Reference List

This list includes references used to derive specimen records.

Results also available in CSV (click to export table to spreadsheet)
Ref IDTypeAuthorDateTitle
31636 NewsAlanis, K.2018Cute little goldfish turn into huge monsters if you dump them into a lake, experts warn
19117 ReportAlaska Department of Fish and Game.2002Alaska aquatic nuisance species management plan.
39982 NewsAlexander, E.2023Invasive species found in Kelowna pond
13698 NewsAlexander, S.2003Goldfish become occupying force.
32092 ReportAltenritter, M.E., and A.F. Casper.2018Evaluating the potential responses of native fish and mussels to proposed separation of Lake Michigan from the Illinois River Waterway at Brandon Road Lock and Dam. INHS Technical Report 2018 (29)
102 OtherAnonymous1951Game wardens replys to questionaire in Nov. 1951.
820 OtherAnonymous19921991 Angler Recognition Entries - Freshwater.
822 Journal ArticleAnonymous1994Water body records
887 OtherAnonymous1994Wildlife integrity white paper.
27506 NewsAnonymous2015That goldfish problem? Pelicans were on it.
13890 NewsAssociated Press.2004Dumped goldfish blamed for killing bass in Ind.
1809 Journal ArticleBailey, R.M., and G.R. Smith1981Origin and geography of the fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes basin.
376 Journal ArticleBailey, R.M., and M.O. Allum1962Fishes of South Dakota.
201 BookBaxter, G.T., and J.R. Simon.1970Wyoming fishes. Bulletin No. 4.
27556 BookBaxter, G.T., and M.D. Stone1995Fishes of Wyoming
406 BookBean, T.H.1903The Food and Game Fishes of New York: notes on their comon names, distribution, habits and mode of capture.
32270 DatabaseBelcik, J.T.2018Nonindigenous Fishes in the Upper Illinois River Basin Waterways (2013-2018)
33310 NewsBen Hooper2019Huge goldfish caught in New York state's Niagara River
50 BookBlatchley, W.S.1938The Fishes of Indiana: with descriptions, notes on habits and distribution in the state
39986 NewsBogstie, B.2021Province looking into possible ‘chemical treatment’ of goldfish in Terrace area lake
680 Journal ArticleBoschung, H.T.1992Catalog of freshwater and marine fishes of Alabama.
14971 BookBoschung, H.T., Jr., and R.L. Mayden.2004Fishes of Alabama.
42887 Journal ArticleBoston, C.M., S.M. Larocque, R.W.K. Tang, J.L. Brooks, J.E. Bowman, S.J. Cooke, and J.D. Midwood2024Life outside the fishbowl: Tracking an introduced population of goldfish (Carassius auratus) in an embayment on the Laurentian Great Lakes
29898 DatabaseBowen, A.2017Invasive species monitoring in the Lake Erie and Lake Huron, 2013-2016.
31326 DatabaseBowen, A.2018Invasive Species Catch 2017
951 Journal ArticleBradley, W.G., and J.E. Deacon1967The biotic communities of southern Nevada.
27295 DatabaseBrady, V.2015Great Lakes Coastal Monitoring Project: fish dataset (through 2014)
30327 DatabaseBriggs, A.S.2017Noningenous Fish Collections in the Lower Great Lakes in 2016.
16431 Journal ArticleBronte, C.R., M.P. Ebener, D.R. Schreiner, D.S. DeVault, M.M. Petzold, D.A. Jensen, C. Richards, and S.J. Lorenzo2003Fish community change in Lake Superior, 1970-2000.
210 BookBrown, C.J.D.1971Fishes of Montana.
813 Journal ArticleBrown, C.J.D., and A.C. Fox1966Mosquito fish (Gambusia affinis) in a Montana pond
883 Journal ArticleBrown, L.R., and P.B. Moyle1993Distribution, ecology, and status of the fishes of the San Joaquin River drainage, California.
25717 ReportBureau of Reclamation.2004Final Environmental Assessment, Native Fish Restoration in Fossil Creek, Coconino and Tonto National Forests, Arizona.
25706 Web PageBureau of Reclamation.2009Native Aquatic Species of the Gila River Basin in Arizona and New Mexico - Results of Fish Monitoring on Selected Waters of the Gila River Basin.
