Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records as well as those with scientific name Osmerus mordax listed in key words.

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REFTypeCut-and-Paste Reference
16880 Web Page 2007. Maine's Public Educational Access to Environmental Information (PEARL) website. http://www.pearl.maine.edu (accessed 11/14/2007).
876 Journal Article Auer, N. 1995. Northcentral Region. Stages (Newsletter of the AFS Early Life History Section) 16(1):6-7.
18433 Journal Article Barton, B.A., and W.G. Franzin. 2006. On the Distribution and Extension of Rainbow Smelt. Fisheries 31(6):304-305.
17685 Journal Article Beisner, B.E., A.R. Ives, and S.R. Carpenter. 2003. The Effects of an Exotic Fish Invasion on the Prey Communities of Two Lakes. The Journal of Animal Ecology 72(2):331-342.
52 Journal Article Bouc, K. 1987. The Fish Book. Nebraskaland Magazine 65(1):1-130.
29898 Database Bowen, A. 2017. Invasive species monitoring in the Lake Erie and Lake Huron, 2013-2016. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Alpena, MI. Created on 05/10/2017.
31326 Database Bowen, A. 2018. Invasive Species Catch 2017. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Alpena, MI. Created on 04/16/2018.
27295 Database Brady, V. 2015. Great Lakes Coastal Monitoring Project: fish dataset (through 2014). Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN.
30327 Database Briggs, A.S. 2017. Noningenous Fish Collections in the Lower Great Lakes in 2016. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Alpena Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office, Waterford, MI.
708 Journal Article Burr, B.M. 1991. The fishes of Illinois: An overview of a dynamic fauna. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 34(4):417-427.
1664 Book Chapter Burr, B.M., and L.M. Page. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the lower Ohio-upper Mississippi basin. Pages 287-324 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
82 Book Burr, B.M., and M.L. Warren, Jr. 1986. A distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Scientific and Technical Series No. 4. Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, KY.
1405 Journal Article Burr, B.M., and R.L. Mayden. 1980. Dispersal of rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax, into the upper Mississippi River (Pisces:Osmeridae). American Midland Naturalist 104(1):198-201.
1358 Journal Article Burr, B.M., D.J. Eisenhour, K.M. Cook, C.A. Taylor, G.L. Seegert, R.W. Sauer, and E.R. Atwood. 1996. Nonnative fishes in Illinois waters: what do the records reveal? Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 89(1/2):73-91.
25922 Database Canadian Museum of Nature. 2013. Canadian Museum of Nature ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/121. Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/121. Created on 04/03/2007. Accessed on 04/09/2013.
24324 Journal Article Chernyak, S.M., C.P. Rice, R.T. Quintal, L.J. Begnoche, J.P. Hickey, and B.T. Vinyard. 2005. Time trends (1983-1999) for organochlorines and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) from Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Superior, USA. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 24(7):1632-1641.
772 Journal Article Christie, W.J. 1974. Changes in the fish species composition of the Great Lakes. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 31:827-854.
30084 Thesis or Dissertation Cochran, J.L. 2017. Ecology of the Young-of-the-Year Emerald Shiner (Notropis atherinoides) in the Upper Niagara River, New York: Growth, Diversity, and Importance as a Forage Species. Unpublished M.A. thesis. State University of New York College at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY.
211 Book Cooper, E.L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the Northeastern United States. Pennsylvania State University Press University Park, PA.
24325 Report COSEWIC. 2005. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the shortnose cisco Coregonus reighardi in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/CW69-14-253-2005E.pdf.
24326 Report COSEWIC. 2006. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the deepwater sculpin Myoxocephalus thompsonii (Western and Great Lakes-Western St. Lawrence populations) in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/CW69-14-227-2006E.pdf.
24327 Report COSEWIC. 2007. COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the blackfin cisco Coregonus nigripinnis in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2007/ec/CW69-14-221-2007E.pdf.
