Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

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Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
13637 NewsA.P.2003State biologist on the hunt for non-native Kenai pike.
18451 NewsA.P.2009Legislators warned of possible pike threat.
29233 Journal ArticleAdams, K.J., and J.C. Marks.2016Population response of the invasive crayfish Orconectes virilis (Hagen, 1870) (Decapoda: Astacoidea: Cambaridae) to restoration: What are the consequences of changes in predatory regulation and physical habitat in Fossil Creek, Arizona, USA?
15158 Web PageAmerican Fisheries Society, Idaho Chapter.2001Fish ID.
19550 OtherAnderson, J.2010Kenai's Most Unwanted.
822 Journal ArticleAnonymous1994Water body records
1958 Web PageAnonymous2001Fishing Records - Nevada.
17297 NewsAnonymous2008Fishing opens in pike-free Lake Davis.
25847 ReportArizona Game and Fish Department.2001Arizona Weekly Fishing Report - 1-16-2001.
25848 ReportArizona Game and Fish Department.2001Arizona Weekly Fishing Report - 3-13-2001.
31924 ReportAshe, D., and T. Driscoll2016Pinkston Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
19143 NewsAssociated Press Staff.2010Legislators Warned of Possible Pike Threat.
15641 NewsAssociated Press.2006Biologists fear northern pike will take hold in Sebago.
15632 Web PageBailey, K.2006Aquatic invaders: They just won't quit.
376 Journal ArticleBailey, R.M., and M.O. Allum1962Fishes of South Dakota.
201 BookBaxter, G.T., and J.R. Simon.1970Wyoming fishes. Bulletin No. 4.
28777 NewsBean, C.1998Pike record might stand for all time.
271 BookBecker, G.C.1983Fishes of Wisconsin.
19743 ReportBestgen, K.R., K.A. Zelasko, R.I. Compton, and T. Chart.2006Response of the Green River fish community to changes in flow and temperature regimes from Flaming Gorge Dam since 1996 based on sampling conducted from 2002 to 2004.
14166 Web PageBoucher, D.2003Illegal fish stockings threaten Maine lakes and rivers.
14028 NewsBoxall, B.2002Escalating the war against predator pike.
210 BookBrown, C.J.D.1971Fishes of Montana.
81 BookBuchanan, T.M.1973Key to the Fishes of Arkansas.
25717 ReportBureau of Reclamation.2004Final Environmental Assessment, Native Fish Restoration in Fossil Creek, Coconino and Tonto National Forests, Arizona.
955 Journal ArticleBurr, B.M.1980A distributional checklist of the fishes of Kentucky.
1664 Book ChapterBurr, B.M., and L.M. Page.1986Zoogeography of the fishes of the lower Ohio-upper Mississippi basin.
82 BookBurr, B.M., and M.L. Warren, Jr.1986A distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Scientific and Technical Series No. 4.
704 BookCardoza, J.E., G.S. Jones, T.W. French, and D.B. Halliwell.1993Exotic and translocated vertebrates of Massachusetts. Fauna of Massachusetts Series No. 6.
41441 Journal ArticleCarim K.J., L.A. Eby, L.M. Miller, H. McLellan, V. Dupuis, and M.K. Schwartz2022Mechanisms of northern pike invasion in the Columbia River Basin