708 Journal ArticleBurr, B.M.1991The fishes of Illinois: An overview of a dynamic fauna.
82 BookBurr, B.M., and M.L. Warren, Jr.1986A distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Scientific and Technical Series No. 4.
1358 Journal ArticleBurr, B.M., D.J. Eisenhour, K.M. Cook, C.A. Taylor, G.L. Seegert, R.W. Sauer, and E.R. Atwood1996Nonnative fishes in Illinois waters: what do the records reveal?
26266 DatabaseCalifornia Department of Fish and Game.2009California Aquatic Non-native Organism Database (CANOD).
704 BookCardoza, J.E., G.S. Jones, T.W. French, and D.B. Halliwell.1993Exotic and translocated vertebrates of Massachusetts. Fauna of Massachusetts Series No. 6.
32799 Web PageCarver County Water Management Organization2019Carver County Aquatic Invasive Species
39981 NewsCBC News2023B.C. conservation group warns of goldfish invasion in Kelowna pond
37998 NewsCBC News.2022Quebec town faces off against goldfish that threaten local wildlife
445 Journal ArticleChapman, W.M.1942Alien fishes in the waters of the Pacific Northwest.
384 BookChurchill, E.P., and W.H. Over.1933Fishes of South Dakota.
24108 Web PageCity of San Diego.2010San Diego City Lakes Fish Catch Records.
25730 ReportClarkson, R.S., B.R. Kesner, and P.C. Marsh.2011Long-term monitoring plan for fish populations in selected waters of the Gila River Basin, Arizona
25740 ReportClarkson, R.W.1998Results of fish monitoring of selected waters of the Gila River Basin, 1995-1996
163 BookClay, W.M.1975The Fishes of Kentucky.
100 BookCook, F.A.1959Freshwater Fishes of Mississippi.
211 BookCooper, E.L.1983Fishes of Pennsylvania and the Northeastern United States.
39983 NewsCorreia, C.2018B.C. lake infested with hundreds of goldfish just months after pets released into wild
14798 ReportCourtenay, W.R., Jr., and D.A. Hensley.1980Survey of introduced non-native fishes. Phase I Report: Introduced exotic fishes in North America: status 1979.
385 Journal ArticleCourtenay, W.R., Jr., and J.E. Deacon1983Fish introductions in the American Southwest: a case history of Rogers Spring, Nevada
10 Book ChapterCourtenay, W.R., Jr., D.A. Hensley, J.N. Taylor, and J.A. McCann.1984Distribution of exotic fishes in the continental United States.
459 Book ChapterCourtenay, W.R., Jr., D.P. Jennings, and J.D. Williams.1991Appendix 2: Exotic fishes
165 Journal ArticleCourtenay, W.R., Jr., H.F. Sahlman, W.W. Miley II, and D.J. Herrema1974Exotic fishes in fresh and brackish waters of Florida.
27378 DatabaseCranberg, C., and R. Keller2020Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species
146 BookCross, F.B.1967Handbook of fishes of Kansas.
13979 ReportCudmore-Vokey, B., and E.J. Crossman.2000Checklists of the fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes and their connecting channels. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2550.
29040 Web PageCulbertson, J.2016Exotic fish discovered in urban bayous of Galveston Bay
90 Journal ArticleDahlberg, M.D., and D.C. Scott1971Freshwater fishes of Georgia
97 Journal ArticleDahlberg, M.D., and D.C. Scott1971Introductions of freshwater fishes in Georgia
279 Journal ArticleDeacon, J.E., and J.E. Williams1984Annotated list of the fishes of Nevada.
23842 BookDeKay, J.E.1842Natural History of New York. I. Zoology. Reptiles and Fishes. Part IV - Fishes.
1726 Web PageDeLong, J.1997Walking in 100 year-old footsteps in southern Oregon.
24472 Journal ArticleDenoncourt, R.F., J.C. Fisher, and K.M. Rapp1978A freshwater population of the mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus, from the Susquehanna River drainage in Pennsylvania.
