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Menhinick, E.F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh, NC.
Reference Details:
Reference Number: 162
Type: Book
Author: Menhinick, E.F.
Date (year): 1991
Edition:
Title:The freshwater fishes of North Carolina.
Publisher:North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.
Publisher Location:Raleigh, NC
Volume:
Pages: 227 pp
URL:
Keywords: North Carolina
Species Profiles and Specimens that use this Reference:

Alosa aestivalis

    NC - Savannah drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage

Alosa chrysochloris

    NC - upper French Broad drainage
    TN - lower Little Tennessee
    NC - upper French Broad drainage
    TN - lower Little Tennessee

Alosa sapidissima

    NC - Upper Broad drainage
    SC - lower Catawba drainage

Ambloplites cavifrons

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - Deep drainage, part of the Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage

Ambloplites rupestris

    NC - Roanoke headwaters at state line
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - New drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    VA - Roanoke headwaters at state line

Ameiurus brunneus

    NC - Roanoke drainage

Ameiurus catus

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - French Broad-Holston drainage

Ameiurus melas

    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage

Ameiurus platycephalus

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - French Broad-Holston drainage

Amia calva

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)

Campostoma anomalum

    NC - Yadkin drainage

Carassius auratus

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Lumber drainage
    NC - Waccamaw drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Chowan drainage
    NC - Upper Dan drainage
    NC - lower Roanoke tributary
    NC - French Broad-Holston drainage

Carpiodes cyprinus

    NC - Dan River, Caswell County
    NC - Kerr Reservoir
    NC - Lake Gaston on the Roanoke River
    NC - Lake Gaston, lower end
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    VA - Dan River drainage, just north of the Rockingham Co. NC line
    NC - Falls Lake

Carpiodes velifer

    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage near Elizabethtown

Catostomus commersonii

    NC - Cape Fear drainage in Rockingham County
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Falls Lake

Chrosomus oreas

    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Little Yadkin River, in sw Stokes Co. near Dalton

Cottus bairdii

    NC - Green River, 200 yards downstream from 1st bridge on County Road 1151, W junction 1151-1138, 6.5 air miles W Mill Spring.

Ctenopharyngodon idella

    NC - New drainage
    NC - Tennessee drainage
    NC - Savannah drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Lumber drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Tar drainage
    NC - Chowan drainage

Cyprinella galactura

    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Savannah drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage

Cyprinella lutrensis

    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage

Cyprinus carpio

    NC - Hiwassee drainage
    NC - Little Tennessee River
    NC - Savannah drainage
    NC - Pigeon drainage
    NC - upper French Broad drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Watauga drainage
    NC - Upper New drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage, upper
    NC - Yadkin drainage, lower
    NC - South Yadkin drainage
    NC - Lumber drainage
    NC - Waccamaw drainage
    NC - Lower Tar drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Falls Lake
    NC - Middle Neuse drainage
    NC - Lower Neuse drainage
    NC - Contentnea drainage
    NC - B. Everett Jordan Lake in the Cape Fear drainage [just S of Chapel Hill]
    NC - Deep drainage, part of the Cape Fear drainage

Dorosoma cepedianum

    TN - Tuckasegee
    NC - upper Little Tennessee system
    TN - Tuckasegee
    NC - Upper Little Tennessee drainage

Dorosoma petenense

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Kerr Reservoir
    NC - Lake Gaston on the Roanoke River
    NC - French Broad-Holston drainage

Esox lucius

    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Lake Gaston on the Roanoke River
    NC - Kerr Reservoir
    NC - Phelps Lake

Esox masquinongy

    NC - New drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Lake Gaston on the Roanoke River
    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)

Etheostoma fusiforme

    NC - Tennessee drainage

Etheostoma olmstedi

    NC - New drainage

Gambusia holbrooki

    NC - Tennessee drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage

Heterandria formosa

    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage

Ictalurus furcatus

    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage

Ictalurus punctatus

    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Tar drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Chowan drainage

Ictiobus bubalus

    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Falls Lake
    SC - upper Catawba drainage

Ictiobus cyprinellus

    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Mountain Island Lake, at the mouth of McDowell Creek
    NC - Little Bear Creek

