophyte control and food habits of the grass carp in Georgia ponds. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol 19:2515-2520.
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31401 News Terry, T. 2018. 10,000 grass carp now being put into Lake Norman to control an invasive weed. WSOC tv. Charlotte, NC. Created on 05/15/2018. Accessed on 05/15/2018.
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13707 Web Page Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. 2001. Fish Records: Water Body - All Tackle. http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/fishboat/fish/action/staterecords.php?env=FW&age_group=all&list=0&browse=Submit. Created on 04/24/2001. Accessed on 06/15/2001.
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25724 Journal Article Thompson, B.Z., J.L. Underwood, and R.S. Hestand, III. 1988. Utilization of triploid grass carp in sewage-retention ponds for control of floating vegetation. Florida Scientist 51(2):115-119.
26568 Journal Article Thompson, B.Z., R.J. Wattendorf, R.S. Hestand, and J.L. Underwood. 1987. Triploid grass carp production. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 49:213-217.
32801 News Thompson, C. 2019. Why 600 carp were dumped into the Swift Creek Reservoir. WTVR. Richmond, VA. https://wtvr.com/2019/04/16/why-600-carp-were-dumped-into-the-swift-creek-reservoir. Created on 04/16/2019. Accessed on 04/22/2019.
23693 Journal Article Tian, L.X., Y.J. Liu, and S.S.O. Hung. 2004. Utilization of glucose and cornstarch by juvenile grass carp. North American Journal of Aquaculture 66(2):141-145.
13672 Journal Article Tilmant, J.T. 1999. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. Paper presented at the 129th Annual Meeting of The American Fisheries Society, Charlotte, North Carolina, September 1, 1999 129:50.
26763 Database Tracy, B.H. 2016. North Carolina Division of Water Resources, collection data of nonindigenous fishes in North Carolina river basins between 1990-2016. North Carolina Division of Water Resources, Raleigh, NC. Created on 03/28/2014. Accessed on 12/09/2016.
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30211 Book Chapter Tripathi, S.D. 1989. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.) and Ctenopharyngodon idellaExotic elements in freshwater carp polyculture in India. Pages 27-33 in Mohan, J.M, ed. Exotic aquatic species in India. Asian Fisheries Society, Indian Branch. Karnataka, India.
13460 News Tseng, N. 2002. UF imports fish to clean Lake Alice. Gainesville Sun. May 29, 2002.
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30759 Report U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Savannah District. 2016. Avian Vacuolar Myelinopathy (AVM) Plan For U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers, Savannah District J. Strom Thurmond Project. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Savannah District. http://www.sas.usace.army.mil/Portals/61/docs/lakes/thurmond/Avian_Vacuolar_Myelinopathy_Plan_Final.pdf.
29225 Database U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2016. Asian Carp data in Illnois in 2016. Created on 12/05/2016.
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1660 Book Chapter Underhill, J.C. 1986. The fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence lowlands, Newfoundland, and Labrador. Pages 105-136 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
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33703 Database University of Toledo and US Fish and Wildlife Service. 2019. Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) captures in the Cuyahoga River in Ohio. Created on 09/24/2019. Accessed on 09/24/2019.
33387 Database University of Toledo, Ohio DNR, Michigan DNR, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and Quebec Ministry of Forests, Fauna, and Parks. 2019. Grass Carp in Ohio Waters. University of Toledo, Oregon, OH. Created on 07/05/2019. Accessed on 07/05/2019.
14178 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
29349 Journal Article van der Lee, A.S., T.B. Johnson, and M.A. Koops. 2017. Bioenergetics modelling of grass carp: Estimated individual consumption and population impacts in Great Lakes wetlands. Journal of Great Lakes Research 43:308-318. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0380133016302398.
33896 Journal Article van Dyke, J.M., A.J. Leslie, Jr., and L.E. Nall. 1984. The effects of the grass carp on the aquatic macrophytes of four Florida lakes. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 22:87-95.
26800 Journal Article Van Dyke, J.M., and D.L. Sutton. 1977. Digestion of duckweed (Lemna spp.) by the grass carp, (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Journal of Fish Biology 11:273-278.
26659 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
34242 Journal Article Verbrugge, L.N.H., G. van der Velde, A.J. Hendriks, H. Verreycken, and R.S.E.W. Leuven. 2012. Risk classifications of aquatic non-native species: Application of contemporary European assessment protocols in different biogeographical settings. Aquatic Invasions 7(1):49-58.
15478 Journal Article Verigin, B.V., A.P. Makeyeva, et al. 1975. The morphology of underyearling hybrids of the bighead Aristichthys nobilis and the grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. Journal of Ichthyology 15(2):226-231.
15477 Journal Article Verigin, B.V., A.P. Makeyeva, et al. 1978. Natural Spawning of silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, the bighead carp, Aristichthys nobilis, and the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella, in the Syr-Dar'ya River. Journal of Ichthyology 18(1):143-146.