163 BookClay, W.M.1975The Fishes of Kentucky.
14426 Web PageCollins, S.2003The great mudpuppy escape (sort of).
19153 ReportColorado Division of Wildlife.2010Fishery Survey Summaries - Martin Reservoir.
19170 ReportColorado Division of Wildlife.2010Fishery Survey Summaries - Skaguay Reservoir.
19217 ReportColorado Division of Wildlife.2010Fishery Survey Summaries - Elevenmile Reservoir.
19243 ReportColorado Division of Wildlife.2010Fishery Survey Summaries - Spinney Reservoir.
19251 ReportColorado Division of Wildlife.2010Fishery Survey Summaries - Crawford Reservoir.
19262 ReportColorado Division of Wildlife.2010Fishery Survey Summaries - Taylor Park Reservoir.
19264 ReportColorado Division of Wildlife.2010Fishery Survey Summaries - Vallecito Reservoir.
19295 ReportColorado Division of Wildlife.2010Fishery Survey Summaries - Elkhead Reservoir.
19305 ReportColorado Division of Wildlife.2010Fishery Survey Summaries - Williams Fork Reservoir.
30459 NewsContreras, O.2017Colorado is offering $20 for each northern pike caught in Green Mountain Reservoir
211 BookCooper, E.L.1983Fishes of Pennsylvania and the Northeastern United States.
146 BookCross, F.B.1967Handbook of fishes of Kansas.
1393 Journal ArticleCrossman, E.J.1978Taxonomy and distribution of North American esocids.
90 Journal ArticleDahlberg, M.D., and D.C. Scott1971Freshwater fishes of Georgia
18965 NewsDaniels, M.2010Invasive northern pike found in North Pond.
31433 ReportDe Jesús, M.J., and M. Farooqi2016Austin Reservoir 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report
31687 ReportDe Jesus, M.J., and M. Farooqi.2014Inks Reservoir 2013 Fisheries Management Survey Report
279 Journal ArticleDeacon, J.E., and J.E. Williams1984Annotated list of the fishes of Nevada.
1954 OtherDeLorme.1998New Mexico Atlas and Gazetteer.
25641 OtherDeLorme.1998Massachusetts Atlas and Gazetteer
18787 OtherDeLorme.2000Utah Atlas and Gazetteer.
18958 OtherDeLorme.2000Colorado Atlas and Gazetteer.
19355 OtherDeLorme.2000Idaho Atlas and Gazetteer.
21033 OtherDeLorme.2000Nebraska Atlas and Gazetteer.
25649 OtherDeLorme.2000Vermont Atlas and Gazetteer
18948 OtherDeLorme.2001Nevada Atlas and Gazetter.
20979 OtherDeLorme.2001South Dakota Atlas and Gazetteer.
21031 OtherDeLorme.2001Arizona Atlas and Gazetteer.
25379 OtherDeLorme.2001New Hampshire Atlas and Gazetteer
27524 NewsDevlin, V.2014FWP investigation to confirm northern pike in Lake Mary Ronan.
29023 Journal ArticleDunker, K.J., A.J. Sepulveda, R.L. Massengill, J.B. Olsen, O.L. Russ, J.K. Wenburg, and A. Antonovich2016Potential of environmental dna to evaluate Northern Pike (Esox lucius) eradication efforts: an experimental test and case study
74 BookEddy, S., and J.C. Underhill.1974Northern fishes, with special reference to the upper Mississippi Valley. 3rd edition.
705 BookEtnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes.1993The fishes of Tennessee.
305 BookEverhart, W.H., and W.R. Seaman.1971Fishes of Colorado.
31776 ReportFarooqi, M., and M.J. De Jesus.2016Lady Bird Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
30880 NewsFlatt, C.2017Invasive 'devil fish' make it to Washington's Lake Roosevelt
24141 NewsFoust, T.2000Bag limit removed for pike in Arizona.
13487 NewsFoust, T.2001Fewer bass a concern at Parker Canyon Lake.
59 Journal ArticleFowler, H.W.1952A list of the fishes of New Jersey, with off-shore species.
32300 NewsFrancovich, E.2018Invasive northern pike found 10 miles from Grand Coulee Dam, Spokane Tribe catches 45-inch fish
27512 NewsFrench, B.2015Hey, that's no rainbow! Surprised angler lands big pike in Montana.
19469 NewsGardner, J.2010Non-native fish cause problems in Garfield county reservoirs.
27542 NewsGeiger, A.2014Invasive fish spread across NW Montana.
996 Journal ArticleGirard, C.1853Observations upon the American species of the genus Esox
1555 ReportGorges, M.1994Wyoming resident fish habitat management strategy.
1727 Journal ArticleGREENline.1997California fish kill mounts after poisoning by state.
13692 ReportHalliwell, D.B.2003Introduced Fish in Maine.
103 Journal ArticleHartel, K.E.1992Non-native fishes known from Massachusetts freshwaters.
1819 Journal ArticleHendricks, M.L., J.R. Stauffer, Jr., and C.H. Hocutt1983The zoogeography of the fishes of the Youghiogheny River system, Pennsylvania, Maryland and West Virginia.