23932 News Cox, E. 2011. Little Concord Pond cleared of invasive fish. SunJournal. 11 (22). http://www.sunjournal.com/news/river-valley/2011/11/22/little-concord-pond-cleared-invasive-fish/1118764.
292 Journal Article Creaser, C.W. 1926. The establishment of the Atlantic smelt in the upper waters of the Great Lakes. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 5:405-424.
745 Journal Article Crowder, L.B. 1980. Alewife, rainbow smelt and native fishes in Lake Michigan: competition or predation? Environmental Biology of Fishes 5(3):225-233.
97 Journal Article Dahlberg, M.D., and D.C. Scott. 1971. Introductions of freshwater fishes in Georgia. Bulletin of the Georgia Academy of Science 29:245-252.
90 Journal Article Dahlberg, M.D., and D.C. Scott. 1971. The freshwater fishes of Georgia. Bulletin of the Georgia Academy of Science 29:1-64.
294 Journal Article Denoncourt, R.F., T.B. Robbins, and R. Hesser. 1975. Recent introductions and reintroductions to the Pennsylvania fish fauna of the Susquehanna River drainage above Conowingo Dam. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 49:57-58.
24328 Journal Article Dobiesz, N.E., D.A. McLeish, R.L. Eshenroder, J.R. Bence, L.C. Mohr, M.P. Ebener, T.F. Nalepa, A.P. Woldt, J.E. Johnson, R.L. Argyle, and J.C. Makarewicz. 2005. Ecology of the Lake Huron fish community, 1970-1999. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62:1432-1451.
16391 Journal Article Dodson, J.J., J.-C. Dauvin, and B. D’Anglejan. 1989. Abundance of larval rainbow smelt Osmerus mordax in relation to the maximum turbidity zone and associated macroplanktonic fauna of the middle St. Lawrence estuary, Canada. Estuaries 12(2):66-81.
74 Book Eddy, S., and J.C. Underhill. 1974. Northern fishes, with special reference to the upper Mississippi Valley. 3rd edition. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
460 Report Emery, L. 1985. Review of fish introduced into the Great Lakes, 1819-1974. Technical Report No. 45. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Ann Arbor, MI.
705 Book Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.
24329 Journal Article Evans, D.O., and D.H. Loftus. 1987. Colonization of inland lakes in the Great Lakes region by rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax: Their freshwater niche and effects on indigenous fishes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 44:249-266.
63 Book Ferguson, T.B. 1876. Report of the Commissioners of Fisheries of Maryland to the General Assembly. January 1, 1876. John F Wiley Annapolis, MD.
25936 Database Field Museum of Natural History. 2013. Field Museum of Natural History ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14342. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL. http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14342. Created on 07/17/2012. Accessed on 04/10/2013.
29034 Journal Article Fincel, M.J., W.J. Radigan, and C.M. Longhenry. 2016. Entrainment of Rainbow Smelt through Oahe Dam during the 2011 Missouri River Flood. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36:844-851. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02755947.2016.1173139.
1450 Journal Article Franzin, W.G., B.A. Barton, R.A. Remnant, D.B. Wain, and S.J. Pagel. 1994. Range extension, present and potential distribution, and possible effects of rainbow smelt in Hudson Bay drainage waters of Northwestern Ontario, Manitoba, and Minnesota. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14:65-76.
1878 Journal Article Franzin, W.G., B.A. Barton, R.A. Remnant, D.B. Wain, S.J. Pagel. 1994. Range extention, present and potential distribution, and possibly effects of rainbow smelt in Hudson Bay Drainage waters of northwestern Ontario, Manitoba, and Minnesota. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14:65-76.
24462 Report Fukano, K.G., H. Gowing, M.J. Hansen, and L.N. Allison. 1964. Introduction of exotic fish into Michigan. Michigan Department of Conservation, Institute of Fisheries Research, Ann Arbor, MI.
26212 Database GBIF. 2013. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. http://www.gbif.org/. Accessed on 05/01/2013.