690 Conference ProceedingsDevick, W.S.1991Pattern of introductions of aquatic organisms to Hawaii freshwater habitats.
33322 NewsDevin Kelly2019Goldfish are thriving in a Midtown Anchorage pond. Alaska wildlife biologists want them gone
68 BookDouglas, N.H.1974Freshwater fishes of Louisiana.
65 BookDouglas, N.H., and J.T. Davis.1967A checklist of the freshwater fishes of Louisiana.
17725 ReportDuff, R.L., J.R. Nielsen, C. Vail, and R. Peck.1977Fisheries Management Annual Report.
151 BookDyche, L.L.1914Ponds, pond fish and pond fish culture.
74 BookEddy, S., and J.C. Underhill.1974Northern fishes, with special reference to the upper Mississippi Valley. 3rd edition.
76 BookEddy, S., and T. Surber.1947Northern fishes, with special reference to the upper Mississippi Valley.
837 Journal ArticleEdwards, R.J., and S. Contreras-Balderas1991Historical changes in the ichthyofauna of the lower Rio Grande (Rio Bravo Del Norte), Texas and Mexico
313 Journal ArticleEllis, M.M.1914Fishes of Colorado
460 ReportEmery, L.1985Review of fish introduced into the Great Lakes, 1819-1974. Technical Report No. 45.
1873 Book ChapterErdman, D.S.1984Exotic fishes in Puerto Rico.
705 BookEtnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes.1993The fishes of Tennessee.
24227 ReportFago, D.1992Distribution and relative abundance of fishes in Wisconsin. VIII. Summary Report. Technical Bulletin, Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
63 BookFerguson, T.B.1876Report of the Commissioners of Fisheries of Maryland to the General Assembly. January 1, 1876.
23838 DatabaseField Museum of Natural History.2011Field Museum of Natural History - Ichthyology Collection Database.
26402 DatabaseFlorida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission2000Florida Freshwater Fisheries Database via MARIS
25899 DatabaseFlorida Museum of Natural History2013Florida Museum of Natural History ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
57 ReportFowler, H.W.1906The Fishes of New Jersey in Annual Report to the New Jersey State Museum for 1905.
59 Journal ArticleFowler, H.W.1952A list of the fishes of New Jersey, with off-shore species.
31199 NewsGaul, A.2018Bringing back the Augie slough: 'This was a nice way to get rid of invasive goldfish'
26212 DatabaseGBIF2013Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Database.
26390 DatabaseGeorgia Department of Environmental Resources.2010Georgia Annual Standardized Reservoir Sampling data via MARIS
43 Journal ArticleGerking, S.D.1945Distribution of the fishes of Indiana.
91 Thesis or DissertationGilbert, R.J., Jr.1969The distribution of fishes in the central Chattahoochee River drainage.
9047 Journal ArticleGriffiths, R.W., S. Thornley, and T.A. Edsall1991Limnological aspects of the St. Clair River
31498 Journal ArticleHalas, D., N. Lovejoy, and N. E. Mandrak2018Undetected diversity of goldfish (Carassius spp.) in North America 
215 BookHarlan, J.R., E.B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew.1987Iowa fish and fishing.
27516 ReportHarrington, S.1999Occurrence and distribution of fish species in the Great and Little Miami River Basins, Ohio and Indiana, Pre-1900 to 1998.
27464 NewsHarrison, W., TheDenverChannel, and J. Allen.2015Invasive goldfish dumped at Teller Lake #5 in Boulder.
103 Journal ArticleHartel, K.E.1992Non-native fishes known from Massachusetts freshwaters.
13443 Web PageHatch, J.T., and K. Schmidt2002Fishes of Minnesota: Distribution in 8 Major Drainage Basins
31634 Journal ArticleHeckmann, R.A., C.W. Thompson, and D.A. White1981Fishes of Utah Lake
1819 Journal ArticleHendricks, M.L., J.R. Stauffer, Jr., and C.H. Hocutt1983The zoogeography of the fishes of the Youghiogheny River system, Pennsylvania, Maryland and West Virginia.
1406 Journal ArticleHendricks, M.L., J.R. Stauffer, Jr., C.H. Hocutt, and C.R. Gilbert1979A preliminary checklist of the fishes of the Youghiogheny River.
1698 Journal ArticleHendrickson, D.A., W.L. Minckley, R.R. Miller, D.J. Siebert, and P.H. Minckley1980Fishes of the Rio Yaqui basin, Mexico and United States.