1406 Journal ArticleHendricks, M.L., J.R. Stauffer, Jr., C.H. Hocutt, and C.R. Gilbert1979A preliminary checklist of the fishes of the Youghiogheny River.
1662 Book ChapterHocutt, C.H., R.E. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr.1986Zoogeography of the fishes of the central Appalachians and central Atlantic coastal plain.
19611 Journal ArticleHoffbeck, S.R.2001"Without Careful Consideration": why carp swim in Minnesota's waters.
208 BookHolton, G.D.1990A field guide to Montana fishes.
31685 ReportHomer, M.D., Jr., and M. Webb2013Houston County Reservoir 2012 Fisheries Management Survey Report
360 ReportHowells, R.G.1992Annotated list of non-native fishes, mollusks, crustaceans, and aquatic plants, in Texas waters. Management Data Series No. 78.
1362 Book ChapterHubert, W.1994Exotic fishes
17042 ReportIdaho Department of Fish and Game.2007Fisheries Management Plan 2007 – 2012.
132 OtherIdaho Fish and Game.1990Fisheries Management Plan 1991-1995. Appendix I - A list of Idaho fishes and their distribution by drainage.
1617 Web PageIllinois Department of Natural Resources.1997Places to fish.
1846 Web PageInternet Waterway, Inc.1998Fishing records for Maine
706 BookJenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead.1994Freshwater fishes of Virginia.
12020 BookJones, D.J.1963A history of Nebraska's fishery resources.
18552 Journal ArticleKarp, K.A., and H.M. Tyus1990Humpback chub (Gila cypha) in the Yampa and Green rivers, Dinosaur National Monument, with observations on roundtail chub (G. robusta) and other sympatric fishes.
13463 NewsKelly, J.M.2001Bait-bucket biology.
880 Journal ArticleKircheis, F.W.1994Update on freshwater fish species reproducing in Maine.
3 BookKuhne, E.R.1939A guide to the rishes of Tennessee and the Mid-south.
405 BookLampman, B.H.1946The coming of the pond fishes
31689 ReportLang, T., and R. Mauk2015Jacksboro Reservoir 2014 Fisheries Management Survey Report
30417 NewsLaura Berg2017Invasive Northern Pike Move Downstream in Washington's Lake Roosevelt
1651 Journal ArticleLee, D.A., S.P. Platania, C.R. Gilbert, R. Franz, and A. Norden1981A revised list of the freshwater fishes of Maryland and Delaware.
1419 Journal ArticleLinder, A.D.1963Idaho's alien fishes.
1927 NewsLittle, J.2000State to poison perch.
13459 NewsLittle, J.2002Plan targets pesky pike.
29 ReportLuebke, R.W.1978Evaluation of a multi-predator introduction.
13648 Journal ArticleMadison, D.2003Outlaw Introductions.
13650 NewsMallard, B.2003Invasive species: Life after Sebago.
13978 NewsMann, J.2004Black crappie illegally introduced.
30709 ReportMartinez, P.J.2006Westslope warmwater fisheries
32025 ReportMauk, R, and T. Lang2015Tucker Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
42544 ReportMcClory, J. and T. Gotthardt2008Non-native and invasive animals of Aslaka: a comprehensive list and select species status reports
1502 Journal ArticleMcMahon, T.E., and D.H. Bennett1996Walleye and northern pike: boost or bane to northwest fisheries?
162 BookMenhinick, E.F.1991The freshwater fishes of North Carolina
31424 ReportMeyers, R.2016Amistad Reservoir 2016 Fisheries Management Survey Report>
394 BookMiller, R.J., and H.W. Robison.1973The Fishes of Oklahoma.
13065 Journal ArticleMills, E.L., D.L. Strayer, M.D. Scheuerell, and J.T. Carlton1996Exotic species in the Hudson River basin: A history of invasions and introductions.