43 Journal Article Gerking, S.D. 1945. Distribution of the fishes of Indiana. Investigations of Indiana Lakes and Streams 3:1-137.
16481 Journal Article Gorman, O.T. 2007. Changes in a population of exotic rainbow smelt in Lake Superior: Boom to bust, 1974-2005. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33:75-90.
1844 Journal Article Gould, W.R. 1981. First records of the rainbow smelt (Osmeridae), sicklefin chub (Cyprinidae) and white bass (Percichthyidae) from Montana. Proceedings of the Montana Academy of Sciences 40:9-10.
17446 Database Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC). 2017. Exotic Species Information Center. Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission. http://maps.glifwc.org/. Accessed on 01/31/2018.
9047 Journal Article Griffiths, R.W., S. Thornley, and T.A. Edsall. 1991. Limnological aspects of the St. Clair River. Hydrobiologia 219:97-123.
1427 Journal Article Guillory, V. 1982. Fishes of the lower Mississippi River near St. Francisville, Louisiana. Proceedings of the Louisiana Academy of Sciences 45:108-121.
13692 Report Halliwell, D.B. 2003. Introduced Fish in Maine. http://www.mainebiodiversity.org/introduced_fish.pdf.
26383 Journal Article Hamel, M.J., M.L. Brown, and S.R. Chipps. 2008. Behavioral responses of rainbow smelt to in situ strobe lights. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28(2):394-401.
215 Book Harlan, J.R., E.B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, IA.
103 Journal Article Hartel, K. 1992. Non-native fishes known from Massachusetts freshwaters. Occasional Reports of the MCZ Fish Department 2:1-9.
1739 Web Page Hartel, K.E., D.B. Halliwell, and A.E. Launer. 1996. An Annotated Working List of the Inland Fishes of Massachusetts. http://www.mcz.harvard.edu/fish/ma_fam.htm.
24330 Report Hartman, W.L. 1973. Effects of exploitation, environmental changes, and new species on the fish habits and resources of Lake Erie. Technical Report Number 22. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
13443 Web Page Hatch, J.T., and K. Schmidt. 2002. Fishes of Minnesota: Distribution in 8 Major Drainage Basins. http://www.gen.umn.edu/faculty_staff/hatch/fishes/distribution_table.html. Accessed on 01/09/2002.
1720 Journal Article Havey, K.A. 1973. Effects of a smelt introduction on growth of landlocked salmon at Schoodic Lake, Maine. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 102(2):392-397.
1819 Journal Article Hendricks, M.L., J.R. Stauffer, Jr., and C.H. Hocutt. 1983. The zoogeography of the fishes of the Youghiogheny River system, Pennsylvania, Maryland and West Virginia. American Midland Naturalist 110(1):145-164.
1406 Journal Article Hendricks, M.L., J.R. Stauffer, Jr., C.H. Hocutt, and C.R. Gilbert. 1979. A preliminary checklist of the fishes of the Youghiogheny River. Chicago Academy of Sciences 203:1-15.
1662 Book Chapter Hocutt, C.H., R.E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. Zoogeography of the fishes of the central Appalachians and central Atlantic coastal plain. Pages 161-212 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. Wiley, eds. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY.
208 Book Holton, G.D. 1990. A field guide to Montana fishes. Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks Helena, MT.
28044 Journal Article Houde, A.L.S., P.J. Saez, C.C. Wilson, D.P. Bureau, and B.D. Neff. 2015. Effects of feeding high dietary thiaminase to sub-adult Atlantic salmon from three populations. Journal of Great Lakes Research 41(3):898-906. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2015.06.009.
24332 Journal Article Hrabik, T.R., J.J. Magnson, and A.S. McLain. 1998. Predicting the effects of rainbow smelt on native fishes is small lakes: evidence from long-term research on two lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55:1364-1371.