Lepomis auritus

    NC - New drainage
    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - French Broad-Holston drainage

Lepomis cyanellus

    NC - Lake Gaston on the Roanoke River
    NC - Kerr Reservoir
    NC - Hyco Reservoir and vicinity
    NC - Upper Dan drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Lumber drainage
    NC - Waccamaw drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Tar drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Chowan drainage
    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - Roanoke drainage, below Lake Gaston
    NC - French Broad-Holston drainage
    NC - Phelps Lake

Lepomis gibbosus

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - New drainage

Lepomis gulosus

    NC - New drainage
    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - French Broad-Holston drainage
    NC - upper French Broad drainage
    NC - upper Little Tennessee system
    TN - upper French Broad
    ID - middle Bear drainage

Lepomis macrochirus

    NC - Middle Roanoke drainage
    NC - Roanoke Rapids
    NC - Upper Dan drainage
    NC - Lower Dan drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Tar drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Chowan drainage
    NC - New drainage
    NC - lower Roanoke

Lepomis marginatus

    NC - upper Catawba drainage
    NC - Rocky drainage of the Pee Dee

Lepomis megalotis

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)

Lepomis microlophus

    NC - Hyco Reservoir
    NC - lower Roanoke
    NC - Lake Gaston on the Roanoke River
    NC - Belews Lake
    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Tar drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Lumber and Waccamaw drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Upper Yadkin HUC-8
    NC - Upper Tar HUC-8
    NC - Upper Neuse HUC-8
    NC - HAW HUC-8
    NC - Yadkin drainage, lower
    NC - Deep drainage, part of the Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Lower Tar drainage
    NC - Pamlico Sound HUC-8
    NC - Upper Cape Fear HUC-8
    NC - Pee Dee, upper
    NC - Rocky drainage of the Pee Dee
    NC - Middle Neuse drainage
    NC - Black HUC-8
    SC - lower Catawba drainage
    NC - upper part of Lumber drainage
    SC - upper Pee Dee in SC
    SC - Little Pee Dee HUC-8
    NC - Waccamaw drainage
    NC - Carolina Coastal-Sampit HUC-8
    NC - Lower Cape Fear HUC-8

Lucania goodei

    NC - NE Cape Fear drainage near Wilmington

Luxilus albeolus

    NC - New drainage

Luxilus cerasinus

    NC - Cape Fear drainage in Rockingham and Guilford Counties
    NC - Neuse drainage (upper)

Luxilus coccogenis

    NC - New drainage

Lythrurus matutinus

    NC - Troublesome Creek, Cape Fear drainage

Micropterus coosae

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - Catawba drainage

Micropterus dolomieu

    NC - Upper Dan drainage
    NC - Savannah drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - New drainage

Micropterus punctulatus

    NC - Belews Lake
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage

Micropterus salmoides

    NC - Lower Dan drainage
    NC - Upper Dan drainage
    NC - Middle Roanoke drainage
    NC - Roanoke Rapids
    NC - lower Roanoke
    NC - New drainage
    NC - Savannah drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Lumber and Waccamaw drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Tar drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Chowan drainage
    NC - lower Roanoke
    NC - Middle Roanoke drainage
    NC - New drainage
    VA - Meherrin HUC-8
    VA - Pee Dee drainage (upper Yadkin only portion in VA)
    NC - Upper Dan drainage
    VA - Albemarle
    VA - Roanoke Rapids drainage
    NC - Lower Dan drainage
    NC - Chowan drainage
    NC - Lower Roanoke HUC-8
    NC - Fishing HUC-8
    NM - Upper Rio Grande drainage
    NM - Rio Grande-Santa Fe drainage
    NC - Lower Tar drainage
    NM - Rio Grande-Albuquerque drainage
    NC - Pamlico drainage
    NC - Pamlico Sound HUC-8

Morone americana

    NC - Upper Dan drainage
    VA - Upper Yadkin (HUC-8)
    NC - South Yadkin drainage

Morone chrysops

    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - B. Everett Jordan Lake in the Cape Fear drainage [just S of Chapel Hill]
    NC - Roanoke drainage

Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis

    NC - Lake Townsend, Guilford County
    NC - upper Broad drainage, reservoir in Cleveland County
    NC - Scott Reservoir, Wilkes County
    NC - Kanapolis Lake reservoir on Irish Buffalo Creek, near Cabarrus County line
    NC - Salem Lake reservoir near Winston-Salem
    NC - High Rock Lake reservoir in Davidson County
    NC - Blewett Falls Lake reservoir in Anson County, Upper Pee Dee drainage
    NC - Oak Hollow Lake reservoir near High Point, Deep River system
    NC - Burlington Reservoir in northern Alamance County
    NC - Hyco Reservoir
    NC - B. Everett Jordan Lake in the Cape Fear drainage [just S of Chapel Hill]
    NC - Buffalo Lakes reservoir in western Cumberland County
    NC - Tar River Reservoir on the Tar River, Nash County
    NC - Lake Sutton at lower end of Black River
    NC - lake in New Hanover, NE Cape Fear drainage
    NC - South Creek, at mouth, at Pamlico River
    NC - Toxaway River at state border
    SC - Toxaway River near NC border

Morone saxatilis

    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Upper Dan drainage

Moxostoma rupiscartes

    NC - Yadkin drainage

Nocomis leptocephalus

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)

Nocomis micropogon

    NC - Catawba drainage

Nocomis raneyi

    NC - New Hope Creek, Cape Fear drainage

Notemigonus crysoleucas

    NC - New drainage

Notropis amoenus

    NC - Yadkin drainage

Notropis chiliticus

    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - upper part of Lumber drainage

Notropis leuciodus

    NC - New drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage

Notropis lutipinnis

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)

Notropis procne

    NC - Yadkin drainage

Notropis rubricroceus

    NC - New drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage

Notropis spectrunculus

    NC - Savannah drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage

Notropis telescopus

    NC - Yadkin drainage, upper, above Scott Reservoir
    NC - Catawba drainage

Noturus insignis

    NC - state non-specific

Oncorhynchus mykiss

    NC - New drainage
    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - Savannah drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - French Broad-Holston drainage

Oncorhynchus nerka

    NC - Nantahala Lake

Oreochromis aureus

    NC - upper French Broad drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - French Broad drainage in Buncombe County
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Hyco Reservoir
    NC - Northeast Cape Fear drainage

Oreochromis mossambicus

    NC - Hyco Reservoir

Osmerus mordax

    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)

Perca flavescens

    NC - New drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Lumber and Waccamaw drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Tar drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Chowan drainage
    SC - Seneca drainage

Pimephales promelas

    NC - New drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Tennessee drainage
    NC - Hyco Reservoir

Pomoxis annularis

    NC - Lake Gaston on the Roanoke River
    NC - Kerr Reservoir
    NC - lower Roanoke
    NC - Hyco Reservoir
    NC - Belews Lake
    NC - Neuse drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Tar drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - Albemarle drainage
    NC - Pamlico drainage
    NC - Lower Tar drainage
    NC - Middle Neuse drainage
    NC - Contentnea drainage
    NC - Neuse, lower
    NC - White Lake
    NC - B Everett Jordan Lake
    NC - Rocky River
    NC - Yadkin drainage, upper
    NC - South Yadkin drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage, lower
    NC - Pee Dee, upper
    NC - Rocky drainage of the Pee Dee

Pylodictis olivaris

    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Cape Fear drainage

Rhinichthys atratulus

    NC - Yadkin drainage

Salmo trutta

    NC - New drainage
    NC - Tennessee River basin, upper (North Carolina portion)
    NC - Savannah drainage
    NC - Broad drainage
    NC - Catawba drainage
    NC - Yadkin drainage
    NC - Roanoke drainage
    NC - French Broad-Holston drainage

Salvelinus fontinalis

    NC - Yadkin drainage

Sander vitreus

    NC - Catawba drainage

Tilapia zillii

    NC - Hyco Reservoir
    NC - Lumber drainage
    NC - Northeast Cape Fear drainage
    NC - Pamlico drainage


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Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2018]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [1/22/2018].

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