109 BookMinckley, W.L.1973Fishes of Arizona.
24224 DatabaseMontana Fish, Parks, and Wildlife.2012Montana Fisheries Information System (MFISH).
25741 Web PageMontana Fish, Parks, and Wildlife.2012Montana's fish records.
38620 DatabaseMontana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks2000Montana unauthorized fish introduction database
18805 Web PageMontana Natural Heritage Program and Montana Fish, WIldlife and Parks.2009Northern Pike - Esox lucius. Montana Field Guide.
18806 DatabaseMontana Natural Heritage Program.2009Natural Heritage Tracker - Northern Pike (Esox lucius).
33345 NewsMoreira, G.2019$20 per fish: Colorado Parks and Wildlife offering anglers cash to catch invasive species
29079 NewsMorrow, A.2015Salmon threatened by invasive and predatory Northern Pike
34 BookMorrow, J.E.1980The freshwater fishes of Alaska.
13709 BookMoyle, P.B.2002Inland fishes of California.
31665 ReportMunger, C., and J. Clayton2016Greenbelt Reservoir 2015 Fisheries Management Survey Report
18566 Web PageNew Hampshire Fish and Game Department.2009New Hampshire State Record Fish.
14396 NewsO'Harra, D.2005Pike removed from local lake.
27511 NewsOpsahl, K.2015USU, DWR seeking to remove invasive pike from Utah Lake.
30626 ReportOtt, Jr., R.A., and P.A. Beck.2007Lake Bellwood 2006 Survey Report
1331 ReportOwen, J.B., D.S. Elsen, and G.W. Russell.1981Distribution of fishes in North and South Dakota basins affected by the Garrison Diversion unit.
1443 ReportPearson, W.D., and L.A. Krumholz.1984Distribution and status of Ohio River fishes.
18879 NewsPetri, D.2009Yikes, Pike!: Fish and Game tacklkes invasive species.
131 BookPflieger, W.L.1975The Fishes of Missouri.
1737 BookPflieger, W.L.1997The fishes of Missouri.
147 Journal ArticlePolson, J.1964New reservoirs-new fish species.
41883 NewsPoux, S.2023Invasive pike can use Cook Inlet to travel between freshwater systems, research finds
30 Journal ArticlePritchard, D.L., O.D. May, Jr., and L. Rider1976Stocking of predators in the predator-stocking-evaluation reservoirs.
1690 Journal ArticlePropst, D.L., and C.A. Carlson.1986The distribution and status of warmwater fishes in the Platte River drainage, Colorado
17267 BookRaasch, M.S.2007Delaware's Freshwater and Brackish-Water Fishes.
1885 Conference ProceedingsRasmussen, J.L.1998Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin.
1385 Conference ProceedingsRinne, J.N.1995The effects of introduced fishes on native fishes: Arizona, Southwestern United States.
716 BookRobison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan1988Fishes of Arkansas.
106 BookScarola, J.F.1973Freshwater fishes of New Hampshire.
1661 Book ChapterSchmidt, R.E.1986Zoogeography of the northern Appalachians.
1576 BookSigler, W.F., and J.W. Sigler.1987Fishes of the Great Basin: a natural history.
1575 BookSigler, W.F., and J.W. Sigler.1996Fishes of Utah: a natural history.
133 BookSimpson, J., and R. Wallace.1978Fishes of Idaho.
32 Journal ArticleSmith, H.M.1896A review of the history and results of the attempts to acclimatize fish and other water animals in the Pacific states.