24331 Journal Article Hrabik, T.R., M.P. Carey, and M.S. Webster. 2001. Interactions between young-of-the-year exotic rainbow smelt and native yellow perch in a northern temperate lake. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 230:568-582.
67 Conference Proceedings Hubbs, C.L., and K.F. Lagler. 1949. Fishes of Isle Royale, Lake Superior, Michigan in Contributions of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
14435 News Hull, C. 2005. A Day in the life of. The Miller Press, Miller, S.D. 2005 (June 14). http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?BRD=1129&dept_id=182255&newsid=14692510&PAG=461&rfi=9.
14920 Report Irons, K.S., S.A. Delain, E. Gittinger, B.S. Ickes, C.S. Kolar, D. Ostendorf, E.N. Ratcliff, and A.J. Benson. 2009. Non-native fishes in the Upper Mississippi River System. US Geological Survey and US Army Corps of Engineers [Long Term Resources Monitoring Program (LTRMP)]. http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5176/pdf/sir2009-5176.pdf.
706 Book Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
29430 Journal Article Kendall, W.C. 1918. The Rangeley Lakes, Maine; with special reference to the habits of the fishes, fish culture, and angling. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries 35:485-594.
26381 Journal Article Kirn, R.A., and G.W. LaBar. 1996. Growth and survival of rainbow smelt, and their role as prey for stocked salmonids in Lake Champlain. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 125(1):87-96.
24333 Journal Article Krueger, D.M., and T.R. Hrabik. 2004. Food web alterations that promote native species: the recovery of cisco (Coregonus artedi) populations through management of native piscivores. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62:2177-2188.
27164 Journal Article Lawson, Z.J., and S.R. Carpenter. 2014. A morphometric approach for stocking Walleye fingerlings in lakes invaded by Rainbow Smelt. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 34:998-1002. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02755947.2014.943860.
1651 Journal Article Lee, D.A., S.P. Platania, C.R. Gilbert, R. Franz, and A. Norden. 1981. A revised list of the freshwater fishes of Maryland and Delaware. Southeastern Fishes Council Proceedings 3(3):1-10.
275 Book Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980. Atlas of North American Freshwater Fishes. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, NC.
23942 Journal Article Linder, A.D. 1963. Idaho's alien fishes. Journal of the Idaho Museum of Natural History 6(2):12-15.
24334 Journal Article Madenjian, C.P., G.L. Fahnenstiel, T.H. Johengen, T.F. Nalepa, H.A. Vanderploeg, G.W. Fleischer, P.J. Schneeberger, D.M. Benjamin, E.B. Smith, J.R. Bence, E.S. Rutherford, D.S. Lavis, D.M. Robertson, D.J. Jude, and M.P. Ebener. 2002. Dynamics of the Lake Michigan food web, 1970-2000. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59:736-753.
27173 Database Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. 2012. Maine historical fish stocking through 2011. Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife.
709 Journal Article Mayden, R.L., F.B. Cross, and O.T. Gorman. 1987. Distributional history of the rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax (Salmoniformes: Osmeridae), in the Mississippi River Basin. Copeia 1987(4):1051-1054.
162 Book Menhinick, E.F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh, NC.
17204 Journal Article Mercado-Silva, N., G.G. Sass, B.M. Roth, S. Gilbert, and M.J. Vander Zanden. 2007. Impact of Rainbow Smelt (Osmerus mordax) invasion on walleye (Sander vitreus) recruitment in Wisconsin Lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64:1543-1550.
16631 Journal Article Mercado-Silva, N., J.D. Olden, J.T. Maxted, T.R. Hrabik, and M.J. Vander Zanden. 2006. Forecasting the spread of invasive Rainbow Smelt in the Laurentian Great Lakes region of North America. Conservation Biology 20(6):1740-1749. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00508.x/abstract.
27950 Database Michigan State University Board of Trustees. 2019. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN). Michigan State University. Department of Entomology - Applied Spatial Ecology and Technical Services Laboratory, East Lansing, MI. http://www.misin.msu.edu.