14358 Journal ArticleHill, J., and C. Cichra2005Eradication of a reproducing population of convict cichlids, Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum (Cichlidae) in North-Central Florida.
208 BookHolton, G.D.1990A field guide to Montana fishes.
360 ReportHowells, R.G.1992Annotated list of non-native fishes, mollusks, crustaceans, and aquatic plants, in Texas waters. Management Data Series No. 78.
66 Journal ArticleHubbs, C.L., and G.P. Cooper1936Minnows of Michigan.
1362 Book ChapterHubert, W.1994Exotic fishes
32426 ReportIckes, B. S., J. S. Sauer, and J. T. Rogal.2014Monitoring Rationale, Strategy, Issues, and Methods UMRR-EMP LTRMP Fish Component, Program Report 2014–P001a
132 OtherIdaho Fish and Game.1990Fisheries Management Plan 1991-1995. Appendix I - A list of Idaho fishes and their distribution by drainage.
32616 DatabaseIllinois Natural History Survey2019INHS fish collection database
14023 DatabaseIllinois Natural History Survey.2004Illinois Natural History Survey Fish Collection Database Search Results.
27462 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2018Pennsylvania iMapInvasives
27712 DatabaseiMapInvasives.2019New York iMapInvasives
26392 DatabaseIowa Department of Natural Resources.2005Iowa Freshwater Fisheries Database via MARIS
14920 ReportIrons, K.S., S.A. Delain, E. Gittinger, B.S. Ickes, C.S. Kolar, D. Ostendorf, E.N. Ratcliff, and A.J. Benson.2009Non-native fishes in the Upper Mississippi River System.
706 BookJenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead.1994Freshwater fishes of Virginia.
23843 ReportJerome, G.H.1879Third report of the Superintendent of the Michigan State Fisheries for 1877-8.
29472 NewsJonny Wakefield2016Orange scourge: district working to stop spread of invasive goldfish 
407 Journal ArticleJordan, D.S.1882Report on the fishes of Ohio.
34999 Journal ArticleKakareko, T., J. Kobak, M. Poznanska, L. Jermacz, and G.H. Copp2016Underwater evaluation of habitat partitioning in a European river between a non-native invader, the racer goby and a threatened native fish, the European bullhead
25735 NewsKearney, Laila2013Goldfish influx threatens to cloud pristine Lake Tahoe waters.
1308 Journal ArticleKendall, W.C.1914An annotated catalogue of the fishes of Maine.
110 BookKoster, W.J.1957Guide to the Fishes of New Mexico.
3 BookKuhne, E.R.1939A guide to the rishes of Tennessee and the Mid-south.
121 BookLa Rivers, I.1962Fishes and fisheries of Nevada.
34280 NewsLaChance, B.2020Over 500 invasive Goldfish documented in Wyoming reservoir; likely illegally stocked
39985 NewsLarsen, K.2019Goldfish invasion closes popular lake to fishing in northwestern B.C.CB
38306 NewsLaw, M.2022Three-year goldfish removal project concludes on Dragon Lake
1651 Journal ArticleLee, D.A., S.P. Platania, C.R. Gilbert, R. Franz, and A. Norden1981A revised list of the freshwater fishes of Maryland and Delaware.
275 BookLee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr.1980Atlas of North American freshwater fishes.
1197 BookLee, D.S., S.P. Platania, and G.H. Burgess.1983Atlas of North American freshwater fishes - 1983 supplement.
25736 NewsLewis, Tanya2013Monster goldfish found in Lake Tahoe.
23942 Journal ArticleLinder, A.D.1963Idaho's alien fishes.
26408 DatabaseLoftus, A.2011Multi State Aquatic Resources Information System (MARIS) Master Database records via Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON)
672 Book ChapterMaciolek, J.A.1984Exotic fishes in Hawaii and other islands of Oceania
30709 ReportMartinez, P.J.2006Westslope warmwater fisheries
26389 DatabaseMaryland Department of Natural Resources.2010Maryland Department of Natural Resources Inland Fisheries Database via MARIS
14125 Journal ArticleMatern, S.A., P.B. Moyle, and L.C. Pierce2002Native and alien fishes in a California estuarine marsh: twenty-one years of changing assemblages.