30354 NewsSonner, S.2017Reward offered to catch Nevada lake invasive fish dumper
396 BookStauffer, J.R., Jr., J.M. Boltz, and L.R. White1995The fishes of West Virginia
13457 NewsStienstra, T.2003Pike could devastate fisheries; scientists say predator could devastate Delta.
356 BookStiles, E.W.1978Vertebrates of New Jersey.
1 BookSublette, J.E., M.D. Hatch, and M. Sublette.1990The fishes of New Mexico.
30788 Web PageTexas Parks & Wildlife Department.2018Lake Survey Reports
512 OtherTexas Parks and Wildlife Department.1993State Record Listing.
27085 Web PageThe Columbia Basin Bulletin2012Keeping pike out of salmon country: Pend Oreille neeting effort puts dent in predator population.
29050 ReportThe Columbia Basin Bulletin.2015Northern Pike appear to have established presence in Lake Roosevelt
13672 Journal ArticleTilmant, J.T.1999Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System.
148 Journal ArticleTodd, B.1962Explosive new fish in Kansas.
19551 NewsToth, G.2010Game and Fish fears pike takeover at Eagle Nest Lake.
2 BookTrautman, M.B.1981The fishes of Ohio.
1578 Book ChapterTyus, H.M., B.D. Burdick, R.A. Valdez, C.M. Haynes, T.A. Lytle, and C.R. Berry.1982Fishes of the upper Colorado basin: distribution, abundance, and status.
785 ReportU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.1993Desert pupfish recovery plan.
14257 Web PageU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.2005National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
377 Journal ArticleUnderhill, J.C.1959Fishes of the Vermillion River, South Dakota.
27764 DatabaseUnited States Environmental Protection Agency2015Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) Northeast Lakes 1991-1994.
18728 DatabaseUnited States Environmental Protection Agency.2017STORET database
882 Conference ProceedingsValdez, R.A., and R.D. Williams.1993Ichthyofauna of the Colorado and Green Rivers in Canyonlands National Park, Utah.
1691 Conference ProceedingsValdez, R.A., and R.D. Williams.1993Ichthyofauna of the Colorado and Green Rivers in Canyonlands National Park, Utah.
27494 Journal ArticleVashro, J.1990Illegal aliens
27495 Journal ArticleVashro, J.1995The bucket brigade.
13955 Web PageVinyard, G.L.2001Fish Species Recorded from Nevada.
1390 ReportWalker, P.1993A list of the endemic and introduced fishes of Colorado-March 1993.
27226 Journal ArticleWalrath, J.D., M.C. Quist, and J.A. Firehammer.2015Trophic ecology of nonnative Northern Pike and their effect on conservation of native Westslope Cutthroat Trout.
41484 NewsWarner, P.2023Invasive fish that took over lakes now threatens the rest of Maine
16451 OtherWashington Department of Fish and Wildlife.2005Warmwater Fishes of Washington.
35 Book ChapterWebster, D.A.1941The life histories of some Connecticut fishes.
32223 ReportWestern Regional Panel Members2018Member Update Reports for the Western Regional Panel Meeting
24045 Web PageWhalen, J.2012Learn about plans for northern pike at meetings scheduled Feb. 15-16.
13777 Journal ArticleWhittier, T.R., D.B. Halliwell, and R.A. Daniels2000Distributions of lake fishes in the Northeast - II. The Minnows (Cyprinidae).
1537 BookWhitworth, W.R.1996Freshwater fishes of Connecticut. Bulletin 114.
213 BookWydoski, R.S., and R.R. Whitney.1979Inland Fishes of Washington.
13708 BookWydoski, R.S., and R.R. Whitney.2003Inland Fishes of Washington. Second Edition.
29384 NewsYuasa, M.2017Northern pike caught in Lake Washington could have impact on juvenile salmon
679 Book ChapterZuckerman, L.D., and R.J. Behnke.1986Introduced fishes in the San Luis Valley, Colorado.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2023]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [11/30/2023].

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For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.