34300 Journal Article Vilizzi, L. and G.H. Copp. 2013. Application of FISK, an Invasiveness Screening Tool for Non-Native Freshwater Fishes, in the Murray-Darling Basin (Southeastern Australia). Risk Analysis 33(8):1432-1440.
15482 Journal Article Vincent, J.F.V., and F.A. Sibbing. 1992. How the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) chooses and chews its food - some clues. Journal of Zoology 26:435-444.
13955 Web Page Vinyard, G.L. 2001. Fish Species Recorded from Nevada. http://www.brrc.unr.edu/data/animal/vertebrates/fishlist.htm.
19540 Journal Article Wagner, B.A., D.R. Edds, and J. Pigg. 1983. Grass carp in Oklahoma streams. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 63:106. http://digital.library.okstate.edu/oas/oas_pdf/v63/p106.pdf.
15488 Journal Article Wagner, B.A., D.R. Edds, et al. 1983. Grass carp in Oklahoma streams. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 63:106.
14024 News Waldrip, L. 1992. Grass Carp increasing in Trinity River. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. 1992:5-7.
513 News Waldrip, L. (LW). 1993. 13 State record fish certified. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, April 30, 1993. 1993:2-4.
1390 Report Walker, P. 1993. A list of the endemic and introduced fishes of Colorado-March 1993. Aquatic Resources Section - Fish Health Unit.
1765 Thesis or Dissertation Walters, D.M. 1997. The distribution, status, and ecology of the fishes of the Conasauga River system. Unpublished M.S. thesis. University of Georgia, Athens, GA.
15493 Conference Proceedings Ware, F.J., and R.D. Gasaway. 1976. Effects of grass carp on native fish populations in two Florida lakes in Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners Thirtieth Annual Conference. Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners. Lake Wales, FL.
15494 Journal Article Watkins, C.E., J.V. Shireman, R.W. Rottman, and D.G. Colle. 1981. Food habits of fingerling grass carp. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 43:95-97.
26821 Journal Article Watterndorf, R.J. 1986. Rapid identification of triploid grass carp with a Coulter counter and channelyzer. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 48:125-132.
32343 News WBIR Staff. 2018. Truckloads of invasive weeds pulled from Fountain City Lake, city blames fish tank dumpage. WBIR 10 News. Knoxville, TN. https://www.wbir.com/article/news/local/truckloads-of-invasive-weeds-pulled-from-fountain-city-lake-city-blames-fish-tank-dumpage/51-621330929. Created on 12/06/2018. Accessed on 12/11/2018.
35773 News Weisberg, D. 2006. There's a catch to record-size carp. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh, PA. https://www.post-gazette.com/life/outdoors/2006/05/12/There-s-a-catch-to-record-size-carp/stories/200605120237. Created on 05/12/2006. Accessed on 05/27/2021.
33892 Journal Article Wells, R.D.S., H.J. Bannon, and B.J. Hicks. 2003. Control of macrophytes by grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) in a Waikato drain, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 37:85-93.
34036 Web Page West Virginia Division of Natural Resources. 2020. Two West Virginia anglers scored record catches in the first two weeks of 2020! https://www.facebook.com/wildlifewv/posts/1517798008369139. Created on 01/16/2020. Accessed on 01/22/2020.
1537 Book Whitworth, W.R. 1996. Freshwater fishes of Connecticut. Bulletin 114. 2nd edition. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Department of Environmental Protection, Hartford, CT.
31132 Journal Article Wieringa J.G., S.J. Herbst, and A.R. Mahon. 2017. The reproductive viability of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) in the western basin of Lake Erie. Journal of Great Lakes Research 43(2):405-409. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0380133016302362.
22857 Journal Article Wiley, M.J., and L.D. Wike. 1986. Energy balances of diploid, triploid, and hybrid grass carp. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 115(6):853-863.
26991 Database Wilkes, P. 2014. Asian Carp historical records in the State of Kentucky. Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, Frankfort, KY. Created on 08/29/2014.
27924 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR). 2017. Lakes and rivers with invasives species. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. http://dnr.wi.gov/lakes/invasives/AISLists.aspx. Accessed on 12/04/2017.
26395 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WIDNR). 2008. Wisconsin Statewide Fisheries Database via MARIS. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
27236 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WIDNR). 2014. Wisconsin Center for Integrated Data Analytics (CIDA) fish dataset. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. https://cida.usgs.gov/wdnr_fishmap/map/. Accessed on 10/14/2015.
33633 Web Page Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 2019. Prohibited grass carp found in Wind Lake. https://dnr.wi.gov/news/releases/article/?id=4822. Created on 08/28/2019. Accessed on 08/28/2019.
28314 Journal Article Wittmann, M.E., C.L. Jerde, J.G. Howeth, S.P. Maher, A.M. Deines, J.A. Jenkins, G.W. Whitledge, S.R. Burbank, W.L. Chadderton, A.R. Mahon, J.T. Tyson, C.A. Gantz, R.P. Keller, J.M. Drake, and D.M. Lodge. 2014. Grass carp in the Great Lakes region: establishment potential, expert perceptions, and re-evaluation of experimental evidence of ecological impact. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71(7):992-999. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfas-2013-0537.