31272 NewsMaxwell, P.2018Fish Frenzy: Hundreds of goldfish are in West Medical Lake
162 BookMenhinick, E.F.1991The freshwater fishes of North Carolina
1563 BookMettee, M.F., P.E. O'Neil, and J.M. Pierson.1996Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin.
26397 DatabaseMichigan Department of Natural Resources (MIDNR).2005Michigan DNR Freshwater Fisheries Database via MARIS
27950 DatabaseMichigan State University Board of Trustees.2019Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN)
394 BookMiller, R.J., and H.W. Robison.1973The Fishes of Oklahoma.
13951 BookMiller, R.J., and H.W. Robison.2004Fishes of Oklahoma.
124 Book ChapterMiller, R.R., and C.H. Lowe.1967Part 2: an annotated check list of the fishes of Arizona 
281 Journal ArticleMiller, R.R., and J.R. Alcorn1946The introduced fishes of Nevada, with a history of their introduction.
13065 Journal ArticleMills, E.L., D.L. Strayer, M.D. Scheuerell, and J.T. Carlton1996Exotic species in the Hudson River basin: A history of invasions and introductions.
703 Journal ArticleMills, E.L., J.H. Leach, J.T. Carlton, and C.L. Secor1993Exotic species in the Great Lakes: a history of biotic crises and anthropogenic introductions
26399 DatabaseMinnesota Department of Natural Resources2009Minnesota DNR Statewide Stream Survey via MARIS
13768 NewsMinnesota Sea Grant.2004Dumping of aquarium fish causing trouble in Duluth (or Something's fishing in Rock Pond).
13923 OtherMississippi Museum of Natural Science.2004Mississippi Museum of Natural Science Nonindigenous Fish Records.
24008 NewsMonroe, B.2010Goldfish eradicated from Mann Lake in Eastern Oregon.
24224 DatabaseMontana Fish, Parks, and Wildlife.2012Montana Fisheries Information System (MFISH).
38620 DatabaseMontana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks2000Montana unauthorized fish introduction database
29911 Journal ArticleMoore, G.A., and F.B. Cross1950Additional Oklahoma fishes with validation of Poecilichthys parvipinnis (Gilbert and Swain)
51 BookMorris, J., L. Morris, and L. Witt.1972The fishes of Nebraska
217 BookMoyle, P.B.1976Inland fishes of California.
248 Journal ArticleMoyle, P.B., F.W. Fisher, and H. Li1974Mississippi silversides and logperch in the Sacramento-San Joaquin River system.
14969 BookMundy, B.C.2005Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletin in Zoology 6
13767 NewsMyers, J.2004Drain a pond, save a stream.
29152 DatabaseNational Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution2016NMNH Extant Specimen and Observation Records
1657 ReportNelser, T.P., R. Van Buren, J.A. Stafford, and M. Jones.1997Inventory and status of South Platte River native fishes in Colorado.
58 Journal ArticleNelson, J.1890Discriptive catalogue of the vertebrates of New Jersey.
38 ReportNelson, J.S., and S.D. Gerking1968Annotated Key to the Fishes of Indiana. Project Number 342-303-815
37228 DatabaseNelson, S., and A. Benson2018USGS Great Lakes Science Center Research Vessel Catch Information System Trawl
41340 NewsNeuffer, S.2023Invasive fish removed from Baily Fishing Pond
26406 DatabaseNew Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife2013NJDRW Freshwater Fisheries Database via MARIS
26387 DatabaseNew York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYDEC)2007New York State Freshwater Fisheries Database via MARIS
24182 DatabaseNew York State Department of Environmental Conservation.2012New York State Fish Data from Public Waters.
17392 ReportNielsen, J.R.1975Investigations in Ferry, Pend Oreille, Spokane and Stevens counties, Washington.
17412 ReportNielsen, J.R.1976Investigations in Ferry, Pend Oreille, Spokane and Stevens counties, Washington.
26393 DatabaseNorth Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources.2011North Carolina DENR Fish Health Database via MARIS
30965 DatabaseNorth Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission2017NCWRC Aquatic Wildlife Diversity Program database, collection records for nonindigenous aquatic species in North Carolina.