109 Book Minckley, W.L. 1973. Fishes of Arizona. Arizona Fish and Game Department, Phoenix, AZ.
24224 Database Montana Fish, Parks, and Wildlife. 2012. Montana Fisheries Information System (MFISH). Montana Fish, Parks, and Wildlife. http://fwp.mt.gov/fishing/mFish/.
18920 Web Page Montana Natural Heritage Program and Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks. 2009. Rainbow smelt - Osmerus mordax. Montana Field Guide. http://fieldguide.mt.gov/detail_AFCHB02010.aspx.
18921 Database Montana Natural Heritage Program. 2009. Natural Heritage Tracker - Rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax). mtgov. http://mtnhp.org/Tracker/NHTMap.aspx?elcode=AFCHB02010.
34 Book Morrow, J.E. 1980. The freshwater fishes of Alaska. Alaska Northwest Publishing Company, Anchorage, AK.
25840 Journal Article Myers, J.T., M.L. Jones, J.D. Stockwell, and D.L. Yule. 2009. Reassessment of the predatory effects of rainbow smelt on ciscoes in Lake Superior. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 138:1352-1368.
38 Report Nelson, J.S., and S.D. Gerking. 1968. Annotated Key to the Fishes of Indiana. Project Number 342-303-815. Department of Zoology, Indiana State University Bloomington, IN Indiana Aquatic Research Unit.
24779 Database New Hampshire Fish and Game Department. 2012. New Hampshire historical fish stocking database, ~1930-1990. Provided August 2012 by Scott Decker. New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, Concord, NH.
293 Journal Article Norris, T. 1862. Remarks on a species of Osmerus taken in the Schuykill, below Fairmount Dam. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 13(1861):58-59.
32165 Web Page Obrey, T. 2017. Maine IFW uses "nuclear option" to restore Thissell Pond - Moosehead Lake region fishing report. https://observer-me.com/2017/12/12/moosehead-lake-region-fishing-report-8/. Created on 12/12/2017. Accessed on 10/10/2018.
26906 Journal Article O'Brien, T.P., W.W. Taylor, E.F. Roseman, C.P. Madenjian, and S.C. Riley. 2014. Ecological factors affecting Rainbow Smelt recruitment in the main basin of Lake Huron, 1976-2010. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143(3):784-795. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00028487.2014.880736.
25980 Database Ohio State University. 2013. Ohio State University Museum ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://www.gbif.org/dataset/813b435e-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a. Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. http://www.gbif.org/dataset/813b435e-f762-11e1-a439-00145eb45e9a. Created on 11/29/2011. Accessed on 04/11/2013.
19331 Database Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters. 2009. OFAH Database All Species - 2009 Download.
18417 Database Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters. 2010. Exotic species data for Ontario, Canada (unpublished).
1402 Journal Article Pennington, C.H., G.J. Dahl, and H.L. Schramm, Jr. 1982. Occurrence of the rainbow smelt in the Lower Mississippi River. Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences 27:41-42.
26264 Book Pennsylvania Sea Grant. 2013. Pennsylvania's Field Guide to Aquatic Invasive Species. Pennsylvania Sea Grant. http://www.anstaskforce.gov/Documents/AIS_Field_Guide_Finalweb.pdf.
20918 Journal Article Peterson, G.S., J.C. Hoffman, A.S. Trebitz, C.W. West, and J.R. Kelly. 2011. Establishment patterns of non-native fishes: lessons from the Duluth-Superior harbor and lower St. Louis River, and invasion-prone Great Lakes coastal ecosystem. Journal of Great Lakes Research 37:349-358. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B984D-52MR4NR-1-2&_cdi=59068&_user=696292&_pii=S0380133011000608&_origin=&_coverDate=06%2F30%2F2011&_sk=999629997&view=c&wchp=dGLbVzz-zSkWW&md5=95c70e4f72b75d32ce500ddc5ddf7db6&ie=/sdarticle.pdf.