29243 Journal Article Wittmann, M.E., G. Annis, A.M. Kramer, L. Mason, C. Riseng, E.S. Rutherford, W.L. Chadderton, D. Beletsky, J.M. Drake, and D.M. Lodge. 2017. Refining species distribution model outputs using landscape-scale habitat data: Forecasting grass carp and Hydrilla establishment in the Great Lakes region. Journal of Great Lakes Research 43(2):298-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2016.09.008.
14999 Journal Article Wolf, K. 1980. Book Review: Artificial propagation of grass carp, silver carp, bighead in China: Nursing fry culture of adult fish and technique about prevention and treatment of fish diseases. Fish Health News 9(4):1 p.
34299 Journal Article Wolter, C. and F. Rohr. 2010. Distribution history of non-native freshwater fish species in Germany: how invasive are they? Journal of Applied Ichthyology 26(Suppl. 2):19-27.
306 Book Woodling, J. 1985. Colorados Little Fish: a guide to the minnows and other lesser known fishes in the state of Colorado. Colorado Division of Wildlife, Denver, CO. http://www.nativefishlab.net/library/textpdf/20824.pdf.
20820 Journal Article Work, K., M. Gibbs, B. Peters, and L. French. 2010. Fish assemblage variability in a Florida spring. Southeastern Naturalist 9(4):649-672.
15500 Journal Article Wozniewski, M., and K. Opuszynski. 1988. Threshold oxygen content in water for juvenile stages of the cyprinids ( Ctenopharyngodon idella Val., Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val., Aristichthys nobilis Rich., Cyprinus carpio L. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych 101(4):51-59.
31579 Report Wright, L.D., and T.J. Bister. 2014. Lake Cypress Springs 2014 Fisheries Management Survey Report. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Inland Fisheries Division, Marshall, TX. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/lake_survey/pwd_rp_t3200_1282_2014.pdf.
19792 News WSBTV.com. 2011. Invasive Plant Killing Bald Eagles in Georgia. WSBTVcom. http://www.wsbtv.com/news/27950633/detail.html.
26403 Database Wyoming Game and Fish Department. 2008. Wyoming Freshwater Fisheries Database via MARIS. Wyoming Game and Fish Department.
13561 News Yoon, C.K. 2003. Texans call in a monster fish to tame a monster weed. New York Times. April 8, 2003.
13764 Report Young, B.A., T.L. Welker, M.L. Wildhaber, C.R. Berry, and D. Scarnecchia, editors. 1997. Population structure and habitat use of benthic fishes along the Missouri and lower Yellowstone rivers. US Army Corps of Engineers and the US Bureau of Reclamation. http://www.cerc.usgs.gov/pubs/benfish/pdfdocs/benth97.pdf.
22951 Journal Article Young, E.M., J.P. Monaghan, and R.C. Heidinger. 1983. Food preferences, food intake, and growth of the F1 hybrid of grass carp x bighead carp. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 112(5):661-664.
27699 Journal Article Zajicek, P., T. Weier, S. Hardin, J.R. Cassani, and V. Mudrak. 2009. A triploid grass carp risk analysis specific to Florida. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 47:15-20.
34236 Journal Article Zhelev, Z.M., A.G. Tsekov, G.S. Popgeorgiev, M.V. Angelov, P.S. Boyadzhiev, and T.R. Stefanov. 2018. Ichthyofauna in the Lower Course of the Sazliyka River,
Southern Bulgaria: Composition, Diversity, Seasonal
Dynamics and Conservation Significance. ACTA Zoologica Bulgarica 70(3):331-338.
30851 Database Zimmerman, B. 2012. Ohio non-native fish collection data, sampled during survey work on update to Trautman's (1981) "Fishes of Ohio". Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Columbus, OH. Created on 12/01/2012. Accessed on 11/30/2017.
1711 Conference Proceedings Zimpfer, S.P., C.F. Bryan, and C.H. Pennington. 1987. Factors associated with the dynamics of grass carp larvae in the lower Mississippi River Valley. 10th Annual Larval Fish Conference. Pages 102-108 in American Fiseries Society Symposium. Bethesda, MD.
15516 Journal Article Zimpfer, S.P., C.F. Byran, et al. 1987. Factors associated with the dynamics of grass carp larvae in the lower Mississippi River valley. American Fisheries Society Symposium 2:102-108.
679 Book Chapter Zuckerman, L.D., and R.J. Behnke. 1986. Introduced fishes in the San Luis Valley, Colorado. Pages 435-453 in Stroud, R.H, ed. Fish culture in fisheries management. Proceedings of a symposium on the role of fish culture in fisheries management at Ozark, MO. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD.



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The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2021]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [9/25/2021].

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