1321 OtherNorth Dakota Game and Fish Department.1994Fishes of the Dakotas.
17037 NewsOdegard, K.2007Nonnative fish impact Western rivers.
25980 DatabaseOhio State University2013Ohio State University Museum ichthyology collection. Accessed through GBIF data portal,
26396 DatabaseOklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation2010Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation Fisheries Data via MARIS
29542 ReportO'Neal, R.P.1997Muskegon River Watershed Assessment
18417 DatabaseOntario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (OFAH)2010Exotic species data for Ontario, Canada (unpublished).
19331 DatabaseOntario Federation of Anglers and Hunters.2009OFAH Database All Species - 2009 Download.
26391 DatabasePennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission2007Pennsylvania Freshwater Fisheries Database via MARIS
26264 BookPennsylvania Sea Grant.2013Pennsylvania's Field Guide to Aquatic Invasive Species
40189 DatabasePeters, A., and J. Cochran2022USFWS Lower Great Lakes Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office Ohio River Substation Aquatic Invasive Species Invasive Carp Monitoring (2022 - Present)
131 BookPflieger, W.L.1975The Fishes of Missouri.
1737 BookPflieger, W.L.1997The fishes of Missouri.
62 BookPhillips, G.L., W.D. Schmid, and J.C. Underhill.1982Fishes of the Minnesota region.
1531 ReportPitlo, J., Jr., A. Van Vooren, and J. Rasmussen.1995Distribution and relative abundance of Upper Mississippi River fishes.
204 ReportPopov, B.H., and J.B. Low1953Game, fur animal, and fish introductions into Utah. Misc. Publication No. 4
16611 Journal ArticlePunzo, F., and L. Lindstrom2001The Toxicity of Eggs of the Giant Toad, Bufo marinus to Aquatic Predators in a Florida Retention Pond.
19663 Journal ArticlePuzach, C.2010La Crosse fish health center solves goldfish mystery.
17267 BookRaasch, M.S.2007Delaware's Freshwater and Brackish-Water Fishes.
85 BookRaasch, M.S., and V.L. Altemus, Sr.1991Delaware's freshwater and brackish water fishes - a popular account.
92 Thesis or DissertationRamsey, J.S.1965Zoogeographic studies on the freshwater fish fauna of rivers draining the southern Appalachian region.
1885 Conference ProceedingsRasmussen, J.L.1998Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin.
29009 NewsRathje, K.2016Red Hills Desert Garden closed to the public starting August 22 through August 25
13694 Web PageRed River Authority of Texas.2001Red and Canadian Basins Fish Inventory: Cottle County.
13695 Web PageRed River Authority of Texas.2001Red and Canadian Basins Fish Inventory: Red River County.
13696 Web PageRed River Authority of Texas.2001Red and Canadian Basins Fish Inventory: Grayson County.
1385 Conference ProceedingsRinne, J.N.1995The effects of introduced fishes on native fishes: Arizona, Southwestern United States.
716 BookRobison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan1988Fishes of Arkansas.
13640 NewsRoesler, R.2003Freed pets taking over.
18855 BookRohde, F.C., R.G. Arndt, J.W. Foltz, and J.M. Quattro2009Freshwater fishes of South Carolina
13712 BookRoss, S.T.2001The inland fishes of Mississippi.
715 ReportRoss, S.T., and W.M. Brenneman.1991Distribution of freshwater fishes in Mississippi. Freshwater Fisheries Report No. 108. D-J Project Completion Report F-69.
19181 Journal ArticleRunstrom, Ann.2010Search and destroy Asian Carp mission.
106 BookScarola, J.F.1973Freshwater fishes of New Hampshire.
16152 DatabaseSchainost, S.2005Exotic fish distributions in Nebraska.
1910 Journal ArticleSchmidt, K.1997Gung ho goldfish.
1661 Book ChapterSchmidt, R.E.1986Zoogeography of the northern Appalachians.
42717 ReportSchrader, B., and P. Hennon2005Assessment of invasive species in Alaska and its national forests 
1695 NewsSchultz, L.P, and A.C DeLacy.1935Mid-Pacific Magazine: Fishes of the American Northwest.
1497 Journal ArticleSchultz, L.P.1929Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Oregon and Washington
1791 Journal ArticleShafland, P.L.1976The continuing problem of non-native fishes in Florida.
127 BookSigler, W.F., and R.R. Miller.1963Fishes of Utah.
525 Journal ArticleSimon, T.P., J.O. Whitaker, Jr., J.S. Castrale, and S.A. Minton1992Checklist of the vertebrates of Indiana.