62 Book Phillips, G.L., W.D. Schmid, and J.C. Underhill. 1982. Fishes of the Minnesota region. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
18750 Journal Article Pothoven, S.A., H.A. Vanderploeg, S.A. Ludsin, T.O. Hook, and S.B. Brandt. 2009. Feeding Ecology of emerald shiners and rainbow smelt in Central Lake Erie. Journal of Great Lakes Research 35(2):190-198.
1690 Journal Article Propst, D.L., C.A. Carlson. 1986. The distribution and status of warmwater fishes in the Platte River drainage, Colorado. The Southwestern Naturalist 31(2):149-167.
1885 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
716 Book Robison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan. 1988. Fishes of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR.
27165 Journal Article Roseman, E.F., J.S. Schaeffer, E. Bright, and D.G. Fielder. 2014. Angler-caught piscivore diets reflect fish community changes in Lake Huron. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:1419-1433. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00028487.2014.945659.
25985 Database Royal Ontario Museum. 2014. Royal Ontario Museum ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://www.gbif.org/dataset/4e5552d1-5eaf-40a3-b48b-01f92da22f17. Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario. http://www.gbif.org/dataset/4e5552d1-5eaf-40a3-b48b-01f92da22f17. Created on 03/10/2014. Accessed on 12/19/2014.
1831 Journal Article Savage, J. 1935. Smelts in the Canadian waters of Lake Huron. Copeia 1935(4):194.
106 Book Scarola, J.F. 1973. Freshwater fishes of New Hampshire. New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, Division of Inland and Marine Fisheries.
24335 Journal Article Schmidt, S.N., M.J. Vander Zaden, and J.F. Kitchell. 2009. Long-term food web change in Lake Superior. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66(12):2118-2129.
24336 Book Scott, W.B., and E.J. Crossman. 1998. Freshwater Fishes of Canada. Galt House Publications, Oakville, Ontario.
24867 Journal Article Simonin, P.W., D.L. Parrish, L.G. Rudstam, P.J. Sullivan, and B. Pientka. 2012. Native rainbow smelt and nonnative alewife distribution related to temperature and light gradients in Lake Champlain. Journal of Great Lakes Research 38(Supplement 1):115-122.
32193 Journal Article Simonin, P.W., L.G. Rudstam, D.L. Parrish, B. Pientka, and P.J. Sullivan. 2018. Piscivore diet shifts and trophic level change after Alewife establishment in Lake Champlain. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 147(5):939-947. https://doi.org/10.1002/tafs.10080.
133 Book Simpson, J., and R. Wallace. 1978. Fishes of Idaho. University of Idaho Press, Moscow, ID.
1467 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
98 Book Smith, C.L. 1985. The inland fishes of New York State. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.
53 Book Smith, J.V.C., M.D. 1833. A Natural History of the Fishes of Massachusetts. A reprint of the 1833 edition. Freshet Press, Inc Rockville Center, NY.
105 Book Smith, P.W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, IL.
26021 Database South African National Biodiversity Institute. 2013. South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity specimen collection. South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity, Grahamstown, South Africa. http://www.gbif.org/dataset/1aaec653-c71c-4695-9b6e-0e26214dd817. Created on 10/01/2010. Accessed on 04/11/2013.
1028 Report South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks. 1993. South Dakota Fisheries: An Evaluation of Introduced Sport and Forage Fish Species in Pactola Reservoir, 1989-1991. Department of Game, Fish and Parks, SD.
24337 Journal Article Stockwell, J.D., M.P. Ebener, J.A. Black, O.T. Gorman, T.R. Hrabik, R.E. Kinnunen, W.P. Mattes, J.K. Oyadomari, S.T. Schram, D.R. Schreiner, M.J. Seider, S.P. Sitar, and D.L. Yule. 2009. A synthesis of cisco recovery in Lake Superior: implications for native fish rehabilitation in the Laurentian Great Lakes. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 29(3):626-652.