17724 ReportSimons, R.R., J.R. Nielsen, and T.N. Williams.1974Fisheries Management Annual Report.
133 BookSimpson, J., and R. Wallace.1978Fishes of Idaho.
98 BookSmith, C.L.1985The inland fishes of New York State.
72 Book ChapterSmith, J.J.1982Fishes of the Pajaro River system.
53 BookSmith, J.V.C., M.D.1833A Natural History of the Fishes of Massachusetts. A reprint of the 1833 edition.
718 ReportSmith, P.W.1965A preliminary annotated list of the lampreys and fishes of Illinois. Biological Notes No. 54.
105 BookSmith, P.W.1979The fishes of Illinois.
78 BookSmith-Vaniz, W.F.1968Freshwater Fishes of Alabama.
13964 Journal ArticleSommer, T., B. Harrell, M. Nobriga, R. Brown, P. Moyle, W. Kimmerer, and L. Schemel2001California's Yolo Bypass: evidence that flood control can be compatible with fisheries, wetlands, wildlife, and agriculture.
26404 DatabaseSouth Carolina Department of Natural Resources2007South Carolina Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Data via MARIS.
23985 DatabaseSpaeth, J.2011Fish collection database for Ohio and Illinois river basins 1957-2011.
591 Journal ArticleSt. Amant, J.A., and F.G. Hoover1969Addition of Misgurnus aguillicaudatus (Cantor) to the California fauna.
24001 Journal ArticleStarnes, W.C., J. Odenkirk, and M.J. Ashton2011Update and analysis of fish occurrences in the lower Potomac River drainage in the vicinity of Plummers Island, Maryland-Contribution XXXI to the natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland.
396 BookStauffer, J.R., Jr., J.M. Boltz, and L.R. White1995The fishes of West Virginia
356 BookStiles, E.W.1978Vertebrates of New Jersey.
1 BookSublette, J.E., M.D. Hatch, and M. Sublette.1990The fishes of New Mexico.
70 ReportSweeney, Z.T.1902Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Fisheries and Game for Indiana.
16728 ReportSytsma, M.D., J.R. Cordell, J.W. Chapman, and R.C. Draheim.2004Lower Columbia River Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Survey 2001-2004. Final Technical Report: Appendices.
17275 ReportSytsma, M.D., J.R. Cordell, J.W. Chapman, and R.C. Draheim.2004Lower Columbia River Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Survey 2001-2004. Final Technical Report.
31637 NewsTa, L.2018Tired of your goldfish? Just don't dump it in a pond
27465 NewsTan, A.2015How these 3,000-plus invasive goldfish are threatening a whole Colorado lake ecosystem.
26400 DatabaseTennessee Wildlife Resources Agency2008Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency Fish Data via MARIS
657 OtherTexas Parks and Wildlife Department.1993Waterbody records listing.
13707 Web PageTexas Parks and Wildlife Department.2001Fish Records: Water Body - All Tackle.
13704 Book ChapterTexas System of Natural Laboratories, Inc. and USGS.1994Fish collected in streams of the South-Central Texas study unit, Texas.
36142 NewsThebault, R.2021People dumped their pets into lakes, officials say. Now football-size goldfish are taking over
26422 Journal ArticleThompson, L.C., G.A. Giusti, K.L. Weber, and R.F. Keiffer2013The native and introduced fishes of Clear Lake: a review of the past to assist with decisions of the future.
13672 Journal ArticleTilmant, J.T.1999Management of nonindigenous aquatic fish in the U.S. National Park System.
26763 DatabaseTracy, B.H.2016North Carolina Division of Water Resources, collection data of nonindigenous fishes in North Carolina river basins between 1990-2016.
2 BookTrautman, M.B.1981The fishes of Ohio.
1781 BookTruitt, R.V., B.A. Bean, and H.W. Fowler.1929The fishes of Maryland. Conservation Bulletin no. 3.
29954 Web PageU.S. Fish & Wildlife Service2016Saving a Rare Desert Fish on the Brink of Extinction
29225 DatabaseU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service2016Asian Carp data in Illnois in 2016
782 ReportU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.1983The Moapa dace recovery plan.
800 ReportU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.1983Gila and Yaqui topminnow recovery plan.
881 ReportU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.1994White River spinedace, Lepidomeda albivallis, recovery plan.
14257 Web PageU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.2005National Wildlife Refuge System Invasive Species.
25768 DatabaseU.S. Geological Survey2011Mississippi River Long Term Resource Monitoring Program.
25944 DatabaseUeda, K., J. Belmonte, A. Shepard, P. Leary, and S.
64 ReportUhler, P.R., and O. Lugger.1876List of fishes of Maryland. Report of the Commissioners of Fishery of Maryland to the General Assembly, January 1, 1876.
1660 Book ChapterUnderhill, J.C.1986The fish fauna of the Laurentian Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence lowlands, Newfoundland, and Labrador.
1832 Web PageUnderhill, J.C., J.T. Hatch, and K. Schmidt.1997Fishes of Minnesota: distribution of Minnesota fishes in 8 major drainage basins.
27764 DatabaseUnited States Environmental Protection Agency2015Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) Northeast Lakes 1991-1994.
13950 OtherUniversity of Michigan Museum of Zoology.2004Michigan Fish Atlas Maps.
20843 DatabaseUniversity of Michigan Museum of Zoology.2011University of Michigan Museum of Zoology - Ichthyology Collection.
35606 DatabaseUniversity of Minnesota Bell Museum2019Bell Museum fishes
25643 NewsUnknown20133-lb. goldfish stuns fisherman
21065 Journal ArticleUnknown.1999Goldfish squeezing out rainbow trout.
27494 Journal ArticleVashro, J.1990Illegal aliens
13955 Web PageVinyard, G.L.2001Fish Species Recorded from Nevada.
13766 NewsVirginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.2004Snakehead found in Virginia waters.
31111 Journal ArticleVonBank, J.A., DeBoer, J.A., Casper, A.F., and H.M. Hagy2018Ichthyochory in a temperate river system by common carp (Cyprinus carpio)
1390 ReportWalker, P.1993A list of the endemic and introduced fishes of Colorado-March 1993.
1765 Thesis or DissertationWalters, D.M.1997The distribution, status, and ecology of the fishes of the Conasauga River system.
35 Book ChapterWebster, D.A.1941The life histories of some Connecticut fishes.
1373 Journal ArticleWilliams, C.D., and J.E. Williams1981Distribution and status of native fishes of the Railroad Valley system, Nevada.
36237 NewsWilliams, D.2021Invasive, football-size goldfish found in a Minnesota lake
307 BookWiltzius, W.J.1981Compendium of introduction date and State and Federal annual stocking of various fishes in Colorado, 1972-1978.
26395 DatabaseWisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WIDNR)2008Wisconsin Statewide Fisheries Database via MARIS
27236 DatabaseWisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WIDNR)2014Wisconsin Center for Integrated Data Analytics (CIDA) fish dataset
306 BookWoodling, J.1985Colorado's little fish: a guide to the minnows and other lesser known fishes in the state of Colorado.
213 BookWydoski, R.S., and R.R. Whitney.1979Inland Fishes of Washington.
13708 BookWydoski, R.S., and R.R. Whitney.2003Inland Fishes of Washington. Second Edition.
26403 DatabaseWyoming Game and Fish Department.2008Wyoming Freshwater Fisheries Database via MARIS
1586 Journal ArticleYerger, R.W.1977Fishes of the Apalachicola River.
15636 NewsZhuikov, M.2004Habitattitude hopes to stem release of aquatic plants and fish.
30851 DatabaseZimmerman, B.2012Ohio non-native fish collection data, sampled during survey work on update to Trautman's (1981) "Fishes of Ohio"
679 Book ChapterZuckerman, L.D., and R.J. Behnke.1986Introduced fishes in the San Luis Valley, Colorado.


The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data.

Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. [2024]. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Gainesville, Florida. Accessed [6/16/2024].

Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted.

For general information and questions about the database, contact Wesley Daniel. For problems and technical issues, contact Matthew Neilson.