1882 Journal Article Storer, D.H. 1840. The introduction of Osmerus into Jamaica Pond, Boston, with comments on other introductions. American Journal of Science and Arts 39:378-380.
1404 Journal Article Suttkus, R.D., and J.V. Conner. 1980. The rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax, in the lower Mississipi River near St. Francisville, Louisiana. American Midland Naturalist 104(2):394.
13672 Journal Article Tilmant, J.T. 1999. Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System. Paper presented at the 129th Annual Meeting of The American Fisheries Society, Charlotte, North Carolina, September 1, 1999:50.
25999 Database Tulane University. 2013. Tulane University Museum of Natural History collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8077. Tulane University, New Orleans, LA. http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8077. Created on 01/21/2009. Accessed on 04/11/2013.
14257 Web Page U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2005. National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species. http://www.nwrinvasives.com/index.asp (Last accessed 2006).
25768 Database U.S. Geological Survey. 2011. Mississippi River Long Term Resource Monitoring Program. U.S. Geological Survey.
1832 Web Page Underhill, J.C., J.T. Hatch, and K. Schmidt. 1997. Fishes of Minnesota: distribution of Minnesota fishes in 8 major drainage basins. http://www.gen.umn.edu/research/fish/fishes/Default.htm.
27764 Database United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2015. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) Northeast Lakes 1991-1994. United States Environmental Protection Agency.
25948 Database University of Kansas. 2013. University of Kansas Biodiversity Institute ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14304. University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS. http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14304. Created on 06/26/2012. Accessed on 04/10/2013.
25978 Database University of Nebraska State Museum. 2013. University of Nebraska State Museum vertebrate collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/812. University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/812. Created on 04/03/2007. Accessed on 04/11/2013.
1291 Journal Article Van Oosten, J. 1937. The dispersal of smelt, Osmerus mordax (Mitchill), in the Great Lakes region. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 66:16-171.
1390 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
35 Book Chapter Webster, D.A. 1941. The life histories of some Connecticut fishes. Pages 122-227 in A fishery survey of important Connecticut lakes. Bulletin 63. State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, Department of Environmental Protection. Hartford, CT.
93 Book Werner, R.G. 1980. Freshwater Fishes of New York State: a field guide. Syracuse University Press Syracuse, NY.
27236 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 2014. Wisconsin Center for Integrated Data Analytics (CIDA) fish dataset. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. https://cida.usgs.gov/wdnr_fishmap/map/. Accessed on 10/14/2015.
27924 Database Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WI DNR). 2017. Lakes and rivers with invasives. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. http://dnr.wi.gov/lakes/invasives/AISLists.aspx. Accessed on 12/04/2017.
13727 Other Cut-and-paste reference not available due to unhandled reference type. Please contact support to request the addition of the 'Other' type.
19334 Database Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources. 2010. Aquatic Invasives Data and Maps. Wisconsin Dept of Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin. http://dnr.wi.gov/lakes/invasives/BySpecies.aspx.
306 Book Woodling, J. 1985. Colorados Little Fish: a guide to the minnows and other lesser known fishes in the state of Colorado. Colorado Division of Wildlife, Denver, CO. http://www.nativefishlab.net/library/textpdf/20824.pdf.
13764 Report Young, B.A., T.L. Welker, M.L. Wildhaber, C.R. Berry, and D. Scarnecchia, editors. 1997. Population structure and habitat use of benthic fishes along the Missouri and lower Yellowstone rivers. US Army Corps of Engineers and the US Bureau of Reclamation. http://www.cerc.usgs.gov/pubs/benfish/pdfdocs/benth97.pdf.
30851 Database Zimmerman, B. 2012. Ohio non-native fish collection data, sampled during survey work on update to Trautman's (1981) "Fishes of Ohio". Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Columbus, OH. Created on 12/01/2012. Accessed on 11/30/2017.



Disclaimer:

The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2019]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [8/24/2019].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson.